|Birth name||Edward Durham|
August 19, 1906|
San Marcos, Texas, U.S.
|Died||March 6, 1987
New York City, U.S.
|Occupation(s)||Musician, composer, arranger|
|Associated acts||Walter Page, Benny Moten, Jimmie Lunceford, Count Basie|
Eddie Durham (19 August 1906 – 6 March 1987) was an American musician who pioneered the use of the electric guitar in jazz. He was a guitarist, trombonist, composer, and arranger for the orchestras of Benny Moten, Jimmie Lunceford, and Count Basie. With Edgar Battle, he composed "Topsy", first recorded by Count Basie and a hit for Benny Goodman.
Pioneer on the electric guitar
From 1929, Durham started experimenting to enhance the sound of his guitar using resonators and megaphones. In 1935 he was the first to record an electrically amplified guitar with Jimmie Lunceford in 'Hittin' The Bottle' that was recorded in New York for the Decca label.
- Kansas City Five: "Good Mornin' Blues" (Commodore, 1938)
- Kansas City Six: "Way Down Yonder in New Orleans" (Commodore, 1938)
- "Countless Blues" (Commodore, 1938)
- Eddie Barefield: Eddie Barefield (RCA, 1973)
- Count Basie: The Original American Decca Recordings (GRP, )
- Benny Moten: "Moten Swing" (Victor, 1932)
- Jimmie Lunceford: "Avalon" (Decca, 1935)
- "Hittin' the Bottle" (Decca, 1935)
- "Harlem Shout" (Decca, 1936)
- "Lunceford Special" (Vocalion, 1935)
- Count Basie: "Time Out" (Decca, 1937)
- "Topsy" (Decca, 1937)
- "Swinging the Blues" (Decca, 1938)
- "Jumpin' at the Woodside" (Decca, 1938)
- Zelade, Richard (1987). Lone Star Travel Guide to Texas Hill Country. Plymouth: Taylor Trade Publishing. p. 260. ISBN 978-1-58979609-6.
- Abrams, Steve (September 5, 2015). "Decca (USA) 500 - 1000 Numerical Listing". The Online Discographical Project. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
- Vacher, Peter (2002). Kernfeld, Barry, ed. The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz. 1 (2nd ed.). New York: Grove's Dictionaries Inc. p. 674. ISBN 1-56159-284-6.