Economy of Dublin

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The south facade of the Custom House by night

Dublin is the largest city and capital of Ireland, and is the country's economichub. As well as being the location of the national parliament and most of the civil service, Dublin is also the focal point of media and culture in the country. Ireland's transportation network radiates from the city and Dublin Port is responsible for a large proportion of Ireland's import and export trade.

Dublin is home to a large number of multinational corporations, particularly in "hi tech" sectors such as information technology, digital media, financial services and the pharmaceutical industry. Dublin is also the location of the headquarters of several large Irish public companies including Élan, Bank of Ireland, Ryanair, Smurfit Kappa Group and Paddy Power. Many large Irish public sector employers are based in Dublin including large utility companies such as ESB Group, educational institutions such as Dublin Institute of Technology, Trinity College, Dublin and University College Dublin, most of Ireland's higher courts, RTÉ -Irelands national public service broadcaster and several large Teaching hospitals. Other notable sources of employment include tourism and retail.

Rankings[edit]

Dublin was at the centre of Ireland's rapid economic growth from 1995 to 2007 when both the standards and the cost of living in the city rose dramatically. In 2007 Dublin ranked 1st in Ireland by Disposable Income per person, at 109% of the State average. The three counties surrounding Dublin also ranked in the top 5. In 2008, it was the city with the 2nd highest wages in the world, but dropped to 10th place in 2009.[1][2]

Dublin became the world's 16th most expensive city but has since dropped to 36th place.[3] According to Mercer's 2011 Worldwide Cost of Living Survey, Dublin is the 13th most expensive city in the European Union (down from 10th in 2010) and the 58th most expensive place to live in the world (down from 42nd in 2010).[4] The Mercer Cost of Living Survey for 2015 ranked the city as the 49th most expensive city out of the 207 cities surveyed.[5]

GDP[edit]

According to 2014 CSO figures, County Dublin contributes €82billion to national GDP with a very high GDP per capita of €63,076 and the Greater Dublin area contributing €97billion and a GDP per capita of €54,000.[6]

According to Eurostat 2012 figures, the GDP of Greater Dublin(which includes Counties Meath, Kildare and Wicklow) was €85.7bn representing 47% of Irish GDP and a high GDP per capita of €40,000. County Dublin alone has a GDP of €73 billion and a GDP per capita of €57,200.[7]

Dublin GDP per capita is very high and similar to these European cities; Brussels, Amsterdam, Stockholm, Hamburg.

Government[edit]

Dublin is capital of Ireland. Most of the Irish Civil service is located in the Dublin 2 postal district directly to the south of the River Liffey. There have been proposals to move civil service departments to other centres, but this has not materialised to a significant degree.

County Dublin is divided into four council areas: Dublin City Council, Dún-Laoghaire Rathdown, South Dublin and Fingal.

Transport[edit]

Aer Arann headquarters

Canals and ports[edit]

Dublin is the fulcrum of the Irish transport system. Ireland's two longest canals, the Royal Canal and the Grand Canal, meet in Dublin Bay. The Irish railway system radiates from Dublin run by Irish Rail. Similarly, the Irish road system was constructed spreading outwards from Dublin. Dublin Port is Ireland's largest port facility, and has the deepest port on Ireland's East coast. The port of Dún Laoghaire is also located within the county.

Dublin Airport[edit]

The Dublin Airport is the biggest and busiest in Ireland, with two terminals, handling over 20 million passengers annually. The Irish airlines Aer Arann, Aer Lingus, CityJet and Ryanair have their head office in Dublin.[8]

Heavy rail[edit]

Heuston and Connolly stations are the two main railway stations in Dublin. Operated by Iarnród Éireann, the Dublin Suburban Rail network consists of five railway lines serving the Greater Dublin Area and commuter towns such as Drogheda and Dundalk in County Louth. One of these lines is the electrified Dublin Area Rapid Transit (DART) line, which runs primarily along the coast of Dublin, comprising a total of 31 stations, from Malahide and Howth southwards as far as Greystones in County Wicklow.[9] Commuter rail operates on the other four lines using Irish Rail diesel multiple units. In 2013, passengers for DART and Dublin Suburban lines were 16 million and 11.7 million, respectively (around 75% of all Irish Rail passengers).[10]

Light rail[edit]

The Luas is an electrified light rail system, run by Veolia Transport, has been operating since 2004 and now carries over 30 million passengers annually.[11] The network consists of two tram lines; the Red Line links the Docklands and city centre with the south-western suburbs, while the Green Line connects the city centre with suburbs to the south of the city and together comprise a total 54 stations and 38.2 kilometres (23.7 mi) of track.[12] Construction of a 6 km extension to the Green Line, bringing it to the north of the city, commenced in June 2013.[13]

Metro[edit]

Metro North is planned to run in 2026 from St. Stephen's Green to the airport and on to Swords, ending at the Broadmeadow Estuary. Its route is planned to consist of two deep bore tunnels under the airport and in the city, along with cut and cover tunnelling through the main street in Ballymun along with surface running in non-built-up areas, and a few elevated sections. Construction of the 17 km line would commence in 2020 and begin operation in 2026. Cost of the line is estimated at €2.4 billion.

Media[edit]

Dublin is the centre of both media and communications in Ireland, with many newspapers, radio stations, television stations and telephone companies based there. RTÉ is Ireland's national state broadcaster, and is based in Donnybrook. Fair City is RTÉ's soap opera, located in the fictional Dublin suburb of Carraigstown. TV3 Media, UTV Ireland, Setanta Sports, MTV Ireland and Sky News are also based in the city. The headquarters of An Post and telecommunications companies such as Eircom, as well as mobile operators Meteor, Vodafone and 3 are all located there. Dublin is also the headquarters of important national newspapers such as The Irish Times, Irish Independent and The Herald.

Food and drink[edit]

Dublin occupies a key location on the Irish transport system, connecting the most productive part of the country with the main export port. Ireland's most widely known alcoholic drink, Guinness has been brewed at the St. James's Gate Brewery since 1759. The Guinness firm had established for providing the best pay and conditions in the Dublin area for many generations, when economic conditions were adverse. Dublin also profited from the role of the beef industry, as the main export port for beef bound to Britain. Dublin did not feature prominently in the development of Irish dairy-farming, which was concentrated in Munster and south Leinster.

Engineering[edit]

There are 18,500 people working in 180 companies in the Irish engineering sector which equates to €4.2 billion of exports. Companies in this sector include: Liebherr, Sulzer, Element Six and Thermoking. [14]

Business parks[edit]

There are many business parks in Dublin, with many thousands employed in each park.

BioPharma[edit]

With the emergence of the Irish state, Dublin started to develop a lot of light industry. This contrasted with Cork a which concentrated on heavy industry until the 1960s. Dublin gained from this, as these sectors generated high valued added, and higher employment rates. Several pharmaceutical companies have headquarters or manufacturing operations in Dublin including Elan (company), Amgen, Pfizer and Takeda Pharmaceutical Company.[citation needed]

Medical technology[edit]

The Medical Technology sector has 25,000 people in over a 100 companies which is responsible for €9.4 billion in exports. This makes Ireland the 2nd largest exporter of MedTech products in Europe.[15]

ICT sector[edit]

One George's Quay Plaza at night (middle)

In the 1990s, Ireland became a successful player in new high-technology sectors based on modern information and communications technologies. It is becoming the multilingual internet capital of Europe,[16] and is regarded as the Silicon Valley of Europe, attracting thousands of people from France, Germany, Spain, Italy, and the UK. Many IT companies such as B3Multimedia have located in the city, particularly in the south inner area of Dublin 2, and the adjacent counties, among them Amazon, Ebay, Dell, Facebook, Zynga, Dropbox, LinkedIn, Indeed, Twitter, Google, EMC, Microsoft, Oracle, PayPal, SAP, Symantec, and Yahoo!. Hewlett-Packard and Intel have large manufacturing plants in Leixlip, 15 km (9 mi) to the west of the city centre.

Also located in Dublin is the Internet Neutral Exchange (INEX) which provides high-speed, reliable and resilient IP traffic exchange facilities for both Irish and international IP service and content providers.

Internet[edit]

Dublin is fast becoming the Internet capital of Europe.[citation needed] Most of these companies are located in the Silicon Docks.

Cloud computing[edit]

Dublin boasts one of the densest clusters of data centres in Europe. The area surrounding Ireland’s capital city already has as many as 30 large-scale data centre operations, including global operations run by Google, Microsoft and Amazon.

Some of the companies involved in the cloud computing sector are: Citrix, EMC2, Dropbox, Salesforce and Zendesk. [17]

Financial[edit]

There are 35,000 people working in the Financial services sector, contributing some €2 billion to the state.

Most of these jobs are based at the International Financial Services Centre in Dublin.

Ireland is the seventh largest provider of wholesale Financial Services in the EU. With more than 500 International financial institutions, Ireland has become a world-leading centre for a variety of activities ranging from fund administration to aircraft leasing. [18]

Also located in Dublin is the Irish Stock Exchange (ISEQ) and the Irish Enterprise Exchange (IEX).

Shopping[edit]

Shopping Centre No. Shops
Dundrum Town Centre 160
Blanchardstown 180
The Square Tallaght 160
Liffey Valley 100
Stephen's Green Shopping Centre 100
Omni Park Shopping Centre 86
Swords Pavilions 80
Jervis Centre 70
Northside Shopping Centre (Coolock) 70
Nutgrove Shopping Centre 70
Donaghmede Shopping Centre 50

Third-level education[edit]

List of universities and third-level colleges in the Dublin region.

Institution Student Numbers
University College Dublin 32,000
Trinity College 17,000
Dublin City University 12,000
Dublin Institute of Technology 22,000
Dublin Business School 9,000
Griffith College Dublin 7,000
National College of Ireland 5,000
Royal College of Surgeons 4,000
Institute of Technology Tallaght 4,000
Institute of Technology Blanchardstown 2,500
National College of Art and Design 2,000
Dún Laoghaire I.T 2,000

Tourism[edit]

Here is a list of the top 10 attraction in Dublin 2014.

Place Visitor Numbers
Guinness Storehouse 1,269,000
Dublin Zoo 1,076,000
National Aquatic Centre 931,000
Book of Kells 650,000
National Gallery of Ireland 593,000
National Botanic Gardens 541,000
St Patrick's Cathedral 457,000
National Museum of Ireland 447,000
Science Gallery at Trinity College [19] 406,000
Farmleigh 402,000

[20]

Urban regeneration[edit]

Over the last fifteen years, Dublin has undergone huge regeneration, which has contributed to the Irish economy as a whole. The Dublin Docklands which has been at the forefront of this rengeneration effort has seen billions of euro in investment.

Venue Capacity
3Arena 14,500
Convention Centre 2,000-8,000
Bord Gáis Theatre 2,111

Ballymun Regeneration is a multibillion-euro project which has created a new town with new and improved facilities for the 30,000 people who will live there. The 36 Housing blocks were demolished and replaced by at least 5,000 new homes in a variety of styles and sizes in five existing neighbourhoods including a new civic, arts, sports and leisure centres, playing pitches as well. [21]

Celtic Tiger[edit]

The economic boom years of the "Celtic Tiger" led to a sharp increase in construction. However, as of 2007, unemployment is on the rise as the housing market has begun to see supply outstrip demand.[citation needed] Redevelopment is taking place in large projects, such as the Docklands, renewing run-down industrial areas in the city centre. Dublin City Council seems to now have loosened the former limits on "high-rise" structures, the tallest building being Liberty Hall at 59.4 m (195 ft). The U2 Tower will be the tallest building on the island of Ireland when it is finished. Although its construction is under review after the recent financial crisis.

In 2005, around 800,000 people were employed in Greater Dublin, of whom around 600,000 were employed in the services sector and 200,000 in the industrial sector.[22] In April 2007 the Irish central bank predicted medium-term growth rates of around 3–5%[23] though by 2012 emigration was a renewed feature of Dublin and Irish life.[24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Richest Cities in the world". Citymayors.com. Retrieved 21 August 2010. 
  2. ^ ""Dublin's Role in the Irish and Global Economy, 2012" (Dublin's Role)" (PDF). Ucd.ie. Retrieved 5 September 2015. 
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ "Dublin falls in city-cost rankings". Irish Times. 12 July 2011. Retrieved 20 July 2011. 
  5. ^ "Cost of Living in Ireland". Globe Media Ltd. 30 September 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  6. ^ "County Incomes and Regional GDP 2013 - CSO - Central Statistics Office". Cso.ie. 2016-02-23. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  7. ^ [2][dead link]
  8. ^ "Aer Arann Contact Information". Aerarann.com. Retrieved 21 August 2010. 
  9. ^ "Transport in Dublin, Get Around Easily with". Dublin.ie. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  10. ^ "Passenger Journeys by Rail by Type of Journey and Year - StatBank - data and statistics". Cso.ie. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  11. ^ "Luas - Frequently Asked Questions". Luas.ie. 2012-04-16. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  12. ^ "Luas - Frequently Asked Questions". Luas.ie. 2012-04-16. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  13. ^ "Luas Cross City". Projects & Investment. Irish Rail. August 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  14. ^ "Engineering". Idaireland.com. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  15. ^ "Medical Technology in Ireland". Idaireland.com. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  16. ^ "Google to create 200 jobs in Dublin". RTÉ News. 20 August 2010. Retrieved 21 August 2010. 
  17. ^ "Cloud Computing & FDI Opportunities with IDA Ireland". Idaireland.com. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  18. ^ "Financial Services". Idaireland.com. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  19. ^ "Science Gallery". Dublin.sciencegallery.com. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  20. ^ "Fáilte Ireland - Tourism Research & Statistics | Irish Tourism Statistics | Tourism Reports". FáilteIreland.ie. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  21. ^ "Bi-monthly newsletters - keeping you informed of the latest developments in Ballymun". Brl.ie. Retrieved 2016-06-19. 
  22. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 March 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2016. 
  23. ^ "Central Bank predicts less growth". RTÉ. 18 April 2007. Retrieved 21 August 2010. 
  24. ^ "Chousands Look To Go Abroad For Work 2012". RTÉ. 5 March 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 

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