|Judge on United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit|
April 4, 1985
|Appointed by||Ronald Reagan|
|Preceded by||Seat established|
|Chief Judge of United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit|
January 30, 2006 – October 1, 2012
|Preceded by||Carolyn Dineen King|
|Succeeded by||Carl Stewart|
April 7, 1949 |
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Alma mater||Cornell University
University of Texas, Austin
Edith Hollan Jones (born April 7, 1949) is a judge and the former Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit.
Jones graduated from Cornell University in 1971. She received her J.D. from The University of Texas School of Law in 1974, where she was a member of the Texas Law Review. She was in private practice in Houston, Texas, from 1974 until 1985, working for the firm of Andrews, Kurth, Campbell & Jones, where she became the firm's first female partner. She specialized in bankruptcy law. She also served as General Counsel for the Republican Party of Texas from 1982 to 1983.
She was nominated to the Fifth Circuit by President Ronald Reagan on February 27, 1985, and confirmed by the United States Senate on April 3, 1985. She received her commission on April 4, 1985, at the age of 36. She became Chief Judge of the Fifth Circuit on January 16, 2006, upon the expiration of the term of Carolyn Dineen King.
In 2010, Jones visited Iraq as part of the U.S. State Department's Rule of Law program, where she advised and encouraged Iraqi and Kurdish judges.
Jones has been mentioned frequently as being on the list of potential nominees to the Supreme Court of the United States. A 1990 report from The New York Times cited her as George H.W. Bush's second choice for the Supreme Court vacancy filled by Justice David Souter. The Chicago Sun-Times and several other newspapers reported on July 1, 2005, that she had also been considered for nomination to the Supreme Court during the presidency of George W. Bush.
In her opinions, she has questioned the legal reasoning which legalized abortion, advocated streamlining death penalty cases, invalidated a federal ban on possession of machine guns and advocated toughening bankruptcy laws.
McCorvey v. Hill
Jones attracted attention for her opinion in the case of McCorvey v. Hill, which was a request by the Ms. McCorvey, the 'Jane Roe' of Roe v. Wade to vacate the finding of that case. Jones joined the Fifth Circuit in rejecting the petition on procedural grounds but took the unusual step of handing down a six-page concurrence to the judgment of the court.
The concurrence credited the evidence presented by McCorvey and sharply criticized the Supreme Court's rulings in Roe and in the less famous (decided simultaneously) case of Doe v. Bolton. She quoted Justice Byron White's dissent in the latter, describing the Supreme Court's decision as an "exercise of raw judicial power". She concluded: "That the court's constitutional decision making leaves our nation in a position of willful blindness to evolving knowledge should trouble any dispassionate observer not only about the abortion decisions, but about a number of other areas in which the court unhesitatingly steps into the realm of social policy under the guise of constitutional adjudication".
A group of civil rights organizations and legal ethicists filed a complaint of misconduct against Jones on June 4, 2013, after she allegedly said that "racial groups like African-Americans and Hispanics are predisposed to crime," and are "prone to commit acts of violence" which are more "heinous" than members of other ethnic groups. According to the complaint, Jones also stated that a death sentence is a service to defendants because it allows them to make peace with God and she "referred to her personal religious views as justification for the death penalty". Jones allegedly made the remarks during a speech to the University of Pennsylvania Federalist Society.
In part because Jones was recently the Chief Judge of the Fifth Circuit, Chief Justice of the United States John Roberts (in his administrative capacity) transferred the complaints to the judicial ethics panel of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.
On August 12, 2014, the judicial ethics panel of the District of Columbia Circuit dismissed the complaint, citing lack of evidence to justify disciplining Jones. The complainants appealed to the Judicial Conference of the United States, which affirmed the ruling of the judicial ethics panel in February 2015.
- "Edith Jones Takes Over as Chief Judge of the 5th Circuit". Texas Lawyer. Retrieved January 30, 2006.[dead link]
- "Rule of Law Program Brings Federal Judge to Iraq". Third Branch. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
- Apple Jr, R. W. (July 25, 1990). "Bush's Court Choice; Sununu Tells How and Why He Pushed Souter for Court". New York Times. Retrieved May 1, 2010.
- "Doe v. Bolton, 410 U.S. 179 (1973) at 222, per White J (diss.)". Retrieved 2006-05-12.
- "McCorvey v. Hill, 385 F.3d 846 (5th Cir. 2004) at 12, per Jones J" (PDF). Retrieved 2006-05-12.
- Will Weissert (4 June 2013). "Federal judge accused of making racial comments". New England Cable News (WECN).
- Ethan Bronner (4 June 2013). "Complaint Accuses U.S. Judge in Texas of Racial Bias". New York Times.
- Jordan Smith (4 June 2013). "Judge Edith Jones: Blacks and Hispanics More Violent: Complaint filed over Jones's discriminatory and biased comments". Austin Chronicle.
- Stephanie Condon (13 June 2013). "Conservative judge Edith Jones up for rare review". CBS News.
- "Federal panel dismisses complaint against Houston judge" Houston Chronicle, October 15, 2014
- Benen, Steve; Maddow, Rachel. "Federal Judge Faces No Punishment Following Racially-charged Remarks". The Rachel Maddow Show. MSNBC. Retrieved October 17, 2014.
- "Ruling of the Judicial Council and Report of the Special Committee"
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:
- Comments by Edith Jones Regarding Supreme Court from University of Virginia School of Law
- Edith Jones at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
|New seat||Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit
Carolyn Dineen King
|Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit