|Alternative names||Mixed Rice, Jaahp Faahn, Tsa̍p-tshài-pn̄g, Keng-tsè-puīnn, Pick pick Rice|
|Region or state||Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand|
|Serving temperature||Hot or warm|
|430 kcal (1800 kJ)|
Economy rice or economic rice (Chinese: 经济饭; pinyin: jīngjì fàn) is a type of food or food stall serving many dishes accompanied by rice, commonly found in hawker centres, street vendors or food courts in Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam. In Singapore, it is commonly known as cai png, from the Hokkien 菜饭; cài fàn; chhài-pn̄g.
Economy rice stalls typically consist of a case containing anywhere from 10-15 troughs of cooked food, including meat, vegetables, eggs and tofu dishes. Customers select any combination of these dishes, which are served accompanied by a portion of steamed white rice. In Singapore, it is more common to find the food on open troughs kept warm by hot water and an electric heater below.
Better quality economy rice stalls have warmers beneath the troughs of food which ensure that food is served hot.
Economy rice is thought of as a predominantly Chinese food - it is roughly analogous to the Malay or Indonesian concept of nasi padang or nasi campur (mixed rice). It is what most Chinese Malaysians and Singaporeans think of when they refer to 'home-cooked food' as it is similar to what would be eaten at home, with rice forming the basis of their meal and accompanied by various cooked dishes. Thus, there is no specific origin for the dish; instead it blends dishes and ingredients from the region they're cooked in.
Economy rice stalls thus evolved as a way for the general public to obtain a quick, and most importantly, cheap meal option outside of home. An economy rice meal is usually one of the cheapest options available for a meal at a hawker centre (hence its name), especially if one is judicious in choosing the less expensive dishes (generally vegetables and tofu).
Common dishes offered at an economy rice stall can include sweet and sour pork, braised tofu, braised cabbage, steamed egg custard, stir-fried Chinese vegetables, fried eggs, and an assortment of deep-fried items.
True to its Chinese origins, most of the dishes on offer tend to have their roots in Chinese cuisine.
Economy rice is known by several other names, and in general conversation it is rare for anyone to refer to it as such, even though many stalls tend to proclaim "Economy rice" on their signboards.
Other names for economy rice include jaahp faahn (Chinese: 雜飯; pinyin: zá fàn; lit. 'mixed rice') in Cantonese or Tsa̍p-tshài-pn̄g (Chinese: 雜菜飯; pinyin: zá cài fàn; lit. 'mixed dishes (with) rice') in Hokkien and colloquially, "Point Point Rice", named for the method of ordering one's meal which involves simply asking for a plate of rice and then pointing at the various dishes desired. It is unclear how the latter term originated.
- "Chinese economy rice – Food, travel, recipe & sights".
- Tham, William. "Economy Rice Stalls – A digest of Malaysian struggles". Penang Monthly. Retrieved 31 January 2020.