|Birth name||Edward Harrington|
|Also known as||Guitar Eddy, Clear Waters, The Chief|
|Born||January 10, 1935|
Macon, Mississippi, U.S.
|Died||June 1, 2018 (aged 83)|
Skokie, Illinois, U.S.
|Instruments||Vocals, electric guitar|
|Labels||Alligator, Blind Pig, Rounder, Delmark|
|Associated acts||Carey Bell, Magic Sam, Otis Rush, Freddie King, Muddy Waters, Buddy Guy, Junior Wells, Ronnie Baker Brooks, Lonnie Brooks, Jimmy Johnson, Billy Branch, Otis Clay|
Edward Harrington (January 10, 1935 – June 1, 2018), better known by his stage name Eddy Clearwater, was an American blues musician who specialized in Chicago blues. Blues Revue said he plays "joyous rave-ups…he testifies with stunning soul fervor and powerful guitar. One of the blues' finest songwriters."
Harrington was born in Macon, Mississippi, on January 10, 1935. He was raised by his part-Cherokee grandmother in Mississippi. His family moved to Birmingham, Alabama, in 1948. He was a cousin of the blues harmonica player Carey Bell.
He began playing guitar at age 13, teaching himself left-handed and upside down. He began performing with gospel groups, including the Five Blind Boys of Alabama.
Clearwater is best known for his activity in the Chicago blues scene since the 1950s. He performed in the US (especially around the Chicago area, where he resides) and internationally, having played at blues festivals in France, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland and the Netherlands. His sound has been described as "hard-driving Windy City blues, soul-tinged balladry, acoustic country blues and gospel uplift….good natured fretboard fireworks."
When he left the South for Chicago in 1950, he worked as a dishwasher while living with an uncle, through whom he met many of Chicago's blues masters, including Otis Rush (who also was a left-handed playing the guitar upside down) and Magic Sam. Inspired by the music of Chuck Berry, he began performing some of Berry's songs and writing in a style influenced by him. Clearwater regularly performed songs by Rush, Magic Sam and Berry, as well as original compositions. In 1953, then known as Guitar Eddy, he began working regularly in bars on Chicago's South and West Sides. His first single, the Berry-styled "Hill Billy Blues", was recorded in 1958 for his uncle's Atomic H label, under the moniker Clear Waters, a name given to him by his booking agent, drummer Armand "Jump" Jackson, as a play on the name of the famous Muddy Waters.
He recorded a few more singles, which had some local radio airplay. Eventually the name Clear Waters evolved into Eddy Clearwater. He worked steadily throughout the 1960s and 1970s and was among the first blues musicians to find success with Chicago's North Side college audiences. He was a regular Saturday act on the north stage of the blues club Kingston Mines, while bluesman Linsey Alexander played on the south stage. He toured Europe twice during the 1970s and appeared on BBC Television. Clearwater acquired the nickname The Chief and often performed wearing a Native American headdress.
The release of his 1980 album, The Chief, on the Rooster Blues label, made him known on the Chicago blues scene. Two encores for Rooster Blues, Help Yourself (1992) and Mean Case of the Blues (1996), cemented Clearwater's reputation. His album Cool Blues Walk was released in 1998, followed by Chicago Daily Blues in 1989 and Reservation Blues in mid-2000. In 2004, he was nominated for a Grammy Award with Los Straitjackets for their collaborative album Rock 'n' Roll City.
His album West Side Strut, released by Alligator Records in 2008, was described by Vintage Guitar magazine as "great blues. Eddy's tone shows a masterful command of the guitar. It's hard to believe he can reach such heights in a recording studio. One listen and you'll wonder why Clearwater's name isn't respectfully spoken in the same breath as Freddie King and Otis Rush."
Clearwater was first married to Earlean Harrington of Chicago and was the stepfather of her son Daryl Thompson.
Clearwater was later married to his manager, Renee Greenman. They owned Reservation Blues, a Wicker Park (Chicago) blues bar and restaurant, in the early 2000s (and no longer in operation). It featured Clearwater regularly as well as local and national blues talent.
He fathered two sons, Jason and Edgar.
- Black Night (1979)
- The Chief (1980)
- Two Times Nine (1981)
- Flimdoozie (1986)
- Blues Hang Out (1989)
- Real Good Time: Live!, live (1990)
- Help Yourself (1992)
- Live at The Kingston Mines, 1978, live (1992)
- Boogie My Blues Away (1995)
- Mean Case of the Blues (1996)
- Cool Blues Walk (1998)
- Chicago Blues Session, vol. 23, live (1998)
- Chicago Daily Blues (1999)
- Reservation Blues (2000)
- Rock 'n' Roll City, with Los Straitjackets (2003)
- West Side Strut (Alligator Records, 2008)
- Soul Funky, with Ronnie Baker Brooks and Billy Branch (Cleartone, 2014)
- Chicago Blues Festival
- List of Chicago blues musicians
- List of electric blues musicians
- San Francisco Blues Festival
- "Eddy Clearwater: Biography of the Blues". EddyClearwater.com. Eddy Clearwater. Retrieved June 1, 2018.
- "[Unknown]". Blues Revue. July 2004. Cite uses generic title (help)
- Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books. p. 102. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.
- Cristiano, Nick (13 April 2008). "[Unknown]". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Cite uses generic title (help)
- "Eddy Clearwater". Blues Lyrics. Geocities. Archived from the original on October 25, 2009. Retrieved February 28, 2008.
- "Eddy Clearwater and Linsey Alexander @ Kingston Mines". Wassup! Chicago. Archived from the original on 18 September 2013. Retrieved 25 January 2013.
- Eddy Clearwater. accessed February 2008.
- Allen, Rick (July 2008). "Eddy: West Side Strut". Vintage Guitar. Retrieved June 1, 2018.
- Isaacs, Mike (January 11, 2018). "Skokie honors hometown blues artist Clearwater for his birthday". Chicagotribune.com. Pioneer Press. Retrieved June 1, 2018.
- MNBlues. "Eddy Clearwater". Blues on Stage. Retrieved February 28, 2008.
- "Veteran blues guitarist Eddy 'The Chief' Clearwater, who played area festivals, dead at 83". The Morning Call. June 1, 2018. Retrieved June 1, 2018.