Eden (New Zealand electorate)

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Eden is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, in the city of Auckland.

Population centres[edit]

The 1870 electoral redistribution was undertaken by a parliamentary select committee based on population data from the 1867 census. Eight sub-committees were formed, with two members each making decisions for their own province; thus members set their own electorate boundaries. The number of electorates was increased from 61 to 72, and Eden was one of the new electorates.[1]

The electorate was urban, and comprised a number of inner-city suburbs in the central-south part of Auckland.

History[edit]

The Eden electorate was created in 1871 for the 5th Parliament.[2] The first elected representative was Robert James Creighton, who won the 1871 election.[3] He was succeeded in 1876 by Joseph Tole, who served until 1887.[4] In the 1879 election, Tole beat Frederick Whitaker.[5] Edwin Mitchelson won the 1887 election. He served three parliamentary terms until 1896, when he unsuccessfully contested the City of Auckland electorate.[6]

John Bollard was the next representative, elected in the 1896 election. He held the electorate until 1914.[7] In the 1899 election, he had a wafer-thin majority of just four votes over Malcolm Niccol.[8][9] Bollard was succeeded by James Parr, who won the 1914 election. Parr resigned on 26 March 1926, as he had been appointed as High Commissioner to the United Kingdom.

Rex Mason won the resulting 1926 by-election, as the Reform Party vote was split between two candidates. He held the electorate for the remainder of the term until 1928. He was succeeded by Arthur Stallworthy, who won in the 1928 election. He was defeated in 1935 by Bill Anderton, who held Eden until 1946, when he was elected for Auckland Central. Wilfred Fortune won Eden in 1946 and held the electorate for three terms until 1954, when he was defeated for the Onslow electorate.

Premier and Attorney-General Frederick Whitaker stood unsuccessfully for Eden in 1879; as did John Kerr in 1871.

The electorate was abolished in 1996, when it was replaced by the new MMP electorate of Epsom.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Eden was represented by 15 Members of Parliament.

Key

 Independent    Conservative    Reform    Labour    United    National  

Election Winner
1871 election Robert Creighton
1876 election Joseph Tole
1879 election
1881 election
1884 election
1887 election Edwin Mitchelson
1890 election
1893 election
1896 election John Bollard
1899 election
1902 election
1905 election
1908 election
1911 election
1914 election James Parr
1919 election
1922 election
1925 election
1926 by-election Rex Mason
1928 election Arthur Stallworthy
1931 election
1935 election Bill Anderton
1938 election
1943 election
1946 election Wilfred Fortune
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election Duncan Rae
1957 election
1960 election John Rae
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election Mike Moore
1975 election Aussie Malcolm
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election Richard Northey
1987 election
1990 election Christine Fletcher
1993 election
(Electorate abolished 1996)

Election results[edit]

1975 election[edit]

General election, 1975: Eden[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Aussie Malcolm 9,725 49.5
Labour Mike Moore 8,394 42.7 -5.5
Values P B Lunberg 991 5.0
Social Credit L B Tasker 497 2.5
National Socialist Colin King-Ansell 19 0.1 -0.1
Independent Labour M D Voss 16 0.1
Democratic Labour M N Hughes 11 0.1
Majority 1,331 6.8
Turnout 26,591 77.1 -12.2

1972 election[edit]

General election, 1972: Eden[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Mike Moore 9,046 48.2
National Mary Kidd 8,258 44.0
Values W J Keiller 656 3.5
Social Credit Neil Morrison 646 3.4
New Democratic C W Bott 60 0.4
Independent F W Bell 48 0.3
National Socialist Colin King-Ansell 35 0.2
Liberal Reform G T Tudor 21 0.1
Majority 788 4.2
Turnout 21,196 89.3 +0.1

1969 election[edit]

General election, 1969: Eden[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National John Rae 8,887 42.6
Labour Keith Sinclair 8,569 42.3
Social Credit H A Molloy 975 4.8
Majority 67 0.33
Turnout 20,254 89.2

1963 election[edit]

General election, 1963: Eden[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National John Rae 8,887 50.8
Labour F B Knipe 5,552 31.7
Social Credit A G Grove 632 3.6
Liberal W W Rayner 323 1.8
Majority 3,335 19.0
Turnout 17,471

1935 election[edit]

General election, 1935: Eden[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bill Anderton 5,946 45.59 +14.37
Democrat Arthur Stallworthy 3,481 26.69 -15.57
United Clifton Clarke 3,458 26.51
Independent Cecil Pickering 155 1.18
Informal votes 80 0.61 -0.84
Majority 2,465 18.90
Turnout 13,040 89.64 +7.64
Registered electors 14,546

1931 election[edit]

General election, 1931: Eden[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
United Arthur Stallworthy 4,860 42.26 -7.71
Labour Bill Anderton 3,590 31.22 +12.41
Independent William Henry Nagle 1,823 15.85
Reform Richard Glover-Clark 874 7.60
Independent Vivian Potter 352 3.06 -26.47
Informal votes 169 1.45 -0.05
Majority 1,270 11.04 -9.41
Turnout 11,668 82.00 -3.61
Registered electors 14,230

1928 election[edit]

General election, 1928: Eden[14][15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
United Arthur Stallworthy 5,953 49.98
Reform Vivian Potter 3,517 29.53
Labour Bill Anderton 2,241 18.81
Christian Socialist Ormond Burton 200 1.68
Informal votes 135 1.12
Majority 2,436 20.45
Turnout 12,046 85.29
Registered electors 14,123

1926 by-election[edit]

Eden by-election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Rex Mason 4,589 41.54
Reform James Gunson 4,163 37.68
Independent Reform Ellen Melville 2,197 19.89
Informal votes 99 0.90
Majority 3,811 3.86
Turnout 11,048
Labour gain from Reform Swing

1914 election[edit]

General election, 1914: Eden[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform James Parr 5,231 57.55
Liberal William Tuck 2,775 30.53
Social Democrat Wesley Richards 1,682 18.50
Informal votes 86 0.94
Majority 2,456 27.02
Turnout 9,088 80.86
Registered electors 11,239

1899 election[edit]

General election, 1899: Eden[9][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Bollard 2,255 50.04
Liberal Malcolm Niccol[8] 2,251 49.96
Informal votes 52 0.94
Majority 4 0.09
Turnout 4,558 82.30
Registered electors 5,538

1893 election[edit]

General election, 1893: Eden[19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edwin Mitchelson 1,515 43.03 -17.73
Liberal Malcolm Niccol[8] 1,189 33.77
Liberal Joseph Dargaville 817 23.20
Majority 326 9.26 -12.27
Turnout 3,521 75.20 +27.59
Registered electors 4,682

1890 election[edit]

General election, 1890: Eden[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edwin Mitchelson 728 60.76
Liberal Joseph Greenwood 470 39.23
Majority 258 21.53
Turnout 1,198 47.61
Registered electors 2,516

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 39.
  2. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 157.
  3. ^ Scholefield 1925, p. 86.
  4. ^ Scholefield 1925, p. 141.
  5. ^ Stone, R. C. J. "Whitaker, Frederick - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  6. ^ Scholefield 1925, p. 118.
  7. ^ Scholefield 1925, p. 79.
  8. ^ a b c Scholefield 1940, p. 124.
  9. ^ a b "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 1. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  10. ^ a b Norton 1988, pp. 221.
  11. ^ a b Norton 1988, pp. 220.
  12. ^ The General Election, 1935. National Library. 1936. pp. 1–35. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  13. ^ "Election Results". Auckland Star. LXII (290). 8 December 1931. p. 3. Retrieved 1 November 2014. 
  14. ^ The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 2. Retrieved 29 November 2014. 
  15. ^ "Auckland Seats". The New Zealand Herald. LXV (20109). 21 November 1928. p. 13. Retrieved 29 November 2014. 
  16. ^ "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald. LXV (20090). 30 October 1928. p. 4. Retrieved 29 November 2014. 
  17. ^ Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. pp. 1–33. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 
  18. ^ "The General Elections". The Star (6668). 14 December 1899. p. 2. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  19. ^ "The General Election, 1893". National Library. 1894. p. 1. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  20. ^ "The General Election". Otago Daily Times. 28 November 1893. p. 6. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  21. ^ "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1925) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record (2nd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Scholefield, Guy, ed. (1940). A Dictionary of New Zealand Biography : M–Addenda (PDF). II. Wellington: Department of Internal Affairs. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946-1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.