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Edgeworthia gardneri (common names: Indian papertree, Nepalese paperbush; Nepali: अर्गेली (Argelee)) is a plant in the Thymelaeaceae family. It is a small evergreen shrub growing up to 3–4 metres (10–13 ft) tall. It can be distinguished by its brownish red stem. The flowers are hermaphrodite (they have both male and female organs).
Range and habitat
Edgworthia gardneri is native to the Himalayan regions of Bhutan; northern Burma; China (in eastern Xizang and northwestern Yunnan provinces); India; and Nepal. It is found in forests and moist places at altitudes of 1,000–2,500 m (3,300–8,200 ft).
Edgeworthia gardneri is planted as an ornamental; and a high quality paper is made from its bark fibres. This species is said to be the best of the various species that are used to make hand-made paper in the Himalayas.
- Edgeworthia gardneri was originally described and published under its basionym (Daphne gardneri) in Asiatic Researches 13: 388, pl. [s.n.]. 1820.; under its currently accepted name (Edgeworthia gardneri), it was first published in Denkschriften der Koeniglich-Baierischen Botanischen Gesellschaft in Regensburg 3: 280–282, pl. 6. 1841. GRIN (February 11, 2007). "Daphne gardneri information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved October 1, 2012.
- GRIN (April 5, 2002). "Edgeworthia gardneri information from NPGS/GRIN". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved October 1, 2012.
- Baral, Sushim Ranjan; Kurmi, Puran Prasad (2006). A Compendium of Medicinal Plants in Nepal (First ed.). Chhauni, Kathmandu, Nepal: Mass Printing Press. p. 429. ISBN 99946-2027-4.
- An early illustration of E. gardneri, from plantillustrations.org
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