Economic evaluation is the process of systematic identification, measurement and valuation of the inputs and outcomes of two alternative activities, and the subsequent comparative analysis of these. The purpose of economic evaluation is to identify the best course of action, based on the evidence available. It is most commonly employed in the context of health economics and health technology assessment; in the UK, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence publishes guidelines for the conduct of economic evaluations.
Economic evaluations can take a number of forms, namely:
- Drummond, Michael; Sculpher, Mark; Torrance, George; O'Brien, Bernie; Stoddart, Greg (2005). Methods for the Economic Evaluation of Health Care Programmes (3 ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198529453.
- National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (2013). Guide to the methods of technology appraisal 2013.