Edificio España

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Edificio España
Edificio España - 05.jpg
Edificio España seen from Plaza de España
General information
Status Complete
Type Hotel
Location Plaza de España 1, Madrid, Spain
Coordinates 40°25′27″N 3°42′43″W / 40.42417°N 3.71194°W / 40.42417; -3.71194Coordinates: 40°25′27″N 3°42′43″W / 40.42417°N 3.71194°W / 40.42417; -3.71194
Construction started 1948
Completed October 4, 1953[1]
Owner RIU Hotels
Height
Roof 117 m (384 ft)
Technical details
Floor count 25
Lifts/elevators 32
Design and construction
Architect Julián Otamendi
Structural engineer Joaquín Otamendi

The Edificio España (Spanish: Spain Building) is the 8th tallest building in Madrid, Spain. It is an example of 20th-century Spanish architecture built in the neo-baroque style. In June 2017, the Spanish RIU Hotels chain acquired the building, with plans to reopen it as a hotel in 2019.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The Edificio España in the 1950s

It was designed by architect Julián Otamendi and his brother in the Neo-baroque style and constructed from 1948 to 1953. It was a "symbol of prosperity" during the decades of Francisco Franco's Spain.[2]

It was the tallest building in Spain, with 25 floors and a height of 117 m (384 ft), until overtaken by the Torre de Madrid (also built by Otamendi) in 1957. The building formerly housed the 360-room Hotel Plaza (later the Crowne Plaza Madrid City Centre), 300 offices, 184 apartments,[3] a shopping centre, and a rooftop pool. Its profile, on Plaza de España at the end of the Gran Vía, complements the neighboring skyscraper Torre de Madrid, making the pair important architectural landmarks in the city.

Metrovacesa, which owned the structure since its completion, marketed it in April 2005 along with the neighboring Torre de Madrid to help finance its acquisition of French property company, Gecina.[4]

In June 2005, Santander Real's investment fund acquired 50% of the building for €138.6 million, committing to purchase the remaining 50% belonging to the hotel shortly thereafter. The Crowne Plaza Hotel occupying the building closed in 2006. The deal closed in early December 2007. Santander renovated the building, preserving intact the facade and the lobby as part of a project to build a hotel and apartments, but the project stalled in 2010.[5]

The building was acquired in 2014 by Wang Jianlin's Chinese real estate company Dalian Wanda for "about a third less than the €389 million that Banco Santander paid in 2005, at the height of Spain’s construction boom".[6][7] Dalian Wanda "plans to renovate the structure to include luxury apartments and a hotel as part of a broader overhaul of the neighborhood",[6] and in January 2015 the Governing Board of the Community of Madrid approved the proposed refurbishment. Wang intends to "create a luxury hotel, more than 300 homes and a retail space, which he plans to expand to 15,000 sqm".[8]

By the time it was purchased by Dalian Wanda, it had been empty for several years and "had become a symbol of the Spanish real estate market’s collapse in 2008" that marked the beginning of the Great Recession in Spain.[6] Wanda later sold the structure to the Baraka Group.

In January 2017, it was announced that the building will be remodeled into a Riu Plaza hotel.[9] In June 2017, RIU Hotels bought the entire structure outright from the Baraka Group. The lower three floors will contain retail, while the rest of the building will house a 650-room hotel with 1,800m² of event space, two restaurants, and a rooftop pool and skybar.[10]

In popular culture[edit]

View of Edificio España from the north angle.

The building is depicted in 1984 movie The Hit. A part of it is shot in an apartment in the nearby Torre de Madrid, from which the Edifico España is well visible.

In 2007 documentary filmmaker Víctor Moreno began "filming over 200 workers, mostly immigrants from all over the world, hired to demolish the interior" of the building with the approval of the building's then owner, Banco Santander. However, the bank reversed its position without explanation and blocked its release in Spain for 15 months. Despite the ban, the documentary was shown at the San Sebastián International Film Festival, Buenos Aires International Festival of Independent Cinema, and Doclisboa. It was eventually released in the movies in Spain in 2014.[2][11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Media related to Edificio España at Wikimedia Commons

  1. ^ http://politica.elpais.com/politica/2015/04/18/actualidad/1429384059_042026.html
  2. ^ a b "Edificio España (The Building)". UnionDocs (UnDo) is a Center for Documentary Art. Archived from the original on 15 February 2015. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  3. ^ http://politica.elpais.com/politica/2015/04/18/actualidad/1429384059_042026.html
  4. ^ "Two bidders vie for Metrovaseca offices". Euro Property. Highbeam. 1 June 2005. Retrieved 2012-12-05. 
  5. ^ A. Larrañeta (20 February 2007). "El Edificio España sigue vacío un año y medio después de su venta". 20 Minutos (in Spanish). Retrieved 2012-12-05. 
  6. ^ a b c Minder, Raphael (September 23, 2014). "Sale of a Landmark Skyscraper Puts Spain on the Map of Chinese Investors". New York Times. 
  7. ^ "El Santander vende el Edificio España al magnate chino Wang Jianli por 265 millones" (in Spanish). ABC.es. 2014-06-05. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  8. ^ Ruiz, R. (30 January 2015). "Visto bueno al proyecto de Wanda para Torre España". Expansión (in Spanish). 
  9. ^ https://www.hotelnewsresource.com/article92808.html
  10. ^ https://www.hotelnewsresource.com/article94760.html
  11. ^ "Edificio España (The Building)". edificioespana.es. Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 15 February 2015.