Economic violence

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Economic violence is a type of violence committed by individuals or groups preying on economically disadvantaged individuals. In some circumstances the individuals may be service workers such as undocumented workers and food service workers,[1][2][3] in others they may be spouses,[4] or closeted gays.[5] The World Health Organization defines it as being a form of collective violence, committed by larger groups towards individuals.[6] The term is frequently associated with, or credited to, feminist theory, who term it as a broader form of violence beyond use or threats of physical force, to include sexual, psychological and economic violence.[7] In Argentinian law, it is defined as a form of domestic violence.[8]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Kaur Gill, Amardeep (2007), "Today's Slavery", Canadian Dimension, 41 (3): 4 cited in Contract Enslavement of Female Migrant Domestic Workers in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates by Romina Halabi
  2. ^ "Report Claims Over 90% Of Female Restaurant Workers Have Been Sexually Harassed", Business Insider, October 16, 2014
  3. ^ Ginia Bellafante (October 17, 2014), "When Living on Tips Means Putting Up With Harassment", The New York Times
  4. ^ NITA BHALLA (November 10, 2014), Six out of 10 Indian men admit violence against wives - U.N. study, Reuters, Physical abuse such as being kicked, slapped, choked and burned was the most commonly reported, with 38 percent of women saying they had faced such abuse. This was followed by emotional, sexual and economic violence respectively.
  5. ^ Shelley Halstead (National Center for Lesbian Rights) (October 16, 2014), "Economic Justice Can Help Undo Economic Violence", YWCA USA Blog, YWCA USA
  6. ^ Definition and typology of violence, World Health Organization / Violence Prevention Alliance, retrieved 2015-02-02, Collective violence refers to violence committed by larger groups of individuals and can be subdivided into social, political and economic violence.
  7. ^ Claire M. Renzetti (2008), "Feminist theories of interpersonal violence", in Claire M. Renzetti; Jeffrey L. Edleson (eds.), Encyclopedia of Interpersonal Violence, Volume 1, Sage, p. 271, ISBN 9781412918008, In theorizing violence, feminists reject traditional legalistic definitions that focus almost exclusively on forms of physical assault, such as beating, kicking, threatening with a weapon, or using a weapon against another person. Feminist theorists consider such definitions too narrow. Instead, feminist theorists adopt a broader definition of violence that includes sexual, psychological, and economic violence as well as physical violence.
  8. ^ Report on Human Rights Practices 2006: Argentina. United States Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (March 6, 2007)