|Full name||Edward Hamel|
|Date of birth||October 21, 1902|
|Place of birth||New York City, New York, United States|
|Date of death||April 30, 1943(aged 40)|
|Place of death||Auschwitz, Poland|
|Playing position||Right Winger|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
Eddy Hamel (October 21, 1902 – April 30, 1943) was an American soccer player for Dutch club AFC Ajax. Hamel was the first Jewish player for Ajax. He was killed by the Nazis in 1943 in Auschwitz concentration camp.
Hamel was born in New York City, New York. He was Jewish, as were his parents who were immigrants from the Netherlands. He moved to Amsterdam in the Netherlands in his teenage years. In 1928 he married Johanna Wijnberg, and in 1938 they had two twin children, Paul and Robert.
He played for AFC Ajax from 1922 until 1930. He appeared in 125 matches as a right winger, and scoring 8 goals. Die-hard Ajax supporters call themselves "Joden" — Dutch for "Jews" — a nickname that reflects both the team's and the city's Jewish heritage. This nickname for Ajax fans dates back to before World War II, when Amsterdam was home to most of the Netherlands' 140,000 Jews.
Hamel became a first team regular for Ajax. He was the first Jewish player (as well as the first American) to play for first team Ajax. To date, only three others Jewish soccer players have followed in his footsteps – Johnny Roeg, Bennie Muller, and Daniël de Ridder. Hamel was a fan favorite, and was cited by pre-World War II club legend Wim Anderiesen as part of the strongest line-up he ever played with. He had his own fan club in the 1920s, which would line up on his side of the field at the beginning of every game, and then switch sides to be on his side of the field in the second half.
Arrest and killing by the Nazis
Hamel also was the club's only war victim who played for the first team of Ajax.
Local Fascist groups assisted in rounding up Jews after Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands in May 1940. Despite his American citizenship, in late 1942 Hamel was detained by the Nazis because he was a Jew. He spent four months doing hard labor at Birkenau. After he was found to have a swollen mouth abscess during a Nazi inspection, the Nazis sent him to the gas chambers in Auschwitz concentration camp on 30 April 1943, where they killed him.
In the TV documentary Auschwitz: The Forgotten Evidence, fellow inmate Leon Greenman said he was in front of Hamel when Hamel told him he had an abscess in his mouth, while in a regular medical selection queue, and that while Greenman passed that selection Hamel was sent to the gas chambers because of his abscess. He was one of several Jewish soccer players – many of whom were Olympians – who were killed by the Nazis.
- Agnes Grunwald-Spier (July 29, 2016). "The tragic fate of Jewish sporting heroes in the Holocaust", Jewish News.
- Simon Kuper (2012). Ajax, the Dutch, the War: The Strange Tale of Soccer During Europe's Darkest Hour
- Matt Lawton (June 8, 2012). "Euro 2012: England players visit Auschwitz and Oskar Schindler Factory museum", The Daily Mail.
- Matt Lebovic (August 21, 2016). "The Jewish Olympians among Hitler’s victims," The Times of Israel.
- Mihir Bose (2012). The Spirit of the Game: How Sport Made the Modern World
- David Winner (2012). Brilliant Orange: The Neurotic Genius of Dutch Football
- Agnes Grunwald-Spier (2016). Who Betrayed the Jews?: The Realities of Nazi Persecution in the Holocaust
- Gad Lerner. Tu sei un bastardo, (Feltrinelli Editore).
- Sandro Modeo (2011). Il Barça: tutti i segreti della squadra più forte del mondo, (Isbn Edizioni).