||This article may be confusing or unclear to readers. In particular, differentiate the types (edge/center) of tool. Define kickoff and collet. Further explain the context and usage of the tool - is it moved across the work or pressed down against it? What does an operator observe or manipulate? How does a collet help accuracy? What constitutes a proper setup or an improper one? Explain why digital is erroneous. Are the repeatabilities dependent on the quality of the tool, operator, both, or neither? How is a center finder different than a school pencil?. (May 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
A wiggler, edge-finder, or center-finder is a tool used in the spindle of a machine such as a mill. The device is used to accurately determine edges or markings and therefore the center of a workpiece or a previously machined feature during the set-up phase of a machining operation.
A rotating tool, meaning the machine spindle must be turning for the tool to work. On one edge a cylinder shape is spring-loaded; when the edge finder touches an edge, a kickoff of this cylinder is noticed. On the other end a cone shape is also spring-loaded and is used to locate the center of a previously drilled hole. This style of edge finder is considered to be the most accurate, and its accuracy can be further improved through the use of a collet. In proper setups, a repeatability of 0.0002 in (0.0051 mm) or better can be obtained.
Electronic edge finder
Sometimes also (erroneously) referred as a digital edge finder, this instrument can locate edges of work pieces and also height offsets. It works in a non-rotating spindle, which is a great advantage over its mechanical counterparts. It is battery-operated and works by lighting up its internal LED (usually red) when the electrical circuit formed by the instrument, the workpiece and the machine is closed. The light is thus illuminated when the edge finder is touching the workpiece and is visible through openings in the case. A repeatability of 0.001 in (0.025 mm) can be obtained.
A pencil-like tool used to locate markings on stock. In contrast to the edge finder, the tip is not spring-loaded, and it works with the spindle stopped. Sometimes a magnifying glass is used to assist in marking location. Only as accurate as the lines that are drawn on the part.