Eden baronets

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Sir Robert Eden,
1st Baronet, of Maryland

The Eden Baronetcy, of West Auckland in the County of Durham, and the Eden Baronetcy, of Maryland in North America, are two titles in the Baronetage of England and Baronetage of Great Britain respectively that have been united under a single holder since 1844.

The family traces its ancestry to Robert de Eden (d. 1413) but probably lived in the Durham area since the twelfth century. They managed to keep their lands despite joining the Revolt of the Northern Earls in 1569 and being Royalists in the Civil War of the 1640s.[1]

The Eden Baronetcy of West Auckland was created in the Baronetage of England on 13 November 1672 for Robert Eden, subsequently Member of Parliament for County Durham. He was the son of Colonel John Eden, a supporter of the Royalist cause in the Civil War. The second and fourth Baronets also represented County Durham in the House of Commons. The fifth Baronet assumed the additional surname of Johnson. On his death in 1844, unmarried, the title was inherited by Sir William Eden, 4th Baronet, of Maryland (see below), who became the sixth Baronet of West Auckland as well. He served as High Sheriff of Durham in 1848. The ninth/seventh Baronet is a Conservative politician. On 3 October 1983 he was created a life peer as Baron Eden of Winton, of Rushyford in the County of Durham, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. Windlestone Hall was the family seat from the 17th to the 20th century.

The Eden Baronetcy of Maryland in North America, was created in the Baronetage of Great Britain on 19 October 1776 for Robert Eden, the last Governor of Maryland under British rule. He was the second son of the third Baronet of West Auckland. The third Baronet was killed at the Battle of New Orleans in 1814. His cousin, the aforementioned fourth Baronet, succeeded as sixth Baronet of West Auckland in 1844. See above for further history of the titles.

Eden baronets, of West Auckland (1672)[edit]

The heir apparent is the present holder's son Hon. Robert Frederick Calvert Eden (born 1964).
The heir apparent's heir presumptive is his brother Hon. John Edward Morton Eden (born 1966).
The heir apparent's heir presumptive's heir apparent is his son Nicholas Cazenac Eden (b. 1997).

Eden baronets, of Maryland (1776)[edit]

See above for further succession

Other notable members of the family[edit]

Several other members of the Eden family have also gained distinction:-

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Rhodes James 1986, p3