Ede, Nigeria

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Ede
Ede is located in Nigeria
Ede
Ede
Ede shown within Nigeria
Coordinates: 7°44′20″N 4°26′10″E / 7.73889°N 4.43611°E / 7.73889; 4.43611Coordinates: 7°44′20″N 4°26′10″E / 7.73889°N 4.43611°E / 7.73889; 4.43611
Country  Nigeria
State Osun State
Area
 • Total 330 km2 (130 sq mi)
Elevation 269 m (883 ft)
Population
 • Total 159,866 [1]
Time zone WAT (UTC+1) (UTC+1)

Introduction[edit]

Ede is a town in Osun State, southwestern Nigeria. It lies along the Osun River at a point on the railroad from Lagos, 112 miles (180 km) southwest, and at the intersection of roads from Oshogbo, Ogbomosho, and Ife.

Ede is one of the older towns of the Yoruba people. It is traditionally said to have been founded about 1500 by Timi Agbale, a hunter and warlord sent by Alaafin (King) Kori of Old Oyo (Katunga), capital of the Oyo empire, to establish a settlement to protect the Oyo caravan route to Benin (127 miles [204 km] to the southeast).[2] Nearby towns include Awo, Iragberi and Oshogbo.

The present Ede was established by Timi Kubolaje Agbonran around 1817 along with his siblings Oyefi, Ajenju, Arohanran and Oduniyi, all being the descendants of Lalemo. The former Ede is known as Ede-Ile.

Ede is a predominantly Muslim town with about 90% of the population. This can be traced back to 19th century during the reign of Timi Abibu Lagunju as the king of Ede, who is most likely the first Muslim Oba in Yorubaland given the fact that he was already on the throne for a few years when in November 1857, the Baptist missionary W.H. Clarke visited Ede.[3][4] Clarke record thus: "This young follower of the Prophet (Prophet Muhammad), a short time since became the ruler of this town in the place of his father (Oduniyi), the deceased, and brings with him into office, the influence of his new religion (Islam)."

The name of the present king is Oba Munirudeen Adesola Lawal (Laminisa 1).

History[edit]

The present Ede was formed as a result of dispute between Nephews (Children of Lamodi and Children of Lalemo) in the old Ede, popularly referred to as Ede-Ile. The place is situated in the present Egbedore local government, precisely between Awo and Ara. Lamodi and Lalemo were brothers from the same father (Old Timi) in the then Ede-Ile, the former is elder while the later is younger. Each of them gave birth to children.

It was reported that Lamodi's children turned the throne of their forefather into their father property by holding perpetually to the throne and rotating it among themselves after the demise of the one occupied the throne. The consequence of Lamodi's children holding to the throne perpetually was that Lalemo's children were denied access to the throne they too were entitled to as it belongs to their forefather.

The information had it that fight ensued between the Lamodi's and Lalemo's in which the former got the better of the later and as a result, the Lalemo's had to flee old Ede (Ede-Ile) after making consultation to the Oracle to know which direction to follow. What Oracle told them was to settle down where ever they meet river. So they settled down when they saw Osun river, then present Ede was established.[5]

Royal Houses[edit]

The present Ede was established by Timi 'Kubolaje Agbonran with the help of his siblings, who are four in number, namely: Oyefi, Ajenju, Arohanran and Oduniyi. All of them being descendants of Lalemo. The existing protocol was that there were five (5) ruling houses in Ede since the town was founded and each has produced at least one Timi at one time or the other until the reign of late Timi John Adetoyese Laoye of the blessed memory, who hailed from Ajenju dynasty added another house known as Laminisa to the royal houses to make it six (6) claimed that the family was the last born of Lalemo in Ede-Ile, who was carried away by his mother because he was too young during the crisis between his brothers (Lalemo's) and their nephew (Lamodi's) and the immediate past late Timi, Oba Tijani Oladokun Oyewusi Agbonran II of the blessed memory then asked government of the state to gazette it. Though, the ruling to authenticate the claim of Laminisa as true son of Lalemo is still pending in Supreme Court.

Agbonran and Oyefi are of the same mother, while Ajenju, Arohanran and Oduniyi are of the same mother too.

Agbonran[edit]

This Prince occupied area known as Babanla Oba Compound in Ede south local government

Oyefi[edit]

This Prince shared the same area known as Babanla Oba Compound in Ede south local government with his full brother

Ajenju[edit]

This Prince occupied area today known as Daodu Folarin Compound which include Durodola's Compound in Ede north local government

Arohanran[edit]

This Prince occupied the area today known as Agunyanmasesu Compound which include Idi-Agbon Compound in Ede north local government

Oduniyi[edit]

This Prince occupied area today known as Abangbe's Compound, Daodu Olagunju's Compound, Olomo-Oba's Compound with substantial members of the family occupied part of Isibo's Compound and Areja's Compound [6]

Laminisa[edit]

This Prince was later settled down on area today known as Pere's Compound years after others Princes had already established the town

Institutions[edit]

Ede is blessed with prominent higher institutions among which are listed below:

  • The Federal Polytechnic Ede [7]
  • Redeemer's University [8]
  • Adeleke University Ede.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/178945/Ede
  2. ^ MLA Style: "Ede." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Student and Home Edition. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 2010
  3. ^ W.H. Clarke, Travels and Explorations in Yorubaland 1854-1858. (ed) J.A. Atanda, (Ibadan: University of Ibadan Press, 1975), p. 114
  4. ^ Siyan Oyeweso, The Eminent Yoruba Muslims of the 19th and 20th Centuries.(Ibadan: Rex Charles Publication) p. 11, ISBN 978-2137-02-2
  5. ^ Adeyemo Olawale, The source of the town called "Ede". (Asheda Publishing, 2005) p. 2
  6. ^ Prince Adeagbo Oyetunde, The difference is clear: Omo-Oye against Omo-Oba. (Adewale Press, 1986)
  7. ^ "The Federal polytechnic Ede". 
  8. ^ "Redeemer's University Ede". 
  9. ^ "Adeleke University Ede".