Eden Gardens

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Not to be confused with Eden Garden or Garden of Eden.
Eden Gardens
ইডেন গার্ডেন্স
Eden Gardens view showing Howrah Bridge.jpg
Ground information
Location Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Coordinates 22°33′52″N 88°20′36″E / 22.56444°N 88.34333°E / 22.56444; 88.34333Coordinates: 22°33′52″N 88°20′36″E / 22.56444°N 88.34333°E / 22.56444; 88.34333
Establishment 1864
Capacity 66,349
Owner Indian Army[1]
Operator Cricket Association of Bengal
Tenants Bengal cricket team
Kolkata Knight Riders
India national cricket team
End names
High Court End
Pavilion End
International information
First Test 5–8 January 1934:
 India v  England
Last Test 30 September–4 October 2016:
 India v  New Zealand
First ODI 18 February 1987:
 India v  Pakistan
Last ODI 22 January 2017:
 India v  England
First T20I 29 October 2011:
 India v  England
Last T20I 3 April 2016:
 England v  West Indies
Team information
Bengal cricket team (1908–present)
Kolkata Knight Riders (2008–present)
As of 30 September 2016
Source: ESPNcricinfo
Eden Gardens is located in Kolkata
Eden Gardens
Eden Gardens
Eden Gardens (Kolkata)

Eden Gardens (Bengali: ইডেন গার্ডেন্স) is a cricket ground in Kolkata, India. It has also been used for Association football matches. It was established in 1864. It is the home venue of the Bengal cricket team and the Kolkata Knight Riders in the IPL, as well as being a venue for Test, ODI and T20I matches.[2] With a seating capacity of 66,349,[3] it is the largest cricket stadium in India, and the second-largest cricket stadium in the world behind the Melbourne Cricket Ground. Eden Gardens has been called "Cricket's answer to the Colosseum" and is widely acknowledged to be one of the most iconic cricket stadiums in the world.[4] The stadium has hosted matches in major competitions including the World Cup, World Twenty20 and Asia Cup. In 1987, Eden Gardens became the second stadium to host a World Cup final, after Lord's which had hosted the first three finals.

History and capacity[edit]

Eden Gardens front facade

The stadium gets its name from the Eden Gardens, one of the oldest parks in Kolkata, adjacent to the stadium, designed in 1841 and named after the Eden sisters of Lord Auckland, the then Governor-General of India.[5] The stadium is in the B. B. D. Bagh area of the city, near the State Secretariat and opposite to the Calcutta High Court. The stadium itself was established in 1864 and currently holds 66,349 people[6][7] following renovations for the Cricket World Cup 2011; a capacity down from an estimated 100,000 before the upgrade. Before the 1987 World Cup, the capacity was said to be approximately 120,000; however, no official figures have been recorded. Nonetheless, there have been six matches at this venue which were attended by over 100,000 spectators on a day.[2]

The first recorded Test at the venue was held in 1934, and its first One Day International in 1987.[2] The Hero Cup knockout matches were staged at Eden Gardens, the first matches played under lights at the ground.[8] Sporting floodlights, bowlers deliver from the High Court End or the Pavilion End of the pitch.[2] Eden Gardens is renowned for its large and vociferous crowds. It is said that "a cricketer's cricketing education is not complete till he has played in front of a packed Eden Gardens."[9] Former Indian Captain and Kolkata Native Sourav Ganguly confessed once in an interview that the roar of crowd at the stadium he heard when India defeated Australia in the Second Test of 2000–01 Border–Gavaskar Trophy was the most loud he had ever heard.

The B.C. Roy Club House is named after former Chief Minister of West Bengal Dr. B. C. Roy. The headquarters of the Cricket Association of Bengal are at the stadium. The stadium hosts Indian Premier League matches and is the home venue for Kolkata Knight Riders.

Panoramic View of the Eden Gardens Stadium during IPL 2008

Notable events[edit]

Pelé playing for New York Cosmos against Mohun Bagan at Eden Gardens
Eden Gardens Manual Scoreboard
Eden Gardens Block Map
  • In 1946, an in-form Mushtaq Ali was dropped from the Indian team selected to play an unofficial test against Australian Services XI. Following crowd protests (with slogans like "No Mushtaq, No Test"), the selectors brought him back to play.[10]
  • Rioting occurred at the ground during the 1966/67 West Indies and 1969/70 Australian tours.[2]
  • In 1977, New York Cosmos played a football match against Mohun Bagan at the stadium. Pelé played in that match for the Cosmos. The match was drawn at 2-2.
  • 16 football fans died in a stampede after a derby league game between East Bengal and Mohun Bagan on 16 August 1980.
  • Hosted the memorable World Cup final of 1987 which ended with Australia defeating England by 7 runs.
  • The 1996 World Cup semi-final was called off and Sri Lanka awarded the match after crowd disturbances following an Indian batting collapse.[2]
  • During the 2nd final of the 1997 Pepsi Independence Cup, the Test and ODI captains of the Indian cricket team of all time (with a few notable exceptions) were given a lap of honour around the stadium.
  • In 1999, leading Indian batsman Sachin Tendulkar was run out after colliding with Pakistan's Shoaib Akhtar. Akhtar had impeded Tendulkar and the crowd rioted, forcing the police to evict the spectators. The match continued in front of an empty stadium.
  • Kapil Dev took an ODI hat-trick against the Sri Lankans in 1991 at the ground.
VVS Laxman and Rahul Dravid returning to the pavilion after batting through the whole Day 4 of Second Test of 2000–01 Border–Gavaskar Trophy at Eden Gardens.
  • Harbhajan Singh took a hat-trick against Australia in 2000/01 at the ground. He became the first Indian to take a hat-trick in Test cricket.
  • In 2000/01, VVS Laxman scored 281 against Australia in the Second Test, 2000–01 Border–Gavaskar Trophy. This remains the highest score at the ground. He was involved in a memorable 376 runs partnership with Rahul Dravid who scored 180. They batted through the whole Day 4 of the test match without losing their wickets. Australia were defeated despite enforcing India to follow-on. It was only the third time in Test history that a team had won after being forced to follow on.[11] It is widely considered to be one of the greatest Test matches in cricket history.[12]
  • In 2005, in an ODI against South Africa, Eden Gardens crowd booed the Indian team and Greg Chappell because of Sourav Ganguly's dropping from the team. Chappell allegedly showed middle finger to the crowd.
The Bell at the Eden Gardens
  • Eden Gardens hosted the historic 199th (penultimate) Test match of Sachin Tendulkar's career against West Indies from 6-10 Nov 2013. India defeated West Indies by an innings and 51 runs in 3 days.
  • On its 150th anniversary, on 13 November 2014, Eden Gardens witnessed the highest ever score by a batsman in One Day Internationals, a 264 off 173 balls scored by Rohit Sharma during the 4th One Day International of Sri Lanka vs India at the venue.
  • On 3 April 2016, in this venue, within a span of hours, the finals of the ICC world cup Twenty20 tournaments for the women and for the men were won by the respective women's and men's teams of the West Indies.
  • The stadium hosted the 200th and 250th home tests for India in 2005 and 2016 respectively.
  • In 2016, a bell was installed at the stadium to signify the imminent start of play in the match.

Records[edit]

  • The top four Test cricket batting scores in this stadium were registered by India: 657–7 in 2001, 643–6 in 2010, 633–5 in 1998, and 631–7 in 2011.
  • The most runs in Test Matches played here are scored by V.V.S. Laxman (1217 runs),[13] followed by Rahul Dravid (962 runs) and Mohammed Azharuddin (860 runs). The most wickets taken here was by Harbhajan Singh (46 wickets) followed by Anil Kumble (40 wickets) and Bishen Singh Bedi (29 wickets).
  • The highest score in ODIs here is made by India scoring 404–5 in 2014. The second highest score in ODIs here is also made by India, who scored 317–3 in 2009. The third highest score is made by Sri Lanka, 315–6 in 2009.
  • The most runs in ODIs scored here by a batsman is by Sachin Tendulkar (496 runs), followed by Mohammed Azharuddin (332 runs) and Aravinda de Silva (306 runs). The most wickets taken here is by Anil Kumble and Kapil Dev (14 wickets each), followed by Javagal Srinath (8 wickets) and Ajit Agarkar (7 wickets).
  • VVS Laxman and Mohammed Azharuddin have scored 5 centuries each at this venue.
  • The highest ever ODI individual score of 264 is made by Rohit Sharma on this ground against Sri Lanka in 2014.

Renovation[edit]

The ground before Cricket World Cup 2011 renovation
Eden Gardens after renovations.

Eden Gardens underwent renovation for the 2011 Cricket World Cup.[14] Renovation had been undertaken to meet the standards set by the International Cricket Council (ICC) for the 2011 World Cup. The Cricket Association of Bengal retained the team of Burt Hill and VMS to renovate the Eden Gardens Cricket Stadium. The plans for the renovated stadium included a new clubhouse and players' facilities, upgrades of the exterior walls to give the stadium a new look, cladding the existing roof structure with a new metal skin, new/upgraded patron amenities & signage and general infrastructure improvements. The upgrade also meant reduction of the seating capacity to about 66,000 from around 100,000 before the upgrade.

Due to unsafe conditions arising from the incomplete renovations, the ICC withdrew the India vs. England match from the Eden Gardens. This match, scheduled on 27 February 2011,[15] was played in Bengaluru at M.Chinnaswamy Stadium.

The stadium hosted the remaining three scheduled World Cup 2011 Matches on 15, 18 and 20 March 2011. In the last of these three matches (Kenya vs Zimbabwe), the stadium had the minimal ticket-purchasing crowd in its recorded history with 15 spectators having bought tickets.[16]

Stands[edit]

The stands of the Eden Gardens will soon be renamed after six eminent personalities, one of them being former Indian captain Sourav Ganguly

The army, who are custodians of the stadium have given a go ahead to name the stadium's stands after former BCCI president Jagmohan Dalmia, Sourav Ganguly, ex-cricketer Pankaj Roy and former CAB presidents B.N. Dutt, A.N. Ghosh and Snehasnshu Acharya[17]

List of Test matches played at the ground[edit]

S.No. Test No. Away Team Winner Margin Start Date
1 231 England draw - January 5, 1934
2 308 West Indies draw - December 31, 1948
3 344 England draw - December 30, 1951
4 360 Pakistan draw - December 12, 1952
5 419 New Zealand draw - December 28, 1955
6 433 Australia Australia 94 runs November 2, 1956
7 463 West Indies West Indies innings & 336 runs December 31, 1958
8 487 Australia draw - January 23, 1960
9 501 Pakistan draw - December 30, 1960
10 518 England India 187 runs December 30, 1961
11 554 England draw - January 29, 1964
12 568 Australia draw - October 17, 1964
13 581 New Zealand draw - March 5, 1965
14 612 West Indies West Indies innings & 45 runs December 31, 1966
15 688 Australia Australia 10 wickets December 12, 1969
16 706 England India 28 runs December 30, 1972
17 750 West Indies India 85 runs December 27, 1974
18 791 England England 10 wickets January 1, 1977
19 839 West Indies draw - December 29, 1978
20 859 Australia draw - October 26, 1979
21 871 Pakistan draw - January 29, 1980
22 916 England draw - January 1, 1982
23 971 West Indies West Indies innings & 46 runs December 10, 1983
24 1007 England draw - December 31, 1984
25 1067 Pakistan draw - February 11, 1987
26 1088 West Indies draw - December 26, 1987
27 1211 England India 8 wickets January 29, 1993
28 1341 South Africa South Africa 329 runs November 27, 1996
29 1409 Australia India innings & 219 runs March 18, 1998
30 1444 Pakistan Pakistan 46 runs February 16, 1999
31 1535 Australia India 171 runs March 11, 2001
32 1622 West Indies draw - October 30, 2002
33 1724 South Africa India 8 wickets November 28, 2004
34 1741 Pakistan India 195 runs March 16, 2005
35 1850 Pakistan draw - November 30, 2007
36 1952 South Africa India innings & 57 runs February 14, 2010
37 2017 West Indies India innings & 15 runs November 14, 2011
38 2065 England England 7 wickets December 5, 2012
39 2101 West Indies India innings & 51 runs November 6, 2013
40 2222 New Zealand India 178 runs September 30, 2016

Cricket World Cup matches[edit]

This stadium has hosted One Day International (ODI) matches during 1987 Cricket World Cup, 1996 Cricket World Cup, 2011 Cricket World Cup and Twenty20 (T20) matches during 2016 ICC World Twenty20. The stadium also was involved in the 1978 Women's Cricket World Cup, 1997 Women's Cricket World Cup and 2016 ICC Women's World Twenty20.


1987 ICC Cricket World Cup[edit]

Pool matches[edit]

23 October 1987
Scorecard
Zimbabwe 
228/5 (50 overs)
v
 New Zealand
229/6 (47.4 overs)
 New Zealand won by 4 wickets

Final[edit]

8 November 1987
Scorecard
Australia 
253/5 (50 overs)
v
 England
246/8 (50 overs)
 Australia won by 7 runs

1996 ICC Cricket World Cup[edit]


Semi-final[edit]

13 March 1996
Scorecard
Sri Lanka 
251/8 (50 overs)
v
 India
120/8 (34.1 overs)
 Sri Lanka won by default
  • The match was awarded to Sri Lanka by match referee Clive Lloyd when play could not continue due to the rioting crowd.

2011 ICC Cricket World Cup[edit]

Pool matches[edit]


15 March 2011
Scorecard
South Africa 
272/7 (50 overs)
v
 Ireland
141 (33.2 overs)
 South Africa won by 131 runs

18 March 2011
Scorecard
Netherlands 
306 (50 overs)
v
 Ireland
307/4 (47.4 overs)
 Ireland won by 6 wickets

20 March 2011
Scorecard
Zimbabwe 
308/6 (50 overs)
v
 Kenya
147 (36 overs)
 Zimbabwe won by 161 runs

* Eden Gardens was meant to host a Group B Match between India and England on 27 February 2011. The ICC, however, stripped the stadium of the match after deciding that the renovation of the grounds would not be completed in time.

2016 ICC World Twenty20[edit]

Pool matches[edit]


17 March
19:30 (D/N)
Scorecard
Afghanistan 
153/7 (20 overs)
v
 Sri Lanka
155/4 (18.5 overs)
Asghar Stanikzai 62 (47)
Thisara Perera 3/33 (4 overs)
Tillakaratne Dilshan 83* (56)
Mohammad Nabi 1/25 (4 overs)
 Sri Lanka won by 6 wickets
Umpires: Bruce Oxenford (Aus) and Joel Wilson (WI)
Player of the match: Tillakaratne Dilshan (SL)
  • Afghanistan won the toss and elected to bat.

16 March
15:00 (D/N)
Scorecard
Pakistan 
201/5 (20 overs)
v
 Bangladesh
146/6 (20 overs)
Mohammad Hafeez 64 (42)
Taskin Ahmed 2/32 (4 overs)
Shakib Al Hasan 50* (40)
Shahid Afridi 2/27 (4 overs)
 Pakistan won by 55 runs
Umpires: Ian Gould (Eng) and Richard Kettleborough (Eng)
Player of the match: Shahid Afridi (Pak)
  • Pakistan won the toss and elected to bat.
  • Shakib Al Hasan became the second player for Bangladesh to pass 1,000 runs in T20Is.[18]
  • Shakib Al Hasan also became the second all-rounder to score 1,000 runs and take 50 wickets in T20Is.[18]

19 March
19:30 (D/N)
Scorecard
Pakistan 
118/5 (18 overs)
v
 India
119/4 (15.5 overs)
Shoaib Malik 26 (16)
Suresh Raina 1/4 (1 over)
Virat Kohli 55* (37)
Mohammad Sami 2/17 (2 overs)
 India won by 6 wickets
Umpires: Ian Gould (Eng) and Richard Kettleborough (Eng)
Player of the match: Virat Kohli (Ind)
  • India won the toss and elected to field.
  • The start of the match was delayed by a wet outfield and the game was reduced to 18 overs per side.
  • This was India's eleventh victory against Pakistan in ICC World Cup matches across both ODI and T20I formats.[19]
  • Ahmed Shehzad became the fifth player for Pakistan to pass 1,000 runs in T20Is.[20]

26 March
15:00 (D/N)
Scorecard
New Zealand 
145/8 (20 overs)
v
 Bangladesh
70 (15.4 overs)
Kane Williamson 42 (32)
Mustafizur Rahman 5/22 (4 overs)
Shuvagata Hom 16* (17)
Grant Elliott 3/12 (4 overs)
 New Zealand won by 75 runs
Umpires: Johan Cloete (SA) and Michael Gough (Eng)
Player of the match: Kane Williamson (NZ)

Final[edit]


3 April
19:00 (D/N)
Scorecard
England 
155/9 (20 overs)
v
 West Indies
161/6 (19.4 overs)
Joe Root 54 (36)
Carlos Brathwaite 3/23 (4 overs)
Marlon Samuels 85* (66)
David Willey 3/20 (4 overs)
 West Indies won by 4 wickets
Umpires: Kumar Dharmasena (SL) and Rod Tucker (Aus)
Player of the match: Marlon Samuels (WI)
  • West Indies won the toss and elected to field.
  • Marlon Samuels (WI) scored the highest total in a World T20 final.[24]
  • West Indies became the first team to win both the men's and women's World Twenty20s on the same day, with the women defeating Australia by 8 wickets.


Eden Gardens under floodlights during ICC World T20 Final.

1978 ICC Women's Cricket World Cup[edit]


Pool matches[edit]

1 January 1978
(scorecard)
India 
63 (39.3 overs)
v
 England
65/1 (30.2 overs)
 England won by 9 wickets

1997 ICC Women's Cricket World Cup[edit]


Final[edit]

29 December 1997
Scorecard
New Zealand 
164 (49.3 overs)
v
 Australia
165/5 (47.4 overs)
 Australia won by 5 wickets

2016 ICC Women's World Twenty20[edit]


Final[edit]

3 April
14:30
Scorecard
Australia 
148/5 (20 overs)
v
 West Indies
149/2 (19.3 overs)
Elyse Villani 52 (37)
Deandra Dottin 2/33 (4 overs)
Hayley Matthews 66 (45)
Kristen Beams 1/27 (4 overs)
 West Indies won by 8 wickets
Umpires: Aleem Dar (Pak) and Richard Illingworth (Eng)
Player of the match: Hayley Matthews (WI)
  • Australia won the toss and elected to bat.


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historic Eden Garden is meant for BCCI: CAB chief". india.com. 24 August 2007. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Eden Gardens". CricInfo. Retrieved 12 April 2009. 
  3. ^ http://www.cricketticketexchange.com/venues/kolkata/eden-gardens-tickets.aspx
  4. ^ "Colosseum and Eden Gardens". 
  5. ^ Bag, Shamik. "In the shadow of Eden". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 19 June 2015. 
  6. ^ Eden Gardens | India | Cricket Grounds | ESPN Cricinfo. Content-ind.cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 4 September 2011.
  7. ^ "Kolkata's Eden Gardens to miss World Cup deadline?". 20 January 2011. 
  8. ^ "Hero Cup, 1993–94". Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 March 2012. 
  9. ^ Cricket Education
  10. ^ "Unfortunately, they don't look for talent today: The Rediff Interview with Mushtaq Ali". Rediff.com. 17 December 2001. Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  11. ^ "Border-Gavaskar Trophy – 2nd Test". Cricinfo. 
  12. ^ "The greatest Test ever?". BBC News. 16 March 2001. 
  13. ^ "Live cricket scores, commentary, match coverage - Cricket news, statistics - ESPN Cricinfo". Cricinfo. 
  14. ^ Kolkata's Eden Gardens stadium gets a new look for Cricket World Cup 2011. World Interior Design Network. Retrieved on 10 June 2010
  15. ^ "Eden Gardens loses World Cup match". IndiaVoice. 28 January 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2011. 
  16. ^ Basu, Rith (22 March 2011). "Empty end to Eden's Cup – And the roar died: just 15 match-day tickets sold for Zimbabwe-Kenya tie". Calcutta, India: The Telegraph (Kolkata). Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  17. ^ "Sourav Ganguly: The Prince of Indian Cricket". NewsBytes. Retrieved 2017-01-20. 
  18. ^ a b "Explosive Afridi collects another T20 crown". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 16 March 2016. 
  19. ^ "Kohli special steers India home on a turner". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  20. ^ "The king of the run chase". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  21. ^ "Most batsmen bowled in a T20I". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 26 March 2016. 
  22. ^ "NZ read conditions and rout Bangladesh". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 26 March 2016. 
  23. ^ "World Twenty20: New Zealand beat Bangladesh for fourth win". BBC Sport. Retrieved 26 March 2016. 
  24. ^ "Last-over heroics, and Samuels' finale". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 4 April 2016. 

External links[edit]

Kolkata/Maidan travel guide from Wikivoyage