Edinburg, Texas

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Edinburg, Texas
The Hidalgo County Courthouse as seen from University Drive in late 2002
The Hidalgo County Courthouse as seen from University Drive in late 2002
Nickname: 
"Gateway City to the Rio Grande Valley"
Location of Edinburg, Texas
Location of Edinburg, Texas
Edinburg is located in Texas
Edinburg
Edinburg
Location of Edinburg in Texas
Edinburg is located in the United States
Edinburg
Edinburg
Location of Edinburg in the US
Coordinates: 26°18′15″N 98°9′50″W / 26.30417°N 98.16389°W / 26.30417; -98.16389Coordinates: 26°18′15″N 98°9′50″W / 26.30417°N 98.16389°W / 26.30417; -98.16389
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyHidalgo
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Richard Molina
Jorge "Coach" Salinas
Gilbert Enriquez
Homero Jasso
David Torres[1]
 • City ManagerRichard M. Hinojosa
Area
 • Total44.78 sq mi (115.98 km2)
 • Land44.72 sq mi (115.83 km2)
 • Water0.06 sq mi (0.15 km2)
Elevation
95 ft (29 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total77,100
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
101,170
 • Density2,262.15/sq mi (873.43/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
78539-78541
Area code956
FIPS code48-22660[4]
GNIS feature ID1335095[5]
Websitewww.cityofedinburg.com

Edinburg (/ˈɛdɪnbɜːrɡ/ ED-in-burg) is a city in and the county seat of Hidalgo County, Texas, United States.[6] Its population was 74,569 as of the 2010 census,[7] and in 2019, its estimated population was 101,170,[8] making it the second-largest city in Hidalgo County, and the third-largest city in the larger Rio Grande Valley region.

Edinburg is part of the McAllen–Edinburg–Mission and Reynosa–McAllen metropolitan areas.

History[edit]

In 1908, John Closner, William Briggs, Argyle McAllen, Plutarco de la Viña, and Dennis B. Chapin developed a new community at this site. The town square was located at the current crossroads of U.S. Highway 281 and State Highway 107. The town was named "Chapin" in honor of one of the developers. A local myth relates that Edinburg became the county seat of Hidalgo County in a dramatic, nighttime covert operation in which the county records were removed from the previous county seat. However, historical records show more practical reasons. The 1886 Hidalgo County Courthouse in the city of Hidalgo was under frequent danger of flooding because it stood just a few yards away from the banks the Rio Grande. Additionally, the county was over 80 miles long at this time, and state law required that the courthouse be close to the geographic center of a county.[9] A wood-frame courthouse was designed and built beside the Chapin courthouse square in 1908; construction on a grand courthouse within the square began in 1910 under the supervision of San Antonio builders and a partnership of San Antonio architects.[10] When Dennis Chapin was involved in the shooting death of Oscar J. Rountree at the Dan Breen Saloon in San Antonio,[11] the community changed its name to "Edinburg" to honor John Young, a prominent businessman who was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. The town was officially renamed in 1911 and incorporated in 1919.

Geography[edit]

Edinburg is located in south-central Hidalgo County at 26°18′15″N 98°9′50″W / 26.30417°N 98.16389°W / 26.30417; -98.16389 (26.304225, –98.163751).[12] It is bordered to the south by Pharr and to the southwest by McAllen, the largest city in the county. U.S. Route 281 (Interstate 69C) runs through the east side of Edinburg. US 281 leads north 103 miles (166 km) to Alice and 229 miles (369 km) to San Antonio. Downtown McAllen is 10 miles (16 km) to the south and west.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Edinburg has a total area of 37.7 square miles (97.6 km2), of which 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.16%, is covered by water.[7]

Climate data for Edinburg, Texas (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 70.1
(21.2)
73.5
(23.1)
80.0
(26.7)
85.3
(29.6)
89.9
(32.2)
94.5
(34.7)
96.5
(35.8)
97.1
(36.2)
92.6
(33.7)
86.8
(30.4)
79.0
(26.1)
71.0
(21.7)
84.7
(29.3)
Average low °F (°C) 48.2
(9.0)
51.4
(10.8)
56.6
(13.7)
64.2
(17.9)
70.1
(21.2)
74.7
(23.7)
75.4
(24.1)
75.6
(24.2)
72.7
(22.6)
65.5
(18.6)
56.5
(13.6)
48.6
(9.2)
63.3
(17.4)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.58
(40)
1.36
(35)
1.10
(28)
1.35
(34)
2.69
(68)
2.53
(64)
2.79
(71)
1.98
(50)
3.87
(98)
2.62
(67)
1.14
(29)
1.06
(27)
24.07
(611)
Source: NOAA[13]


Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19201,406
19304,821242.9%
19406,71839.3%
195012,38384.3%
196018,70651.1%
197017,163−8.2%
198024,07540.3%
199029,88524.1%
200048,46562.2%
201077,10059.1%
2020100,24330.0%
2021 (est.)102,4832.2%

2020 census[edit]

Edinburg racial composition[14]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 6,793 6.78%
Black or African American (NH) 1,389 1.39%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 110 0.11%
Asian (NH) 2,563 2.56%
Pacific Islander (NH) 3 0.0%
Some Other Race (NH) 250 0.25%
Mixed/multiracial (NH) 477 0.48%
Hispanic or Latino 88,658 88.44%
Total 100,243

As of the 2020 United States census, 100,243 people, 29,899 households, and 21,635 families were residing in the city.

2000 census[edit]

Population as of the census[4] of 2000 was 48,465 people, 14,183 households, and 11,417 families in the city. The population density was 1,296.9 people per square mile (500.7/km2). The 16,031 housing units had an average density of 429.0 per square mile (165.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 73.32% White, 0.58% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 22.71% from other races, and 2.27% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 88.68% of the population. About 95% of those who selected the "other race" were Hispanic or Latino.[17]

Of the 14,183 households, 46.9% had children under 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.5% were not families. About 15.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 3.29, and the average family size was 3.71.

In the city, the ag distribution was 33.0% under 18, 13.1% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.2% who were 65 or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,938, and for a family was $30,634. Males had a median income of $27,505 versus $21,010 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,854. About 25.2% of families and 29.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.2% of those under 18 and 23.0% of those 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Several state agencies have offices in Edinburg. This includes the Thirteenth Court of Appeals, the Texas Attorney General's Child Support Unit, the Texas Departments of Health Services, Human Services, Protective and Regulatory Services, and Public Safety. The Texas Youth Commission has a facility near Edinburg. The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates two facilities, the Lopez Unit and the Segovia Unit, in Edinburg.[18][19]

Arts and culture[edit]

Public libraries[edit]

The City of Edinburg operates the Dustin Michael Sekula Memorial Library.[20]

Museums[edit]

Edinburg is home to the Museum of South Texas History, formerly the Hidalgo County Historical Museum.

Tourism[edit]

The Edinburg Scenic Wetlands comprise one of nine sites of the World Birding Center, a native habitat site and wildlife refuge.[21]

Sports[edit]

This city was the home of the Edinburg Roadrunners, an independent league baseball team in the North American League, but after numerous ownership changes, the team disbanded. Currently, UTRGV is the only major baseball team in Edinburg.

In 2013, the city of Edinburg and the Edinburg Economic Development Corporation announced plans for the construction of an events arena in which the NBA Development League champions, the Rio Grande Valley Vipers, would be the anchor tenants.[22] It opened in 2018. The team also has its practice facility at the Edinburg Sports and Wellness Center.[23] The city also opened a six-city-block stretch of green pedestrian walkway space known as the McIntyre Street Project in April 2014; it is expected to be the beginning of a proposed arts and restaurant district extending through the heart of Edinburg.[24]

Since 2016, the city has been home to the Rio Grande Valley FC Toros soccer club in the USL Championship, who play at H-E-B Park.[25] The city is also home to the Rio Grande Valley FC Toros Academy, the best youth soccer club in the area and a pioneer in youth development for the Rio Grande Valley. The Toros Academy plays in the MLS Next league against the best academies in the nation and provides fully funded programs for U-15, U-17, and U-19 boys.

Stadiums and arenas[edit]

Bert Ogden Arena was originally opened in August 2018, is the home for the Rio Grande Valley Vipers of the NBA G League. The capacity for basketball games is 7,688 and 9,000 for concerts. The construction cost was $88 million.

UTRGV Baseball Stadium, commonly known as Edinburg Stadium, had its groundbreaking take place in 2000., and it opened in 2001. The stadium's capacity is 4,000 people. It was the home for the Edinburg Roadrunners (2001 to 2013). The Edinburg Roadrunners were a member of the United League Baseball 2006 to 2010 and the North American League from 2011 to 2012. The land was owned by the City of Edinburg in years prior to 2014, was donated to the University of Texas System.

H-E-B Park is a 9,700-seat soccer-specific stadium home for the rio Grande Valley FC Toros of the USL Championship. The construction of the stadium was completed in 2016 and officially opened on March 22, 2017.[25]

Government[edit]

As Edinburg is the county seat of Hidalgo County, most major county offices are located there, including the Criminal District Attorney's Office, the District Courts and County Courts at Law of Hidalgo County, the Community Supervision and Corrections Department, the Hidalgo County Juvenile Probation Department, the Hidalgo County Sheriff's Office, and the offices of the County Judge, the Tax Assessor/Collector, the County Treasurer, County Auditor and Veterans Services. Hidalgo County Commissioner's Precinct Four represents Edinburg on the Hidalgo County County Commissioner's Court.

Edinburg City Council[edit]

  • Mayor - Ramiro Garza Jr.
  • Council Member Place 1 – Dan Diaz
  • Council Member Place 2 – Jason De Leon
  • Council Member Place 3 – Johnny Garcia
  • Council Member Place 4 – David White

Edinburg City Council meetings are held on the first and third Tuesdays of every month starting at 6 pm in the Edinburg City Hall, Council Chambers. Anyone can attend the meetings and voice any concerns.[26]

Federal representation[edit]

The United States Border Patrol Rio Grande Valley Sector Headquarters is at 4400 South Expressway 281, Edinburg, Texas.

The United States Postal Service operates a postal office at 410 S Jackson Road, Edinburg, Texas.

Education[edit]

University of Texas Rio Grande Valley[edit]

In December 2012, officials announced the merger of the existing University of Texas-Pan American in Edinburg and the University of Texas at Brownsville into a regional institution.[27] A year later, in December 2013, University of Texas System officials decided to name the new institution the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley.[28][29] UTRGV's creation garnered much media attention because of its expected economic, social, and health-care impact on the region. UTRGV is unique in that it is the first time the UT System has merged existing campuses in such a way. UTRGV was to also bring the first medical school to the Rio Grande Valley region.[30] The first class of UTRGV students began courses in fall 2015.[31]

Colleges[edit]

Edinburg is also the home of the Rio Grande Bible Institute and is located in the South Texas College District.

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Almost all of the city is served by the Edinburg Consolidated Independent School District, comprising four high schools, one alternative secondary school, six middle schools, and 20 elementary schools. A small portion is served by the McAllen Independent School District, including Memorial High School, Cathey Middle School, and McAllen's Gonzalez Elementary.

In addition, the South Texas Independent School District operates magnet schools that serve Edinburg. South Texas Business Education & Technology Academy is in Edinburg. Students from Edinburg also have the chance to attend other South Texas ISD schools in Mercedes -South Texas High School for the Medical Professions and the Science Academy of South Texas.

The Catholic Diocese of Brownsville operates St. Joseph Catholic School, an elementary and middle school.

Media[edit]

Television stations[edit]

The Edinburg area is served by numerous local television affiliates.

Radio stations[edit]

  • KHID 88.1 FM (National Public Radio)[42]
  • KOIR Radio Esperanza 88.5 FM (Spanish Christian) [Spanish][44]
  • XHRYA Mas Musica 90.9 FM (Hit Radio) [Spanish][45]
  • XHMLS Exitos 91.3 FM (All-Time Hits) [Spanish][46]
  • KCAS The New KCAS 91.5 FM (Religious)[47]
  • XHAAA La Caliente 93.1 FM (Regional Mexican) [Spanish][48]
  • KFRQ 94.5 FM (Classic/Modern/Hard Rock)[49]
  • XHRT Xtrema 95.3 FM (All-Time Hits) [Spanish][50]
  • KBTQ Radio Recuerdo 96.1 FM (Oldies) [Spanish][51]
  • KVMV Faith, Hope & Love 96.9 FM (Contemporary Christian)[52]
  • KCYP-LP 97.7 FM LP | The city (Local Talent and Talk)[53]
  • KKPS Que Pasa 99.5 FM (Regional Tejano) [Spanish][54]
  • KTEX-FM South Texas Country 100.3 FM (Country)[55]
  • KNVO-FM Jose 101.1 FM (Contemporary Spanish)[56]
  • XHAVO Digital 101.5 FM (International Music) [Spanish][57]
  • KBFM Wild 104.1 FM (Hip-Hop/R&B/Reggaeton)[58]
  • KJAV 104.9 FM Ultra[59]
  • KQXX The X 105.5 FM (Classic-rock)[60]
  • KBIC 105.7 FM Radio Vida (Christian radio)[61]
  • KHKZ Kiss 106.3 FM (Hot AC)[62]
  • XHVTH La Mas Buena 107.1 FM (Regional Mexican) [Spanish][48]
  • KVLY Mix FM 107.9 FM (Adult Contemporary, TOP 40)[63]
  • KURV 710 AM (Talk Radio) FOX News[64]
  • XERDO-AM La Radio 1450 AM (News/Sports) [Spanish][65]
  • XEMS La Radio Mexicana 1490 AM (Regional Mexican) [Spanish][65]

Area newspapers[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

McIntyre Street Project plans also include a bus transportation hub for Valley Metro,[66] the regional transit service.[67]

Greyhound provides bus service to Edinburg.[68]

Highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Two major commercial airports are near Edinburg: McAllen Miller International Airport (MFE) at McAllen, 20 minutes from Edinburg and Valley International Airport, (HRL) in Harlingen, 40 minutes from Edinburg. The South Texas International Airport at Edinburg (KEBG) is a public-use airport owned and operated by the City of Edinburg.

Notable people[edit]

Resources[edit]

Historical databases[edit]

http://genealogytrails.com/tex/southtexas/hidalgo/

https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hee02

https://mosthistory.org/

References[edit]

  1. ^ Power shift: New Edinburg council takes office, interim attorney hired The Monitor. 16 November 2017. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  3. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Edinburg city, Texas (revision of 11-20-2013)". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 15, 2018.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  9. ^ Edinburg 2013 State of the City Address on YouTube
  10. ^ LIMBACHER & GODFREY Architects (May 2012). "Historic HIDALGO COUNTY COURTHOUSE" (PDF). pp. 12–14. Retrieved May 20, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. ^ San Antonio Light, December 7, 1911, p.2
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  13. ^ "National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) 1981-2010 Normals:Edinburg, TX US", NOAA, 2021. Web: [1].
  14. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-21.
  15. ^ http://www.census.gov[not specific enough to verify]
  16. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". Census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  17. ^ Rodriguez, Clara E. 2000. Changing Race: Latinos, the Census, and the History of Ethnicity in the United States. New York: New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-7546-2
  18. ^ "Lopez Unit Archived October 2, 2011, at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
  19. ^ "Segovia Unit Archived August 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
  20. ^ "Home Archived 2013-12-16 at the Wayback Machine." Dustin Michael Sekula Memorial Library. Retrieved on May 7, 2010.
  21. ^ Glusac, Elaine (6 April 2010). "The Texas Border Draws Frequent Fliers". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
  22. ^ "The City of Edinburg, City Headlines". Archived from the original on 2014-04-29. Retrieved 2014-04-29.
  23. ^ Nba Development League: Rgv Vipers And City Of Edinburg Announce Sports And Wellness Center Archived 2014-04-29 at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ "The City of Edinburg, City Headlines". Archived from the original on 2014-04-29. Retrieved 2014-04-29.
  25. ^ a b "RGVFC awarded the USL's newest franchise | Houston Dynamo".
  26. ^ "The City of Edinburg Meet the City Council". cityofedinburg.com. Archived from the original on 2017-11-15. Retrieved 2017-11-17.
  27. ^ Lawmakers promise quick action on university vote at UTPA town hall - The Monitor: Local News
  28. ^ "Board of Regents votes to name new UT in South Texas The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley | University of Texas System". Archived from the original on 2019-08-25. Retrieved 2014-05-29.
  29. ^ "The City of Edinburg, City Headlines". Archived from the original on 2017-12-10. Retrieved 2014-04-29.
  30. ^ Special report: Project South Texas - The Monitor: News
  31. ^ "McRaven: UTRGV will change the fabric of the Rio Grande Valley". Archived from the original on 2018-11-15. Retrieved 2017-12-09.
  32. ^ ValleyCentral.com - Latest local news, weather, high school sports in the Rio Grande Valley
  33. ^ KRGV.com | CHANNEL 5 NEWS | Breaking News Breaking StoriesHome
  34. ^ XERV9 Archived December 7, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  35. ^ "TV en vivo por internet y capítulos en línea - azteca.com". Archived from the original on 2014-01-10. Retrieved 2014-01-10.
  36. ^ Azteca 7 te damos de que hablar - azteca7.com Archived January 7, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  37. ^ KVEO News Center 23 | The Rio Grande Valley's News and Weather
  38. ^ Noticias de McAllen, Noticias de McAllen Texas, El Tiempo, Entretenimiento - Telemundo 40
  39. ^ "KLUJ_harlingen". Archived from the original on 2013-09-03. Retrieved 2014-01-02.
  40. ^ Noticias 48 | Noticias del rio grande valle
  41. ^ "Multimedios TV". Archived from the original on 2015-07-01. Retrieved 2014-01-14.
  42. ^ a b Home | KMBH TV
  43. ^ yourcwriograndevalley.com
  44. ^ Radio Esperanza 88.5 FM | Valle de Texas Radio Cristiana
  45. ^ "+Music - ¡Acostúmbrate a más!". Archived from the original on 2014-01-02. Retrieved 2014-01-08.
  46. ^ Exitos 91.3 - Más y Mejor Musica
  47. ^ KCAS Radio - 91.5FM
  48. ^ a b Multimedios Radio :: Piensa Radio
  49. ^ http://q945rocks.com/[bare URL]
  50. ^ radioramareynosa.com Archived 2014-07-23 at the Wayback Machine
  51. ^ Radio Recuerdo 96.1 FM | Música Romántica en Español en McAllen
  52. ^ KVMV
  53. ^ http://www.thecity977.com/[bare URL]
  54. ^ 995 lanueva | KKPS Musica Tejana - La Nueva
  55. ^ FM 100 KTEX - McAllen/Brownsville is KTEX Country
  56. ^ RADIO JOSE McAllenInicio » RADIO JOSE McAllen
  57. ^ :Digital 101.5 FM | McAllen, TX:. — Música Internacional
  58. ^ Wild 104 - McAllen/Brownsville Party Station
  59. ^ Reference
  60. ^ KQXX-FM - Mission-McAllen's Classic Rock
  61. ^ Radio Vida - La Estacion Que Te Da Vida!
  62. ^ KHKZ-FM - Mcallen/Brownsville Best Music
  63. ^ 107.9 KVLY | 107.9 Mix FM
  64. ^ 710 KURV: The Valley's News, Weather &amp Talk Station
  65. ^ a b http://radioavanzado.com/[bare URL]
  66. ^ Lower Rio Grande Valley Development Council
  67. ^ Music to Edinburg's Ears: UTPA fine arts center expected to boost business for city - Local News - The Monitor
  68. ^ https://bustracker.greyhound.com/stops/681010/Edinburg_TX
  69. ^ "Megan Salinas". HUSTLER. August 2013. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[15][16]

External links[edit]