Edith Ewing Bouvier Beale
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Edith Ewing Bouvier Beale
Edith Ewing Bouvier
October 5, 1895
Nutley, New Jersey, U.S.
|Died||February 5, 1977 (aged 81)|
Southampton, New York, U.S.
|Other names||Big Edie|
(m. 1917; div. 1931)
|Children||Edith Bouvier Beale|
Phelan Beale, Jr.
|Parent(s)||John Vernou Bouvier Jr.|
Maude Frances Sergeant Bouvier
|Relatives||John Vernou Bouvier III (brother)|
Jacqueline Kennedy (niece)
Lee Radziwill (niece)
Edith Ewing Bouvier Beale (October 5, 1895 – February 5, 1977) was an American socialite and singer known for her reclusive and eccentric lifestyle. Known as Big Edie, she was a sister of John Vernou Bouvier III and an aunt of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis. Her life and relationship with her daughter Edith Bouvier Beale was highlighted in the 1975 documentary Grey Gardens.
Beale’s parents were Maude Frances Sergeant and John Vernou Bouvier Jr., the paternal grandparents of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis. Her siblings were John Vernou Bouvier III; William Sergeant "Bud" Bouvier (1893–1929), who died from alcoholism; and twin sisters Maude Reppelin Bouvier Davis (1905–1999) and Michelle Caroline Bouvier Scott Putnam (1905–1987).
Beale pursued an amateur singing career and in 1917 married lawyer/financier Phelan Beale (who worked at her father's law firm Bouvier and Beale) in a lavish Catholic ceremony at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York. The couple lived at 987 Madison Avenue (now the site of the Carlyle Hotel). They had three children: daughter Edith (who was referred to as "Little Edie", 1917–2002) and two sons (Phelan Beale, Jr., 1920–1993, and Bouvier Beale, 1922–1994).
In 1923, Phelan Beale purchased the Grey Gardens mansion in the Georgica neighborhood of East Hampton, a block from the Atlantic Ocean. The Beales separated in 1931, with Edith retaining the Grey Gardens house. Edith received child support, but no form of alimony. She continued to pursue her singing career, giving recitals in her home and at local functions. Her sons went to college and World War II duty and had families of their own. In 1946, Phelan Beale notified her of their divorce via telegram from Mexico. In July 1952, Beale's daughter Edith (known as "Little Edie") returned after five years in Manhattan to live permanently at Grey Gardens.
In October 1971, police raided Grey Gardens and found the house "full of litter, rife with the odor of cats and in violation of various local ordinances". The Suffolk County, New York Board of Health prepared to evict Beale and "Little Edie" due to the unsafe condition of the property. Following the publicity, Beale's family paid a reported $30,000 to refurbish the property, settle back taxes, and give Beale and "Little Edie" a stipend (the two women's trust fund income had run out some years before). The eviction proceedings were dropped.
Beale's niece Lee Radziwill hired documentary filmmakers Albert and David Maysles in 1972 to work on a film about the Bouvier family. At the outset, the brothers filmed Beale and "Little Edie". The original film project was not completed, and Radziwill kept the footage that had been shot of the Beales.
The Maysles brothers were fascinated by the unique life the two women led. After raising funds for film and equipment on their own they returned and filmed 70 more hours of footage with Beale and "Little Edie". The resulting film, titled Grey Gardens (1976), is widely considered a masterpiece of the documentary genre. It was later adapted as a 2006 musical of the same name, in which the characters Lee and Jackie Bouvier appear as visiting children in retrospect. An HBO television movie based upon the documentary and surrounding story of the Beales' lives, also called Grey Gardens, appeared in 2009.
As Beale neared her death, "Little Edie" reportedly asked if she had any final thoughts. Beale replied: "There's nothing more to say. It's all in the film."
- Saxon, Wolfgang (February 7, 1977). "Edith Bouvier Beale, Recluse, Dead at 81. Aunt of Mrs. Onassis Was Subject of the Documentary Movie 'Grey Gardens' in 1973". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-10-11.
Edith Bouvier Beale, who faded from high society to re-emerge among the seedy surroundings of a rundown Long Island mansion in the film 'Grey Gardens,' died Saturday at Southampton (L.I) Hospital at the age of 81. Grey Gardens was the home she shared with her daughter, Edith, on Apaquogue Road in East Hampton.
- Nolasco, Stephanie (11 September 2018). "Jackie Kennedy Onassis was 'horrified' of recluse aunt, cousin living in crumbling Grey Gardens, book claims". Fox News.
- Brady, Tara. "That Summer: How the walls fell in on the Hamptons". The Irish Times.
- Nicholson, Amy (18 May 2018). "That Summer: the story behind the 'other' Grey Gardens documentary" – via www.theguardian.com.
- Aylmer, Olivia. "A Rare Glimpse Inside Lee Radziwill's Once-in-a-Lifetime Summer at Grey Gardens". Vanities.
- "A Return to Grey Gardens". NYMag.com.
- Goodman, Walter (February 22, 1976). "'Grey Gardens': Cinéma Verité or Sideshow?" – via NYTimes.com.
- Woodman, Sue (2002-02-09). "Obituary: Edith Bouvier Beale". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-02-18.
- Rohter, Larry (2009-04-07). "'Grey Gardens,' Back Story Included, on HBO With Drew Barrymore". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-02-18.
- Thames, Stephanie (April 11, 2014). "A Trip to Grey Gardens with Albert Maysles". TCM Classic Film Festival Hollywood 2014. Turner Classic Movies. Archived from the original on 2017-09-05. Retrieved 2021-01-13.