Jump to content

Eddie Brock

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Eddie Brock
Eddie Brock as Venom in The Amazing Spider-Man #300 (May 1988).
Art by Todd McFarlane.
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceHand that pushes Peter Parker onto train tracks:
Web of Spider-Man #18 (September 1986)
As Eddie Brock:
The Amazing Spider-Man #298 (March 1988)[1]
As Venom:
(cameo appearance)
The Amazing Spider-Man #299 (April 1988)
(full appearance)
The Amazing Spider-Man #300 (May 1988)[2]
As Anti-Venom:
The Amazing Spider-Man #569 (October 2008)
As Toxin:
Venom #17 (May 2012)
As Sleeper:
Venom First Host #3 (August 2018)
Created byDavid Michelinie (writer)
Todd McFarlane (artist)
In-story information
Full nameEdward Charles Allan Brock
Place of originNew York City
Team affiliationsSinister Six
Savage Six
Daily Globe
Symbiote Task Force
Daily Bugle
X-Men Blue[4]
Savage Avengers
Notable aliasesVenom, Anti-Venom, Toxin, Sleeper, Captain Universe
AbilitiesAlien symbiote grants:
  • Superhuman strength, speed, agility, and durability
  • Ability to cling to most surfaces
  • Organic webbing
  • Limited shapeshifting and camouflage
  • Symbiote's autonomous defense capabilities
  • Undetectable by Spider-Man's "Spider-sense"

Edward "Eddie" Charles Allan Brock is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character was created by David Michelinie and Todd McFarlane, making a cameo appearance in Web of Spider-Man #18 (September 1986),[5] before making his first full appearance in The Amazing Spider-Man #300 (May 1988)[2] as the most well-known host of the Venom symbiote. The character has since appeared in many Marvel Comics publications, including Venom. He has endured as one of Spider-Man's most prominent villains, and is regarded as one of his three archenemies, alongside the Green Goblin and Doctor Octopus. He later evolved into an antihero, slowly distancing himself from his initial goal to ruin Spider-Man's life to instead do good, even occasionally allying with Spider-Man.

In the original version of the story, Eddie Brock is a journalist who publicly exposes the identity of a man he believes is a serial killer, the Sin-Eater, only to find his reputation ruined when Spider-Man captures the real killer. Disgraced and suicidal with a growing irrational hatred for Spider-Man, Brock comes into contact with an alien symbiote, rejected by Peter Parker. The symbiote bonds with him and they become Venom, together seeking out revenge against their mutual enemy. Though he repeatedly comes into conflict with Spider-Man, he also attempts to operate as a hero, albeit a violent one, seeking to save those he deems "innocent" and avoid any collateral damage in his clashes with Spider-Man. In 2008, after being separated from the Venom symbiote, he serves as the anti-hero host of the Anti-Venom symbiote which is sacrificed to help cure the "Spider-Island" epidemic during the 2011 storyline. In 2012, he was bonded to the Toxin symbiote, reuniting with the Venom symbiote in 2018. Though Brock is a human with no powers, the Venom symbiote suit bestows upon him a range of abilities including many of Spider-Man's powers.

Debuting in the Modern Age of Comic Books, the character has featured in various Marvel-endorsed products outside of comics, including feature films, animated television series, and video games; and merchandise such as action figures, and trading cards. Topher Grace portrays Eddie Brock/Venom in Spider-Man 3 (2007), while Tom Hardy portrays the character in Sony's Spider-Man Universe's films Venom (2018) and Venom: Let There Be Carnage (2021) as well as a post-credits scene in the Marvel Cinematic Universe film Spider-Man: No Way Home (2021).

One of Spider-Man's most famous rogues and a fan-favorite character, the Eddie Brock incarnation of Venom was rated 33rd on the 50 Greatest Comic Book Characters by Empire,[6] and ranked 22nd on IGN's list of 100 Greatest Comic Villains of All Time.[7] Comics journalist and historian Mike Conroy writes of the character: "What started out as a replacement costume for Spider-Man turned into one of the Marvel web-slinger's greatest nightmares".[8]

Publication history


Creation and conception


Writer David Michelinie and artist Todd McFarlane are generally credited with the character's creation, based on a number of plot ideas and concepts from various other creators. The question of who created the character of Venom became an issue of contention in 1993 when Michelinie wrote to the comic book industry magazine Wizard, which had referred to Michelinie in issue #17 as "co-creator" of Venom. In his letter, printed in issue #21 (May 1993), Michelinie wrote that he was the character's sole creator, while acknowledging that without McFarlane the character would not have attained the popularity it did.[9]

Writer Peter David corroborated Michelinie's view in his "But I Digress" column in the June 4, 1993 Comics Buyer's Guide, in which he stated that Michelinie discussed the ideas behind the character with him at the time of its creation. At that time, David was the writer on The Spectacular Spider-Man and wrote the "Sin Eater" storyline from which Eddie Brock's backstory would be derived, well before McFarlane was assigned to the art duties on Amazing. Because the artist who illustrates a character's first published appearance is generally credited as its co-creator (especially if that artist is the one who designs the character's visual appearance),[10] Venom represents a complex situation, because the costume from which Venom's appearance is derived was not designed by McFarlane.[11]

Erik Larsen responded to Michelinie's letter with one of his own that was printed in Wizard #23 (July 1993), in which he dismissed Michelinie's contributions to the character, arguing that Michelinie merely "swiped" the preexisting symbiote and its powers to place it on a character whose motivations were poorly conceived, one-dimensional, unbelievable, and clichéd. Larsen also argued that it was McFarlane's rendition of the character that made it commercial.[12]

The preexisting elements that dealt with the symbiote costume itself—to which Michelinie did not contribute—have also been noted. The original idea of a new costume for Spider-Man that would later become the character Venom was conceived of by a Marvel Comics reader from Norridge, Illinois named Randy Schueller.[13] Marvel purchased the idea for $220.00 after the editor-in-chief at the time, Jim Shooter, sent Schueller a letter acknowledging Marvel's desire to acquire the idea from him, in 1982. Schueller's design was then modified by Mike Zeck, becoming the Symbiote costume.[14] For example, Shooter came up with the idea of switching Spider-Man to a black-and-white costume, possibly influenced by the intended costume design for the new Spider-Woman, with artists Mike Zeck and Rick Leonardi, as well as others, designing the black-and-white costume.[11]

Writer/artist John Byrne asserts on his website that the idea for a costume made of self-healing biological material was one he originated when he was the artist on Iron Fist to explain how that character's costume was constantly being torn and then apparently repaired by the next issue, explaining that he ended up not using the idea on that title, but that Roger Stern later asked him if he could use the idea for Spider-Man's alien costume. Stern in turn plotted the issue in which the costume first appeared but then left the title. It was writer Tom DeFalco and artist Ron Frenz who had established that the costume was a sentient alien being, and that it was vulnerable to high sonic energy during their run on The Amazing Spider-Man that preceded Michelinie's.[15] Regardless, Peter David's position is that Michelinie is the sole creator, since the idea of creating a separate character using the alien symbiote was Michelinie's, as was Eddie Brock's backstory, and that without the idea to create such a character, the character would not have existed.[11]

In an interview with Tom DeFalco, McFarlane states that Michelinie did indeed come up with the idea of Venom and the character's basic design ("a big guy in the black costume"). However, he contends that it was he (McFarlane) who gave Venom his monster-like features. He claims; "I just wanted to make him kooky and creepy, and not just some guy in a black suit".[16]

This dispute arose at a time when the merits of artists as collaborators and writers were being debated in the industry, a discussion prompted by the popularity of artists such as McFarlane, Larsen, and other founders of Image Comics.[17][18]

Venom's existence was first indicated in Web of Spider-Man #18 (Sept. 1986), when he shoves Peter Parker in front of a subway train without Parker's spider-sense warning him, though only Brock's hand is seen on-panel. The next indication of Venom's existence was in Web of Spider-Man #24 (March 1987), when Parker has climbed out of a high story window to change into Spider-Man, but finds a black arm coming through the window and grabbing him, again without being warned by his spider-sense.

The character would remain unseen and inactive until Amazing Spider-Man editor Jim Salicrup required a villain for that book's 300th issue, and Michelinie suggested a villain consisting of the alien symbiote grafted onto the body of a human female; seeking revenge for the deaths of her husband and miscarried baby who would accidentally die as the unfortunate result of Spider-Man battling another supervillain. Due to cultural sensibilities at the time and issues with the character's back story potentially angering the moral majority, Salicrup forced Michelinie to create a male character instead. Michelinie then devised the Eddie Brock identity. Michelinie contends that the plots for issues #298–299, as well as the visual descriptions of the character, were written and bought by Salicrup before McFarlane was ever assigned to the book.[19] In a 2014 interview with the YouTube channel ComicPop, Michelinie said he was disappointed that the female character arc was never explored, but felt that changing the character to male ultimately had minimal effect on his vision for the character. In the same interview, Michelinie remarked that he was largely happy with the treatment Eddie Brock had received by successive Marvel writers.[19]

Fictional character biography




The 1993 limited series Venom: Lethal Protector describes Brock's history before bonding with the symbiote. As a child, Edward Charles Allan Brock[20] is raised in a Roman Catholic household in San Francisco. Eddie's mother Jamie dies from complications during his birth. As a result, his father Carl Brock is cold and unaffectionate towards him. Eddie excels in academics and sports in an attempt to earn his father's approval but does not succeed. In college, Brock switches his major to journalism after reading an article on the Watergate scandal. At one point after getting drunk, he accidentally hit and killed a child with Carl's car. Eddie wanted to get what he deserved, but his father did not let him to go to prison much to Eddie's dismay.[21] After graduating and romancing Anne Weying, he moves to New York City and obtains a job as a journalist for the Daily Globe. Though he proves himself to be a highly talented journalist, his father still only treats him with indifference.[22]

As a reporter, Brock investigates the serial killer Sin-Eater and is contacted by Emil Gregg, who claims to be the killer.[23] Pressured by the authorities to reveal the killer's identity, Brock writes an exposé announcing Gregg as the Sin-Eater. However, the real Sin-Eater is caught by Spider-Man and Brock is revealed to have been interviewing a compulsive confessor. Brock is fired from his job in disgrace and Anne divorces him. Unable to find reputable work, he is forced to work for tabloid magazines[23] and Carl disowns him.[22] Unable to cope with his own mistakes, Brock becomes obsessed with gaining revenge against Spider-Man, blaming him for catching the real Sin-Eater. Brock takes up bodybuilding to reduce stress but his anger and depression remain.[23] Meanwhile, Spider-Man uses the sound of bells at a church to remove his symbiote costume after realizing it is attempting to permanently bond with him.[24] His professional and personal life shattered, Brock contemplates suicide and goes to the same church, where he prays to God for forgiveness.[23] The Symbiote, having waited in the rafters of the church since leaving Spider-Man, senses Brock[25] and bonds with him, granting him powers equal and greater to those of Spider-Man, and imparting knowledge of Spider-Man's secret identity.[23]



Venom begins a campaign of torment against Peter, who is still unaware of his existence. He first pushes Peter in front of a moving subway and later reaches from behind a window and dislodges him as he scales a building, both times without activating his spider-sense.[26][27] He eventually terrorizes Spider-Man's wife Mary Jane,[28] and baits the hero to his apartment for their first confrontation, where Venom reveals his true identity to Spider-Man, claiming "You may call me Venom, for that's what I'm paid to spew out these days!" Spider-Man discovers that the Symbiote has completely bonded with Brock and cannot be killed without also killing Brock. Eventually Venom is tricked into weakening himself by expending too much webbing until the suit lacks enough material to produce more.[23] Venom is incarcerated in the Vault, from which he makes repeated escapes and escape attempts, only to suffer defeats and returns to the Vault.[29][30][31]

Brock eventually fakes suicide and escapes after being taken to the morgue.[32] During a battle with Spider-Man, the Symbiote is seemingly killed by the plague-inducing villain Styx, giving its life to protect Brock. Brock is incarcerated and Spider-Man disposes of the Symbiote's remains.[33] The Symbiote survives by entering a comatose state to fight off the illness[34] and it returns to Brock, enabling him to again escape from jail. During the escape, the symbiote asexually reproduces and leaves behind its spawn.[35] The offspring quickly bonds to Brock's cell mate, Cletus Kasady, creating Carnage.[35][36] Venom abducts Spider-Man and transports him to a remote island to do battle. Spider-Man fakes his own death to convince Venom that his vendetta is over. Venom, content with the outcome, resigns himself to life on the island.[37] Spider-Man eventually faces Carnage but is unable to defeat him. Spider-Man is forced to ask Venom for help, promising him freedom in exchange.[38] However, after they defeat Carnage, Spider-Man betrays Venom (who had also resumed his plan of revenge and tried to throttle the arachnoid hero to death) by summoning the Fantastic Four and sending him back to prison.[39]



After seeing a photo of Spider-Man's recently returned parents, Brock escapes from prison,[40] and kidnaps them.[41] During the resulting fight, Brock's ex-wife, Anne Weying, is nearly crushed under a falling ferris wheel, but Spider-Man saves her. Seeing this act, Venom makes peace with Spider-Man.[42] In Venom: Lethal Protector (1993), Venom moves to San Francisco and acts as the protector of an underground society of homeless people.[25] He is later taken prisoner by the Life Foundation who harvest the last five spawn within the symbiote to create super-powered policemen and Brock is forcibly separated from the symbiote.[43] With Spider-Man's help, Brock is reunited with the symbiote and they seemingly destroy his spawn, Phage, Lasher, Riot, Scream and Agony, before escaping.[44] After saving the homeless people, Venom is accepted into their society and remains their protector.[45]

In the 1993 crossover Maximum Carnage, Carnage reemerges and begins a massacre in New York City, and Brock returns to help, feeling responsible. Venom finds he is no match for Carnage, and seeks help from Spider-Man, but Spider-Man refuses to work with Venom's violent methods.[46] Venom, accompanied by Black Cat, Cloak, Morbius and eventually a desperate Spider-Man,[47] repeatedly confront Carnage and his allies.[48][49][50][51] Venom ultimately tackles Carnage into high-voltage generators, rendering Carnage unconscious and allowing his capture by the Avengers. Brock goes into hiding.[52]

Brock returns in the 1994 limited series Separation Anxiety, in which he is captured and separated from the symbiote for a government research project. Venom's spawn: Phage, Lasher, Scream, Riot, and Agony are revealed to still be alive and arrive to free Brock,[53] seeking his help to gain control over their symbiotes.[54][55] Brock is ultimately reunited with the symbiote, but the experience forces him to evaluate his relationship with the costume.[56] The 1995 "Planet of the Symbiotes" event continued the narrative from Separation Anxiety, with Brock forcing the symbiote to leave him, concerned about how much influence it may be having on him.[20] The symbiote unleashes a telepathic scream of sorrow and pain that attracts the other members of its species to Earth.[20] The story follows the efforts of Brock, Spider-Man, and Scarlet Spider (Ben Reilly) to stop the invasion and defeat an escaped and empowered Carnage.[57][58][59] Brock is forced to bond completely and irrevocably with the symbiote to inflict psychic trauma on the symbiotes, causing them to commit suicide.[60]

Return to villainy


When Anne Weying is shot by a new Sin-Eater, Brock forces the Symbiote to bond with her to heal her injuries.[61] In the process she temporarily becomes She-Venom but Brock demands the Symbiote return after Ann loses control and kills a pair of muggers, leaving Ann traumatized.[62] Brock helps kill the new Sin-Eater.[63] Ann is taken into custody by the police as they try to hunt Venom and Brock sends her his Symbiote so she can escape.[64][65] As She-Venom she again struggles to control herself, with Brock, Weying and current Spider-Man Ben Reilly becoming caught in the middle of a joint DEA/FBI operation against a major drug smuggler when Weying and Brock rendezvous at the same location where the drug group are meeting.[66] When Brock takes back the Symbiote, Anne tells him to keep himself and the Symbiote away from her after witnessing his brutality against the criminals.[67]

Brock is captured in his sewer hideout and put on trial, with Matt Murdock acting in his defense, his symbiote held in check by a chemical inhibitor.[68] Cletus Kassady is called as a witness, but when the case becomes heated both Kassady and Brock overcome their inhibitors.[69] Venom, Spider-Man, and Daredevil team up and subdue Carnage. However, before the trial can continue Venom is unexpectedly taken into custody by a secret government organization offering him amnesty in exchange for him becoming their agent.[70] Though Venom at first enjoyed his newfound immunities, he left after being abandoned during a dangerous mission.[71] After receiving a head wound, Eddie suffers amnesia. He is later separated from the symbiote, which is presumed killed by the government Overreach Committee.[72]

The symbiote survives and tracks down the amnesiac Brock, turning him into Venom again. Venom infiltrates Ravencroft prison seeking Carnage and absorbs the Carnage Symbiote.[73] Brock temporarily joins the Sinister Six to get Spider-Man but after being betrayed by them,[74] he begins hunting down the members for revenge. He ultimately cripples Sandman by biting him and taking out a chunk of his mass, leading to Sandman's apparent death.[75] He also causes serious wounds to Electro and Kraven the Hunter.[volume & issue needed]

Venom's rivalry with Spider-Man is renewed when Ann, who lives in fear since bonding with the Symbiote, commits suicide after seeing Brock become Venom. Venom however, believes Spider-Man swinging by Ann's window in his black costume to be the cause.[76] Before he can take revenge however, the Symbiote is forcefully removed from him by the human/alien hybrid Senator Ward to learn more about symbiosis.[77] An alien race, secretly operating within the United States government, clones the Venom symbiote. Venom absorbs the clone, gains its knowledge, and decides to carry out the aliens' orders.[78]

Cancer and post-Venom

Eddie Brock, separated from the symbiote, dying from cancer in The Sensational Spider-Man vol. 2 #39 (August 2007). Art by Rick Hoberg

The 2003 story "The Hunger" introduced new elements to Brock's origin, revealing that Brock had cancer before joining with the symbiote, and that it chose to bond with Brock not only for his hatred towards Spider-Man, but also because the cancer causes the release of adrenaline, which feeds the symbiote. Brock is left reliant on the suit to live, and pursues Spider-Man out of fear that he will take the symbiote back, rather than for revenge over his lost career.[79] Brock dies after the symbiote leaves him for Spider-Man, not wanting a diseased host. Spider-Man tricks the symbiote into again bonding with Brock, reviving him.[79]

When Carnage gives birth to a new symbiote, Venom names it Toxin and hopes to turn it into an ally.[80] When Toxin shows compassion, Venom tries to kill him.[81] Toxin is rescued by Spider-Man and Black Cat.[82]

In the 2004 story "Venomous", Brock experiences a crisis of faith and decides to sell the symbiote, knowing he will rapidly die from his cancer without it, intending to donate the $100 million received from the sale to charity on the grounds that the symbiote would find another host once he dies anyway.[83] The symbiote is purchased by crime boss Don Fortunato for his son Angelo Fortunato.[84] Angelo briefly becomes the second Venom but proves an unworthy host, and the symbiote abandons him mid-jump allowing him to fall to his death. Upon learning of Angelo's death, Brock feels responsible and attempts suicide by slitting his wrists.[85] Brock next appeared in the 2007 story "The Last Temptation of Eddie Brock", where he is rapidly succumbing to cancer, and experiencing hallucinations of "Venom". Finding a comatose Aunt May in the same hospital, dying from a gunshot, the Venom hallucination persuades him to kill her. Brock, dressed in a novelty replica of Spider-Man's black costume at the demand of "Venom",[86] murders an "angel of mercy" nurse to test if he can still kill, but ultimately refuses to kill May because she is innocent. When Peter visits May, he finds Eddie, who has repeatedly cut his own wrists to get rid of "Venom". Eddie asks for Peter's forgiveness before jumping out of a window, but Peter manages to catch him. Awakening chained to his bed, Brock finds he can still see "Venom" but tells him that he accepts its presence as long as it knows that Brock is in control.[87]


Eddie Brock's first appearance as Anti-Venom. Art by John Romita Jr.

The 2008 story New Ways to Die features the return of Brock. Matt Murdock convinces a court of law that Brock is not responsible for his actions while bonded to the symbiote and has criminal charges against him dropped.[88] Brock gets a job at a soup kitchen under Martin Li. Brock is unknowingly cured of his cancer by Li, who possesses special abilities, and Brock believes it to be a miracle.[88] After Brock is attacked by the new Venom, Mac Gargan, the symbiote attempts to reunite with Brock. Brock's skin becomes caustic to the symbiote, and he is enveloped in a new white symbiote forged from the remnants of the Venom symbiote in his body bonding with his white blood cells charged with Li's healing energy,[88] becoming Anti-Venom. Brock defeats Gargan and nearly kills the Venom symbiote. When Brock detects remnants of the symbiote inside Spider-Man, he attempts to "cure" him, draining radiation from his body and nearly de-powering him.[89] While later saving Spider-Man from Norman Osborn, Brock again fights a battle-suit enhanced Gargan and the recovering symbiote.[90][91] Gargan hits Anti-Venom with his stinger, injecting a poisonous formula that seemingly destroys Brock's suit. When Gargan attempts to kill Brock, the Venom symbiote stops him. Brock's Anti-Venom suit later reforms.[91]

Brock later faces Negative and discovers that he and Li are the same person. Learning that the man he idolized is a supervillain causes a breakdown for Brock, making him question his faith, referring to himself as a monster.[92] After this revelation he becomes increasingly unstable mentally, murdering small-time criminals as he did during his "lethal protector" days. He briefly and reluctantly teams up with the Punisher to stop a drug cartel that kidnapped a friend of Brock's.[93] In "The Return of Anti-Venom" (2011), Brock is unable to expose Negative's true identity, believing no one will trust him. Anti-Venom starts a crusade against Negative, attacking his criminal operations.[94] When Anti-Venom realizes that May Parker also knows Negative's identity, he decides to attack Negative directly before Negative can silence her.[94] Brock teams up with Spider-Man and the new Wraith to fight Negative. Wraith uses her technology to publicly reveal Mister Negative is Martin Li, sending him into hiding. Spider-Man and Anti-Venom call a truce to their rivalry.[95]

In a 2011 New Avengers storyline, Brock joins Wonder Man's Revengers to destroy the New Avengers.[96] During the 2011 "Spider-Island" storyline in which 99% of New York City's population are transformed into spiders mind-controlled by Adriana Soria, Brock is forced to sacrifice the symbiote—and being Anti-Venom—so that it can be converted into a powerful curative capable of healing the infected millions.[97][98][99]

Bonded to Toxin


A powerless Brock returns in Venom vol. 2 #15 (2012), where he kills the symbiotes Hybrid and Scream as part of a crusade to destroy the aliens entirely, believing them to be evil.[100] After failing to kill the newest Venom, Brock is captured by the villain Crime Master and forcibly bonded with the Toxin symbiote.[101] Brock (who is being controlled by the Toxin symbiote) then tracks down Venom and attempts to kill him, but is defeated.[102] Eddie and Agent Venom face off once more at Crime Master's HQ, and Flash is able to subdue Toxin and separate Eddie from the symbiote using a flamethrower. Just before Flash can get Eddie out, the Toxin symbiote grabs hold of him and drags him into the flames.[103] Eddie and the Toxin symbiote both survive the flames and track Flash to Philadelphia.[104] Now in control of the Toxin symbiote, he confronts Flash in the high school where he works as a gym teacher.[105] After helping Flash defend the students from a group of cybernetic parasites, Eddie forms a truce with him, promising to leave Flash alone as long as he has the Venom symbiote under control (similar to the truce he had with Spider-Man). Eddie subsequently leaves Philadelphia to resume his vigilante activities.[106]

While fighting a drug cartel, Brock is approached by FBI agent Claire Dixon and invited to join the team she has assembled to hunt down and capture Cletus Kasady, which also includes John Jameson, and Manuela Calderon, a survivor of one of Kasady's massacres, although Brock secretly plans to kill Kasady.[107] After Kasady's defeat, Brock gives up the Toxin symbiote.[108]

Return as Venom


Eddie Brock decides to help the FBI against the new villainous Venom. With the FBI and Spider-Man, Brock is able to separate the symbiote from its new host, Lee Price. In the process, Spider-Man's actions cause the symbiote to rekindle its previous hatred for him. Brock then breaks the symbiote out of custody and bonds with it again, declaring his love for it and now regularly referring to it as "my darling" and "love".[109] After stopping a robbery, Brock encounters Scorpion and manages to defeat him, until the symbiote takes him to a church and reveals that it attacked the priest. After finding out about a monster attack, Brock encounters a dinosaur at the church and discovers it belongs to Alchemax. While talking to Alchemax's CEO Liz Allan, he learns that the mastermind is Stegron the Dinosaur Man. Brock then finds his lair, but is spotted and captured by Stegron's dinosaurs.[110] Venom found that remnants of Stegron's Dinosaur People experiments were living in the sewers, and he had to defend them from Kraven the Hunter, Shriek, and the NYPD. With help from Tana of the Dinosaur People, Venom states to the NYPD that the Dinosaur People were surviving in the sewers and that they were not killing anyone. Upon hearing this, the NYPD arrest Kraven the Hunter and Shriek with the police captain stating that he will have a lot of paperwork to file on this.[111]

During the Venom Inc. storyline, Eddie helps Spider-Man, Black Cat, and Flash Thompson (now under the guise of Agent Anti-Venom) take down Lee Price again, who had bonded himself with Venom's clone Mania and was using it to take over the New York criminal underground. Eddie then tells Black Cat to give up her criminal empire, telling her that New York City always needs more heroes.[112][113]

In the "Go Down Swinging" storyline, Eddie is blackmailed by J. Jonah Jameson into helping defend Spider-Man's inner circle against Norman Osborn, who has bonded himself with the Carnage symbiote to become the Red Goblin. Jameson sends Eddie to defend Mary Jane Watson at the Stark Tower Complex and while she does not trust him, Mary Jane disables Stark Tower's anti symbiote defenses to allow Eddie to fight Norman. Spider-Man arrives and teams up again with Eddie to stop Red Goblin, but the villain overpowers them both. With nothing left to offer in the fight against Osborn and Carnage, Eddie allows Peter to take the Venom symbiote for himself to even the odds against his foe. Because of his offering and valiant defense of Mary Jane, Spider-Man forgives Eddie for everything he had done to him in the past.[114]

In Venom First Host, Venom after gave birth to its last offspring (described by Venom to Eddie as "our child"), Eddie gets attacked by a Warbride Skrull until a Kree intervened and started battling the Skrull. Eddie got convinced by the symbiote to save the "blue skin", so he stopped the Skrull and saved the Kree. At Alchemax, the Kree revealed to Eddie that his name is Tel-Kar and that he was Venom's first host. When the symbiote refused to go back to Tel-Kar, infuriated Tel-Kar threatened them that he would bond to the offspring and transform it into a monster, if he did not get "his" symbiote back. Venom who loved its child got back with Tel-Kar and then he went to his spaceship. Then Eddie confronted the Skrull who had attacked them and she introduced herself as M'Lanz and tells him that she was tasked to stop Tel-Kar. She reveals to Eddie that Tel-Kar's body was biologically altered so he would have full control over Venom's mind. Then the offspring bonded to Eddie calling itself Sleeper and him with M'Lanz went after Tel-Kar. They went to a Skrull research lab which contained a deadly bioweapon that Tel-Kar had planned to use on the Skrulls. When battling Tel-Kar, he separates himself from Venom because he did not need it anymore allowing Eddie to re-bond with Venom and Sleeper bonding to M'Lanz leaving Tel-Kar to explode with the lab by the Kree Empire. After M'Lanz leaves Eddie with the symbiotes on Earth, Eddie cuts every connection to Alchemax, and after that he and Harry Osborn talk for a while. Then Tel-Kar shows up in Eddie's apartment and threatens to kill him and the humanity using the bioweapon but Sleeper steals the weapon and Tel-Kar tried to kill Sleeper, but Venom intervened and got injured. Eddie rushes to Tel-Kar throwing both of them out in the street. Suddenly Sleeper bonds to Tel-Kar lobotomizing him as a punishment for what he did to them. Then Sleeper with Tel-Kar's body bids Eddie farewell and leaves Earth to explore the cosmos.[115]

King in Black


In the Venom ongoing series, Eddie is seen struggling with the symbiote, which has returned to its violent ways. Using anti-depressants, Eddie is able to calm the symbiote and reassert control over it. While working as a freelance photographer he stumbles upon an arms deal between a gang of criminals and the mercenary Jack O'Lantern. The deal turns violent and Eddie uses the symbiote to take down Jack. The symbiote then completely overtakes Eddie, compelled by a mysterious external influence, nearly killing Jack in the process before being subdued and captured by a man named Rex Strickland. Strickland tells Eddie that despite what was previously thought, the Venom symbiote was not the first to arrive on Earth. Strickland explains that the US Government bonded special forces operatives to symbiotes during the Vietnam War. These soldiers later went rogue, and Eddie is tasked with rescuing them and defeating their symbiotes. Though Eddie is able to locate Strickland's men, his symbiote is again taken over by the mysterious outside influence and briefly separates from him. The symbiote again bonds with Eddie and tells him that “God is coming”.[116]

Soon afterward, a massive dragon made up of thousands of symbiotes attacks New York City. Eddie resolves to stop the monster before it destroys the city. Before he can intervene he is attacked by Miles Morales, who uses his “Venom Blast” ability to break Venom out of the symbiote “god's” influence. Miles and Eddie form a temporary truce, and the two manage to temporarily stop the symbiote god's rampage. The symbiote god then reveals itself as a being named Knull. Knull separates Eddie from his symbiote, promising to purge the influence of humanity from it.[117] But then Miles attacked Knull and both Eddie with Venom and Miles started falling until Venom grew a pair of wings and saved Eddie and Miles. After leaving Miles behind, Eddie went to Rex and put a hole in his head revealing that Rex was actually the symbiote ("Tyrannosaurus") that was bonded to the original Rex Strickland. After that, they tricked the dragon to come to them and started attacking it with sonic-based weapons which weaken it. Then Eddie puts the dragon with Rex in the furnace and incinerated it to death, while Eddie and Venom got wounded in the process.[118]

Eddie Brock after getting recovered, he's interrogated by the Maker about the incident revolving around the Grendel symbiote and Knull while stating that he is not the Mister Fantastic that he is familiar with. In addition, he also talked about how the Venom symbiote was in a feral state and has been deleting Eddie's bad memories like when he found out that his father had remarried and has a child named Dylan. When Maker throws a scalpel at Eddie Brock, the Venom symbiote emerges from his shirt and catches it. Though the Venom symbiote is currently brain dread. When Eddie asks Maker if he would be able to restore it, Maker states that the only way to do that is to connect it to the Symbiote hive mind and the last person to do that was the late Flash Thompson. As Maker comments that he has ways of extracting the information he needs, Eddie asks in a distraught voice if Flash is really dead.[119] Sometime after, Maker reveals to Eddie that he got hold of Venom's remnants left in Flash's body prior to becoming Anti-Venom, which contained his genetic memory, and tells Eddie that it can help restore the symbiote. Maker also tells to Eddie that he's planning to get more samples from Flash's dead body, but Eddie who now considers Flash as a brother unleashes the symbiote to Maker and gets the sample. Afterward, he tries to escape the facility, but the sample goes to his symbiote taking the form of Flash's version of the suit. Now the symbiote with the mind of Flash Thompson helps Eddie to escape and then Eddie goes to Flash's grave to admit that Flash was a better host than him.[120]

After a failed attempt to win his father's affection, he gets to know Dylan, until he got seriously sick. Then Dylan takes Eddie to a hospital, where Maker found him again. After a confrontation with the symbiote, he recovers the memories that the symbiote had erased finds out that Dylan is actually his own son with Anne Weying.[121] During Malekith's invasion on Earth, Eddie temporarily uses the Dark Elf Witch's totem to transform into a Venom-look alike, and immediately resist being the Accursed elf's servant at will.[122]

After being framed by a resurrected Knullified Cletus Kasady for the murder of Lee Price, Eddie and Dylan are on the run and rescued by Venom, while seeking help from many available superheroes in New York, such as Peter, Miles, the X-Men, the Fantastic Four, and the Avengers, including the villains Mac Gargan and Maker, in order for Dylan, as well as Normie Osborn to be tested if they have symbiote codex within them.[123] Upon learning his son is Knull's current vessel and would be his host, Eddie and Dylan were originally with Maker but was interrupted by a mysterious bounty hunter in a painted War Machine Mark III suit named "Virus" (who is actually Mac Gargan), and both Eddie and Dylan end up in a universe overrun by Knullified heroes and villains led by Codex (the fallen alternate universe's Dylan). He and Dylan are rescued by Agent Symbiotes (such as the alternate Anne Weying, Spider-Man, Deadpool, and a reformed Cletus Kasady/Carnage) and Mr. Fantastic. Dylan eventually learns that not only he is Eddie's son, but also Anne's. With temporary help from the prime universe's Mac Gargan, Dylan manages to purify his older counterpart and free the Earth. One year later after spending time with alternate Anne, at a time when Eddie and Dylan return to prime Earth, they happened to learn Knull has been re-awakened and begin a full-scale invasion on Earth.[124]

Powers and abilities


Eddie Brock is a human and has no superpowers without the Symbiote. Prior to joining with the Symbiote, he possesses olympic-level strength from engaging in repeated, significant weight-training exercise.[23][43]

After separating from the Symbiote and suffering from cancer, Brock loses much of his physical muscle and possesses the strength of an average human.[3][86] Brock's cancer is cured in the 2008 story "New Ways to Die", and he is later shown with a restored large physique.[125] He is also shown to be a proficient fighter and capable of using specialized weaponry to defeat symbiote-empowered enemies.[126]

In an interview, David Michelinie stated that the reason Brock was written to be at the peak of human physical condition in the Marvel Universe was because editor Jim Salicrup felt that having an average human with no super powers becoming stronger than Spider-Man by simply bonding with the Symbiote did not seem believable. Michelinie later clarified in the interview that a healthy Eddie Brock is stronger without super powers than Peter Parker is without his super powers, which explains how the Symbiote is able to make him stronger than Spider-Man.[19] Michelinie later toyed with this concept in early Venom stories in The Amazing Spider-Man such as Venom vs. Spider-Man Round 2 and Venom Returns.[citation needed] In both of these stories Eddie is seen lifting weights and training himself without the help of the symbiote, remarking that making himself inherently stronger and more fit will enable the symbiote to grant him even greater super strength, speed, and agility.[volume & issue needed]

Once Eddie became the new King in Black, he attended almost god-like abilities through the symbiotes Hive Mind. It granted him near omnipresent powers through the eyes of billions of symbiotes and is also capable of remote-piloting the symbiotes, though with consent unlike Knull, no matter how far away they in the universe. He also discover that he can access through the memories of the symbiotes (including his own memories), some that which are from history or even beyond dimensions; Eddie even believe that with time and patience, he may be able to travel through and even change certain events. The only consequence to obtaining this new status is that due to being a human, his body is already rapidly aging due to connecting to the hive for the past few months.

As Venom


As Venom, Brock gains several abilities similar to those of Spider-Man, the Symbiote's former host, including superhuman strength, speed, agility and reflexes as well as the ability to adhere to most surfaces with his hands and feet. The Symbiote is also able to project a web-like substance from its body, similar to Spider-Man's. However, this webbing is produced organically by the Symbiote from its own mass, which means that overuse can weaken the alien until it is able to regenerate.[23] The Symbiote can also send out tendrils which can be used to grab or manipulate items from a distance.[33] When bonded with the host, the Symbiote allows the host to bypass Spider-Man's spider-sense, preventing the hero from sensing attacks. The Symbiote is susceptible to harm from high-pitched sonic frequencies which can cause it to be severely weakened or killed. The bond between the Symbiote and Brock was strong enough that using sonics against the Symbiote could also stun and kill Brock.[23]

Venom's body is highly resistant to injury, capable of outright stopping bladed weapons,[127] bullets,[33] and it can help its host survive in hostile environments by filtering air, allowing survival underwater[37] and in toxic environments. Venom can also morph his appearance, to create disguises at will,[23][33] and camouflage itself,[22] even emulating water.[37] It is also capable of psychically detecting its offspring; however, this ability can be blocked.[38] This sense can be used by Brock even when separated from the suit, allowing him to detect and be detected by the Symbiote and its children.[54][55] The Symbiote is capable of healing any injury and illness at an increased rate, allowing the host to survive otherwise-mortal damage.[61] The Symbiote and host are capable of sharing knowledge, the Symbiote being able to pass on information from previous hosts to future ones.[84]

As Anti-Venom


Anti-Venom is created when the healing energies of Martin Li cause Brock's white-blood cells and traces of the Venom Symbiote still within his body to combine into a new suit composed of human/alien hybrid antibodies possessing powerful restorative abilities.[88][90] Brock is capable of rapidly healing significant injury as Anti-Venom, recovering almost instantly after being shot in the head and suffering damage to his brain.[95][128] However, this healing ability can be negated by the energy of Mr. Negative, counteracting the energy of Martin Li.[95] Anti-Venom is able to detect when others are ill[125] and "cure" or "cleanse" them. He is able to cure ailments from hepatitis to removing narcotics and even radiation from a person's body.[125][129] Following a failed attempt to "cure" Spider-Man by removing the radiation in his body, Anti-Venom now automatically cancels out Spider-Man's powers whenever the two are in close proximity to one another.[94][129]

As Anti-Venom, Brock's suit is corrosive to the Venom symbiote, inflicting pain and damage on the suit to the point of causing it to dissolve.[89][130] He displays similar abilities to Venom, possessing super strength, speed,[131] negating Spider-Man's spider-sense,[130] and being able to block damage entirely from some guns and knives.[128][131] He is also capable of extending and morphing the suit to create disguises,[129] form items such as shields,[125] extend his reach,[94] attack from a distance,[131] and create tendrils.[125] Anti-Venom is also immune to the weaknesses of the Venom Symbiote, showing no damage or effect from direct blasts of fire, heat and sound.[128][129] The only shown weaknesses of the Symbiote are a highly toxic "super venom" created as a direct countermeasure using remnants of Anti-Venom's suit, and Mr. Negative's energy.[90] The "super venom" causes the suit to immediately dissolve.[91] Mr. Negative is shown capable of using his energy to weaken or nullify the healing abilities of the suit.[95]


  • In 2022, Screen Rant ranked Venom 7th in their "10 Most Powerful Silk Villains In Marvel Comics" list.[132]
  • In 2022, Screen Rant included Venom in their "10 Best Marvel Characters Who Made Their Debut In Spider-Man Comics" list.[133]

Other versions


The character appears in several alternate universe titles in which the character's history, circumstances and behavior may vary slightly or extensively from the mainstream setting.

In other media



  • Eddie Brock / Venom appears in Spider-Man (1994), voiced by Hank Azaria.[134] Introduced in the three-part episode "The Alien Costume", this version is a journalist for the Daily Bugle until he is fired by J. Jonah Jameson for falsely reporting Spider-Man as a thief who stole a foreign object from astronaut John Jameson's spaceship. Brock later bonds with the Venom symbiote to seek revenge against Spider-Man under the belief that the webslinger ruined his journalism career, only to be defeated and separated. In the episodes "Venom Returns" and "Carnage", Brock is reunited with the Venom symbiote and joins forces with Spider-Man and Iron Man to defeat Carnage, Baron Mordo, and Dormammu before he and Venom sacrifice themselves to ensure the villains' defeat.
  • Eddie Brock / Venom appears in Spider-Man Unlimited (1999), voiced by Brian Drummond.[134] He and Carnage travel to Counter-Earth to join the Synoptic, a hive mind of symbiotes, and ally themselves with the High Evolutionary while secretly helping the Synoptic grow more powerful to infect the planet's population with symbiotes. In the episode "One is the Loneliest Number", Brock is briefly separated from the Venom symbiote and is shown to have become dependent on it for survival. In the series finale, the High Evolutionary separates Venom and Carnage from their respective hosts, but the two symbiotes succeed in unleashing the Synoptic on Counter-Earth.
  • Eddie Brock / Venom appears in The Spectacular Spider-Man, voiced by Benjamin Diskin.[135] This version is a childhood friend of Peter Parker and Gwen Stacy who attended Midtown High. However, over the course of the first season, a series of misunderstandings causes Brock to eventually resent Parker and Spider-Man. By the episodes "Intervention" and "Nature vs. Nurture", Spider-Man attempts to destroy the symbiote that Brock was studying, but he frees and bonds with it, transforming into Venom to destroy Spider-Man, only to be foiled and separated. Throughout the second season episodes "First Steps", "Growing Pains", and "Identity Crisis", Brock manipulates Spider-Man into reuniting him with the Venom symbiote so he can seek revenge against the webslinger, only to be defeated and separated once more before he is taken into custody for treatment.
  • Eddie Brock / Venom appears in Spider-Man (2017),[136] voiced by Ben Pronsky.[137][138] Following cameo appearances in the episodes "How I Thwipped My Summer Vacation" and "Between Ock and a Hard Place", in which he works under J. Jonah Jameson at the Daily Bugle and slowly grows envious of Peter Parker, Brock returns in the episode "Dead Man's Party", in which is assigned to take pictures of the V-252 symbiote before merging with it, with his jealousy of Parker revising the organism's memories of its previous bond with Spider-Man. Dubbing himself Venom, Brock battles Spider-Man, only to be driven back by air horns. In the episode "Venom Returns", Brock takes Parker's friends and acquaintances hostage and exposes his secret identity, but Miles Morales dons a spare Spider-Man costume to refute the claim. Spider-Man defeats Venom using a sonic device to destabilize the symbiote, which also leaves Brock in a coma. In the episode "Superior", the symbiote abandons Brock after mutating to the point of no longer needing a host.



Sam Raimi film series

  • Eddie Brock appears in a deleted scene in Spider-Man (2002), portrayed by R.C. Everbeck.[139][140] Additionally, an "Eddie" is referenced as a photographer employed by the Daily Bugle who was unable to obtain pictures of Spider-Man, much to J. Jonah Jameson's disdain.[141] Eddie Brock also makes a brief appearance in the film's novelization when Peter Parker first meets Jameson.[142]
  • Eddie Brock appears in Spider-Man 3 (2007), portrayed by Topher Grace.[143] This version is a freelance photographer, Peter Parker's rival at the Daily Bugle, and in a relationship with Gwen Stacy. After Peter is bonded to an alien symbiote and it negatively influences his behavior, he exposes Brock for falsifying a photograph to incriminate Spider-Man as a criminal to get the staff photographer job at the Bugle, resulting in Brock getting fired, and blacklisted from every newspaper in New York City. Upon seeing Peter dating Gwen, Brock heads to a Church and prays for God to kill Peter before bonding with the symbiote after Peter rejects it and becomes Venom. Now knowing Peter is Spider-Man, Venom finds and allies with Sandman to kill the webslinger before kidnapping Mary Jane Watson to use her as bait for a trap. The New Goblin joins the fray to help Spider-Man, but Venom knocks him off of his glider and attempts to kill Peter with it. However, the New Goblin sacrifices himself to save the webslinger. Peter eventually realizes the symbiote is vulnerable to high-frequency soundwaves and separates it from Brock using steel pipes. Just as Peter throws one of the New Goblin's pumpkin bombs at the symbiote, Brock attempts to rejoin it and is killed along with it.
  • In July 2007, a spin-off of Spider-Man 3 following Brock was being developed,[144] with Topher Grace being considered to reprise his role.[145][146] In September 2008, Paul Wernick and Rhett Reese signed on to write.[147] Marvel Entertainment would have produced the film,[148] but the project was ultimately cancelled. In March 2012, plans for a new solo film emerged. Josh Trank was in talks to direct after Gary Ross left the project.[149]

Sony's Spider-Man Universe


Video games


Spider-Man games

  • Eddie Brock / Venom appears as a boss in the Sega Mega-CD version of The Amazing Spider-Man vs. The Kingpin.[163]
  • Eddie Brock / Venom appears as a playable character in Spider-Man and Venom: Maximum Carnage.[164]
  • Eddie Brock / Venom appears as a playable character in Venom/Spider-Man: Separation Anxiety.[165]
  • Eddie Brock / Venom appears as a boss in The Amazing Spider-Man: Lethal Foes.[166]
  • Eddie Brock / Venom appears as the final boss of Spider-Man (1995).[167]
  • Eddie Brock / Venom appears as a boss, later a supporting character, in Spider-Man (2000), voiced by Daran Norris.[168] After being attacked by an impostor Spider-Man, Brock becomes Venom again to exact revenge by kidnapping Spider-Man's wife Mary Jane Watson. When he learns of this, Spider-Man chases Venom through the city and the sewers, eventually defeating him in his lair and saving Mary Jane. After learning Spider-Man was framed, Venom offers to make amends by helping him figure out who did it.
  • The Ultimate Marvel incarnation of Eddie Brock / Venom appears as a playable character in and the final boss of Ultimate Spider-Man, voiced by Daniel Capallaro and Arthur Burghardt respectively.[169] Brock and Venom are hunted, later captured, by Silver Sable on behalf of Bolivar Trask, who wants to experiment on the symbiote. After escaping and defeating a Carnage symbiote-possessed Spider-Man, Eddie absorbs it from him, gaining complete control over his own symbiote in the process. Though Spider-Man stops him from killing Trask, Venom later escapes from prison and does so anyway.
  • Eddie Brock / Venom appears as the final boss of the Spider-Man 3 film tie-in game, with Topher Grace reprising his role.[170] Similarly to the film, Brock is initially Peter Parker's rival at the Daily Bugle and competes against him when they are both given the same assignment. After being humiliated by Spider-Man and losing a promotion to Parker, Brock vows revenge against both and becomes Venom after Parker rejects the symbiote and it attaches to him. Brock blackmails the Sandman into helping him kill Spider-Man, only to be killed.
  • Eddie Brock / Venom appears as a playable character in Spider-Man: Friend or Foe, voiced by Quinton Flynn.[171] He and several supervillains fight Spider-Man until they are all attacked by P.H.A.N.T.O.M.s under Mysterio's command. Venom is captured along with the other villains, placed under mind control, and sent to Transylvania to retrieve a meteor shard located there. Spider-Man defeats Venom and destroys the mind-control device before the latter joins forces with the web-slinger to exact revenge on Mysterio.[172]
  • Eddie Brock / Venom appears as the final boss of Spider-Man: Web of Shadows, voiced by Keith Szarabajka. He attacks Manhattan with an army of symbiotes, leading to Spider-Man joining forces with S.H.I.E.L.D., the Kingpin, and many others to defeat him.[173] Following several encounters, Spider-Man confronts Venom on S.H.I.E.L.D.'s Helicarrier after the latter takes on a giant, five-headed form. Despite destroying four of the heads, he fails to kill Venom, so he appeals to Brock's better nature. Once he emerges, Spider-Man can choose to kill Venom himself or allow Brock to sacrifice himself to kill Venom. Regardless of the choice made, Venom dies, allowing Spider-Man to stop the invasion or take control of the symbiotes himself.
    • In the PS2 and PSP versions of the game, Venom is captured and brainwashed by the Tinkerer after he attacks Manhattan with his symbiote army and the final boss is a giant symbiote with seven heads that contain Venom's consciousness.
    • In the Nintendo DS version, Venom is not the cause of the invasion. Instead, he is trying to stop it as well and becomes an ally to Spider-Man after he defeats him.
  • Eddie Brock / Anti-Venom appears as a boss in Spider-Man: Edge of Time, voiced by Steve Blum.[174] This version is a reformed anti-hero who was brainwashed by several mind control devices implanted by Alchemax scientist Walker Sloan, who intends to change history. After witnessing Anti-Venom kill Spider-Man via Sloan's time portal, Spider-Man 2099 works to prevent this from happening as well as stop Sloan. Though he warns his predecessor about his impending death, the present day Spider-Man ignores him to save innocents from Anti-Venom's rampage. Just before he dies, the future Spider-Man rescues his predecessor and takes his place in the fight against Anti-Venom; removing his mind control implants in the process. Enraged, Anti-Venom attacks Sloan and inadvertently knocks them and Otto Octavius into Sloan's time portal, fusing them all into the monstrous Atrocity (voiced by Fred Tatasciore),[175] equipped with Octavius' tentacles and Anti-Venom's ability to negate the present-day Spider-Man's powers. Once the Spider-Men defeat Atrocity and the mastermind behind Sloan's plot, they successfully undo all of the scientist's changes to history.
  • Eddie Brock / Venom appears in the mobile version of The Amazing Spider-Man 2, voiced again by Benjamin Diskin.[176] Originally a photographer who tricks Spider-Man into fighting crooks, allowing Brock to take pictures of him in action, he later investigates Oscorp, but gets caught, forcing Spider-Man to save him. Upon investigating a second time, Brock discovers the company's illegal activities and is transformed into Venom, who goes on a rampage until Spider-Man defeats him and removes the symbiote. Brock tells him what happened before passing out and Spider-Man takes him to the hospital.
  • Eddie Brock as Venom, Anti-Venom, and Toxin all appear as playable characters in Spider-Man Unlimited (2014).[177] Additionally, Brock as Venom also serves as a boss in the "Symbiote Dimension" limited time event.

Other games





  1. ^ Misiroglu, Gina Renée; Eury, Michael (2006). The Supervillain Book: The Evil Side of Comics and Hollywood. Visible Ink Press. ISBN 9780780809772.
  2. ^ a b "Amazing Spider-man #300", Comics Price Guide. Retrieved February 20, 2015.
  3. ^ a b Brian Michael Bendis (w), Gabriel Dell'Otto (a). New Avengers Annual, vol. 1, no. 1 (November 2011). Marvel Comics.
  4. ^ Venom X-Men Blue Poison-X
  5. ^ Spider-Man Saga #4, February 1992
  6. ^ 33 Venom, "The 50 Greatest Comic Book Characters", Empire, accessed July 2, 2011.
  7. ^ ""22. Venom": "Top 100 Comic Book Villains of All Time"". IGN. Archived from the original on 2010-04-16. Retrieved July 2, 2011.
  8. ^ Conroy, Mike. 500 Comicbook Villains, p.358, Collins & Brown, 2004.
  9. ^ Wizard #21 (May 1993)
  10. ^ Cronin, Brian (April 2, 2009). "Comic Book Legends Revealed #201". CBR.com.
  11. ^ a b c David, Peter (June 4, 1993). "The Wacko Theory", Comics Buyer's Guide, Reprinted in the collection But I Digress (1994). pp. 104–106
  12. ^ Wizard magazine #23, July 1993
  13. ^ Cronin, Brian (May 16, 2007). "Comic Book Urban Legends Revealed Extra: Randy Schueller's Brush With Comic History &#124". CBR.com. Archived from the original on October 23, 2013. Retrieved September 11, 2010.
  14. ^ August 3, 1992 letter from Jim Shooter to Randy Schueller Archived November 4, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. Comic Book Resources. Retrieved November 21, 2011
  15. ^ Byrne, John. "How is it that JB "created" Venom?". "Frequently Asked Questions". Byrne Robotics. Retrieved July 2, 2011.
  16. ^ Comics Creators on Spider-Man, pg 148, Tom DeFalco. (Titan Books, 2004)
  17. ^ Wallace, Dave (February 10, 2007). "The Complete Todd McFarlane Spider-Man" Archived 2014-11-09 at the Wayback Machine. Comics Bulletin.
  18. ^ Larsen, Erik (w), Larsen, Erik (a). "Fin Addicts" The Savage Dragon, no. 20, pp. 29 = 33 (July 1995). Image Comics.
  19. ^ a b c Big Shots. "David Michelinie". ComicPop. Archived from the original on 2020-11-09. Retrieved 5 January 2020 – via YouTube.
  20. ^ a b c David Michelinie (w), Dave Hoover (a), Ralph Cabrera (i). "Planet of the Symbiotes : Chapter 1 – The Far Cry" The Amazing Spider-Man Super Special, vol. 1, no. 1 (1995). Marvel Comics.
  21. ^ Venom vol. 4 #10. Marvel Comics.
  22. ^ a b c David Michelinie (w), Mark Bagley (a). "A Verdict of Innocence" Venom: Lethal Protector, vol. 1, no. 3 (April 1993). Marvel Comics.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j David Michelinie (w), Todd McFarlane (a). "Venom" The Amazing Spider-Man, no. 300 (May 1988). Marvel Comics.
  24. ^ Louise Simonson (w), Greg Lo Rocque (p), Jim Mooney (i). "Til Death Do Us Part" Web of Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 1 (April 1984). Marvel Comics.
  25. ^ a b David Michelinie (w), Mark Bagley (a). "Dark Soul Drifting" Venom: Lethal Protector, vol. 1, no. 1 (February 1993). Marvel Comics.
  26. ^ David Michelinie (w), Marc Silvestri (p), Kyle Baker (i). "The Longest Road" Web of Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 18 (September 1986). Marvel Comics.
  27. ^ David Michelinie and Len Kaminski (w), Del Barras (p), Vince Colletta (i). "High Stakes" Web of Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 24 (March 1987). Marvel Comics.
  28. ^ David Michelinie (w), Todd McFarlane (p), Bob McLeod (i). "Survival of the Hittist" The Amazing Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 299 (April 1988). Marvel Comics.
  29. ^ David Michelinie (w), Todd McFarlane (p). "A Matter of Life and Debt" The Amazing Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 315 (May 1989). Marvel Comics.
  30. ^ Mark Gruenwald (w), Paul Ryan (p), Danny Bulanadi (i). "Flies in a Cathedral" Quasar, vol. 1, no. 6 (January 1990). Marvel Comics.
  31. ^ Danny Fingeroth (w), Ron Lim (p), Fred Fredericks and James Sanders III (i). Avengers: Deathtrap, The Vault (1991). Marvel Comics.
  32. ^ David Michelinie (w), Erik Larsen (p), Mike Machlan (i). The Amazing Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 330–331 (1990). Marvel Comics.
  33. ^ a b c d David Michelinie (w), Erik Larsen (p), Mark Machlan (i). "Stalking Feat" The Amazing Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 333 (June 1990). Marvel Comics.
  34. ^ David Michelinie (w), Erik Larsen (p), Randy Emberlin (i). "Elliptical Pursuit" The Amazing Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 346 (April 1991). Marvel Comics.
  35. ^ a b David Michelinie (w), Mark Bagley (p), Randy Emberlin (i). "Gun From the Heart" The Amazing Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 345 (March 1991). Marvel Comics.
  36. ^ David Michelinie (w), Mark Bagley (p), Randy Emberlin (i). "Savage Genesis" The Amazing Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 361 (April 1992). Marvel Comics.
  37. ^ a b c David Michelinie (w), Erik Larsen (p), Randy Emberlin (i). "The Boneyard Hop" The Amazing Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 347 (May 1991). Marvel Comics.
  38. ^ a b David Michelinie (w), Mark Bagley (p), Randy Emberlin (i). "Savage Alliance" The Amazing Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 362 (May 1992). Marvel Comics.
  39. ^ David Michelinie (w), Mark Bagley (p), Randy Emberlin (i). "Savage Alliance" The Amazing Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 363 (June 1992). Marvel Comics.
  40. ^ David Michelinie (w), Mark Bagley (p), Randy Emberlin (i). "The Bedlam Perspective" The Amazing Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 373 (January 1993). Marvel Comics.
  41. ^ David Michelinie (w), Mark Bagley (p), Randy Emberlin (i). "Murder On Parade" The Amazing Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 374 (February 1993). Marvel Comics.
  42. ^ David Michelinie (w), Mark Bagley (p), Randy Emberlin (i). "The Bride of Venom" The Amazing Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 375 (March 1993). Marvel Comics.
  43. ^ a b David Michelinie (w). "Deadly Birth" Venom: Lethal Protector, vol. 1, no. 4 (May 1993). Marvel Comics.
  44. ^ David Michelinie (w). "Symbiocide" Venom: Lethal Protector, vol. 1, no. 5 (June 1993). Marvel Comics.
  45. ^ David Michelinie (w), Ron Lim (a). "'Frisco Kill" Venom: Lethal Protector, vol. 1, no. 6 (July 1993). Marvel Comics.
  46. ^ David Michelinie (w), Mark Bagley (p), Randy Emberlin (i). "Maximum Carnage: Chapter 3 – Demons On Broadway" The Amazing Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 378 (June 1993). Marvel Comics.
  47. ^ Terry Kavanagh (w), Alex Saviuk (p), Don Hudson (i). "Maximum Carnage: Chapter 6 – Sinking Fast" Web of Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 102 (July 1993). Marvel Comics.
  48. ^ Terry Kavanagh (w), Tom Lyle (p), Scott Hanna (i). "Maximum Carnage : Chapter 8 – Hate Is In The Air" Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 36 (July 1993). Marvel Comics.
  49. ^ J. M. Dematteis (w), Sal Buscema (p), Joe Rosen (i). "Maximum Carnage: Chapter 9 – The Turning Point" The Spectacular Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 202 (July 1993). Marvel Comics.
  50. ^ Terry Kavanagh (w), Alex Saviuk (p), Don Hudson (i). "Maximum Carnage: Chapter 10 – Sin City" Web of Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 103 (August 1993). Marvel Comics.
  51. ^ Terry Kavanagh (w), Tom Lyle (p). "Maximum Carnage : Chapter 12 – The Light" Spider-Man, vol. 1, no. 37 (August 1993). Marvel Comics.
  52. ^ Tom DeFalco (w). "The Hatred, The Horror and the Hero" Spider-Man Unlimited, vol. 1, no. 2 (August 1993). Marvel Comics.
  53. ^ Howard Mackie (w), Ron Randall (a), Sam De La Rosa (i). "Apart" Venom: Separation Anxiety, no. 1 (December 1994). Marvel Comics.
  54. ^ a b Howard Mackie (w), Ron Randall (a), Sam De La Rosa (i). "Lost Souls" Venom: Separation Anxiety, no. 2 (January 1995). Marvel Comics.
  55. ^ a b Howard Mackie (w), Ron Randall (a), Sam De La Rosa (i). "Parting Is Such Sweet Sorrow" Venom: Separation Anxiety, no. 3 (February 1995). Marvel Comics.
  56. ^ Howard Mackie (w), Ron Randall (a), Sam De La Rosa (i). "Reunion" Venom: Separation Anxiety, no. 4 (March 1995). Marvel Comics.
  57. ^ David Michelinie (w), Joe St. Pierre (a), Greg Adams (i). "Planet of the Symbiotes : Chapter 2 – Lurkers" Spider-Man Super Special, vol. 1, no. 1 (July 1995). Marvel Comics.
  58. ^ David Michelinie (w), Kyle Hotz (a), Armando Gil (i). "Planet of the Symbiotes: Chapter 3 – Monster World" Venom Super Special, vol. 1, no. 1 (August 1995). Marvel Comics.
  59. ^ David Michelinie (w), Darick Robertson (a), Arne Starr (i). "Planet of the Symbiotes: Chapter 4 – Invasion" The Spectacular Spider-Man Super Special, vol. 1, no. 1 (September 1995). Marvel Comics.
  60. ^ David Michelinie (w), Steve Lightle (a). "Planet of the Symbiotes :Conclusion – Mortal Victory" Web of Spider-Man Super Special, vol. 1, no. 1 (1995). Marvel Comics.
  61. ^ a b Larry Hama (w), Greg Lunziak (p), Scott Kublish (i). "Sinner Takes All: Part 2 – Redeemable Upon Request" Venom, vol. 1, no. 2 (September 1995). Marvel Comics.
  62. ^ Larry Hama (w), Greg Lunziak (p), Jimmy Palmiotti, Ken Branch (i). "Sinner Takes All: Part 3 – Eve of Destruction" Venom, vol. 1, no. 3 (October 1995). Marvel Comics.
  63. ^ Larry Hama (w), Ted Halsted (p), Jimmy Palmiotti, Ralph Cabrera (i). "Sinner Takes All: Part 5 – A Time to Kill and A Time to Heal" Venom, vol. 1, no. 5 (December 1995). Marvel Comics.
  64. ^ "Along Came A Spider: Part 1 – Along Came A Spider" Venom, vol. 1, no. 1 (January 1996). Marvel Comics.
  65. ^ Larry Hama (w), Joe St. Pierre, Tom Grindberg (a). "Along Came A Spider: Part 2 – ...And Sat Down Beside Her" Venom, vol. 1, no. 2 (February 1996). Marvel Comics.
  66. ^ Larry Hama (w), Joe St. Pierre (p), Mark McKenna (i). "Along Came A Spider: Part 3 – Cut To The Chase" Venom, vol. 1, no. 3 (March 1996). Marvel Comics.
  67. ^ Larry Hama (w), Joe St. Pierre (a). "Along Came A Spider: Part 4 – And Frightened Miss Muffet Away" Venom, vol. 1, no. 4 (April 1996). Marvel Comics.
  68. ^ Larry Hama (w), Josh Hood (p), Derek Fisher (i). "On Trial: Part 1 – Law & Order" Venom, vol. 1, no. 1 (March 1997). Marvel Comics.
  69. ^ Larry Hama (w), Josh Hood (p), Derek Fisher (i). "On Trial : Part 2 – Disorder In The Court" Venom, vol. 1, no. 2 (April 1997). Marvel Comics.
  70. ^ Larry Hama (w), Josh Hood (p), Derek Fisher (i). "On Trial : Part 3 – Trial And Error" Venom, vol. 1, no. 3 (May 1997). Marvel Comics.
  71. ^ Larry Hama (w), Josh Hood, Derec Aucion (p), Eric Connan, Scott Koblish (i). Venom: License to Kill, no. 3 (August 1997). Marvel Comics.
  72. ^ Venom: Finale mini-series
  73. ^ Howard Mackie (w), John Romita Jr. (p), Scott Hanna (i). "Venom Triumphant" Spider-Man, vol. 2, no. 10 (October 1999). Marvel Comics.
  74. ^ Howard Mackie (w), John Romita Jr. (p), Scott Hanna (i). "Another Return of The Sinister Six: Part 2" Spider-Man, vol. 2, no. 12 (December 1999). Marvel Comics.
  75. ^ Howard Mackie (w), John Romita Jr. (p), Scott Hanna (i). "Cliché" Spider-Man, vol. 2, no. 16 (April 2000). Marvel Comics.
  76. ^ Howard Mackie (w), Erik Larsen, John Beatty (a), Randy Emberlin (i). "Mirror Mirror" The Amazing Spider-Man, vol. 2, no. 19 (July 2000). Marvel Comics.
  77. ^ Howard Mackie (w), John Romita Jr. (p), Scott Hanna (i). "Distinguished Gentleman From New York: Part 1" The Amazing Spider-Man, vol. 2, no. 22 (October 2000). Marvel Comics.
  78. ^ Daniel Way (w), Francisco Herrera, Paco Medina, Sean Galloway et al. (p), Carlos Cuevas, Juan Vlasco, Wayne Faucher et al. (i). Venom #1–14 (April 2003). Marvel Comics.
  79. ^ a b Paul Jenkins (w), Humberto Ramos (p), Wayne Faucher (i). "The Hunger: Part 5" The Spectacular Spider-Man, vol. 2, no. 5 (December 2003). Marvel Comics.
  80. ^ Peter Milligan (w), Clayton Crain (a). "Cops and Monsters" Venom vs. Carnage, no. 2 (October 2004). Marvel Comics.
  81. ^ Peter Milligan (w), Clayton Crain (a). "The Monster Inside Me" Venom vs. Carnage, no. 3 (November 2004). Marvel Comics.
  82. ^ Peter Milligan (w), Clayton Crain (a), Clayton Crain (i). "Do The Right Thing" Venom vs. Carnage, no. 4 (December 2005). Marvel Comics.
  83. ^ Mark Millar (w), Terry Dodson (p), Rachel Dodson (i). "Venomous" The Sensational Spider-Man (vol. 2), vol. 2, no. 6 (November 2004). Marvel Comics.
  84. ^ a b Mark Millar (w), Terry Dodson (p), Rachel Dodson (i). "Venomous" The Sensational Spider-Man (vol. 2), vol. 2, no. 7 (December 2004). Marvel Comics.
  85. ^ Mark Millar (w), Frank Cho (a). "Venomous" The Sensational Spider-Man (vol. 2), vol. 2, no. 8 (January 2005). Marvel Comics.
  86. ^ a b Roberto Agguire-Sacasa (w), Lee Weeks (a). "The Last Temptation of Eddie Brock : Part 1" The Sensational Spider-Man (vol. 2), vol. 2, no. 38 (August 2007). Marvel Comics.
  87. ^ Roberto Agguire-Sacasa (w), Rick Hoberg, Stefano Gaudiano, Clayton Crain (a). "The Last Temptation of Eddie Brock : Part 2" The Sensational Spider-Man (vol. 2), vol. 2, no. 39 (September 2007). Marvel Comics.
  88. ^ a b c d Dan Slott (w), John Romita Jr. (p), Klaus Janson (i). "New Ways to Die: Part 1 – Back With Vengeance" The Amazing Spider-Man, no. 568 (October 2008). Marvel Comics.
  89. ^ a b Dan Slott (w), John Romita Jr. (p), Klaus Janson (i). "New Ways to Die: Part 2 – The Osborn Supremacy" The Amazing Spider-Man, no. 569 (October 2008). Marvel Comics.
  90. ^ a b c Dan Slott (w), John Romita Jr. (p), Klaus Janson (i). "New Ways to Die: Part 5 – Easy Targets" The Amazing Spider-Man, no. 572 (November 2008). Marvel Comics.
  91. ^ a b c Dan Slott (w), John Romita Jr. (p), Klaus Janson (i). "New Ways to Die: Part 6 – Weapons of Self Destruction" The Amazing Spider-Man, no. 573 (December 2008). Marvel Comics.
  92. ^ Dan Slott (w), Chris Bachalo (p), Tim Townsend, Jon Sibal, Jaime Mendoza, Chris Bachalo (i). "Black and White" The Amazing Spider-Man Extra!, no. 2 (March 2009). Marvel Comics.
  93. ^ Anti Venom: New Ways to Live
  94. ^ a b c d Dan Slott (w), Giuseppe Camuncoli (p). "The Return of Anti-Venom – Part 2: The Ghost of Jean DeWolff" The Amazing Spider-Man, no. 663 (August 2011). Marvel Comics.
  95. ^ a b c d Dan Slott, Christos Gage (w), Giuseppe Camuncoli (p). "The Return of Anti-Venom – Part 2: Revelation Day" The Amazing Spider-Man, no. 664 (August 2011). Marvel Comics.
  96. ^ Richards, Dave (August 22, 2011). "Old Foes, Friends Return in Bendis' "New Avengers"". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved September 12, 2011.
  97. ^ The Amazing Spider-Man #668
  98. ^ Dan Slott (w), Humberto Ramos (p), Victor Olazaba (i). "Spider-Island: Part 4 – Spiders, Spiders Everywhere" The Amazing Spider-Man, no. 670 (November 2011). Marvel Comics.
  99. ^ Dan Slott (w), Humberto Ramos (p), Carlos Cuevas, Victor Olazaba (i). "Spider-Island: Part 5 – A New Hope" The Amazing Spider-Man, no. 671 (December 2011). Marvel Comics.
  100. ^ Rick Remender (w), Lan Medina (p), Nelson Decastro, Terry Pallot (i). "Home Again" Venom, no. 15 (June 2012). Marvel Comics.
  101. ^ Rick Remender, Cullen Bunn (w), Kev Walker (p), Terry Pallot (i). "Savage Six: Prologue" Venom, vol. 2, no. 17 (May 2012). Marvel Comics.
  102. ^ Rick Remender, Cullen Bunn (w), Lan Medina (p), Nelson DeCastro (i). "Savage Six: Part 1" Venom, vol. 2, no. 18 (May 2012). Marvel Comics.
  103. ^ Rick Remender, Cullen Bunn (w), Lan Medina (p), Nelson DeCastro (i). "Savage Six: Part 4" Venom, vol. 2, no. 21 (July 2012). Marvel Comics.
  104. ^ Cullen Bunn (w), Declan Shalvey (p), Lee Loughridge (i). "Toxic Lifestyle" Venom, vol. 2, no. 32 (March 2013). Marvel Comics.
  105. ^ Rick Remender, Cullen Bunn (w), Lan Medina (p), Nelson DeCastro (i). "Savage Six: Part 5" Venom, vol. 2, no. 22 (July 2012). Marvel Comics.
  106. ^ Venom vol. 2 #35 (May. 2013)
  107. ^ Carnage vol. 2 #1
  108. ^ Carnage vol. 2 #15
  109. ^ Venom vol. 3 #6
  110. ^ Venom #150-151
  111. ^ Venom #156-158
  112. ^ Venom #160-161
  113. ^ The Amazing Spider-Man #792
  114. ^ The Amazing Spider-Man #800
  115. ^ Venom First Host #1. Marvel Comics.
  116. ^ Venom #1-2
  117. ^ Venom #3
  118. ^ Venom #5
  119. ^ Venom vol. 4 #7. Marvel Comics.
  120. ^ Venom #8. Marvel Comics.
  121. ^ Venom #12. Marvel Comics.
  122. ^ Venom #13-16. Marvel Comics.
  123. ^ Absolute Carnage (2019). Marvel Comics.
  124. ^ Venom Vol. 4 #28-30. Marvel Comics.
  125. ^ a b c d e Zeb Wells (w), Paulo Siqueira (a). "Anti-Venom – New Ways to Live" The Amazing Spider-Man Presents, no. 1 (November 2009). Marvel Comics.
  126. ^ Venom #15 and #17. Marvel Comics.
  127. ^ David Michelinie (w), Paris Cullins (p), Bud LaRosa (i). "The Truckstop of Doom!" The Amazing Spider-Man Annual, vol. 1, no. 25 (1991). Marvel Comics.
  128. ^ a b c Zeb Wells (w), Paulo Siqueira, Chad Hardin (a). "Anti-Venom: New Ways to Live" The Amazing Spider-Man Presents, no. 2 (December 2009). Marvel Comics.
  129. ^ a b c d Dan Slott (w), John Romita Jr. (p), Klaus Janson (i). "New Ways to Die: Part 4 – Opposites Attack" The Amazing Spider-Man, no. 571 (October 2008). Marvel Comics.
  130. ^ a b Dan Slott (w), John Romita Jr. (p), Klaus Janson (i). "New Ways to Die: Part 3 – The Killer Cure" The Amazing Spider-Man, no. 570 (November 2008). Marvel Comics.
  131. ^ a b c Zeb Wells (w), Paulo Siqueira, Amilton Santos (a). "Anti-Venom: New Ways to Live" The Amazing Spider-Man Presents, no. 3 (February 2010). Marvel Comics.
  132. ^ Harn, Darby (2022-11-30). "10 Most Powerful Silk Villains In Marvel Comics". ScreenRant. Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  133. ^ Norman, Dalton (2022-05-17). "The 10 Best Marvel Characters Who Made Their Debut In Spider-Man Comics". ScreenRant. Retrieved 2023-01-26.
  134. ^ a b "Spider-Man on TV". IGN. Archived from the original on 2008-04-24.
  135. ^ "The Spectacular Spider-Man review in comicmix". 2008-07-07. Retrieved 25 November 2010.
  136. ^ "'Marvel's Spider-Man' Returns to XD with Hour-Long Premiere in June". 2018-05-23.
  137. ^ "Spider-Man: Maximum Venom Voice Actor Discusses His Experience Voicing Venom". 2021-08-21. Archived from the original on 2021-08-21. Retrieved 21 August 2021.
  138. ^ "Dead Man's Party". Spider-Man. Season 2. Episode 6. July 16, 2018. Disney XD.
  139. ^ Jankiewicz, Pat (June 2007). "Faces in the Web". Starlog. No. 356. p. 32.
  140. ^ "The Spiderman Movie - Richard C. Everbeck". 2004-12-07. Archived from the original on 2004-12-07. Retrieved 2023-12-30.
  141. ^ "Spider-Man's Original Eddie Brock Explains a Weird Venom Plot-Hole". Screen Rant. 10 April 2022.
  142. ^ David, Peter (2002). Spider-Man. pp. 197–198.
  143. ^ "Movies". 11 July 2023.
  144. ^ Paul Fischer (2007-07-24). "Interview: Avi Arad for "Bratz"". Dark Horizons. Archived from the original on 2007-12-27. Retrieved 2009-05-20.
  145. ^ "EXCLUSIVE: Sony Locks in Sam Raimi & Tobey Maguire in 'Spider-Man 4'; Studio May Shoot '4' and '5' at the Same Time". 5 September 2008.
  146. ^ "Venom Takes Two". 5 September 2008.
  147. ^ Leslie Simmons (2008-09-06). "Two more films on the way". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on September 10, 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-06.
  148. ^ Fleming, Mike. "More Details on the Ross 'Venom' Film" Archived 2009-10-11 at the Wayback Machine, Variety, October 7, 2009
  149. ^ Melrose, Kevin (March 7, 2012). "Chronicle Director Josh Trank in Talks For Sony's Venom" Archived 2015-10-18 at the Wayback Machine. Comic Book Resources.
  150. ^ Kit, Borys (March 4, 2016). "'Spider-Man' Spinoff 'Venom' Revived at Sony (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 5, 2016.
  151. ^ Weintraub, Steven (October 10, 2016). "Tom Rothman on 'Spider-Man' Spin-Off Movies and When We'll See the First 'Dark Tower' Trailer". Collider.
  152. ^ Kit, Borys (March 4, 2016). "'Spider-Man' Spinoff 'Venom' Revived at Sony (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter.
  153. ^ "Sony announce Venom movie will be out next year". Vaunter. March 16, 2017. Archived from the original on March 17, 2017. Retrieved March 16, 2017.
  154. ^ "Venom will reportedly be an R-rated kickoff to a Marvel universe at Sony". JoBlo. March 27, 2017. Retrieved March 27, 2017.
  155. ^ "Twitter". mobile.twitter.com.
  156. ^ "Tom Hardy to Star in 'Venom,' Ruben Fleischer to Direct". The Hollywood Reporter. 19 May 2017.
  157. ^ "Venom's Voice Is Changing in the Upcoming Sequel — and Not for the Reason You'd Think". Distractify. 10 May 2021. Retrieved 2021-05-13.
  158. ^ Inside the Voice Actors Booth: Brad Venable, archived from the original on 2021-10-30, retrieved 2021-05-13
  159. ^ "Venom". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved 2021-05-13.
  160. ^ Auger, Andrew (June 18, 2017). "Venom & Black Cat Movies Will Be 'Adjuncts' to the MCU's Spider-Man". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on June 18, 2017. Retrieved June 19, 2017.
  161. ^ Boucher, Geoff (January 7, 2019). "Sony's 'Venom' Sequel Taking Shape: Woody Harrelson's Carnage On The Way?". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on January 8, 2019. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
  162. ^ Couch, Aaron (September 6, 2021). "'Venom: Let There Be Carnage' Moves Up 2 Weeks". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on September 6, 2021. Retrieved September 6, 2021.
  163. ^ "The Venom Site". Retrieved 11 March 2023.
  164. ^ "Spider-Man and Venom: Maximum Carnage (SNES)". Neoseeker.com. 2012-09-11. Retrieved 2013-12-20.
  165. ^ "Review Crew: Separation Anxiety". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 77. Sendai Publishing. December 1995. p. 42.
  166. ^ Spider-Man: Lethal Foes at GameFAQs
  167. ^ "ProReview: Spider-Man". GamePro. No. 70. May 1995. p. 64.
  168. ^ "Spider-Man". Official U.S. PlayStation Magazine. March 2002. p. 34.
  169. ^ Herold, Charles (October 15, 2005). "Battling Trouble on Both Sides of the Law". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-01-21.
  170. ^ Navarro, Alex (May 7, 2007). "Spider-Man 3 Review". GameSpot. CBS Interactive. Retrieved August 6, 2016.
  171. ^ "Quinton Flynn (visual voices guide) - Behind The Voice Actors". Retrieved 11 March 2023.
  172. ^ Aceinet (2007-10-09). "Spider-man: Friend or Foe - PC - Review". GameZone. Archived from the original on 2009-02-02. Retrieved 2014-01-23.
  173. ^ "Spider-Man: Web of Shadows First Look - IGN". 9 June 2008 – via www.ign.com.
  174. ^ Kato, Matthew. "Edge of Time", Game Informer, August 31, 2014
  175. ^ "Fred Tatasciore (visual voices guide) - Behind The Voice Actors". Retrieved 11 March 2023.
  176. ^ "Venom". Behind The Voice Actors.
  177. ^ Musgrave, Shaun (August 10, 2016). "'Spider-Man Unlimited' is Partying Like it's 2099 in its Latest Update". TouchArcade. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
  178. ^ a b Elston, Brett (April 20, 2010). "Marvel vs Capcom: a history of the Vs fighting series". GamesRadar. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  179. ^ "Marvel Nemesis: Rise of the Imperfects". 2005-09-22.
  180. ^ "Marvel Nemesis: Rise of the Imperfects". Retrieved December 28, 2018.
  181. ^ "Marvel: Ultimate Alliance (Gold Edition)". IGN. Retrieved March 19, 2017.
  182. ^ Kato, Matthew. "Edge of Time", Game Informer, August 31, 2014
  183. ^ "Fred Tatasciore (visual voices guide) - Behind The Voice Actors". Retrieved 11 March 2023.
  184. ^ "Marvel Costume Kit 3". Sony. Archived from the original on June 22, 2013. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
  185. ^ "Venom – LittleBigPlanet™". Littlebigplanet.com. Archived from the original on 2011-01-17. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
  186. ^ "Marvel: Ultimate Alliance 2 Video Game, E3 09: Exclusive Villains Trailer HD | Video Clip | Game Trailers & Videos". GameTrailers.com. 2009-05-29. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
  187. ^ "Gazillion Announces Marvel Super Hero Squad Online". June 8, 2010. Retrieved December 29, 2012.
  188. ^ "Playdom Game Closures: Playdom Support". Playdom.com. 2014-03-12. Archived from the original on March 21, 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-20.
  189. ^ Fletcher, JC (May 10, 2012). "Marvel Avengers: Battle for Earth on Kinect and Wii U from Ubisoft". Joystiq. Retrieved May 18, 2012.
  190. ^ "After 4 years in development, online game Marvel Heroes debuts | GamesBeat". Venturebeat.com. 2013-06-04. Retrieved 2013-08-28.
  191. ^ Conditt, Jessica (May 26, 2013). "Lego Marvel Super Heroes adds Venom, Human Torch to the roster". Joystiq.
  192. ^ "Brian Stivale ǀ Voices.com". Voices.com. Retrieved September 20, 2017.
  193. ^ Lada, Jenni (September 18, 2017). "Every Marvel vs. Capcom: Infinite's DLC Character Announced". Siliconera. Archived from the original on September 19, 2017. Retrieved September 18, 2017.
  194. ^ "Lego Marvel Super Heroes 2: New Characters Added to the Game". Comic Book. July 21, 2017. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
  195. ^ "Howard the Duck and Carnom come to Lego Marvel Super Heroes 2". Flickering Myth. July 20, 2017. Retrieved July 22, 2017.[permanent dead link]
  196. ^ Fischer, Tyler (May 24, 2019). "New Marvel Ultimate Alliance 3 Boss Fight Gameplay Features Venom and Electro". Comic Book. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
  197. ^ Hall, Charlie (August 25, 2021). "Marvel's Midnight Suns is the next game from the XCOM team". Polygon.
  198. ^ Gerry Conway and Leah Wilson (2007). Webslinger: Unauthorized Essays On Your Friendly Neighborhood Spider-man. Smart Pop. p. 32. ISBN 978-1933771069.
  199. ^ "Marvel novels". Marvel Master Works. Retrieved October 7, 2016.
  200. ^ Frappier, Rob (July 31, 2013). "Venom 'Truth in Journalism' Short Film — Interview with Producer Adi Shankar [Updated]". Screen Rant. Retrieved 2013-07-31.
  201. ^ Collura, Scott (August 6, 2013). "Adi Shankar Talks His Marvel Short Film "Truth in Journalism"". IGN. Retrieved 2013-08-06.
  202. ^ Heilman, Dan (November 14, 2013). "Venom Strikes Again in "Truth in Journalism"". Studio Daily. Retrieved 2013-11-14.