Economy of Martinique
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The economy of Martinique is based on trade. Agriculture accounts for about 6% of GDP and the small industrial sector for 11%. Sugar production has declined, with most of the sugarcane now used for the production of rum. Banana exports are increasing, going mostly to France. The bulk of meat, vegetable, and grain requirements must be imported, contributing to a chronic trade deficit that requires large annual transfers of aid from France. Tourism has become more important than agricultural exports as a source of foreign exchange. The majority of the work force is employed in the service sector and in administration.
Gross domestic product
GDP - real growth rate: 2.8% (in 2006)
GDP - per capita: real exchange rate - US$24,118 (in 2006)
GDP - composition by sector:
services: 83% (1997 est.)
Population below poverty line: NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Labor force: 165 900 (1998)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 10%, industry 17%, services 73% (1997)
Unemployment rate: 27.2% (1998)
revenues: $900 million
expenditures: $2.5 billion, including capital expenditures of $140 million (1996)
Industrial production growth rate: NA%
Electricity - production: 1,205 GWh (2003)
Electricity - consumption: 1,000 GWh (1998)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (1998)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (1998)
Agricultural products: pineapples, avocados, bananas, flowers, vegetables, sugarcane
Exports: US$957 million (in 2005)
Exports - commodities: refined petroleum products, bananas, rum, pineapples
Imports: US$3,098 billion (in 2005)
Imports - commodities: petroleum products, crude oil, foodstuffs, construction materials, vehicles, clothing and other consumer goods
Debt - external: $180 million (1994)
Economic aid - recipient: Martinique receives substantial annual aid from France.
Fiscal year: calendar year
- (French) INSEE-CEROM. "Les comptes économiques de la Martinique en 2006" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-02-16. Retrieved 2008-01-13.
- Wong, A. and R. Gomes (2012). "Intractable social-economic problems of Martinique". Revue Etudes Carbiéennes, n°21, https://etudescaribeennes.revues.org/5795.