Edgar Jadwin

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Edgar Jadwin
USACE Edgar Jadwin.jpg
Major General Edgar Jadwin, Chief of Engineers 1926–1929
Born August 7, 1865 (1865-08-07)
Honesdale, Pennsylvania
Died March 2, 1931 (1931-03-03) (aged 65)
Panama Canal Zone
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery, Virginia
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch Emblem of the United States Department of the Army.svg United States Army
Years of service 1890–1929
Rank US-O9 insignia.svg Lieutenant General
Commands held
Wars
Awards Distinguished Service Medal

Edgar Jadwin, C.E. (August 7, 1865 – March 2, 1931) was a U.S. Army officer who fought in the Spanish–American War and World War I, before serving as Chief of Engineers from 1926 to 1929.

Early life[edit]

Jadwin was born in Honesdale, Pennsylvania on August 7, 1865 as the son of Cornelius Comegys Jadwin, and graduated first in the United States Military Academy class of 1890. He was commissioned in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.[1]

Military career[edit]

After commissioning, Jadwin served with various engineer units between 1891 and 1895. He then fought during the Spanish–American War.[2]

After serving as district engineer at the expanding ports of Los Angeles and Galveston, he was selected by General Goethals as an assistant in the construction of the Panama Canal, on which he worked from 1907 to 1911.[3] Jadwin served in 1911–1916 in the Office of the Chief of Engineers focusing on bridge and road matters.[2] He was promoted to lieutenant colonel on October 12, 1913.[4]

He was promoted to colonel in the National Army on July 6, 1917. He received a brevet to brigadier general on December 17, 1917.[4] Upon the United States' entry into World War I in 1917, he recruited the 15th Engineers, a railway construction regiment, and led it to France. He directed American construction and forestry work there for a year and received the Distinguished Service Medal.[5]

At the conclusion of the war, President Woodrow Wilson appointed Jadwin to investigate conditions in Poland in 1919.[4] This assignment was followed by an observer assignment in the Ukraine.[4] From 1922 to 1924, Jadwin headed the Corps' Charleston District and Southeast Division. He then served two years as Assistant Chief of Engineers. As Chief of Engineers he sponsored the plan for Mississippi River flood control that was adopted by the United States Congress in May 1928. Jadwin retired as a lieutenant general on August 7, 1929.[4]

Dredge Jadwin[edit]

The Vicksburg, Mississippi district of the Army Corps Of Engineers operates a large inland river dredge named after Edgar Jadwin. The dredge Jadwin is used to keep a federally mandated channel depth of no less than 9 feet and width of 300 feet. The Jadwin mainly operates on the Lower Mississippi River between the areas above Vicksburg, Mississippi to the ship channels of Baton Rouge, Louisiana and New Orleans, Louisiana. The dredge is one of 3 Corps owned dredges classified as a "dustpan" dredge, due to the shape of the suction/cutting head which resembles a dustpan.[6][7]

Dates of rank[edit]

Insignia Rank Component Date
None Cadet United States Military Academy 1 July 1886
None in 1890 Second Lieutenant Regular Army 12 June 1890
US-O2 insignia.svg First Lieutenant Regular Army 10 May 1895
US-O4 insignia.svg Major Volunteers 20 June 1898
US-O5 insignia.svg Lieutenant Colonel Volunteers 15 September 1898
US-O2 insignia.svg First Lieutenant Regular Army 17 May 1899
US-O3 insignia.svg Captain Regular Army 29 January 1900
US-O4 insignia.svg Major Regular Army 26 September 1906
US-O5 insignia.svg Lieutenant Colonel Regular Army 12 October 1913
US-O6 insignia.svg Colonel National Army 6 July 1917
US-O7 insignia.svg Brigadier General National Army 17 December 1917
US-O6 insignia.svg Colonel Regular Army 10 September 1919
(Discharged from National Army on 1 November 1919.)
US-O7 insignia.svg Brigadier General Regular Army 19 June 1924
US-O8 insignia.svg Major General Regular Army 27 June 1926
US-O9 insignia.svg Lieutenant General Retired List 7 August 1929

Source:[8]

Awards and honors[edit]

Jadwin received the Army Distinguished Service Medal,[9] the Companion Order of the Bath from Great Britain, and the Commander in the Legion of Honour from France.[4]

Death and legacy[edit]

He died in Gorgas Hospital in the Panama Canal Zone on March 2, 1931,[3] and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery with full military honors.[10]

References[edit]

This article contains public domain text from "Major General Edgar Jadwin". Portraits and Profiles of Chief Engineers. Archived from the original on March 6, 2005. Retrieved August 26, 2005. 

  1. ^ Davis, Jr., Henry Blaine (1998). Generals in Khaki. Pentland Press, Inc. pp. 197–198. ISBN 1571970886. OCLC 40298151. 
  2. ^ a b "Portraits and Profiles Chief Engineer 1775 to Present". U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Archived from the original on March 6, 2005. Retrieved October 23, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b Davis, Jr., Henry Blaine (1998). Generals in Khaki. Pentland Press, Inc. pp. 197–198. ISBN 1571970886. OCLC 40298151. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Who Was Who in American History – The Military. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1975. p. 285. ISBN 0837932017. 
  5. ^ "Valor awards for Edgar Jadwin". 
  6. ^ "HowStuffWorks – Learn How Everything Works!". 
  7. ^ Pike, John. "Dustpan Dredges". 
  8. ^ Official Register of the United States Army, 1930. pg. 802.
  9. ^ "Valor awards for Edgar Jadwin". 
  10. ^ Patterson, Michael Robert. "Edgar Jadwin, Major General, United States Army". 
Military offices
Preceded by
Harry Taylor
Chief of Engineers
1926–1929
Succeeded by
Lytle Brown