Edgardo Buscaglia

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Edgardo Buscaglia
Edgardo Buscaglia (22025022173).jpg
Born (1960-11-25) November 25, 1960 (age 60)
Known forsenior academic and policy adviser specialized in law and economics, author, philanthropist, civil society leader

Dr. Edgardo Buscaglia is a highly renowned scholar and practitioner within the field of law and economics.[1][2]

Dr. Buscaglia is also an international philanthropist and civil society leader engaged in supporting non-governmental organizations in their combat and prevention of organized crime, including his support for combatting wildlife trafficking at the Wildlife Justice Commission[3] or his philanthropic and technical support for preventing human trafficking in Mexico and Central America as Director of the International Law and Economic Development Center. [4]

His latest field research that Buscaglia directs covering 118 countries delves into the factors explaining the vertical economic integration of organized crime within the legal economies and the mafia capture of civil societies. [5]

As an academic, Buscaglia has published widely within the field of law and economics of development and human rights and his scientific articles have been published worldwide. [6]

Edgardo Buscaglia has also co-founded the InterAmerican and Iberian Law and Economics Association.[7] The group he cofounded has an annual award named after him.[8]

Since 1990, Buscaglia studies the impact of legal and judicial frameworks on economic development and the economic analysis of organized crime and associated corruption. He has participated in field research and provided assistance for international organizations on the economic analysis of judicial and civil society sectors in several countries within Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Middle East[9]

Dr. Buscaglia has published articles and accepted interviews within the general media, including New York Times, Al Jazeera, and Financial Times, among many others.[10]

Main ideas[edit]

Dr. Buscaglia has concentrated his academic and government-related field work on the economic analysis of organized crime and Corruption within the private and public sectors i.e. complex crimes such as human trafficking, arms trafficking, political corruption, drugs trafficking or acts of terrorism, among nineteen other types of crimes which have a negative impact on the stability of a political system in general and of a democracy in particular.

Buscaglia coined the concept "paradox of expected punishment" understood as the pernicious effect of combatting criminal enterprises within the State and private sector by only applying military/police punishment. In an academic peer-reviewed publication Buscaglia empirically demonstrates that organized crime and public sector corruption will both increase if the State only applies more police and military force against criminal networks without at the same time reducing money laundering, without combatting political corruption and without applying social prevention policies against organized crime among the youth and other segments of the population at risk [11]

Buscaglia’s scholarly jurimetrics research empirically verifies the impacts of the United Nations Convention against Corruption and the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime on key indicators of Organized crime.

Buscaglia’s research identified the systemic roots of Political corruption within the nature and structure of electoral systems worldwide and by delving into political campaign financing linked to the vertical integration of legal businesses subject to Money laundering[12]

Buscaglia’s law and economics ideas and institutional public policy proposals focused on strengthening the exercise of human rights also overlap with his pro bono work as a internationally renowned philanthropist. Buscaglia’s academic peer-reviewed publications have empirically shown that when a population endures the widespread and systemic lack of access to public goods and services considered as human rights in International human rights law (such as the access to justice, the access to water or the access to health services) then organized crime networks will engage in social control of the local population by occupying these state vacuums in order to gain de facto social authority to become “social providers” of public goods [13]

Professional career[edit]

Dr. Buscaglia received his post-doctoral training in Jurisprudence and the Social Policy Program at the University of California at Berkeley Law School. He also received a master's in law and economics and a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Since 1990, he has lectured in law and economics and held visiting professorships at Georgetown University, Washington College, at the Instituto Tecnologico Autonomo de Mexico ; Mexican National Autonomous University (UNAM, México), Ghent University (Belgium), Hamburg University (Germany), University of Virginia in Charlottesville (USA), Universidad Nacional del Sur, Universidad de San Andrés and National University of Buenos Aires (Argentina).[14][15]

He is currently a Senior Research Scholar in Law and Economics at Columbia University since 2005[16] and from 1991 until 2008 he was institutionally affiliated as a Fellow with the Hoover Institution at Stanford University.[14] Also, he serves pro-bono as President of the Citizens' Action Institute (Instituto de Acción Ciudadana), a civil society organization aimed at establishing international networks for rescuing and protecting victims of trans-national organized crimes.[17] Buscaglia co-founded this non-governmental organization in 2007.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Berkeley Electronic Press. ""The Law and Economics of Development " by Edgardo Buscaglia". Works.bepress.com. Retrieved 2016-09-25.
  2. ^ Edgardo Buscaglia. "0580 : LAW AND ECONOMICS OF DEVELOPMENT" (PDF). Encyclo.findlaw.com. Retrieved 2016-09-26.
  3. ^ "Edgardo Buscaglia - Wildlife Justice Commission".
  4. ^ "(Portrait of E. Buscaglia)". globalinitiative.net.
  5. ^ "the vertical integration of organized crime and political corruption".
  6. ^ https://works.bepress.com/edgardo_buscaglia/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-07-28. Retrieved 2013-08-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Three EPRG researchers receive the Edgardo Buscaglia ALACDE Award for Empirical Research in Law and Economics | Economics and Politics Research Group". Econpolrg.com. 2013-06-19. Retrieved 2016-09-25.
  9. ^ Buscaglia, Edgardo (2008). "The Paradox of Expected Punishment: Legal and Economic Factors Determining Success and Failure in the Fight Against Organized Crime by Edgardo Buscaglia". SSRN 1121129. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  10. ^ Buscaglia, Edgardo (2013-05-30). "Mexico's Deadly Power Vacuum". The New York Times.
  11. ^ Edgardo Buscaglia (January 2008). "The Paradox of Expected Punishment: Legal and Economic Factors Determining Success and Failure in the Fight against Organized Crime". Review of Law & Economics.
  12. ^ Edgardo Buscaglia (October 2018). "THE VERTICAL INTEGRATION OF ORGANISED CRIME LINKED TO POLITICAL CORRUPTION: AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF ASSET FORFEITURES AND HUMAN RIGHTS". JOURNAL OF INSTITUTIONAL STUDIES.
  13. ^ Edgardo Buscaglia (May 2015). "Law & Economics of the Human Rights to Access Justice". The Latin American and Iberian Journal of Law and Economics. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.1018.1200. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  14. ^ a b "Edgardo Buscaglia | Hoover Institution". Hoover.org. Retrieved 2016-09-25.
  15. ^ "Programa de Actualización sobre Prevención Global de Lavado de Activos y Financiación del Terrorismo" (PDF).
  16. ^ "Edgardo Buscaglia | Senior Research Scholar in Law and Economics | Columbia Law School". Law.columbia.edu. 1961-11-09. Retrieved 2016-09-25.
  17. ^ "Instituto de Accion Ciudadana para la Justicia y la Democracia AC". Institutodeaccionciudadana.org. Retrieved 2016-09-25.