Edgar Stuart, Duke of Cambridge
|Duke of Cambridge|
|Born||14 September 1667|
St James's Palace, London
|Died||8 June 1671 (aged 3)|
Richmond Palace, Surrey
|Burial||12 June 1671|
|Father||James II of England|
Edgar Stuart, Duke of Cambridge (14 September 1667 – 8 June 1671) was the fourth son of James, Duke of York (later James II of England) and his first wife Anne Hyde. He was second in the line of succession to the English and Scottish thrones.
Edgar was born on 14 September 1667 at St James's Palace and baptized there with the Duke of Albemarle, the Marquis of Worcester, and the Countess of Suffolk as sponsors. The name "Edgar" had ancient roots in both the English (Edgar the Peaceful) and Scottish (Edgar, King of Scotland) monarchies. On 7 October 1667 he was created Duke and Earl of Cambridge and Baron of Dauntsey. His elder brother Charles had died at the age of six months in 1661 before the patent for the title of Duke of Cambridge was passed and another brother, James was formally created Duke of Cambridge before his death in 1667 at the age of three. Edgar's titles became extinct until the birth of another son, also named Charles, in 1677.
His mother was ill for months following his birth and never fully recovered, though she gave birth twice more to daughters who died before their first birthdays; she died on 13 March 1671. Edgar died at Richmond Palace on 8 June 1671 leading to official mourning.  He was entombed in the royal vault in the Henry VII Chapel in Westminster Abbey on 12 June 1671, his coffin placed atop that of his mother.
The town of Edgartown, Massachusetts, on Martha's Vineyard, settled in 1642, was named for him when incorporated in 1671, shortly before news of his death reached North America. Martha's Vineyard was then part of the proprietary colony of New York, gifted to Edgar's father the Duke of York in 1664 by Charles II.
Edgar bore a coat of arms, as a grandson of a British Sovereign, consisting those of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of five points ermine.
|Ancestors of Edgar Stuart, Duke of Cambridge|
- Weir, Alison (1999). Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy. London, U.K.: The Bodley Head. p. 259.
- Sheppard, Edgar (1894). Memorials of St. James's Palace. II. London: Longmans, Green & Company. p. 43. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
- Cokayne, G.E.; et al., eds. (2000). The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant. II (new ed.). Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing. p. 496.
- Henslowe, J.R. Anne Hyde, Duchess of York. London: T. Werner Laurie. p. 289.
- Hinds, Allen B. "Calendar of State Papers Relating To English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 37, 1671-1672:June 1671, 21–30.. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1939". British History Online. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
- Keepe, Henry (1682). Monumenta Westmonasteriensia: Or An Historical Account of the Original, Increase, and Present State of St. Peter's, Or the Abby Church of Westminster. C. Wilkinson and T. Dring. p. 109. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
- Gladden, George (1911). "Martha's Vineyard". In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 787–788.
- Edgartown at the Encyclopædia Britannica
- Banks, Charles Edward (1911). The History of Martha's Vineyard, Dukes County, Massachusetts. I. G.H. Dean. pp. 140ff. ISBN 9780598971876.
- "Marks of Cadency in the British Royal family". Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Lundy, Darryl (20 January 2011). "Edgar Stuart, Duke of Cambridge". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 18 October 2018.