Ecuadorian Air Force
|Ecuadorian Air Force|
Seal of the Ecuadorian Air Force
|Part of||Military of Ecuador|
|Engagements||Paquisha War 1981
Cenepa War 1995
Brigadier General Raúl Banderas Dueñas,Comandante General de la Fuerza Aérea Ecuatoriana
|Fighter||Atlas Cheetah, IAI Kfir|
|Trainer||EMB 314 Super Tucano|
|Transport||Lockheed Martin C-130|
To develop the military air wing, in order to execute institutional objectives which guarantee sovereignty and contribute towards the nation's security and development.
To be a dissuasive Air Force, respected and accepted by society, pioneering within the nation's "air-space" development.
The FAE was officially created on October 27, 1920. However, like in many other countries, military flying activity started before the formal date of birth of the Air Force. The history of Ecuador is marked by many skirmishes with its neighbour Peru. As a direct result of the 1910 Ecuador-Peru crisis the members of Club de Tiro Guayaquil decided to expand their sporting activities into aviation as well. Renamed Club de Tiro y Aviación, they started an aviation school. Cosme Rennella Barbatto, an Italian living in Guayaquil, was one of the very first members of Club de Tiro y Aviación. In 1912 Cosme Rennella was sent to his native Italy for training where he successfully graduated as a pilot. He later returned to Europe a second time in 1915, where he participated in World War I. In 152 combat sorties he scored 18 victories, although only 7 were confirmed. When he returned to Ecuador, his experiences served as motivation for a reduced group of Ecuadorian pilots, who moves to the Aviation School in Turin, Italy, with the objective of graduating as the first Ecuadorian pilots of the nascent Ecuadorian Military Aviation.
By 1939 the Ecuadorian Air Force was still limited to about 30 aircraft and a staff of about 60, including 10 officers. Military aviation did not start in earnest until the early forties when an Ecuadorian mission to the United States resulted in the delivery of an assortment of aircraft for the Aviation school at Salinas. Three Ryan PT-22 Recruits, six Curtiss-Wright CW-22 Falcons, six Fairchild PT-19A Cornells and three North American AT-6A Harvards arrived in March 1942, considerably boosting the capacity of the Escuela de Aviación at Salinas.
The 1950s and 1960s saw a further necessary buildup of the air force, gaining more units and aircraft. Meanwhile, efforts were made in enhancing the facilities at various airbases. In May 1961 the "First Air Zone" with its subordinate unit Ala de Transportes No.11 was founded. The "Second Air Zone" controlled the units in the southern half of Ecuador, Ala de Combate No.21 at Taura, Ala de Rescate No.22' at Guayaquil and Ala de Combate No.23 at Manta as well as the Escuela Superior Militar de Aviación "Cosme Rennella B." (ESMA) at Salinas.
The Ala 11 has its own commercial branch, like in many other South-American countries, the Transporte Aérea Militar Ecuatoriana (TAME). Besides the military transport aircraft, it also uses commercial airliners. Flying to locations off the beaten track, TAME provides an additional service to the people of Ecuador.
The FAE saw action on several occasions. A continuous border dispute with Peru flared up in 1981 and 1995. The FAE managed to down several Peruvian aircraft during the latter conflict. Today the FAE faces the war on drugs as well as many humanitarian and logistic missions into the Amazon-region of the country. Nevertheless, being a middle-income country and supporting a relatively large air force is a burden.
This is the current structure of the Ecuadorian Air Force:
- 21 Combat Wing (Ala de combate 21) - Taura Air Base
- 22 Combat Wing (Ala de combate 22) - Simon Bolivar Air Base
- 23 Combat Wing (Ala de combate 23) - Manta Air Base (Eloy Alfaro Air Base)
- 11 Transport Wing (Ala de transporte 11) - Mariscal Sucre Air Base (part of Mariscal Sucre International Airport)
- 1111 Transport Squadron "Hercules" (Esc. de transporte 1111 "Hercules") - operating C-130B/H
- 1112 Transport Squadron "Avro" (Esc. de transporte 1112 "Avro") - operating Hawker Siddeley HS 748 (to be replaced by four Xian MA60)
- 1113 Transport Squadron "Twin Otter" (Esc. de transporte 1113 "Twin Otter") - operating DHC-6 Twin Otter
- 1114 Transport Squadron "Sabreliner" (Esc. de transporte 1114 "Sabreliner") - operating Sabreliner
- Air Force Academy "Cosme Rennella" (Escuela Superior Militar de Aviacion "Cosme Rennella") - Salinas Air Base - operating Cessna A-150L Aerobat, T-34 Mentor
|Atlas Cheetah||South Africa||fighter||Cheetah C||10||upgraded variant of the Dassault Mirage III|
|Boeing 727||USA||transport / VIP||2|
|CASA C-295||Spain||transport / SAR||3|
|DHC-6||Canada||utility / transport||3||STOL capable aircraft|
|HAL Dhruv||India||SAR / utility||3||1 on order|
|Atlas Cheetah||South Africa||conversion trainer||Cheetah D||2|
|EMB 314||Brazil||advanced trainer||17|
|Diamond DA20||Canada||basic trainer||7||4 on order|
|UAV-2 Hawk||Ecuador||surveillance||Indigenously-developed unmanned aerial vehicle |
- Denel Dynamics V-4 R-Darter-BVR South Africa[dubious ]
- MBDA R550 Magic-II AAMs France
- IAI Python MK-IV AAMs Israel
- IAI Python MK-III AAMs Israel
- IAI Shafrir MK-II AAMs Israel
- BLU-107 Durandal France
Types previously operated include
- Boeing 707 United States
- CASA CN-235 Spain
- Curtiss-Wright CW-22 Falcon United States
- Fairchild PT-19 Cornell United States
- Ryan PT-22 Recruit United States
- SEPECAT Jaguar, Delivered: 15 total: 2 Jaguar-B, 10 Jaguar-S intl., 3 Jaguar-GR.1; 7-9 in storage United Kingdom France
- BAC Strikemaster, Delivered: 24-26 total: 2 BAC-167 MK-83, 2 BAC-167 MK-87, 8 BAC-167 MK-89, 8 BAC-167 MK-89A, 12 BAC-167 MK-90; 8-10 in storage United Kingdom
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Air force of Ecuador.|
- A Comparative Atlas Of Defence In Latin America / 2014 Edition
- Franks, Norman; Guest, Russell; Alegi, Gregory. (1997) Above the War Fronts: The British Two-seater Bomber Pilot and Observer Aces, the British Two-seater Fighter Observer Aces, and the Belgian, Italian, Austro-Hungarian and Russian Fighter Aces, 1914–1918: Volume 4 of Fighting Airmen of WWI Series: Volume 4 of Air Aces of WWI. Oxford: Grub Street. pp. 155-156.
- Schnitzler, R.; Feuchter, G.W.; Schulz, R., eds. (1939). Handbuch der Luftwaffe [Aviation Manual] (in German) (3rd ed.). Munich and Berlin: J. F. Lehmanns Verlag. p. 64.
- "Peru vs. Ecuador; Alto-Cenepa War, 1995". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Ecuador Air Force". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- Eric Katerberg & Anno Gravemaker, Force Report: Ecuador Air Force, Air Forces Monthly, July 2008 issue.
- "World Air Forces 2015 pg. 15". Flightglobal Insight. 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- Ecuador; Air Force receives indigenously developed UAV - Dmilt.com, 16 January 2014