Edd Byrnes

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Edd Byrnes
Edd Byrnes 1973.JPG
Byrnes in 1973 in a guest appearance on The Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour
Born
Edward Byrne Breitenberger

(1932-07-30)July 30, 1932
New York City, New York, U.S.
DiedJanuary 8, 2020(2020-01-08) (aged 87)
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
OccupationActor
Years active1956–1999
Spouse(s)
Asa Maynor
(m. 1962; div. 1971)
ChildrenLogan Byrnes

Edd Byrnes (born Edward Byrne Breitenberger; July 30, 1932 – January 8, 2020) was an American actor, best known for his starring role in the television series 77 Sunset Strip. He also was featured in the 1978 film Grease as television teen-dance show host Vince Fontaine, and was a charting recording artist with "Kookie, Kookie (Lend Me Your Comb)" (with Connie Stevens).

Early life[edit]

Byrnes was born Edward Byrne Breitenberger in New York City, New York, the son of Mary (Byrne) and Augustus "Gus" Breitenberger.[1] He had two siblings, Vincent and Jo-Ann. When he was 13, his father died.[2] He then dropped his last name in favor of "Byrnes" based on the name of his maternal grandfather, Edward Byrne, a fireman.[3]

Byrnes developed the urge to act at high school but did not seriously consider it until after he had tried a number of different jobs, such as driving an ambulance, roofing and selling flowers.[4] At 17, he found work as a photographer's model, which led to an introduction to work as a prostitute. In his memoirs, he described this as a "strange world... Art, wealth, sadism, limousines, sex for money, theater and fine restaurants.”[5]

Career[edit]

Early acting career[edit]

In 1956, Byrnes got an unpaid job in a summer stock theatre company in Connecticut, the Litchfield Community Playhouse. He soon began appearing in their plays as an actor. Byrnes tried to get roles in Broadway theatre productions, but had no luck. In 1956, he was cast in an episode of the Crossroads TV program. Byrnes also appeared in episodes of the late-50s series Wire Service and Navy Log.

After a year, Byrnes moved to Hollywood.[4] He appeared in a local stage production of Tea and Sympathy.[6][7] Byrnes also appeared in episodes of The Adventures of Jim Bowie, and Telephone Time and in the film Fear Strikes Out (1957). Byrnes was third-billed in the film Reform School Girl (1957) for American International Pictures. He had a support role in the Warner Bros films Johnny Trouble (1957).

Also in 1957, Byrnes signed a three-year contract with John Carroll of Clarion Pictures.[8]

Byrnes tested for roles in the films Bernadine and Until They Sail but did not get them.[9] A contemporary report described him as "a Tab Hunter type."[10] However he did guest star on an episode of Cheyenne made by Warner Bros. The studio liked Byrnes' work and signed him to a long term contract in May 1957.[11]

Warner Bros.[edit]

Warners started off Byrnes' contract by assigning him to a comic role in The Deep Six (1958).[12][13] He also appeared in episodes of Cheyenne, The Gale Storm Show: Oh! Susanna and Colt .45. In 1958 he appeared (credited as Edward Byrnes) as Benji Danton on Cheyenne in the episode titled "The Last Comanchero."

When Tab Hunter refused a role in the film Darby's Rangers (1958), Byrnes stepped in instead. He was wanted for Baby Face Nelson (1957), but Warners would not loan him out.[14]

Byrnes also appeared in Marjorie Morningstar (1958) and Life Begins at 17 (1958). He appeared as a guest star in Maverick, The Deputy, and Sugarfoot, in the latter with John Russell, Rodolfo Hoyos, Jr., and Will Wright in the 1958 season-premiere episode "Ring of Sand." He was in another war film titled Up Periscope (1959).

77 Sunset Strip[edit]

Byrnes was cast in Girl on the Run, a pilot for a detective show starring Efrem Zimbalist Jr. Byrnes played contract killer Kenneth Smiley who continually combed his hair – Byrnes said this was an idea of his which the director liked and kept in.[15][16][17][18][19] Around this time Byrnes decided to change his acting name from "Edward" to "Edd". "I just dreamed it up one day," he said. "Edward is too formal and there are lots of Eddies."[4][16]

The show aired in October 1958[20] and was so popular Warners decided to turn it into a TV series 77 Sunset Strip.[4] Byrnes' character became an immediate national teen sensation, prompting the producers to make Byrnes a regular cast member. They transformed Kookie from a hitman into a parking valet at Dino's Lodge who helped as a private investigator. Zimbalist Jr. explained the situation to the audience:

We previewed this show, and because Edd Byrnes was such a hit, we decided that Kookie and his comb had to be in our series. So this week, we'll just forget that in the pilot he went off to prison to be executed.

— From the pre-credit sequence for the episode "Lovely Lady, Pity Me"

Kookie's recurring character—a different, exciting look that teens of the day related to—was the valet-parking attendant who constantly combed his piled-high, greasy-styled teen hair, often in a windbreaker jacket, who worked part-time at the so-called Dean Martin's Dino's Lodge restaurant, next door to a private-investigator agency at 77 Sunset Strip in West Hollywood. Kookie frequently acted as an unlicensed, protégé detective who helped the private eyes (Zimbalist and Roger Smith) on their cases, based upon "the word" heard from Kookie's street informants. Kookie called everybody "Dad" (as in "Sure thing . . . Dad") and was television's homage to the "Jack Kerouac" style of cult-hipster of the late 1950s.[21]

Byrnes as "Kookie" with Sue Randall (c. 1963)

The show became the most popular one in the country.[22] To the thrill of teen viewers, Kookie spoke a jive-talk "code" to everyone, whether you understood him or not, and Kookie knew, better than others, "the word on the street." Although the Kookie character was at least several years older than Jim Stark, James Dean's character in the film Rebel Without a Cause, Byrnes exuded a similar sense of cool. Kookie was also the progenitor of Henry Winkler's The Fonz character of the Happy Days series (switch hot rod for motorcycle; same hair and comb). By April 1959 Byrnes was among the most popular young actors in the country.[23]

"I was a nobody," said Byrnes. "Now I'm dragging in over 400 letters a week and I'm a name."[24]

Kookie's constant onscreen tending of his ducktail haircut led to many jokes among comedians of the time, and it resulted in the 1959-charted (13 weeks) 'rap' style recording, "Kookie, Kookie (Lend Me Your Comb)", recorded with actress and recording artist Connie Stevens, and which reached #4 on the Billboard Hot 100. It sold over one million copies and was awarded a gold disc by the RIAA.[25][26] The song also appeared on the Edd Byrnes album, entitled (what else) Kookie. He and Stevens appeared together on ABC's The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom. During the run of 77 Sunset Strip, Byrnes, as the "Kookie" character, was a popular celebrity, and Byrnes received fan-mail volume that reached 15,000 letters a week, according to Picture Magazine in 1961, rivaling most early rock-recording stars of the day.[citation needed]

Clashes with Warners[edit]

Warners put him in the second lead of a Western, Yellowstone Kelly (1959); he supported Clint Walker, star of another Warners show, Cheyenne. It was a minor success at the box office.[27]

"I'm not studying," said Byrnes at the time. "Why should I? I get all my experience in front of the camera. You get in front of the camera every day and you've got to learn."[4]

Byrnes walked off the show in the second season, demanding a bigger part and higher pay. In November 1959 Warners put him on suspension. They eventually offered $750 a week but he refused. In April 1960 they came to terms and Byrnes went back to work.[28][29]

Owing to restrictions in his Warner Brothers television contract, Byrnes was forced to turn down film roles in Ocean's Eleven (1960), Rio Bravo (1959), North to Alaska (1960), and The Longest Day (1962). He tested for the role of John F. Kennedy in PT 109, but President Kennedy preferred Cliff Robertson.[30]

Instead he guest starred on Lawman. Byrnes made a cameo as Kookie in Surfside Six and Hawaiian Eye, a 77 Sunset Strip spin off. He bought a story for Warners, Make Mine Vanilla, but it was not made.[31] He threatened to punch a photographer who was trying to take a photo of him getting a marriage license.[32] He did some summer stock in 1962 with his wife.[33]

Although Byrnes was a popular celebrity, the years of unfortunate "Kookie" typecasting led him to ultimately buy out his television contract with Warner Brothers to clear his way for films—though it was accomplished too late to allow Byrnes to capitalize on feature-length-cinema projects based upon his established television-series fame.

Post-Warner Bros.[edit]

In August 1963 Byrnes bought up the remaining ten months of his contract with Warner Bros and left Sunset Strip. "No more hipster image for me," said Byrnes. "From now on I'd like to establish myself as a movie star."[34]

Byrnes appeared in episodes of The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, Burke's Law and Kraft Suspense Theatre. He travelled to Yugoslavia where he was one of several names in Roger Corman's war film The Secret Invasion (1964). While in Europe he signed to do a TV show in Munich.[35]

Back in the US he made a pilot for a TV series, Kissin Cousins, based on the Elvis Presley film Kissin' Cousins (1964) with Byrnes to play the lieutenant played by Presley in the film.[36][37] It did not go to series. Byrnes starred in a beach party movie financed by Corman, Beach Ball (1965).[38] Chris Noel while working on Beach Ball with Byrnes, complained about his behavior.[39] He was in episodes of Mister Roberts, Honey West, and Theatre of Stars and did Picnic, Bus Stop, Sunday in New York, Sweet Bird of Youth and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof on stage in stock.[40][41]

The shadow of Kookie hung over him. "People think that's the only role you can play," he said in 1966. "Producers and directors still think of me as the kid I played on the Strip. I've been offered other series but they've still wanted to cast me as the same kid."[42]

Byrnes returned to Europe for several spaghetti westerns, including the 1967 films Renegade Riders, Any Gun Can Play and Red Blood, Yellow Gold.[43] In 1969 he said he made more money in the preceding year than in his entire time on Warner Bros.[44]

Back in the US he worked mostly in TV: episodes of Mannix, Love, American Style, The Virginian, Adam-12, and The Pathfinders. He was also in the TV movies The Silent Gun (1969) and The Gift of Terror. Byrnes was in the "Duo-Vision" horror film Wicked, Wicked in 1973, and as a TV interviewer in the David Essex film Stardust (1974).

In 1974, Byrnes hosted the pilots of Wheel of Fortune but NBC chose Chuck Woolery instead.[45]

He was a guest star in Marcus Welby, MD, Thriller, Police Story, Police Woman, and Sword of Justice and was in the TV movies Mobile Two and Telethon.

Grease[edit]

Byrnes played the role of the Dick Clark-like dance-show host Vince Fontaine, host of National Bandstand, in the 1978 movie Grease.

The success of the film led to Byrnes being cast in the lead of a TV series $weepstake$[46] but it only lasted nine episodes. He went back to guest starring in shows like CHiPs, B.J. and the Bear, House Calls, Charlie's Angels, Vega$, The Love Boat, Fantasy Island, Quincy M.E., The Master, Simon & Simon and Crazy Like a Fox. He had a small role in the Erin Moran film Twirl (1981) and the lead in Erotic Images (1983) with Britt Ekland.

Later career[edit]

Byrnes also appeared in Mankillers (1987), Back to the Beach (1987), Party Line (1988) and Troop Beverly Hills (1989).

Later appearances included Throb, Unhappily Ever After, Rags to Riches, Mr. Belvedere, Empty Nest, Married... with Children, Burke's Law (the revival), Kung Fu: The Legend Continues and Murder, She Wrote.

One of his final roles was Shake, Rattle and Roll: An American Love Story (1999).

Personal life and death[edit]

Byrnes' son by Asa Maynor is Logan Byrnes, a television news anchor for KUSI-TV News in San Diego, California, since 2018, after performing the same duty at KTTV in Los Angeles. Before 2016 he was at Fox Connecticut since 2008.[47]

Byrnes died of natural causes on January 8, 2020, at his Santa Monica home.[48][49][5]

Legacy[edit]

As a tribute to his enduring celebrity and his iconic "Kookie" character, Byrnes has ranked #5 in TV Guide's list of "TV's 25 Greatest Teen Idols" (23 January 2005). In 1996, he wrote an autobiography with Marshall Terrill entitled Kookie No More.[5]

Byrnes appeared during the Memphis Film Festival in June 2014, in which he was reunited with his former Yellowstone Kelly co-star Clint Walker.[50]

Filmography[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Aaker, Everett (2011). Encyclopedia of Early Television Crime Fighters. New York City: McFarland & Company. ASIN B01JXNOZMS.
  2. ^ Jablon, Robert (January 10, 2020). "Edd Byrnes, who played Kookie in "77 Sunset Strip," dies". Star Tribune. Minneapolis: Star Tribune Media Company LLC. Associated Press. Retrieved January 10, 2020.
  3. ^ Biodata, imdb.com; accessed December 12, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d e Schumach, Murry (August 30, 1959). "SUCCESS STORY; From Edward to Edd, Or How Kookie Paid Off". The New York Times. New York City. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  5. ^ a b c Fox, Margalit (January 9, 2020). "Edd Byrnes, Who Combed His Way to TV Stardom, Dies at 86". The New York Times. New York. Retrieved January 10, 2020.
  6. ^ Eliot 2013, pp. 22–23.
  7. ^ Davidson, Bill (October 12, 1975). "The conquering antihero". The New York Times. New York City. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  8. ^ "Shirley jones costar signs clarion contract". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles: Los Angeles Times Communications LLC (Nant Capital). January 17, 1957. Retrieved January 11, 2020. – via ProQuest (subscription required)
  9. ^ "Movieland Events". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles: Los Angeles Times Communications LLC (Nant Capital). January 29, 1957. Retrieved January 11, 2020. – via ProQuest (subscription required)
  10. ^ "MOVIELAND EVENTS". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles: Los Angeles Times Communications LLC (Nant Capital). February 23, 1957. Retrieved January 11, 2020. – via ProQuest (subscription required)
  11. ^ Schallert, Edwin (May 14, 1957). "Author favors Glenn Ford for 'Quicksand'; skouras project afoot". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles: Los Angeles Times Communications LLC (Nant Capital). Retrieved January 11, 2020. – via ProQuest (subscription required)
  12. ^ Pryor, Thomas M. (May 14, 1957). "Palance In Movie Backed By Mexico". The New York Times. New York City]: The New York Times Company. Retrieved January 11, 2020. – via ProQuest (subscription required)
  13. ^ Thompson, Jr., Henry Howard (January 16, 1958). "'Deep Six' Is Drama About Pacifist at War". The New York Times. New York City: The New York Times Company. Retrieved January 11, 2020.(subscription required)
  14. ^ Schallert, Edwin (July 2, 1957). "Cornel Wilde readies Hungary saga; George Sanders stars abroad". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles: Los Angeles Times Communications LLC (Nant Capital). Retrieved January 11, 2020. – via ProQuest (subscription required)
  15. ^ Beck, Joan (August 20, 1959). "Meet Kookie, idol of teen set". Chicago Tribune. Chicago: Tribune Publishing. Retrieved January 11, 2020. – via ProQuest (subscription required)
  16. ^ a b Compo 2009, p. 58.
  17. ^ Compo 2009, p. 478.
  18. ^ Variety Staff (May 2, 2014). "'77 Sunset Strip,' 'F.B.I.' Star Efrem Zimbalist Jr. Dies at 95". Variety. United States: Variety Media, LLC. (Penske Media Corporation). Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  19. ^ Terrace 2003, p. 148.
  20. ^ S., R. F. (1958, Oct 11). TV: Innovations on 'your hit parade'. New York Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/114499247
  21. ^ "Dad, He Got a Bulb". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles: Los Angeles Times Communications LLC (Nant Capital). April 26, 1959. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  22. ^ By, L. L. (1959, Aug 20). On your mark, gang: 'kookie' flies in today. The Washington Post and Times Herald (1954–1959) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/149177278
  23. ^ Korman, S. (1959, Apr 12). Hollywood's bright young men! Chicago Daily Tribune (1923–1963) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/182314140
  24. ^ Scheuer, S. H. (1959, Apr 18). They FLIP over 77 sunset strip. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923–1963) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/182308495
  25. ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. https://archive.org/details/bookofgoldendisc00murr/page/111 111]. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
  26. ^ By, J. S. (1959, Jun 21). How no-talent singers get 'talent'. New York Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/114789984
  27. ^ Wolters, L. (1959, Aug 09). Kookie is kool, man, kool! Chicago Daily Tribune (1923–1963) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/182377654
  28. ^ 77 Sunset Strip. Tvparty.com. Retrieved on 2012-05-05.
  29. ^ Edd Byrnes, studio settle pay dispute. (1960, Apr 18). Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/167674728
  30. ^ p. 24 Davidson, Bill The President Casts a Movie The Saturday Evening Post, Volume 235 Curtis Publishing Company, September 8, 1962
  31. ^ MacMINN, A. (1962, Mar 05). INSIDE TV. Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/168084128
  32. ^ TV'S KOOKIE CURSES, THREATENS LENSMAN. (1962, Mar 23). Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/168091828
  33. ^ Summer stock for edd. (1962, Jun 28). Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/168081810
  34. ^ Kookie's not a kook anymore. (1963, Aug 04). Chicago Tribune (1963–Current File) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/182810136
  35. ^ Edd sets european projects. (1963, Oct 09). Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/168442966
  36. ^ Pamela austin to re-create role. (1964, Oct 08). Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/155021107
  37. ^ Byrnes signed to new series. (1964, Oct 16). Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/155031229
  38. ^ Lisanti 2005, p. 158.
  39. ^ Lisanti 2005, p. 164.
  40. ^ Pheasant run stars rennie in 'mary, mary'. (1965, Feb 07). Chicago Tribune (1963–Current File) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/179838341
  41. ^ By, K. H. (1966, May 07). 'Great way to earn a living'. The Christian Science Monitor (1908–Current File) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/510869207
  42. ^ The way kookie doesn't crumble. (1966, Mar 23). Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/155429867
  43. ^ By, V. S. (1967, Dec 14). 'Kookie' rustlin' up movies in italy. The Washington Post, Times Herald (1959–1973) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/143029346
  44. ^ Cross, R. (1969, Feb 04). Edd byrnes 10 years later. Chicago Tribune (1963–Current File) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/168880022
  45. ^ Television game show hosts: biographies of 32 stars – David Baber – Google Books. Books.google.com; retrieved 2013-02-15.
  46. ^ Rosenberg, H. (1978, Dec 01). MINUS 8 PLUS 9 EQUALS? Los Angeles Times (1923–Current File) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/158650157
  47. ^ Logan Byrnes official website; retrieved December 12, 2015.
  48. ^ Alicia Adejobi. "Grease actor Edd Byrnes dies aged 87". Metro Entertainment. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  49. ^ "Edd Byrnes, Kookie on '77 Sunset Strip,' Dies at 87". The Hollywood Reporter.
  50. ^ "Home security and locksmith blog, tips & info". Memphis Film Festival website. Archived from the original on 2015-08-28. Retrieved 2015-08-17.

Sources[edit]

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