Edificio España seen from Plaza de España
|Type||Hotel, office (currently)|
|Location||Plaza de España 1, Madrid, Spain|
|Roof||117 m (384 ft)|
|Design and construction|
|Developer||Compañía Inmobiliaria Metropolitana|
|Structural engineer||Joaquín Otamendi|
The Edificio España (Spanish: Spain Building) is the 14th tallest building in Madrid, Spain, and one of the cities most iconic buildings. It is an example of 20th-century Spanish architecture built in the neo-baroque style. In 2014 it was purchased by Chinese real estate company Dalian Wanda.
It was designed by architect Julián Otamendi and his brother in the Neo-baroque style and constructed from 1948 to 1953. It was a "symbol of prosperity" during the decades of Francisco Franco's Spain.
It was the tallest building in Spain, with 25 floors and a height of 117 m (384 ft), until overtaken by the Torre de Madrid (also built by Otamendi) in 1957. The building formerly housed a Crowne Plaza Hotel, a shopping centre, apartments, offices, and a rooftop pool. Its profile, on Plaza de España at the end of the Gran Vía, complements the neighboring skyscraper Torre de Madrid, making the pair important architectural landmarks in the city.
Changes in ownership
Metrovacesa, which owned the structure since its completion, marketed it in April 2005 along with the neighboring Torre de Madrid to help finance its acquisition of French property company, Gecina.
In June 2005, Santander Real's investment fund acquired 50% of the building for €138.6 million and committed to purchase the remaining 50%, belonging to the hotel, shortly thereafter. The deal closed in early December 2007. Santander renovated the building, preserving intact the facade and the lobby as part of a project to build a hotel and apartments, but the project stalled in 2010.
The building was acquired in 2014 by Wang Jianlin's Chinese real estate company Dalian Wanda for "about a third less than the €389 million that Banco Santander paid in 2005, at the height of Spain’s construction boom". Dalian Wanda "plans to renovate the structure to include luxury apartments and a hotel as part of a broader overhaul of the neighborhood", and in January 2015 the Governing Board of the Community of Madrid approved the proposed refurbishment. Wang intends to "create a luxury hotel, more than 300 homes and a retail space, which he plans to expand to 15,000 sqm".
By the time it was purchased by Dalian Wanda, it had been empty for several years and "had become a symbol of the Spanish real estate market’s collapse in 2008" that marked the beginning of the Great Recession in Spain.
In popular culture
In 2007 documentary filmmaker Víctor Moreno began "filming over 200 workers, mostly immigrants from all over the world, hired to demolish the interior" of the building with the approval of the building's then owner, Banco Santander. However, the bank reversed its position without explanation and blocked its release in Spain for 15 months. Despite the ban, the documentary was shown at the San Sebastián International Film Festival, Buenos Aires International Festival of Independent Cinema, and Doclisboa. It was eventually released in the movies in Spain in 2014. 
Media related to Edificio España at Wikimedia Commons
- "Edificio España (The Building)". UnionDocs (UnDo) is a Center for Documentary Art. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- "Two bidders vie for Metrovaseca offices". Highbeam. 1 June 2005. Retrieved 2012-12-05.
- A. Larrañeta (20 February 2007). "El Edificio España sigue vacío un año y medio después de su venta". 20 Minutos (in Spanish). Retrieved 2012-12-05.
- Minder, Raphael (September 23, 2014). "Sale of a Landmark Skyscraper Puts Spain on the Map of Chinese Investors". New York Times.
- "El Santander vende el Edificio España al magnate chino Wang Jianli por 265 millones" (in Spanish). ABC.es. 2014-06-05. Retrieved 2014-06-05.
- Ruiz, R. (30 January 2015). "Visto bueno al proyecto de Wanda para Torre España". Expansión (in Spanish).
- "Edificio España (The Building)". edificioespana.es. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
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