Edgar County, Illinois

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Edgar County, Illinois
Edgar County Courthouse from southwest at dusk.jpg
Map of Illinois highlighting Edgar County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded January 3, 1823
Named for John Edgar
Seat Paris
Largest city Paris
Area
 • Total 624 sq mi (1,616 km2)
 • Land 623 sq mi (1,614 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (2 km2), 0.1%
Population
 • (2010) 18,576
 • Density 30/sq mi (12/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.edgarcountyillinois.com

Edgar County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,576.[1] Its county seat is Paris.[2]

History[edit]

Edgar County was formed out of Clark County in 1823 and named for John Edgar,[3] an Irish-born officer in the Royal Navy who resigned rather than fight against the Americans in the Revolutionary War. Edgar moved to Kaskaskia, Illinois in 1784, becoming a miller and merchant in that town.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 624 square miles (1,620 km2), of which 623 square miles (1,610 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.1%) is water.[5]

Climate and weather[edit]

Paris, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.2
 
 
34
16
 
 
2.2
 
 
40
21
 
 
3.3
 
 
51
31
 
 
4
 
 
63
41
 
 
4.3
 
 
74
51
 
 
4.2
 
 
83
61
 
 
4.4
 
 
86
65
 
 
4.4
 
 
84
62
 
 
2.9
 
 
78
55
 
 
2.8
 
 
66
43
 
 
3.7
 
 
51
33
 
 
3.1
 
 
39
22
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Paris have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1930 and a record high of 109 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.23 inches (57 mm) in January to 4.43 inches (113 mm) in July.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Rail[edit]

Three railroad lines run through the county. Two are operated by CSX Transportation and the third by the Eastern Illinois Railroad Company.[7]

Airport[edit]

The county contains one public-use airport: Edgar County Airport (PRG), located approximately six miles north of Paris.[8]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Edgar County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 4,071
1840 8,225 102.0%
1850 10,692 30.0%
1860 16,925 58.3%
1870 21,450 26.7%
1880 25,499 18.9%
1890 26,787 5.1%
1900 28,273 5.5%
1910 27,336 −3.3%
1920 25,769 −5.7%
1930 24,966 −3.1%
1940 24,430 −2.1%
1950 23,407 −4.2%
1960 22,550 −3.7%
1970 21,591 −4.3%
1980 21,725 0.6%
1990 19,595 −9.8%
2000 19,704 0.6%
2010 18,576 −5.7%
Est. 2016 17,566 [9] −5.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 18,576 people, 7,839 households, and 5,148 families residing in the county.[14] The population density was 29.8 inhabitants per square mile (11.5/km2). There were 8,803 housing units at an average density of 14.1 per square mile (5.4/km2).[5] The racial makeup of the county was 98.3% white, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 23.6% were German, 15.3% were Irish, 13.0% were English, and 12.3% were American.[15]

Of the 7,839 households, 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.3% were non-families, and 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age was 43.2 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $39,904 and the median income for a family was $51,588. Males had a median income of $38,945 versus $29,951 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,175. About 9.7% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.2% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Communities[edit]

Map of Edgar County, Illinois.

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Edgar County is divided into fifteen townships:

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 71.5% 5,645 22.7% 1,793 5.8% 461
2012 65.5% 5,132 32.7% 2,565 1.8% 138
2008 53.1% 4,398 45.2% 3,743 1.7% 143
2004 62.4% 5,258 36.7% 3,093 0.9% 78
2000 58.7% 4,833 39.1% 3,216 2.2% 183
1996 45.1% 3,746 42.8% 3,552 12.1% 1,004
1992 38.8% 3,790 41.1% 4,014 20.2% 1,972
1988 58.6% 5,538 41.0% 3,880 0.4% 41
1984 67.5% 6,821 32.1% 3,241 0.4% 37
1980 63.1% 6,639 32.3% 3,394 4.6% 482
1976 53.0% 5,842 45.9% 5,058 1.1% 121
1972 64.7% 7,195 35.0% 3,889 0.3% 32
1968 56.3% 6,281 32.0% 3,565 11.7% 1,305
1964 49.4% 5,827 50.6% 5,966
1960 59.4% 7,348 40.6% 5,024 0.0% 4
1956 64.5% 7,942 35.4% 4,362 0.0% 5
1952 64.6% 8,323 35.4% 4,558 0.1% 10
1948 54.8% 6,282 44.7% 5,121 0.6% 67
1944 57.7% 6,961 41.9% 5,054 0.5% 54
1940 54.0% 7,985 45.4% 6,713 0.6% 82
1936 46.5% 6,929 52.5% 7,822 1.0% 147
1932 43.0% 5,953 56.0% 7,745 1.0% 138
1928 58.3% 7,509 41.3% 5,325 0.4% 52
1924 52.3% 6,297 43.4% 5,222 4.3% 518
1920 53.3% 6,750 45.0% 5,694 1.8% 223
1916 46.4% 6,099 51.0% 6,710 2.6% 345
1912 32.8% 2,430 47.0% 3,479 20.2% 1,490
1908 50.5% 3,757 46.1% 3,433 3.4% 255
1904 50.3% 3,753 46.2% 3,443 3.5% 261
1900 48.9% 3,766 49.1% 3,783 2.0% 153
1896 49.8% 3,822 48.6% 3,729 1.6% 123
1892 47.6% 3,197 47.2% 3,164 5.2% 350

A swing county in the first eight decades after the Civil War, Edgar County has since become powerfully Republican. It has been carried by only two Democrats since 1940 – Lyndon Johnson in 1964 by just 139 votes, and Bill Clinton in 1992 by a 41.1 percent plurality. Like all of the Upland South it has seen drastic swings away from the Democratic Party in the past few elections due to opposition to that party’s liberal views on social issues: Hillary Clinton’s 22.7 percent vote share in 2016 was by 9.3 percent the worst ever by a Democrat in the county.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Adams, James N. (compiler) (1989), Keller, William E., ed., Illinois Place Names, Springfield: Illinois State Historical Society, p. 580, ISBN 0-912226-24-2 
  4. ^ White, Jesse. Origin and Evolution of Illinois Counties. State of Illinois, March 2010. [1]
  5. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Paris, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  7. ^ Illinois Railroad Map (PDF), archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-08-22, retrieved 2007-10-11 
  8. ^ Public and Private Airports, Edgar County, Illinois
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11. 
  17. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°41′N 87°45′W / 39.68°N 87.75°W / 39.68; -87.75