Economy of New Caledonia

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Economy of New Caledonia
Goro mine tailings dam.jpg
Currency CFP franc
Calendar year
GDP Increase$11.1 billion (2014 est.)
GDP growth
Increase2.8% (2014 est.)
GDP per capita
Increase$38,800 (2012 est.)
GDP by sector
agriculture: 1.4%; industry: 26.8%; services: 71.8% (2014 est.)
Decrease0.4% (2014 est.)
Labour force
106,400 (2010 est.)
Labour force by occupation
agriculture: 2.7%; industry: 22.4%; services: 74.4% (2010 est.)
Unemployment 17.1% (2004 est.)
Main industries
nickel mining and smelting
Exports Increase$1.43 billion (2014 est.)
Export goods
ferronickels, nickel ore, fish
Main export partners
 France 18.4%
 Japan 15.7%
 South Korea 12.1% (2014 est.)[1]
Imports Decrease$3.04 billion (2014 est.)
Import goods
machinery and equipment, fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs
Main import partners
 France 22.2%
 Singapore 18.6%
 Australia 10.9% (2014 est.)[2]
Increase$112 million (31 December 2013 est.)

All values, unless otherwise stated, are in US dollars.

New Caledonia is a major source for nickel and contains roughly 10% of the worlds known nickel supply. The islands contain about 7,100,000 tonnes of nickel. With the annual production of about 107,000 tonnes in 2009, New Caledonia was the world's fifth largest producer after Russia (266,000), Indonesia (189,000), Canada (181,000) and Australia (167,000).[3] In recent years, the economy has suffered because of depressed international demand for nickel, due to the ongoing global financial crisis. Only a negligible amount of the land is suitable for cultivation, and food accounts for about 20% of imports. In addition to nickel, the substantial financial support from France and tourism are keys to the health of the economy. In the 2000s, large additions were made to nickel mining capacity. The Goro Nickel Plant is expected to be one of the largest nickel producing plants on Earth. When full-scale production begins in 2013 this plant will produce an estimated 20% of the global nickel supply.[4] However, the need to respond to environmental concerns over the country's globally recognized ecological heritage, may increasingly need to be factored into capitalization of mining operations.

The GDP of New Caledonia in 2007 was 8.8 billion US dollars at market exchange rates, the fourth-largest economy in Oceania after Australia, New Zealand, and Hawaii.[5] The GDP per capita was 36,376 US dollars in 2007 (at market exchange rates, not at PPP), lower than in Australia and Hawaii, but higher than in New Zealand.[5]

In 2007, exports from New Caledonia amounted to 2.11 billion US dollars, 96.3% of which were mineral products and alloys (essentially nickel ore and ferronickel).[6] Imports amounted to 2.88 billion US dollars.[6] 26.6% of imports came from Metropolitan France, 16.1% from other European countries, 13.6% from Singapore (essentially fuel), 10.7% from Australia, 4.0% from New Zealand, 3.2% from the United States, 3.0% from Japan, and 22.7% from other countries.[6]


As of 2007, about 200 Japanese couples travel to New Caledonia each year for their wedding and honeymoon. Oceania Flash reported in 2007 that one company planned to build a new wedding chapel to accommodate Japanese weddings to supplement the Le Meridien Resort in Nouméa.[7]

New Caledonia is a popular destination for groups of Australian high school students who are studying French.


  1. ^ "Export Partners of New Caledonia". CIA World Factbook. 2014. Retrieved 2015-07-18. 
  2. ^ "Import Partners of New Caledonia". CIA World Factbook. 2014. Retrieved 2015-07-18. 
  3. ^ "Nickel" (pdf). USGS. 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-10. 
  4. ^ "Goro Nickel Project, New Caledonia". Retrieved 2011-02-10. 
  5. ^ a b Institut de la statistique et des études économiques de Nouvelle-Calédonie (ISEE). "Chiffres clés" (in French). Retrieved 2011-02-10. 
  6. ^ a b c Institut de la statistique et des études économiques de Nouvelle-Calédonie (ISEE). "Bilan économique et social 2007 - Échanges Extérieurs (on page 23)" (PDF) (in French). Retrieved 2008-05-29. 
  7. ^ "Plan for new chapel." (Archive) Papua New Guinea Post-Courier. Weekend Edition, Friday 29 January-Tuesday February 2, 2007. Retrieved on 20 August 2013.

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