Economy of Rajasthan

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Bajra field

Rajasthan is a mineral-rich state and has a diversified economy having agriculture, mining and tourism as its main engines of growth. The state mines produce gold, silver, sandstone, limestone, marble, rock phosphate, copper and lignite. It is the second largest producer of cement and contributes one tenth of the salt produced in India.[1]


Mustard fields in a village of Rajasthan

Wheat[2] and barley are cultivated in large areas, as are pulses, sugarcane, and oilseeds. Cotton and tobacco are cash crops. Rajasthan is among the largest producers of edible oils in India and the second largest producer of oilseeds. Rajasthan is also the biggest wool-producing state in India. There are mainly two crop seasons Kharif and Rabi. The main source of irrigation is wells and tanks. The Indira Gandhi Canal irrigates northwestern Rajasthan.

Rajasthan is largest producer of rapeseed, bajra, mustard and wool in India and second largest producer of oilseeds and spices and milk. Rajasthan is third largest producer of soya bean and coarse cereals in India.[3]

Rajasthan is also the leading producer of milk in North India. Saras milk product brand of Rajasthan Co-operative Milk Producer Union has its outlets in Jaipur and New Delhi.


A section of National Highway 8 in Rajasthan.

Rajasthan is a leading investment destination in India after Maharashtra and Gujarat because of peaceful environment, better law and order situation, excellent infrastructure, investment friendly climate and very less population density. Areas facing NCR such as Bhiwadi are now buzzing with automobile and manufacturing companies. Many of the small scale suppliers and vendors have opted to shift inside Rajasthan border from Gurgaon in Haryana because of perennial power shortage and poor infrastructure there.

Rajasthan State Industrial Development and Investment Corporation (RIICO) provides excellent facilities for development. Rajasthan is now the preferred destination for IT companies and North India's largest integrated IT park is located in Jaipur and is named as Mahindra World City Jaipur covering nearly 3,000 acres (12 km2) of land. Some of the companies operating in Rajasthan include Infosys, Genpact, Wipro,Truworth, Deusche Bank, NEI, MICO, Honda Siel Cars, Coca Cola, Gillete etc.


Rajasthan is pre-eminent in quarrying and mining in India. The state is the largest source of cement.Rajasthan is largest cement producing state of India, It has rich salt deposits at Sambhar, copper mines at Khetri and zinc mines at Dariba and Zawar. This is a chart of output of major minerals of Rajasthan.

Mineral National Share
Wollastonite 100%
Jasper 100%
Zinc concentrate 99%
Fluorite 96%
Gypsum 93%
Marble 90%
Asbestos 89%
Soapstone 87%
Lead concentrate 80%
Phosphate rock 75%
Ball clay 71%
Calcite 70%
Sandstone 70%
Flaggy limestone 70%
Feldspar 70%


View from Mehrangarh Fort

Endowed with natural beauty and a great history, tourism is flourishing in Rajasthan. The palaces of Jaipur, lakes of Udaipur, and desert forts of Jodhpur, Bikaner & Jaisalmer are among the most preferred destination of many tourists. Tourism accounts for eight percent of the state's domestic product. Many old and neglected palaces and forts have been converted into heritage hotels. Tourism has increased employment in the hospitality sector.


A spin-off of tourism has been the growth of the handicrafts industry.


  1. ^ "Economy of Rajasthan". Retrieved 2016-08-07. 
  2. ^ Share on FacebookShare on Twitter (2016-03-20). "Rajasthan tops in wheat production - Times of India". Retrieved 2016-08-07. 
  3. ^ "Macro overview of Economy of Rajasthan". Just Wiki. 2016-07-11. Retrieved 2016-08-07.