Edinburgh East by-election, 1909

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The Edinburgh East by-election was a Parliamentary by-election. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post voting system.

Vacancy[edit]

Sir George McCrae had been Liberal MP for the seat of Edinburgh East since the Edinburgh East by-election, 1899. He resigned from the House of Commons to take up a position in Scottish government service, accepting the appointment of Vice-President of the Scottish Local Government Board.[1]

Electoral history[edit]

The seat had been won by a Liberal at every election since it was created in 1885. They easily held the seat at the last election, with an increased majority;

General Election January 1906[2] Electorate 11,572
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George McCrae 6,606 73.1
Conservative Rankin Dawson 2,432 26.9
Majority 4,174 46.2
Turnout 78.1
Liberal hold Swing

Candidates[edit]

The local Liberal Association selected 60-year-old James Gibson to defend the seat. He had been Lord Provost, of Edinburgh since 1906. The Conservatives selected 29-year-old Patrick Ford as their candidate.

Campaign[edit]

Polling Day was fixed for 16 April 1909.

Result[edit]

The Liberal majority was only a ninth of their 1906 result. This was generally ascribed to the loss of the Roman Catholic vote because of the failure to settle the education question.;[3]

James Gibson
Edinburgh East by-election, 1909[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Puckering Gibson 4,527 52.7 -20.4
Liberal Unionist Patrick Johnstone Ford 4,069 47.3 +20.4
Majority 5.4 -40.8
Turnout 73.4 -4.7
Liberal hold Swing -20.4

Aftermath[edit]

General Election January 1910[5] Electorate 12,544
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sir James Puckering Gibson 6,760 61.3 +8.6
Liberal Unionist Patrick Johnstone Ford 4,273 38.7 -8.6
Majority 2,487 22.6
Turnout 88.0 +14.6
Liberal hold Swing +8.6

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edmund Burke, The Annual Register of World Events: A Review of the Year; Longmans, Green, 1910
  2. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918
  3. ^ A Liberal Chronicle: Journals and Papers of J.A. Pease
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918