|Mayor of Tallinn|
9 April 2007 – 30 September 2015
|Preceded by||Jüri Ratas|
|Succeeded by||Taavi Aas (ct)|
December 2001 – October 2004
|Preceded by||Tõnis Palts|
|Succeeded by||Tõnis Palts|
|Prime Minister of Estonia|
20 August 1991 – 29 January 1992
|Preceded by||Otto Tief (1944)|
|Succeeded by||Tiit Vähi|
31 May 1950 |
|Political party||Communist Party (1983–1988)
Popular Front (1988–1991)
Centre Party (1991–present)
|Spouse(s)||Vilja Laanaru (1996–2009)|
|Alma mater||University of Tartu|
Edgar Savisaar (born 31 May 1950 in Harku, Harju County), is an Estonian politician, one of the founding members of Popular Front of Estonia and the leader of the Centre Party. He has served as the acting Prime Minister of Estonia, Minister of the Interior, Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications and Mayor of Tallinn.
Early life and parents
He was born into a rural family of Elmar and Marie Savisaar (née Bureshin) residing in Vastse-Kuuste. In 1949 his parents wanted to leave the local kolkhoz with their livestock, this resulted in a physical conflict. Both were arrested on charges of seizing public property, tax evasion and an assault. Elmar Savisaar was sentenced 15 years (freed in 1952) and Marie Savisaar 5 years (freed in 1950) in prison.
Marie Savisaar gave birth to Edgar Savisaar in Harku women's prison while serving the sentence. It has been theorized that Elmar Savisaar is not his biological father. The mother with the newborn was released the same year after being pardoned and they returned to Vastse-Kuuse.
After graduating from high school, Savisaar continued his studies at the University of Tartu. In 1973, he graduated from the university with a degree in history. In 1980, he wrote his candidate thesis in philosophy on the topic "Social Philosophical Foundations of the Global Models of the Club of Rome".
From 1980 to 1988, Savisaar worked in the Soviet Estonian governmental institutions dealing with the planning of economy. During 1988–1989, he was the academic director for the consultation company "Mainor".
In April he co-established the Popular Front (Rahvarinne) which became the first political mass organization in Soviet Union outside Communist Party after 1920. Initially formed to "support perestroika" Popular Front started increasingly develop ideas of Estonian national independence and created so called Singing Revolution phenomenon. The process with several others lead to dissolution of Soviet Union ultimately.
In 1989, he became the Vice-Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Estonian SSR and the Head of the State Plan Committee. In 1990, he was the Minister of Economic Affairs. On 3 April 1990, he was appointed the Chairman of the Council of Ministers. When Estonia declared its independence on 20 August 1991, he became the first Prime Minister of the Republic of Estonia. His government was in office until 29 January 1992, when he resigned after supplementary problems and a continuing decline in economy.
From 1992 until 1995, Savisaar was the Vice-Speaker of the Estonian Parliament (Riigikogu). From 17 April – 6 November 1995, he was the Minister for Internal Affairs. When he was accused of recording private conversations of other politicians, the entire government faltered. Although his participation in the recordings was never proved, he announced his intention to leave politics. However, in 1996, he participated in the elections of the Riigikogu and became the Chairman of the Tallinn City Council. His return to the Centre Party leader's post evoked a split, as some leading members disillusioned with Savisaar's leadership style left to found Arengupartei. From 2001 to 14 October 2004, he was mayor of Tallinn. On 11 April 2005, he became Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications in the new coalition of Prime Minister Andrus Ansip and worked in the post until March 2007. From 2007 he has been mayor of Tallinn, the capital of Estonia.
Edgar Savisaar and Estonia People's Union leader Villu Reiljan jointly supported Arnold Rüütel's candidature for presidency in August–September 2006; Toomas Hendrik Ilves was elected though, a choice criticised by Savisaar and attributed by him to alleged hostile media and partisan lawmakers. Savisaar refused to congratulate the winner.
Savisaar has published four books. He has received the Order of the National Coat of Arms 2nd Class in 2001 and 1st Class in 2006 from Estonia and the Order of the Three Stars 2nd Class in 2005 from Latvia.
Savisaar is one of the most controversial politicians in Estonia. While some people, including many from the Russian-speaking minority, see him as a defender of the poor, his political opponents accuse him of authoritarianism, nepotism, corruption, destructive intrigues, and having close ties with some Russian politicians. The latter accusation has been fuelled by the Centre Party's collaboration agreement with Putin's United Russia party, particularly since the agreement's content has not been made public. Savisaar is often associated with using Machiavellian politics and deals to achieve his goals, such as taping other politicians, which caused the so-called tape scandal in 1995; and while being the mayor of the Estonian capital Tallinn, real-estate deals that were good for the members of the Centre Party, but were bad for the town.
During the events surrounding the Bronze Soldier, Edgar Savisaar spoke out against the removal of the monument and accused Andrus Ansip of deliberate attempts of splitting the Estonian society by provoking the Russian minority. In response to this many government officials and public figures have stated distrust and disrespect towards him.
In relation to his reactions to the Bronze Soldier controversy, the Estonian Patriotic Movement created on 29 April 2007 an online petition website www.mahasavisaar.com to suggest resignation of Savisaar's position as the Mayor of Tallinn. It ended on the 9 May 2007 and had collected 98,200 e-mail addresses (not signatures, although organizers of petition claimed so). In 2009 being a candidate for EP elections collected a 103506 votes in closed list system.
On 17 July 2015, Estonian Internal Security Service launched a criminal investigation on Savisaar and six others in relation to bribery allegations. He is suspected of accepting bribes with a value of hundreds of thousands of euros in 2014 and 2015 on behalf of himself and Estonian Centre Party. Because of the ongoing investigation, Savisaar was suspended from mayor's office on 30 September 2015.
Edgar Savisaar has been married three times and is the father of four children. From his marriage to Kaire Savisaar he has a son, Erki, and from his marriage to Liis Remmel (then Liis Savisaar), he has a daughter, Maria. The last marriage was to Vilja Toomast (then Vilja Savisaar), who is also an Estonian politician. They had a daughter, Rosina. The couple announced their separation in December 2009.
- "Savisaare vanemad pandi vangi, sest nad protestisid kolhoosi vastu [Savisaar's parents jailed for protesting against the kolkhoz]". ekspress.delfi.ee. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
- "Edgar Savisaar". biography. web site of The Government of the Republic of Estonia. Retrieved 14 February 2007.
- video of Savisaar's reaction to the results: http://www.postimees.ee/240906/esileht/siseuudised/presidendivalimised_2006/219571.php?r
- Postimees: Edgar Savisaar seab kahtluse alla riigikohtu erapooletuse. Postimees.ee. Retrieved on 4 August 2011.
- "Bearers of decorations". president.ee. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
- "Bearers of decorations". president.ee. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
- "Ar Triju Zvaigžņu ordeni apbalvoto personu reģistrs apbalvošanas secībā, sākot no 2004. gada 1.oktobra" (DOC). president.lv (in Latvian). p. 14. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
- Savisaar's and Kruuda's mutual gifts. Delfi.ee. Retrieved on 4 August 2011.
- Lõhestaja number üks Postimees
- Paet: Savisaar ei aita kaasa rahu tagamisele linnas. Postimees.ee. Retrieved on 4 August 2011.
- Peeter Oja: Savisaar on silmakirjalik ja valelik. Postimees.ee. Retrieved on 4 August 2011.
- "Rein Kilk: Savisaare loidus üllatas" (in Estonian). Delfi. 30 April 2007. Retrieved 1 May 2007.
- Savisaare vastaste lõplik arv - 96678 rahvuslikliikumine.ee
- "Savisaare vastu antud tuhandeid allkirju" (in Estonian). Delfi. 30 April 2007. Retrieved 1 May 2007.
- "Savisaar named suspect in bribery case". ERR. 22 September 2015. Retrieved 30 Seotember 2015. Check date values in:
- "Savisaar suspended from mayor's office". ERR. 30 September 2015. Retrieved 30 Seotember 2015. Check date values in:
- "Center Party leader Edgar Savisaar critically ill with an infection, leg amputated above the knee". err.ee. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Edgar Savisaar.|
- CityMayors profile
- 16. December 2010, err.ee, Tallinn Mayor an 'Agent of Russian Influence,' Alleges Leaked Intelligence
|Prime Minister of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic
Title next held byOtto Tief
|Prime Minister of Estonia
|Minister of the Interior
|Mayor of Tallinn
|Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications
|Mayor of Tallinn