Edenburg

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Edenburg
The Town Hall in Edenburg
The Town Hall in Edenburg
Edenburg is located in Free State (South African province)
Edenburg
Edenburg
Edenburg is located in South Africa
Edenburg
Edenburg
Edenburg is located in Africa
Edenburg
Edenburg
 Edenburg shown within Free State
Coordinates: 29°44′05″S 25°56′13″E / 29.73472°S 25.93694°E / -29.73472; 25.93694Coordinates: 29°44′05″S 25°56′13″E / 29.73472°S 25.93694°E / -29.73472; 25.93694
Country South Africa
Province Free State
District Xhariep
Municipality Kopanong
Established 1862[1]
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Mayor Xolile Mathwa [2] (ANC)
Area[3]
 • Total 41.4 km2 (16.0 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 6,460
 • Density 160/km2 (400/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[3]
 • Black African 75.8%
 • Coloured 16.6%
 • Indian/Asian 0.4%
 • White 6.8%
 • Other 0.4%
First languages (2011)[3]
 • Sotho 53.4%
 • Afrikaans 26.5%
 • Xhosa 14.0%
 • Tswana 2.0%
 • Other 4.1%
Postal code (street) 9908
PO box 9908
Area code 051

Edenburg is a small sheep and cattle ranching town situated about 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of Bloemfontein in the Free State province of South Africa. As of 2001, it had a population of 8,138.[4]

Background[edit]

Edenburg was proclaimed a town in 1863 and received municipal government in 1891.[5]

The town is 85 km south-south-west of Bloemfontein. Laid out on the farm Rietfontein in 1862 with the Dutch Reformed Church built in the same year and it became a municipality in 1891.[6]:352 The name is said to be either of biblical origin or an adaptation of Edinburgh, name of the birthplace in Scotland of the Reverend Andrew Murray, for many years the only minister in the Orange Free State.[7]

The N1 highway bypasses the town to the east, while the Port Elizabeth–Bloemfontein railway runs along its western edge.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chronological order of town establishment in South Africa based on Floyd (1960:20-26)" (PDF). pp. xlv–lii. 
  2. ^ Free State Tourism.org
  3. ^ a b c d Sum of the Main Places Edenburg and Ha-Rasebei from Census 2011.
  4. ^ Including the "township" of Ha-Rasebei. "Main Places 'Edenburg' and 'Ha-Rasebai'". Census 2001. Retrieved 30 July 2011.
  5. ^ "Edenburg". Free State Tourism. Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  6. ^ Conolly, Denis (1975). The Tourist in South Africa. Travel-Guide (PTY) LTD. ASIN B0000E7XZN. 
  7. ^ "Dictionary of Southern African Place Names (Public Domain)". Human Science Research Council. p. 151.