Edinburgh Airport Rail Link
|Edinburgh Airport Rail Link|
The Fife Circle Line passing the end of Edinburgh Airport runway
|Type||Urban rail / Airport rail link proposal|
|Locale||Edinburgh Airport, Scotland|
Glasgow Queen Street; Fife
|Character||Underground spurs linking existing railway lines|
|Line length||14 kilometres (8.7 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
Coordinates: The Edinburgh Airport Rail Link (EARL) was a proposed rail link to Edinburgh Airport, Scotland. The project was passed by the Scottish Parliament in 2007, but following a change of government, was cancelled in September 2007 on grounds of cost.
The link was planned to open in 2011 and would have included an underground airport station located beneath the terminal building. A tunnel was to have been constructed to take trains underneath the main runway. The Edinburgh Airport Rail Link would have allowed direct rail travel to and from the airport from Scotland’s main towns and cities. New rolling stock was to be ordered for the service to compensate for any extra journey time created by the additional stop.
Although Edinburgh Airport has no railway station, it lies in close proximity to two major railway lines, the Fife Circle and the Edinburgh-Glasgow railway lines. The EARL project aimed to construct connecting links from these lines, intersecting at a new underground railway station underneath Edinburgh Airport, in order to provide direct rail links to the airport from Edinburgh, Glasgow and other Scottish cities.
The project was proposed by the Labour and Liberal Democrat coalition of the Scottish Government and it was also supported by the Scottish Conservatives. The Scottish National Party (SNP) and the Scottish Green Party both opposed the project on grounds of cost and because it duplicated existing bus services. The cost of the station alone was initially estimated at £100 million because it had to conform to strict fire standards for underground stations. The total cost of the project was thought to be £500 million - even so the benefit cost ratio was very high because of the considerable interconnectivity provided.
Though the exact timetable had not been finalised, the following service pattern was expected to have been implemented:
- Edinburgh-Glasgow - 2 trains per hour
- Edinburgh-Dunblane - 2 trains per hour
- Fife Circle - 2 trains per hour
- Edinburgh-Aberdeen - 1 train per hour
- Edinburgh-Perth & Inverness - 1 train per hour
Following the Scottish Parliament election, 2007, the newly elected SNP minority government announced their intention to cancel the Edinburgh Airport Rail Link project in September 2007 amid concerns over the need for public spending cuts. Transport commentators criticised the cancellation of the EARL project, claiming that approximately £30 million had been spent on the scheme.
Following a vote in the Scottish Parliament on 27 June 2007, the Scottish Government agreed to retain the Edinburgh Trams project to construct a light rail line between the airport and Edinburgh city centre. John Swinney MSP, the Cabinet Secretary for Finance in the Scottish Government, warned that the full underground EARL project would probably be scrapped in favour of the electrification of the Glasgow-Edinburgh Main Line. The Edinburgh Trams service was launched, on 31 May 2014, as a single light rail route from central Edinburgh to the airport.
To address the loss of direct mainline rail links from around Scotland to Edinburgh Airport, the Scottish Government instead proposed a cheaper alternative in the form of a new interchange station at Gogar offering interchange between the Fife Circle Line and the Edinburgh to Aberdeen Line and Edinburgh Trams. Construction of the new interchange station, to be called Edinburgh Gateway, has been confirmed and it is scheduled to open in December 2016.
- "MSPs back new airport rail link". BBC News. 14 March 2007. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
- "Edinburgh air rail link dropped". BBC News. 27 September 2007. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
- "The Plans for the Airport Rail Link". EARL. 2007. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
- Rose, Gareth (13 February 2007). "Airport rail link a step closer as MSPs back funding pledge". Edinburgh: The Scotsman. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
- "EARL Bill Awarded Royal Assent". EARL News. 2007-04-19. Retrieved 2007-10-02.
- "It's £30m down the drain". Edinburgh: Edinburgh Air. 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2015-12-11.
- "Climbdown after transport defeat". BBC News. 27 June 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-02.
- "Edinburgh's trams roll into action". BBC News. 31 May 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- Stevenson, Stewart (27 September 2007). "Edinburgh Airport Rail Link (speech)". Scottish Government. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
- "33.03 Project definition – EGIP – Edinburgh Gateway (Gogar) Intermodal Transport Interchange" (PDF). Network Rail CP4 Delivery Plan 2010 Enhancements programme: statement of scope, outputs. Network Rail. December 2010. p. 212. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- "Edinburgh tramway opens". 30 May 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2014.