Edington Priory in Wiltshire, England, was founded by William Edington, the bishop of Winchester, in 1351 in his home village of Edington, about 3+3⁄4 miles (6 km) east of the town of Westbury. The priory church was consecrated in 1361 and continues in use as the parish church of Saint Mary, Saint Katharine and All Saints.
When Edington was recorded in Domesday Book of 1086 it was held by Romsey Abbey. The nuns of Romsey provided a church for their tenants at Edington. Remains of a late-Norman church were found during restoration in the 19th century. North Bradley was a chapelry of Edington at this time.
William Edington (d. 1366), from an Edington family, became Treasurer of England and bishop of Winchester, and founded a college of chantry priests at Edington in 1351 in order to have prayers said for himself, his parents and his brother. The church was transferred from Romsey to the chantry, and William gave further funds and properties in the following years.
In 1358 the chantry became a house of the Bonhommes, an Augustinian community. The establishment was modelled on Ashridge Priory. The chantry's property was transferred to the new foundation and William, with others, added many manors to its wealth until his death in 1366. The first rector, brought from Ashridge, was John de Aylesbury. At the time of his death in 1382 the brethren were eighteen in number.
John Rous (died c. 1454) gave the nearby manor of Baynton to the monastery, funding a chantry to pray for himself and his first wife; he was buried in the south aisle.
During Jack Cade's rebellion in 1450, William Ayscough, Bishop of Salisbury and confessor to Henry VI, was forced to flee Salisbury. Seeking refuge in the church at Edington, he was discovered on 29 June, dragged from the high altar during mass and murdered in the fields outside the church.
Paul Bush became provost of the house at Edington. In 1539 at the dissolution of the monasteries the house was peacefully dissolved and the brothers given pensions for life. In 1541 most of its estates were obtained by Sir Thomas Seymour.
The site of the monastery, north and northeast of the parish church, is a scheduled ancient monument. Besides the church, five surviving structures are recognised by Historic England; all except the fish-pond are Grade I listed.
House called "The Priory"
Immediately north of the church, a late medieval house may incorporate parts of the monastic buildings. The property passed to the Paulets, Marquesses of Winchester after the Dissolution.
North and east of the church, two large rectangular gardens enclosed by walls approximately 3 to 4 metres high may reflect the layout of the monastic precinct. Orbach considers all their features to be from Jacobean pleasure gardens, and places the shell-headed wall niches at c.1600.
The Monastery Garden Cottage
Northeast of the church, on the road which leads to Steeple Ashton, a cottage named The Monastery Garden, possibly 16th century, is built into a stretch of wall which may have monastic origins.
A large rectangular fish-pond, north of the church, may be monastic in origin. Other adjacent ponds have been filled in.
About 400 metres southwest of the church is a small 14th-century building over the Ladywell spring, with stone water troughs. A conduit carried water to the monastery.
William Wey (c.1407–1476), who made pilgrimages to Spain, Jerusalem, and Palestine, entered the monastery around 1463 and wrote his accounts of his travels there.
Paul Bush, the last provost of the monastery, became from c.1539 a residentiary canon of Salisbury Cathedral, and from 1542 to 1554 the first bishop of Bristol.
The church stands today, a good example of the transition between the decorated and perpendicular style of church-building. Pevsner writes "A wonderful church and a highly important church. It is so varied in its skyline and so freely embattled that it looks like a fortified mansion ...". It was listed at Grade I in 1968.
The whole 14th-century church survives, with its interior enhanced in the 17th century, and restoration by C.E. Ponting in 1888–91. Ponting also restored the limestone cross in the churchyard which may date from early in the 19th century.
The church has medieval glass and contains the burial monuments of several local notables, including tombs removed from St Giles at Imber during the early 1950s, following the evacuation of that village in 1943.
The benefices and parishes of Edington and Imber were united in 1951, with the parsonage house at Imber to be sold. Today the parish is part of the benefice of Bratton, Edington and Imber, Coulston and Erlestoke.
In 1965 there were six bells, one of them dated 1647 and three from the 18th century; four more (sounding higher notes) were hung in 1968 to make a peal of ten. There is also a sanctus bell. In 2014 a new organ by Harrison & Harrison was installed.
Every August since 1956 a festival of church music, the Edington Festival of Music within the Liturgy, is held here.
- ^ Edington in the Domesday Book
- ^ a b Church History, Friends of Edington Priory Church
- ^ a b "Victoria County History - Wiltshire - Vol 8 pp. 239–250 - Edington". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- ^ a b "Victoria County History - Wiltshire - Vol 3 pp. 320–324 - House of Bonhommes: Edington". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- ^ a b Richmond. "ROUS, John III (d.c.1454), of Baynton in Edington, Wilts". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 8 June 2022.
- ^ Historic England. "Edington Priory (site of) (1004709)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- ^ Historic England. "The Priory (1285064)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- ^ a b Orbach, Julian; Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (2021). Wiltshire. The Buildings of England. New Haven, US and London: Yale University Press. p. 317. ISBN 978-0-300-25120-3. OCLC 1201298091.
- ^ Historic England. "Remains of Abbey or Priory in grounds of The Monastery Garden (1021493)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- ^ Historic England. "The Monastery Garden (1021492)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- ^ Historic England. "Fishponds of Edington Priory (891282)". Research records (formerly PastScape). Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- ^ Historic England. "Conduit head (spring) (1181417)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- ^ Historic England. "Scheduled Monument: Monk's Conduit well house (1017297)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- ^ Lee, Sidney, ed. (1899). . Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 60. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- ^ This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Venables, Edmund (1886). "Bush, Paul". In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 8. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary, St Katherine and All Saints (1364257)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- ^ Historic England. "Churchyard Cross (1364258)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 June 2022.
- ^ "Priory Church of St. Mary, St. Katherine and All Saints, Edington". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council.
- ^ "No. 39403". The London Gazette. 7 December 1951. p. 6384.
- ^ "BECIE Benefice". Retrieved 29 June 2022.
- ^ a b "Edington". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 29 June 2022.
- ^ "Edington villagers help pack up organ bound for school in Estonia". Wiltshire Times. 10 January 2014. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- ^ "The Edington Festival of Music within the Liturgy". Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- ^ "Edington heads for the limelight". BBC - Wiltshire. 29 October 2014. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
- The Parish of Edington and Imber
- Images from the BBC
- Bayntun Tomb mystery at bayntun-history.com, archived in August 2019
- The Edington Cartulary – Janet H. Stevenson (1987), Wiltshire Record Society vol. 42