Eden Gardens

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Not to be confused with Eden Garden or Garden of Eden.
Eden Gardens
ইডেন গার্ডেন্স
Eden Gardens Kol.jpg
Eden Gardens during an ODI match in 2013
Ground information
Location Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Coordinates 22°33′52″N 88°20′36″E / 22.56444°N 88.34333°E / 22.56444; 88.34333Coordinates: 22°33′52″N 88°20′36″E / 22.56444°N 88.34333°E / 22.56444; 88.34333
Establishment 1864
Capacity 66,349[1]
Owner Indian Army[2][3][4][5][6][7]
Operator Cricket Association of Bengal
Tenants Bengal cricket team
Kolkata Knight Riders
India national cricket team
End names
High Court End
Pavilion End
International information
First Test 5–8 January 1934: India v England
Last Test 6–8 November 2013: India v West Indies
First ODI 18 February 1987: India v Pakistan
Last ODI 13 November 2014: India v Sri Lanka
First T20I 29 October 2011: India v England
Last T20I 3 April 2016: England v West Indies
Team information
Bengal cricket team (1908–present)
Kolkata Knight Riders (2008–present)
As of 3 April 2016
Source: ESPNcricinfo
Eden Gardens is located in Kolkata
Eden Gardens
Eden Gardens
Eden Gardens (Kolkata)

Eden Gardens (Bengali: ইডেন গার্ডেন্স) is a cricket ground in Kolkata, India. It is the home of the Bengal cricket team and the IPL's Kolkata Knight Riders, as well as being a venue for Test, ODI and T20I matches.[8] With a seating capacity of 66,000, it is the largest cricket stadium in India, and the second-largest cricket stadium in the world behind the Melbourne Cricket Ground. Eden Gardens has been called "cricket's answer to the Colosseum" and is widely acknowledged to be one of the most iconic cricket stadiums in the world.[9] The stadium has hosted matches in major competitions including the World Cup, World Twenty20, Asia Cup and Indian Premier League matches. In 1987, Eden Gardens became the second stadium to host a World Cup final, after Lord's, London which had hosted the first three finals.

History and capacity[edit]

The stadium gets its name from the Eden Gardens, one of the oldest parks in Kolkata, which was designed in 1841 and named after the Eden sisters of Lord Auckland, the then Governor-General of India.[10] Before 1984, both cricket and derby football matches were played in the stadium. The stadium is in the B. B. D. Bagh area of the city, near the State Secretariat and opposite to the Calcutta High Court. Initially it was named 'Auckland Circus Gardens’ but later changed to 'Eden Gardens' by its makers inspired by Garden of Eden in the Bible.[11] The stadium itself was established in 1864 and currently holds 66,349 people[12][13] following renovations for the Cricket World Cup 2011; a capacity down from an estimated 100,000 before the upgrade. Before the 1987 World Cup, the capacity was said to be approximately 120,000; however, no official figures have been recorded. Nonetheless, there have been six matches at this venue which were attended by over 100,000 spectators on a day.[8]

The first recorded Test at the venue was held in 1934, and its first One Day International in 1987.[8] The Hero Cup knockout matches were staged at Eden Gardens, the first matches played under lights at the ground.[14] Sporting floodlights, bowlers deliver from the High Court End or the Pavilion End of the pitch.[8] Eden Gardens is renowned for its large and vociferous crowds. It is said that "a cricketer's cricketing education is not complete till he has played in front of a packed Eden Gardens."[citation needed] The B.C. Roy Club House is named after former Chief Minister of West Bengal Dr. B. C. Roy. The headquarters of the Cricket Association of Bengal are at the stadium. The stadium hosts Indian Premier League matches and is the home venue for Kolkata Knight Riders.

Notable events[edit]

  • In 1946, an in-form Mushtaq Ali was dropped from the Indian team selected to play an unofficial test against Australian Services XI. Following crowd protests (with slogans like "No Mushtaq, No Test"), the selectors brought him back to play.[15]
  • Rioting occurred at the ground during the 1966/67 West Indies and 1969/70 Australian tours.[8]
  • 16 football fans died in a stampede after a derby league game between East Bengal and Mohun Bagan on 16 August 1980.
  • Hosted the memorable World Cup final of 1987 which ended with Australia defeating England by 7 runs.
  • The 1996 World Cup semi-final was called off and Sri Lanka awarded the match after crowd disturbances following an Indian batting collapse.[8]
  • During the 2nd final of the 1997 Pepsi Independence Cup, the Test and ODI captains of the Indian cricket team of all time (with a few notable exceptions) were given a lap of honour around the stadium.
  • In 1999, leading Indian batsman Sachin Tendulkar was run out after colliding with Pakistan's Shoaib Akhtar. Akhtar had impeded Tendulkar and the crowd rioted, forcing the police to evict the spectators. The match continued in front of an empty stadium.
  • Kapil Dev took an ODI hat-trick against the Sri Lankans in 1991 at the ground.
  • Harbhajan Singh took a hat-trick against Australia in 2000/01 at the ground. He became the first Indian to take a hat-trick in Test cricket.
  • VVS Laxman scored 281 against Australia in 2000/01. This remains the highest score at the ground. Australia were defeated despite holding the advantage for the majority of the game in "the greatest come-from-behind victory of modern times".[8] It was only the third time in Test history that a team had won after being forced to follow on.[16]
  • Eden Gardens hosted the historic 199th (penultimate) Test match of Sachin Tendulkar's career against West Indies from 6-10 Nov 2013. India defeated West Indies by an innings and 51 runs in 3 days.
  • On its 150th anniversary, on 13 November 2014, Eden Gardens witnessed the highest ever score by a batsman in One Day Internationals, a 264 off 173 balls scored by Rohit Sharma during the 4th One Day International of Sri Lanka vs India at the venue.
  • On 3 April 2016, in this venue, within a span of hours, the finals of the ICC world cup Twenty20 tournaments for the women and for the men were won by the respective women's and men's teams of the West Indies.

Records[edit]

  • The top four Test cricket batting scores in this stadium were registered by India: 657–7 in 2001, 643–6 in 2010, 633–5 in 1998, and 631–7 in 2011.
  • The most runs in Test Matches Played here was scored by V.V.S. Laxman (1217 runs),[17] followed by Rahul Dravid(962 runs) and Mohammed Azharuddin (860 runs). The most wickets taken here was by Harbhajan Singh (46 wickets) followed by Anil Kumble (40 wickets) and Bishen Singh Bedi (29 wickets).
  • The highest score in ODIs here was made by India, who scored 404–5 in 2014 The second highest score in ODIs here was made by India, who scored 317–3 in 2009. The third highest score was made by Sri Lanka, who scored 315–6 in 2009, the fourth highest score was again made by Sri Lanka who were all-out for 309 in 1997.
  • The most runs in ODIs scored here by a batsman is by Sachin Tendulkar (496 runs), followed by Mohammed Azharuddin (332 runs) and Aravinda de Silva (306 runs). The most wickets taken here is by Anil Kumble and Kapil Dev (14 wickets each), followed by Javagal Srinath (8 wickets) and Ajit Agarkar (7 wickets).
  • VVS Laxman and Mohammed Azharuddin have scored 5 centuries each at this venue,the last being the unbeaten 176 by Laxman.
  • The highest ODI individual score is made by Rohit Sharma on this historical ground; Rohit Sharma 264(173) vs Sri Lanka.[13,Nov,2014]

Renovation[edit]

Kolkata Skyline showing Iconic Floodlights of the ground
The ground before Cricket World Cup 2011 renovation

Eden Gardens underwent renovation for the 2011 Cricket World Cup.[18] Renovation had been undertaken to meet the standards set by the International Cricket Council (ICC) for the 2011 World Cup. The Cricket Association of Bengal retained the team of Burt Hill and VMS to renovate the Eden Gardens Cricket Stadium. The plans for the renovated stadium included a new clubhouse and players' facilities, upgrades of the exterior walls to give the stadium a new look, cladding the existing roof structure with a new metal skin, new/upgraded patron amenities & signage and general infrastructure improvements. The upgrade also meant reduction of the seating capacity to about 66,000 from around 100,000 before the upgrade.

Due to unsafe conditions arising from the incomplete renovations, the ICC withdrew the India vs. England match from the Eden Gardens. This match, scheduled on 27 February 2011,[19] was played in Bengaluru at M.Chinnaswamy Stadium.

The stadium hosted the remaining three scheduled World Cup 2011 Matches on 15, 18 and 20 March 2011. In the last of these three matches (Kenya vs Zimbabwe), the stadium had the minimal ticket-purchasing crowd in its recorded history with 15 spectators having bought tickets.[20]

Cricket World Cup[edit]

This stadium has hosted One Day International (ODI) matches during 1987 Cricket World Cup, 1996 Cricket World Cup and 2011 Cricket World Cup. The stadium also was involved in the 1978 Women's Cricket World Cup and the 1997 Women's Cricket World Cup.

1987 ICC Cricket World Cup[edit]

23 October 1987
Scorecard
Attendance 42,721
Zimbabwe 
228/5 (50 overs)
v
 New Zealand
229/6 (47.4 overs)
 New Zealand won by 4 wickets
8 November 1987
Scorecard
Attendance 95,000
Australia 
253/5 (50 overs)
v
 England
246/8 (50 overs)
 Australia won by 7 runs

1996 ICC Cricket World Cup[edit]

13 March 1996
Scorecard
Sri Lanka 
251/8 (50 overs)
v
 India
120/8 (34.1 overs)
Aravinda de Silva 66 (47)
Javagal Srinath 3/34 (7 overs)
Sachin Tendulkar 65 (88)
Sanath Jayasuriya 3/12 (7 overs)
Sri Lanka won by default
Umpires: Steve Dunne (NZ) and Cyril Mitchley (SA)
Player of the match: Aravinda de Silva (SL)
Attendance: 110,000
  • The match was awarded to Sri Lanka by match referee Clive Lloyd when play could not continue due to the rioting crowd.

2011 ICC Cricket World Cup[edit]

20 March 2011
Scorecard
Zimbabwe 
308/6 (50 overs)
v
 Kenya
147 (36 overs)
 Zimbabwe won by 161 runs
15 March 2011 (D/N)
Scorecard
South Africa 
272/7 (50 overs)
v
 Ireland
141 (33.2 overs)
 South Africa won by 131 runs
18 March 2011
Scorecard
Netherlands 
306 (50 overs)
v
 Ireland
307/4 (47.4 overs)
 Ireland won by 6 wickets

* Eden Gardens was meant to host a Group B Match between India and England on 27 February 2011. The ICC, however, stripped the stadium of the match after deciding that the renovation of the grounds would not be completed in time.

ICC Women's Cricket World Cup 1978[edit]

1 January 1978
(scorecard)
India 
63 (39.3 overs)
v
 England
65/1 (30.2 overs)
DF Edulji 18
G Hullah 2/2 (6.3)
M Wilks 2/6 (6.0)
LD Thomas 43*
DF Edulji 1/18 (10)
 England won by 9 wickets
Umpires: B Ganguli and SK Ghosh

ICC Women's Cricket World Cup 1997[edit]

29 December 1997
Scorecard
New Zealand 
164 (49.3 overs)
v
 Australia
165/5 (47.4 overs)
Debbie Hockley 79 (121)
Bronwyn Calver 2/29 (10 overs)
Belinda Clark 52 (81)
Katrina Keenan 2/23 (10 overs)
 Australia won by 5 wickets
Umpires: Aloke Bhattacharjee and S Choudhary
Player of the match: Debbie Hockley (NZ)
  • New Zealand Women won the toss and elected to bat.
Eden Gardens under floodlight

One-Day Internationals[edit]

Eden Gardens has hosted 28 ODI matches till date.[21]

Sl No. Team (A) Team (B) Winner Margin Year
1  India  Pakistan  Pakistan By 2 wickets 1987
2  New Zealand  Zimbabwe  New Zealand By 4 wickets 1987
3  Australia  England  Australia By 7 runs 1987
4  India  West Indies  India By 56 runs 1988
5  India  Pakistan  Pakistan By 77 runs 1989
6  Pakistan  West Indies  Pakistan By 4 wickets 1989
7  Bangladesh  Sri Lanka  Sri Lanka By 71 runs 1990
8  India  Sri Lanka  India By 7 wickets 1991
9  India  South Africa  India By 3 wickets 1991
10  India  South Africa  India By 2 runs 1993
11  Sri Lanka  West Indies  West Indies By 7 wickets 1993
12  India  West Indies  India By 102 runs 1993
13  India  West Indies  India By 72 runs 1994
14  India  Sri Lanka  Sri Lanka Won by default 1996
15  Pakistan  Sri Lanka  Sri Lanka By 85 runs 1997
16  India  Kenya  India By 9 wickets 1998
17  India  England  India By 22 runs 2002
18  India  Australia  Australia By 37 runs 2003
19  India  Pakistan  Pakistan By 6 wickets 2004
20  India  South Africa  South Africa By 10 wickets 2005
21  India  Sri Lanka No result 2007
22  India  Sri Lanka  India By 7 wickets 2009
23  Ireland  South Africa  South Africa By 131 runs 2011
24  Ireland  Netherlands  Ireland By 6 wickets 2011
25  Kenya  Zimbabwe  Zimbabwe By 161 runs 2011
26  India  England  India By 95 runs 2011
27  India  Pakistan  Pakistan By 85 runs 2013
28  India  West Indies Match cancelled 2014
29  India  Sri Lanka  India By 153 runs 2014
30  India  England 2016

Twenty20 Internationals[edit]

Eden Gardens has hosted 6 T20I matches till date.[22]

Sl No. Team (A) Team (B) Winner Margin Year
1  India  England  England By 6 wickets 2011
2  India  South Africa Match abandoned 2015
3  Bangladesh  Pakistan  Pakistan By 55 runs 2016
4  Afghanistan  Sri Lanka  Sri Lanka By 6 wickets 2016
5  India  Pakistan  India By 6 wickets 2016
6  Bangladesh  New Zealand  New Zealand By 75 runs 2016
7  England  West Indies  West Indies By 4 wickets 2016

Test matches[edit]

Eden Gardens has hosted 39 Test matches till date.[23]

Sl No. Team (A) Team (B) Winner Margin Year
1  India  England Match drawn 1934
2  India  West Indies Match drawn 1948
3  India  England Match drawn 1951
4  India  Pakistan Match drawn 1952
5  India  New Zealand Match drawn 1955
6  India  Australia  Australia By 94 runs 1956
7  India  West Indies  West Indies By inns & 336 runs 1958
8  India  Australia Match drawn 1960
9  India  Pakistan Match drawn 1960
10  India  England  India By 187 runs 1961
11  India  England Match drawn 1964
12  India  Australia Match drawn 1964
13  India  New Zealand Match drawn 1965
14  India  West Indies  West Indies By inns & 45 runs 1966
15  India  Australia  Australia By 10 wickets 1969
16  India  England  India By 28 runs 1972
17  India  West Indies  India By 85 runs 1974
18  India  England  England By 10 wickets 1977
19  India  West Indies Match drawn 1978
20  India  Australia Match drawn 1979
21  India  Pakistan Match drawn 1980
22  India  England Match drawn 1982
23  India  West Indies  West Indies By inns & 46 runs 1983
24  India  England Match drawn 1984
25  India  Pakistan Match drawn 1987
26  India  West Indies Match drawn 1989
27  India  England  India By 8 wickets 1993
28  India  South Africa  South Africa By 329 runs 1996
29  India  Australia  India By inns & 219 runs 1998
30  India  Pakistan  Pakistan By 46 runs 1999
31  India  Australia  India By 171 runs 2001
32  India  West Indies Match drawn 2002
33  India  South Africa  India By 8 wickets 2004
34  India  Pakistan  India By 195 runs 2005
35  India  Pakistan Match drawn 2007
36  India  South Africa  India By inns & 57 runs 2010
37  India  West Indies  India By inns & 15 runs 2011
38  India  England  England By 7 wickets 2012
39  India  West Indies  India By inns & 51 runs 2013
40  India  New Zealand 2016

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Eden Gardens (Kolkata)". Zee Media Bureau. 5 April 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2016. 
  2. ^ "Historic Eden Garden is meant for BCCI: CAB chief". india.com. 24 August 2007. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "Eden Gardens, Kolkata, India - Upcoming Match Schedule - Cricketwa.com". cricketwa.com. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  4. ^ "Eden Garden Will Hosting The final Match Of T20 World Cup". sportsmaza.com. 1 December 2015. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  5. ^ "Eden Garden Kolkata Address, Contact Number". address001.com. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  6. ^ "Eden Gardens Kolkata Cricket Venue India". cricket99.com. 5 January 2016. 
  7. ^ "Eden Garden Kolkata - Eden Garden Cricket Stadium Kolkata - Eden Garden Cricket Ground Calcutta West Bengal". bharatonline.com. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g "Eden Gardens". CricInfo. Retrieved 12 April 2009. 
  9. ^ "India keep winning – but the crowds stay away". BBC news. Retrieved 25 October 2011. 
  10. ^ Bag, Shamik. "In the shadow of Eden". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 19 June 2015. 
  11. ^ "Eden Gardens". Kolkata City Tours. Retrieved 11 May 2016. 
  12. ^ Eden Gardens | India | Cricket Grounds | ESPN Cricinfo. Content-ind.cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 4 September 2011.
  13. ^ "Kolkata's Eden Gardens to miss World Cup deadline?". 20 January 2011. 
  14. ^ "Hero Cup, 1993–94". Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 March 2012. 
  15. ^ "Unfortunately, they don't look for talent today: The Rediff Interview with Mushtaq Ali". Rediff.com. 17 December 2001. Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  16. ^ "Border-Gavaskar Trophy – 2nd Test". Cricinfo. 
  17. ^ "Live cricket scores, commentary, match coverage - Cricket news, statistics - ESPN Cricinfo". Cricinfo. 
  18. ^ Kolkata's Eden Gardens stadium gets a new look for Cricket World Cup 2011. World Interior Design Network. Retrieved on 10 June 2010
  19. ^ "Eden Gardens loses World Cup match". IndiaVoice. 28 January 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2011. 
  20. ^ Basu, Rith (22 March 2011). "Empty end to Eden's Cup – And the roar died: just 15 match-day tickets sold for Zimbabwe-Kenya tie". Calcutta, India: The Telegraph (Kolkata). Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  21. ^ "Records / Eden Gardens, Kolkata / One-Day Internationals / Match results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 7 July 2016. 
  22. ^ "Records / Eden Gardens, Kolkata / Twenty20 Internationals / Match results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 7 July 2016. 
  23. ^ "Records / Eden Gardens, Kolkata / Test matches / Match results". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 7 July 2016. 

External links[edit]

Kolkata/Maidan travel guide from Wikivoyage