Ecuadorian mantled howler

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Ecuadorian mantled howler
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Atelidae
Genus: Alouatta
Species: A. palliata
Subspecies: A. p. aequatorialis
Trinomial name
Alouatta palliata aequatorialis
Festa, 1903

The Ecuadorian mantled howler (Alouatta palliata aequatorialis) is a subspecies of the mantled howler, A. palliata. It ranges from Panama (or possibly the eastern tip of Costa Rica) through Colombia and Ecuador into northern Peru.[2] The range limits between the Ecuadorian mantled howler and the golden-mantled howler are not entirely clear. The Ecuadorian mantled howler replaces the Golden-mantled howler in either extreme eastern Costa Rica or western Panama.[2] The Ecuadorian mantled howler differs from the golden-mantled howler primarily by being paler, with a more yellowish mantle.[2]


  1. ^ CuarónCuarón, A.D.; Shedden, A.; Rodríguez-Luna, E.; de Grammont, P.C. & Link, A. (2008). "Alouatta palliata ssp. aequatorialis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 19 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Rylands; Groves; Mittermeier; Cortes-Ortiz & Hines (2006). "Taxonomy and Distributions of Mesoamerican Primates". In Estrada, A.; Garber, P.A.; Pavelka, M.S.M. & Luecke, L. New Perspectives in the Study of Mesoamerican Primates. pp. 50–52. ISBN 978-0-387-25854-6.