Early life and education
He was born at the rectory, Crawley, Hampshire, on 16 November 1844. He was the fifth son of Philip Jacob, Rector of Crawley, Archdeacon of Winchester and Rural Dean, and Anna Sophia, eldest daughter of Gerard Thomas Noel.
He was educated at Winchester College and at New College, Oxford, of which he was a scholar, matriculating in 1863. He obtained a first class in classical moderations in 1865 and a third class in literae humaniores in 1867, B.A. in 1868, M.A. in 1871, D.D. by diploma in 1895 and Hon. D.D. (Durham) in 1896.
He was ordained priest in 1869 (Oxford) and went to be assistant curate of Witney from that year until 1871. His second curacy was at St James's Bermondsey from 1871 until he went to be domestic chaplain to Robert Milman, Bishop of Calcutta in 1872. In 1876, he ceased to be the bishop's chaplain and become Commissary of Calcutta until 1888.
Jacob returned to England in 1876, and became examining chaplain to the Bishop of Winchester (Harold Browne until 1891, Anthony Thorold 1891–1895 and finally Randall Davidson from 1896 onwards) for twenty years until 1896. He was Vicar of Portsea from 1878 until 1896, and additionally Honorary Canon of Winchester Cathedral starting in 1884. He was also Honorary Chaplain to Queen Victoria from 1887 until he became her Chaplain-in-Ordinary in 1890, and Rural Dean of Landport and Chaplain to HM Prison Kingston, Portsmouth from 1892. In 1895, he became rector of Hampshire and the Isle of Wight and select preacher at Oxford.
In 1896, all of these roles ended when he was nominated Bishop of Newcastle on 16 January and consecrated on 25 January 1896. Bishop Edgar was translated to become Bishop of St Albans in May 1903, where he remained until 1919. The latter diocese, which embraced a large part of the poorer outlying parts of London, was large for the effective control of one bishop, consisting as it did of 630 benefices and nearly 900 clergy, and Jacob worked hard to secure the formation of a new bishopric out of it. It was not, however, until 1913 that the bill providing for the erection of the bishopric of Chelmsford passed.
He retired from his see in December 1919, and died at St Cross, Winchester.
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- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Jacob, Edgar". Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York.
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