Edgworth

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Edgworth
Edgworth from Crowthorn.jpg
View of Edgworth from Crowthorn
Edgworth is located in Lancashire
Edgworth
Edgworth
Edgworth shown within Lancashire
OS grid reference SD741168
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BOLTON
Postcode district BL7
Dialling code 01204
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire
53°38′38″N 2°23′31″W / 53.644°N 2.392°W / 53.644; -2.392Coordinates: 53°38′38″N 2°23′31″W / 53.644°N 2.392°W / 53.644; -2.392

Edgworth is a small village within the borough of Blackburn with Darwen, Lancashire, England. It is north east of North Turton between Broadhead Brook on the west (expanded artificially to form the Wayoh Reservoir) and Quarlton Brook in the south east. The ground ranges from 650 feet (200 m) to 1,100 feet (340 m) above sea level.

Edgworth is part of the Rossendale and Darwen constituency. Jake Berry has been the Member of Parliament for Rossendale and Darwen since 2010.

History[edit]

Edgworth is of Anglo-Saxon origin, denoting a village in the hills and has had many spellings, from 'Eggwrthe' in 1212, Egewurth in 1221, and in 1277 Eggeswrth and Edgeword and Eggeworth in the year 1292. In the 19th century the preferred spelling was "Edgeworth",[1] although "Edgworth", as used by the Post Office, is now the standard spelling.

The village is especially rich in the number of 'Folds' formed in the 17th century. The title usually indicates the enclosure of a farmstead and associated cottages. Isherwood Fold, off Blackburn Road is a good example. Other examples are Horrocks Fold, Thomasson Fold and Brandwood Fold.

In 1795 an Act of Parliament was passed for enclosing Edgworth Moor "in the whole about 400 acres". It covered an area from Wall Leach Fold in the south, roughly following the old Blackburn to Manchester Road to Hob Lane with the western boundary bordering on Hill Top, Neville Fold (Moorside) and Orrells Farms, as far north as Pasture Gate Farm and with the eastern boundary following the high ground past Crowthorn, Wheatsheaf Hill and Hazelclough Farms down to Wickenlow and Hey Head.[2]

Five small hamlets also make up the area of the village – Quarlton, Turton Bottoms at the south-east point, with Entwistle, Round Barn and Whittlestone Head to the west.

Although the character of Edgworth has always been rural, during the 19th century a number of textile mills were built around the village. Most industry has now left the area and since the 1970s a number of suburban housing developments have expanded the core of the village.

Barlow family[edit]

During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the Barlow family showed great generosity to the village. The industrialist James Barlow (1821–87) funded the new Methodist Church, opened in 1863, and the children's home at Crowthorn. The Edgworth Home, opened in 1872, was the first National Children's Home and closed in 2002.

James Barlow was proprietor of textile manufacturers Barlow & Jones Ltd and was also Mayor of Bolton 1867–1869.

James's son Sir Thomas Barlow was physician to Queen Victoria and Edward VII.[3] He was created a baronet in 1902.

The Barlow Institute was built in 1909 and then consisted of a village hall, coffee bar, library and recreation grounds.[4]

The Barlows' family home, Greenthorne, was used as a conference venue during Mahatma Gandhi's visit to Lancashire in September 1931.[5]

Economy[edit]

Edgworth is renowned to walkers as it is very picturesque. Two large reservoirs, the Wayoh Reservoir, and the Turton and Entwistle Reservoir, are located north-east of the village, and the Jumbles Reservoir is near Turton Bottoms. They supply water to the Bolton area.[6][7]

The village has many fine pubs/restaurants and Bed and Breakfast establishments.

Sports[edit]

Edgworth has a cricket team, Edgworth Cricket Club, in the Greater Manchester Cricket League. Formed in 1902, they now play continuously in the season on the Recreational Ground adjacent to the Barlow Institute.

Another successful recreational club competing in two leagues is of course the Edgworth Village Institute Bowling Club. Founded in 1900, they play crown green bowls on the green adjacent to the Barlow Institute.

Edgworth is also home to the oldest club in Lancashire Turton FC who currently play in the West Lancs League for open age and the Bolton and Bury Junior District Football League (BBDJFL) for its junior teams. The club has recently been awarded the prestigious Charter Status from the Lancs FA as the new Committee continue their task to turn the club's fortunes around after nearly folding in 2010

Transport[edit]

The 537 bus operated by ARRIVA, originally went from Bolton to Edgworth via Astley Bridge, Bromley Cross and Chapeltown but in October 2013, the route was changed to terminate at Bromley Cross, due to a "lack of passengers" in Edgworth. As of May 2016, there are only school buses and two limited coach service, TAO1 operating from Darwen to Edgworth and TAO2 operating from Bury to Edgworth.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Edgeworth Tn/CP through time | Administrative history of Parish-level unit:hierarchies, boundaries". A Vision of Britain through Time. University of Portsmouth. 2009. Retrieved 10 November 2009. [permanent dead link]
  2. ^ Francis, James (1986). Enclosure of Edgworth Moor. Turton Local History Society. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-904974-07-9. 
  3. ^ Margaret Higson (1993) Three in One (Local Methodist magazine).
  4. ^ Francis, James (2009). The Barlow Institute. Turton Local History Society. ISBN 978-1-904974-32-1. 
  5. ^ Cotton Town retrieved 6 March 2007
  6. ^ "Edgworth Heritage Trail Map & Guide" (PDF). Lancashire County Council/Blackburn with Darwen Borough Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 27 June 2010. 
  7. ^ "Walking – Entwistle Reservoir". Lancashire Evening Post. Johnston Publishing. 11 January 2008. Retrieved 27 June 2010. 

External links[edit]