|Location||Kolkata, West Bengal, India|
|Operator||Cricket Association of Bengal|
|Tenants||Bengal cricket team
Kolkata Knight Riders
India national cricket team
|High Court End
|First Test||5–8 January 1934:
India v England
|Last Test||30 September–4 October 2016:
India v New Zealand
|First ODI||18 February 1987:
India v Pakistan
|Last ODI||13 November 2014:
India v Sri Lanka
|First T20I||29 October 2011:
India v England
|Last T20I||3 April 2016:
England v West Indies
|As of 30 September 2016
Eden Gardens (Bengali: ইডেন গার্ডেন্স) is a cricket ground in Kolkata, India. It has also been used for Association football matches. It was established in 1864. It is the home venue of the Bengal cricket team and the Kolkata Knight Riders in the IPL, as well as being a venue for Test, ODI and T20I matches. With a seating capacity of 66,349, it is the largest cricket stadium in India, and the second-largest cricket stadium in the world behind the Melbourne Cricket Ground. Eden Gardens has been called "Cricket's answer to the Colosseum" and is widely acknowledged to be one of the most iconic cricket stadiums in the world. The stadium has hosted matches in major competitions including the World Cup, World Twenty20 and Asia Cup. In 1987, Eden Gardens became the second stadium to host a World Cup final, after Lord's which had hosted the first three finals.
- 1 History and capacity
- 2 Notable events
- 3 Records
- 4 Renovation
- 5 List of Test matches played at the ground
- 6 Cricket World Cup matches
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
History and capacity
The stadium gets its name from the Eden Gardens, one of the oldest parks in Kolkata, adjacent to the stadium, designed in 1841 and named after the Eden sisters of Lord Auckland, the then Governor-General of India. The stadium is in the B. B. D. Bagh area of the city, near the State Secretariat and opposite to the Calcutta High Court. The stadium itself was established in 1864 and currently holds 66,349 people following renovations for the Cricket World Cup 2011; a capacity down from an estimated 100,000 before the upgrade. Before the 1987 World Cup, the capacity was said to be approximately 120,000; however, no official figures have been recorded. Nonetheless, there have been six matches at this venue which were attended by over 100,000 spectators on a day.
The first recorded Test at the venue was held in 1934, and its first One Day International in 1987. The Hero Cup knockout matches were staged at Eden Gardens, the first matches played under lights at the ground. Sporting floodlights, bowlers deliver from the High Court End or the Pavilion End of the pitch. Eden Gardens is renowned for its large and vociferous crowds. It is said that "a cricketer's cricketing education is not complete till he has played in front of a packed Eden Gardens." Former Indian Captain and Kolkata Native Sourav Ganguly confessed once in an interview that the roar of crowd at the stadium he heard when India defeated Australia in the Second Test of 2000–01 Border–Gavaskar Trophy was the most loud he had ever heard.
The B.C. Roy Club House is named after former Chief Minister of West Bengal Dr. B. C. Roy. The headquarters of the Cricket Association of Bengal are at the stadium. The stadium hosts Indian Premier League matches and is the home venue for Kolkata Knight Riders.
- In 1946, an in-form Mushtaq Ali was dropped from the Indian team selected to play an unofficial test against Australian Services XI. Following crowd protests (with slogans like "No Mushtaq, No Test"), the selectors brought him back to play.
- Rioting occurred at the ground during the 1966/67 West Indies and 1969/70 Australian tours.
- In 1977, New York Cosmos played a football match against Mohun Bagan at the stadium. Pelé played in that match for the Cosmos. The match was drawn at 2-2.
- 16 football fans died in a stampede after a derby league game between East Bengal and Mohun Bagan on 16 August 1980.
- Hosted the memorable World Cup final of 1987 which ended with Australia defeating England by 7 runs.
- The 1996 World Cup semi-final was called off and Sri Lanka awarded the match after crowd disturbances following an Indian batting collapse.
- During the 2nd final of the 1997 Pepsi Independence Cup, the Test and ODI captains of the Indian cricket team of all time (with a few notable exceptions) were given a lap of honour around the stadium.
- In 1999, leading Indian batsman Sachin Tendulkar was run out after colliding with Pakistan's Shoaib Akhtar. Akhtar had impeded Tendulkar and the crowd rioted, forcing the police to evict the spectators. The match continued in front of an empty stadium.
- Kapil Dev took an ODI hat-trick against the Sri Lankans in 1991 at the ground.
- Harbhajan Singh took a hat-trick against Australia in 2000/01 at the ground. He became the first Indian to take a hat-trick in Test cricket.
- In 2000/01, VVS Laxman scored 281 against Australia in the Second Test, 2000–01 Border–Gavaskar Trophy. This remains the highest score at the ground. He was involved in a memorable 376 runs partnership with Rahul Dravid who scored 180. They batted through the whole Day 4 of the test match without losing their wickets. Australia were defeated despite enforcing India to follow-on. It was only the third time in Test history that a team had won after being forced to follow on. It is widely considered to be one of the greatest Test matches in cricket history.
- In 2005, in an ODI against South Africa, Eden Gardens crowd booed the Indian team and Greg Chappell because of Sourav Ganguly's dropping from the team. Chappell allegedly showed middle finger to the crowd.
- Eden Gardens hosted the historic 199th (penultimate) Test match of Sachin Tendulkar's career against West Indies from 6-10 Nov 2013. India defeated West Indies by an innings and 51 runs in 3 days.
- On its 150th anniversary, on 13 November 2014, Eden Gardens witnessed the highest ever score by a batsman in One Day Internationals, a 264 off 173 balls scored by Rohit Sharma during the 4th One Day International of Sri Lanka vs India at the venue.
- On 3 April 2016, in this venue, within a span of hours, the finals of the ICC world cup Twenty20 tournaments for the women and for the men were won by the respective women's and men's teams of the West Indies.
- The stadium hosted the 200th and 250th home tests for India in 2005 and 2016 respectively.
- In 2016, a bell was installed at the stadium to signify the imminent start of play in the match.
- The top four Test cricket batting scores in this stadium were registered by India: 657–7 in 2001, 643–6 in 2010, 633–5 in 1998, and 631–7 in 2011.
- The most runs in Test Matches played here are scored by V.V.S. Laxman (1217 runs), followed by Rahul Dravid (962 runs) and Mohammed Azharuddin (860 runs). The most wickets taken here was by Harbhajan Singh (46 wickets) followed by Anil Kumble (40 wickets) and Bishen Singh Bedi (29 wickets).
- The highest score in ODIs here is made by India scoring 404–5 in 2014. The second highest score in ODIs here is also made by India, who scored 317–3 in 2009. The third highest score is made by Sri Lanka, 315–6 in 2009.
- The most runs in ODIs scored here by a batsman is by Sachin Tendulkar (496 runs), followed by Mohammed Azharuddin (332 runs) and Aravinda de Silva (306 runs). The most wickets taken here is by Anil Kumble and Kapil Dev (14 wickets each), followed by Javagal Srinath (8 wickets) and Ajit Agarkar (7 wickets).
- VVS Laxman and Mohammed Azharuddin have scored 5 centuries each at this venue.
- The highest ever ODI individual score of 264 is made by Rohit Sharma on this ground against Sri Lanka in 2014.
Eden Gardens underwent renovation for the 2011 Cricket World Cup. Renovation had been undertaken to meet the standards set by the International Cricket Council (ICC) for the 2011 World Cup. The Cricket Association of Bengal retained the team of Burt Hill and VMS to renovate the Eden Gardens Cricket Stadium. The plans for the renovated stadium included a new clubhouse and players' facilities, upgrades of the exterior walls to give the stadium a new look, cladding the existing roof structure with a new metal skin, new/upgraded patron amenities & signage and general infrastructure improvements. The upgrade also meant reduction of the seating capacity to about 66,000 from around 100,000 before the upgrade.
Due to unsafe conditions arising from the incomplete renovations, the ICC withdrew the India vs. England match from the Eden Gardens. This match, scheduled on 27 February 2011, was played in Bengaluru at M.Chinnaswamy Stadium.
The stadium hosted the remaining three scheduled World Cup 2011 Matches on 15, 18 and 20 March 2011. In the last of these three matches (Kenya vs Zimbabwe), the stadium had the minimal ticket-purchasing crowd in its recorded history with 15 spectators having bought tickets.
The stands of the Eden Gardens will soon be renamed after six eminent personalities, one of them being former Indian captain Sourav Ganguly
The army, who are custodians of the stadium have given a go ahead to name the stadium's stands after former BCCI president Jagmohan Dalmia, Sourav Ganguly, ex-cricketer Pankaj Roy and former CAB presidents B.N. Dutt, A.N. Ghosh and Snehasnshu Acharya
List of Test matches played at the ground
|S.No.||Test No.||Away Team||Winner||Margin||Start Date|
|1||231||England||draw||-||January 5, 1934|
|2||308||West Indies||draw||-||December 31, 1948|
|3||344||England||draw||-||December 30, 1951|
|4||360||Pakistan||draw||-||December 12, 1952|
|5||419||New Zealand||draw||-||December 28, 1955|
|6||433||Australia||Australia||94 runs||November 2, 1956|
|7||463||West Indies||West Indies||innings & 336 runs||December 31, 1958|
|8||487||Australia||draw||-||January 23, 1960|
|9||501||Pakistan||draw||-||December 30, 1960|
|10||518||England||India||187 runs||December 30, 1961|
|11||554||England||draw||-||January 29, 1964|
|12||568||Australia||draw||-||October 17, 1964|
|13||581||New Zealand||draw||-||March 5, 1965|
|14||612||West Indies||West Indies||innings & 45 runs||December 31, 1966|
|15||688||Australia||Australia||10 wickets||December 12, 1969|
|16||706||England||India||28 runs||December 30, 1972|
|17||750||West Indies||India||85 runs||December 27, 1974|
|18||791||England||England||10 wickets||January 1, 1977|
|19||839||West Indies||draw||-||December 29, 1978|
|20||859||Australia||draw||-||October 26, 1979|
|21||871||Pakistan||draw||-||January 29, 1980|
|22||916||England||draw||-||January 1, 1982|
|23||971||West Indies||West Indies||innings & 46 runs||December 10, 1983|
|24||1007||England||draw||-||December 31, 1984|
|25||1067||Pakistan||draw||-||February 11, 1987|
|26||1088||West Indies||draw||-||December 26, 1987|
|27||1211||England||India||8 wickets||January 29, 1993|
|28||1341||South Africa||South Africa||329 runs||November 27, 1996|
|29||1409||Australia||India||innings & 219 runs||March 18, 1998|
|30||1444||Pakistan||Pakistan||46 runs||February 16, 1999|
|31||1535||Australia||India||171 runs||March 11, 2001|
|32||1622||West Indies||draw||-||October 30, 2002|
|33||1724||South Africa||India||8 wickets||November 28, 2004|
|34||1741||Pakistan||India||195 runs||March 16, 2005|
|35||1850||Pakistan||draw||-||November 30, 2007|
|36||1952||South Africa||India||innings & 57 runs||February 14, 2010|
|37||2017||West Indies||India||innings & 15 runs||November 14, 2011|
|38||2065||England||England||7 wickets||December 5, 2012|
|39||2101||West Indies||India||innings & 51 runs||November 6, 2013|
|40||2222||New Zealand||India||178 runs||September 30, 2016|
Cricket World Cup matches
This stadium has hosted One Day International (ODI) matches during 1987 Cricket World Cup, 1996 Cricket World Cup and 2011 Cricket World Cup. The stadium also was involved in the 1978 Women's Cricket World Cup and the 1997 Women's Cricket World Cup.
1987 ICC Cricket World Cup
23 October 1987
228/5 (50 overs)
229/6 (47.4 overs)
New Zealand won by 4 wickets
8 November 1987
253/5 (50 overs)
246/8 (50 overs)
Australia won by 7 runs
1996 ICC Cricket World Cup
13 March 1996
251/8 (50 overs)
120/8 (34.1 overs)
2011 ICC Cricket World Cup
15 March 2011
272/7 (50 overs)
141 (33.2 overs)
South Africa won by 131 runs
18 March 2011
306 (50 overs)
307/4 (47.4 overs)
Ireland won by 6 wickets
* Eden Gardens was meant to host a Group B Match between India and England on 27 February 2011. The ICC, however, stripped the stadium of the match after deciding that the renovation of the grounds would not be completed in time.
ICC Women's Cricket World Cup 1978
ICC Women's Cricket World Cup 1997
- "Historic Eden Garden is meant for BCCI: CAB chief". india.com. 24 August 2007. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- "Eden Gardens". CricInfo. Retrieved 12 April 2009.
- "Colosseum and Eden Gardens".
- Bag, Shamik. "In the shadow of Eden". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
- Eden Gardens | India | Cricket Grounds | ESPN Cricinfo. Content-ind.cricinfo.com. Retrieved on 4 September 2011.
- "Kolkata's Eden Gardens to miss World Cup deadline?". 20 January 2011.
- "Hero Cup, 1993–94". Cricinfo. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- Cricket Education
- "Unfortunately, they don't look for talent today: The Rediff Interview with Mushtaq Ali". Rediff.com. 17 December 2001. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
- "Border-Gavaskar Trophy – 2nd Test". Cricinfo.
- "The greatest Test ever?". BBC News. 16 March 2001.
- "Live cricket scores, commentary, match coverage - Cricket news, statistics - ESPN Cricinfo". Cricinfo.
- Kolkata's Eden Gardens stadium gets a new look for Cricket World Cup 2011. World Interior Design Network. Retrieved on 10 June 2010
- "Eden Gardens loses World Cup match". IndiaVoice. 28 January 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- Basu, Rith (22 March 2011). "Empty end to Eden's Cup – And the roar died: just 15 match-day tickets sold for Zimbabwe-Kenya tie". Calcutta, India: The Telegraph (Kolkata). Retrieved 12 October 2011.
- "Sourav Ganguly: The Prince of Indian Cricket". NewsBytes. Retrieved 2017-01-20.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eden Gardens.|
Kolkata/Maidan travel guide from Wikivoyage