Edappadi K. Palaniswami

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Edappadi K. Palaniswami
Palanisamy.jpg
Palaniswami in 2017
17th Leader of the Opposition in Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
Assumed office
11 May 2021
DeputyO. Panneerselvam
Preceded byM. K. Stalin
7th Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
In office
16 February 2017 – 6 May 2021
Governor
DeputyO. Panneerselvam
Preceded byO. Panneerselvam
Succeeded byM. K. Stalin
Member of Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
Assumed office
23 May 2011
Preceded byV. Kaveri
ConstituencyEdappadi
In office
6 February 1989 – 12 May 1996
Preceded byGovindaswamy
Succeeded byI. Ganesan
ConstituencyEdappadi
Minister of Highways and Minor Ports, Tamil Nadu
In office
16 May 2011 – 6 May 2021
Minister of Public Works, Tamil Nadu
In office
23 May 2016 – 6 May 2021
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
10 March 1998 – 26 April 1999
Preceded byK. P. Ramalingam
Succeeded byM. Kannappan
ConstituencyTiruchengodu, Tamil Nadu
President of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Assumed office
TBT
Preceded byV. N. Janaki
Joint Coordinator of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Assumed office
21 August 2017
DeputyK. P. Munusamy, R. Vaithilingam
CoordinatorO. Panneerselvam
Preceded byPosition established
Personal details
PronunciationEdappādi Karuppaṉā Paḻaṉisāmy
Born (1956-05-12) 12 May 1956 (age 66)
Siluvampalayam, Madras State
(now in Salem District, Tamil Nadu, India)[1]
Political partyAIADMK Official Flag.png All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Spouse(s)Radha
ChildrenMithun Kumar (Only son)
Parents
  • V. Karuppa Gounder (father)
  • Thavasi Ammal (mother)
Residence(s)
Profession
  • Agriculturalist
  • Politician
Awards
Nickname(s)E.P.S., Edappadiyaar

Edappadi K. Palaniswami (born 12 May 1954), popularly known as E.P.S. and Edappaadiyaar, is an Indian politician and the current leader of opposition in the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly.[2] He served as the 7th Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, from 2017 to 2021. He is also the president of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam party.

Palaniswami has represented Edappadi since 2011 as Member of the Legislative Assembly, previously serving from 1989 to 1996. In the 1998 Indian general election he was elected as Member of Parliament of the Lok Sabha representing Tiruchengode.

When AIADMK won the 2011 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election, he was given a ministerial berth by J. Jayalalithaa and served as the Minister of Highways and Minor Ports on 16 May 2011 for the government of Tamil Nadu. After 2016 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election victory, he was given the additional responsibility of Ministry of Public Works by J. Jayalalithaa.

Personal life[edit]

Palaniswami was born on 12 May 1954[1] to Karuppa Gounder and Thavasiyammal at Siluvampalayam, Salem, Madras State, India (now in Tamil Nadu, India).[1][3][4] His parents were farmers. After completing school, he enrolled for B.Sc degree in Sri Vasavi College but did not graduate. He was the students union leader at college. He has a brother Govindraj and a sister Ranjitham.[5] He is married to Ratha Palaniswami and has one son and is an agriculturalist by occupation.[6][1][3]

Political career[edit]

Palaniswami entered politics as a volunteer for the AIADMK in 1974.[6] Later he became the key member of the party in Salem district. He was first elected to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly in 1989,representing Edappadi constituency, and won re-election in 1991.[7][8] He was elected Member of Parliament, representing Tiruchengodu constituency in the 12th Lok Sabha. He emerged a dominant force in the AIADMK in the Western belt during late 1990s . He was elected from Edappadi constituency in 2011[9][10] and 2016[11] when the AIADMK emerged as a ruling party. He slowly gained prominence as one of the strong confidants of J.Jayalalithaa along with O. Paneerselvam and Dindigul C.Sreenivasan. He served as the Minister of Highways and Minor Ports in the J. Jayalalithaa, O. Panneerselvam and in his own ministry from 2011.

Chief Minister, 2017-2021[edit]

Palaniswami was selected by the AIADMK as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu in February 2017,[12] following the resignation of O. Panneerselvam, who became chief minister after the demise of former chief minister J. Jayalalithaa who won the 2016 Legislative Assembly election as CM candidate of AIADMK. He was sworn in on 16 February 2017 before a crowd of party workers, along with his 32-member cabinet. Palaniswami also holds the charge of Home, Prohibition & Excise Departments along with the other portfolios normally held by the Chief Ministers, and not mentioned elsewhere. He is elected from Edappadi constituency. During his reign, he introduced various schemes like Kudimaramaththu Work, FAME India scheme and Amma Patrol in Tamil Nadu to ascertain the security of women and children in public places.

In May 2018, police opened fire on protests against a Sterlite plant that was polluting local groundwater in Thoothukudi, killing 13 people. While ordering a one-man commission into the violence, Palaniswami also declared the shootings were in "self-defence."[13]

On 28 May, Palaniswami led Tamil Nadu Government ordered the permanently closure of the Sterlite Copper plant. “The Amma government has issued an order to have the Sterlite plant closed down permanently in deference to the sentiments of the people of Thoothukudi,” then Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami told journalists in the evening after chairing a meeting of his party legislators at the AIADMK headquarters in Chennai.[14][15][16]

However, during the 2019 elections, AIADMK contested in alliance with the BJP and was swept out of parliament when the DMK-led alliance won 38 out of 39 seats in the state.[17]

In 2019 he went on a 13-day tour in the United States, United Kingdom and United Arab Emirates to promote foreign investment in Tamil Nadu. While there he launched the Yaadhum Oore programme (lit. all countries, based on Puranauru 192) to encourage the Tamil diaspora to re-invest in Tamil Nadu, in the same line as other states with large NRI populations such as Kerala.[18] During trip he secured 3 lakh crores worth of foreign investment, a greater amount than even his predecessor Jayalalithaa did.

In February 2020, Palaniswami led Tamil Nadu government declared the Cauvery delta region as a Protected Special Agriculture Zone. The announcement was widely hailed by political parties and farmers organisations.[19][20][21]

In 2020, Palaniswami led AIADMK government passed order for 7.5% Quota in Medical Admissions for Govt School Students.[22] He took action to set up government medical colleges in newly formed 11 districts which offered 1,650 more seats to then existing 3,400 seats.[23][24]

Under his governance, Tamil Nadu was rated as the best governed state based on a composite index in the context of sustainable development according to the Public Affairs Index-2020 released by the Public Affairs Centre in Oct 2020. Palaniswami is also praised for his administration during the coronavirus pandemic. Tamil Nadu was one of the few states that did not register negative growth in the period of pandemic.

During his regime, Tamil Nadu was the best performing big state overall from the year 2018 to 2021. With a gross state domestic product of $290 billion or Rs 21.6 lakh crore, Tamil Nadu became India's second-largest economy.[25][26][27]

In 2020, The study “States of the State” of India Today, said that Palaniswami led Tamil Nadu has topped in 11 categories from a total of 12, including economy, tourism, infrastructure, inclusive development, law and order, along with entrepreneurship, cleanliness, environment, health, education and agriculture. Tamil Nadu had been chosen for this recognition for the third consecutive year.[27]

On 3 May 2021, Palaniswami resigned as Chief Minister following AIADMK's defeat in the 2021 Tamil Nadu Assembly Election.[28][29]

Leader of the Opposition, 2021[edit]

After the party lost the assembly elections in May 2021, Palaniswami won the Edappadi constituency and was elected as the Leader Of the Opposition in Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly.[30][31]

Elections contested and positions held[edit]

Lok Sabha elections[edit]

Elections Constituency Party Result Vote percentage Opposition Candidate Opposition Party Opposition vote percentage
1998 Indian general election Tiruchengodu AIADMK Won 54.70 K. P. Ramalingam DMK 40.89
1999 Indian general election Tiruchengodu AIADMK Lost 48.53 M. Kannappan MDMK 49.08
2004 Indian general election Tiruchengodu AIADMK Lost 37.27 Subbulakshmi Jagadeesan DMK 58.02

Tamil Nadu Legislative elections[edit]

Elections Constituency Party Result Vote percentage Opposition Candidate Opposition Party Opposition vote percentage
1989 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election Edappadi AIADMK Won 33.08 L. Palanisamy DMK 31.62
1991 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election Edappadi AIADMK Won 58.24 P. Kolandai Gounder PMK 25.03
1996 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election Edappadi AIADMK Lost 28.21 I. Ganesan PMK 37.68
2006 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election Edappadi AIADMK Lost 41.06 V. Kaveri PMK 44.80
2011 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election Edappadi AIADMK Won 56.38 M. Karthe PMK 37.66
2016 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election Edappadi AIADMK Won 43.74 N. Annadurai PMK 25.12
2021 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election Edappadi AIADMK Won 65.97 Sampath Kumar DMK 28.04

Posts in Parliament of India[edit]

Constituency Position From To
Tiruchengodu Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha 10 March 1998 26 April 1999

Posts in Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly[edit]

Constituency Position From To
Edappadi Member of Legislative Assembly 6 February 1989 12 May 1996
Member of Legislative Assembly 23 May 2011 present
Minister of Highways and Minor Ports 16 May 2011 22 May 2016
Minister of Highways and Minor Ports and Minister of Public Works 23 May 2016 16 December 2016
Chief Minister 17 February 2017 6 May 2021
Leader of the Opposition 11 May 2021 Incumbent

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Biographical Sketch of Member of 12th Lok Sabha". loksabhaph.nic.in. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  2. ^ "Edappadi K Palaniswami to be leader of opposition in Tamil Nadu assembly". Julie Mariappan. The Times of India. 10 May 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  3. ^ a b Thangavelu, Dharani (15 February 2017). "Who is Edappadi K. Palaniswami?". Mint. Archived from the original on 13 March 2017.
  4. ^ Profile, archived from the original on 17 February 2017
  5. ^ Mariappan, Julie (13 October 2020). "Edappadi K Palaniswami Mother: Tamil Nadu chief minister Edappadi K Palaniswami's mother Dhavusayammal dies aged 93". The Times of India. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  6. ^ a b "From jaggery farmer to Tamil Nadu CM, Edappadi K Palaniswami". Jaya Menon. The Times of India. 3 May 2021. Retrieved 4 May 2021.
  7. ^ "1989 Tamil Nadu Election Results, Election Commission of India" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 October 2010.
  8. ^ "1991 Tamil Nadu Election Results, Election Commission of India" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 December 2016.
  9. ^ "List of MLAs from Tamil Nadu" (PDF). Chief Electoral Officer, Tamil Nadu. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2013.
  10. ^ "Council of Ministers, Govt. of Tamil Nadu". Govt. of Tamil Nadu. Archived from the original on 25 August 2011.
  11. ^ "2016 TN Assembly Election – Candidate Affidavit" (PDF). myneta.info. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 March 2017. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  12. ^ Saqaf, Syed Muthahar (14 February 2017). "From farmer to CM pick — the rise of a Jaya loyalist". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 15 February 2017 – via www.thehindu.com.
  13. ^ "Sterlite violence: 492 people questioned over 20 phases by Aruna Jagadeesan commission". The New Indian Express. 22 May 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  14. ^ Rohit, T. k (28 May 2018). "Sterlite Copper to be permanently closed, says Tamil Nadu government". The Hindu. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  15. ^ Safi, Michael; Karthikeyan, Divya (28 May 2018). "Indian copper plant shut down days after deadly protests". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  16. ^ Thangavelu, Dharani (28 May 2018). "Tamil Nadu govt orders permanent shutdown of Sterlite copper plant in Thoothukudi". Live Mint. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  17. ^ Ramakrishnan, T.; Kumar, D. Suresh (12 January 2021). "People's reception gives us confidence that we will win a majority, says Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Palaniswami". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  18. ^ "After tapping silicon valley, TN eyes Tamil diaspora in 38 countries". The New Indian Express. 27 October 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  19. ^ "Cauvery delta to be declared a protected agriculture zone". The Hindu. 10 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  20. ^ "Tamil Nadu declares Cauvery delta a protected agricultural zone". hindustan times. 10 February 2020.
  21. ^ "Rules notified for Delta Agri Zone Act". new indian express. 27 August 2020.
  22. ^ PTI (29 October 2020). "Tamil Nadu Govt Passes Order for 7.5% Quota in Medical Admissions for Govt School Students". News18. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  23. ^ IANS (26 October 2020). "Tamil Nadu govt to set up medical colleges in 11 districts, add 1,650 seats". Business Standard. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  24. ^ "Tamil Nadu has 3,400 MBBS seats now and will add 1,650 in future: CM". The Hindu. 26 October 2020. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  25. ^ Menon, Amarnath (27 November 2021). "Best performing big state overall: Tamil Nadu". India Today. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  26. ^ "T.N. tops in 'State of the States' study". The Hindu. 27 November 2020. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  27. ^ a b "Tamil Nadu bags best performer award, again". New Indian Express. 28 November 2021. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  28. ^ "TN CM Palaniswami resigns, Guv accepts it; dissolves Assembly". India Today. PTI. 3 May 2021. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  29. ^ "EPS quits as CM, flurry of resignations at Secretariat". DT next. 4 May 2021. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  30. ^ "Edappadi Palaniswami elected as Leader of Opposition in Tamil Nadu Assembly". The New Indian Express. 10 May 2021. Retrieved 12 May 2022.
  31. ^ "Edappadi K. Palaniswami elected AIADMK legislature party leader". The Hindu. 10 May 2021. Retrieved 12 May 2022.

External links[edit]

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