Ed H. Campbell
- For other persons named Edward Campbell, see Edward Campbell (disambiguation)
Ed Hoyt Campbell (March 6, 1882 - April 26, 1969) was the last U.S. Representative from Iowa's 11th congressional district. When Iowa lost two seats in Congress due to the 1930 census, Campbell's district was renumbered but its boundaries were left intact. But in the Roosevelt landslide of 1932, he failed to win re-election.
Born in Battle Creek, Iowa, Campbell attended the public schools of his native city, and was graduated from the University of Iowa College of Law in 1906. He was admitted to the bar the same year and commenced practice in Battle Creek. Two years later, he was elected as mayor of Battle Creek, and served until 1911. That year, he was elected to the Iowa House of Representatives, where he served until 1913.
During the First World War Campbell served as a private in Company Six, First Officers Training School, at Fort Snelling, Minnesota.
Following his discharge, he was elected to the Iowa Senate in 1920. He served two four-year terms, serving as president pro tempore from 1924 to 1926.
In 1928, Campbell was elected as a Republican to the U.S. House of Representatives, to represent Iowa's 11th congressional district (in northwestern Iowa). He was re-elected two years later. Iowa lost two seats in Congress due to the 1930 census, which required the 1931 Iowa Legislature to reapportion the state's congressional districts for the first time in over four decades. However, the districts of the old 11th district were kept intact, and were renumbered as the 9th district, leading commentators to predict that Campbell's seat was "apparently safe." In the next election (in 1932), Campbell won the republican nomination for that seat, but faced maverick Democrat Guy M. Gillette in the general election. Franklin D. Roosevelt's landslide election also carried many Democrats to victory; Campbell was one of several incumbent Republican congressmen in Iowa who were unseated that year. In all, Campbell served in the Seventy-first and Seventy-second Congresses, from March 4, 1929 to March 3, 1933.
After returning to Iowa, Campbell resumed the practice of law. He died in Battle Creek, Iowa on April 26, 1969, and was interred in Mount Hope Cemetery.
- "Five of Iowa's 9 Congress Posts Sure for G.O.P.", Waterloo Courier, 1932-11-02, at p. 13.
- The Ed Hoyt Campbell Papers are housed at the University of Iowa Special Collections & University Archives.
This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.