The neighborhood, outside the original boundaries of Washington City, was originally part a 30-acre (120,000 m2) farmland estate called Metropolis View, part of Washington County.
In 1863, Salmon P. Chase, then U.S. Treasury Secretary under Abraham Lincoln, purchased the estate and attenuated another 20 acres (81,000 m2) of land nearby, built a mansion, and renamed the newly expanded estate Edgewood. The mansion itself was at what is now the corner of Edgewood and Fourth Streets NE. When Chase died in 1873, his daughter, Kate Chase Sprague, moved onto the crumbling estate and lived a reclusive life with her intellectually disabled daughter, farming pigs until she died in poverty in 1899.
Fall foliage in Edgewood
In the 20th century, the house belonged to the St. Vincent's Orphanage Asylum and Catholic School, the largest orphanage for girls and a coed school. The city, however, gained possession of the remainder of the estate and around 1950 began developing it as an urban neighborhood.
Edgewood Terrace, a large complex of mixed-income and senior-citizen public housing, began development in 1970 at the hands of Bethesda, Maryland developer Eugene Ford. Today, Edgewood Terrace remains a central landmark of the Edgewood neighborhood, enough so that the neighborhood itself is sometimes called Edgewood Terrace.
Edgewood Wall is part of Open Walls DC, a unique public art initiative that provides spaces and walls for graffiti artists, street artists, muralists, art students, emerging and established artists who love to paint outdoors and large. The goal of Open Walls DC is to create large ever-changing murals that beautify our city and are unusual creative public spaces.