Edith Jordan Gardner

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Edith Jordan Gardner
Edith Monica Jordan.jpg
Edith Monica Jordan in 1909
Born
Edith Monica Jordan

(1877-02-17)February 17, 1877
DiedJune 16, 1965(1965-06-16) (aged 88)
ResidenceBerkeley, California, U.S.
Alma materStanford University (BA)
Cornell University (MA)
Occupation
  • Educator
  • Suffragist
  • Social activist
Spouse(s)
Nathaniel Lyon Gardner
(m. 1915; died 1937)
Partner(s)Edward Berwick, Jr. (1909)
Parent(s)

Edith Monica Jordan Gardner (February 17, 1877 – June 16, 1965) was an American educator and activist. She was president of the Southern California Social Science Association, Town and Gown Club, Cornell Women's Club of Northern California, Stanford Woman's Club, and the University of California branch of the Equal Suffrage League, among others. She was the head of the History Department at the John H. Francis Polytechnic High School, chairman of the Department of Legislation Oakland Forum, and one of the earliest members of the Sierra Club.

Early life[edit]

Susan Bowen Jordan in 1879

Edith Monica Jordan Gardner was born on February 17, 1877, in Indianapolis, Indiana, the daughter of Dr. David Starr Jordan (1851-1931) and Susan Bowen (1845-1885). Her father was an ichthyologist and the first president of Stanford University.[1][2][3] She grew up mostly in Indiana, spending her first two years of life in Indianapolis while her father served as professor of natural history at North Western Christian University (which later became Butler University). In 1879, she moved to Bloomington when her father was first appointed professor of zoology and later president of Indiana University. Her mother died when she was eight. At the age of 14, she left Indiana for California when her father was appointed president of Stanford University in 1891.

At the age of 16, she enrolled at Stanford as a freshman and joined the Kappa Alpha Theta sorority in 1893.[4] In 1896, she was elected second vice-president of her senior class at Stanford University and graduated in 1897 at the age of 20[5] with a degree in history.[6] She then obtained a master's degree at Cornell University in 1901.[7][1] She was a member of the Phi Beta Kappa and of the alumni club of the Kappa Alpha Theta.[1]

In 1905, Edith Jordan accompanied her father during a months long stay in Europe, visiting leading universities to learn about their management.[8] When her father had to return to California in September 1905, Edith Jordan remained in London, intending to travel to Italy and return in December 1905.[9]

In 1907, she acted as representative of Stanford University during official university events: that June, she presented the championship banner and the Stanford Cup to the Anaheim High School.[10]

from top left to right: 1) Hume, M., 2) Green, P., 3) Hill, Edith, 4) Webb, Winnifred, 5) Demming, Daisy, 6) Avery, C., 7) Fry, W., 8) Green, Ruby, 9) Haven, Martha, 10) Edwards, Ada, 11) Jordan, Edith, 12) Markham, M., 13) Pitcher, L., 14) Hogue, Elizabeth, 15) Patterson, Letitia, 16) Moody, Ora, 17) Fielder, Ortha Belle, 18) Patterson, Frances, 19) Carey, A.

Career[edit]

Old, neoclassical campus of Polytechnic High near LA’s historic core, 1905

Educator and education activist[edit]

Gardner began her professional life as high school teacher of history and drew from personal experiences to make her lessons appealing. As an history teacher, she mixed archeology, art, architecture and travel to her lessons to make them more alive and interesting:

I feel that in order to understand history, we must bring to life the people of the period studied and in order to do this, we must be able to grasp the environment of these people. We can best do this by a study of the literature and art of their time. We must know, not only their political happenings, but something of their agriculture, their society, their commerce.

Her pupils found her teaching so effective that they cited her words instead of those of textbooks during examinations.[11] Early in her career, she taught at the Marlborough Preparatory School in Los Angeles[12] and was a mathematics teacher at the Salinas High School.[7] She then spent a year between 1908 and 1909 in London, England, to develop her history skills.[13] From 1909 to 1915, Jordan was the head of the History Department at the Los Angeles Polytechnic High School,[2] where she had taught for several years prior.[14] She was one of the school's most prominent teachers[15] and was also in charge of the visitors' day at the school.[16] In the 1910s, Polytechnic was the first school to offer studies in multiple class subjects, which is now modeled by many high schools, as "periods".[17]

As early as 1902, she was also interested in shaping the education system within the state of California. As a young school teacher at Salinas High School in 1902, she presented a paper, "The History Note Book", at a statewide meeting of the California Teachers Association condemning the use of the controversial "note-book system" in high schools as it pertained as an entrance requirement to Stanford University. Jordan claimed the notebook added interest to textbook work, but it was sometimes overestimated as a requirement for entrance to universities.[18][19] In the 1910s, she was a member of the Executive Committee of the High School Teachers' Association and hosted its meetings at her own residence.[16] In 1914, she was elected president of the Southern California Social Science Association.[20] After she retired, she remained involved with the American Historical Association, like when, in 1917, she opened the College Teachers' session with the essay: "The relation between high-school history and freshman history."[21]

Other activism[edit]

In November 1913, she undertook a one month trip in Egypt, following the Nile, with Benjamin Ide Wheeler, president of the University of California, and his wife. She then continued alone to India, and then, with another teacher at Poly, Mary Putnam, they visited Montenegro, the then Federated Malay States, and Kuala Lumpur (where no American woman had been before them)[22] and returned to the United States in February 1914.[23] Once home, she gave a highly appreciated talk on the meaning of the flag to an American abroad during the George Washington's birthday celebrations.[24][25]

In November 1914, she was among the "prominent and active" women who hosted Lou Henry Hoover while she campaigned for work relief toward the Belgian population at the California Club; Jordan said of Hoover: "She is the most capable woman alive."[26]

She was the chairman of the Department of Legislation Oakland Forum and a member of the Oakland Forum of the League of Women Voters.[2] While she was a young teacher and high school department head living and working in Los Angeles in 1910, Jordan was also the president of the Berkeley-based University of California branch of the College Equal Suffrage League and addressed the subject of Women's suffrage in the United States at women's conventions.[27] To attend suffrage meetings that were held regularly in Berkeley, she had to travel approximately 370 miles in each direction by steam-powered railroad from her home in Los Angeles.

She was the president of the Town and Gown Club,[2] which was founded in 1898 by Emmanuel Marie Paget. The clubwomen were active in the social life of the community and involved in environmental issues.[28] In 1907, Jordan became involved in environmental preservation as one of the earliest members of the Sierra Club[29][30] and by promoting natural walks to her students.[31]

Gardner was also a member of the Berkeley City Club, Oakland Club,[32] Friday Morning Club,[33] College Woman's Club of Los Angeles,[34] on the board of directors of the Stanford Club of the Eastbay,[35] and president of the Cornell Women's Club of Northern California[1][36] and of the Stanford Woman's Club.[37]

In 1920, she was among the supporters of Herbert Hoover as a member of the Berkeley Hoover Republican Club.[38]

In 1928, she was included in the book Women of the West; a series of biographical sketches of living eminent women in the eleven western states of the United States of America, showcasing the few hundreds women that in the 1920s were prominent in frontier lands.[2]

She was a public vocational speaker on world affairs.[1] In 1932, she addressed the East Bay Stanford Women's Club on the political situation in India.[39] In 1940, she spoke in front of the Lake Arrowhead Women's Club on her traveling experience on Balkan countries, the then Yugoslavia, Hungary and Romania. This talk covered tourist topics and social issues.[40]

Center of the Stanford campus in 1891.[41]

Her 1961 unpublished manuscript, "The days of Edith Jordan Gardner", is preserved at the Stanford University Archives and is used are reference material by other authors, like Harriet Kofalk for "No woman tenderfoot: Florence Merriam Bailey, pioneer naturalist".[42]

Being one of the last surviving persons who were present at Stanford University inauguration in 1891, in 1962 she was included in the essay "Stanford Mosaic", edited by Edith R. Mirrielees, collecting memoirs of people attending Stanford.[1] The compilation began with Jordan's essay, "The University and I Were Young Together," which included one of her memories of how, as the only telephone on campus was at their home, she used to bring messages they received to the various professors at the university offices on the Quad.[43]

Personal life[edit]

Edith Jordan Gardner moved to Stanford, California, when her father was appointed president of Stanford University in 1891 and stayed with her parents until she had graduated from Stanford in 1897 and later moved to Los Angeles for a teaching position.[1]

In 1909, she was engaged to Edward Berwick, Jr., of Carmel.[44] They met when both were students at Stanford.[12][45][46] Both were well known in Los Angeles society.[47] The engagement came as a surprise to their friends.[48] Three weeks after the engagement was announced, Berwick was discovered dead of apparent natural causes in his parents' home in Pacific Grove, California, at the age of 34.[49] Due to a winter storm that made roads impassable near Santa Barbara, both Edith Jordan and her father became stuck in transit and missed Berwick's funeral.[50][51]

She had a summer house at Carmel-by-the-sea.[52]

In 1915, she married Nathaniel Lyon Gardner (1864-1937),[53] professor of Botany at the University of California in Berkeley, California, and curator of the university herbarium. As botanist, he identified the Pacific marine algae.[54] They met when Gardner was head of the department of biology at the Los Angeles Polytechnic High School while Jordan was head of the history department.[1][2][55][56][57] They lived at 2901 Hillegass Avenue, Berkeley.[54]

She died on June 16, 1965, in a convalescent home in Redwood City, California.[1]

External links[edit]

Student groups, Sororities, Kappa Alpha Theta - Phi Chapter including Edith Jordan: [1], [2], [3] (1894), [4] (1895)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Mrs. Edith Gardner Dies at 88". Oakland Tribune. June 17, 1965. p. 11. Retrieved June 3, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Binheim, Max; Elvin, Charles A. (1928). Women of the West; a series of biographical sketches of living eminent women in the eleven western states of the United States of America. p. 45. Retrieved August 8, 2017 – via Internet Archive. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ "NATHANIEL LYON GARDNER (1864-1937)". Global Plants. JSTOR 41423392.
  4. ^ Wilbur, Ruth Jordan (Spring 1960). "The Old Sone Rings... Again" (PDF). Kappa Alpha Theta. p. 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 9, 2018. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
  5. ^ "Stanford Seniors Elect Officers". The San Francisco Call. September 23, 1896. p. 3. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  6. ^ "Statistics of the Members of the Graduating Class of '97". Stanford Daily. 10 (84). May 26, 1897. p. 6.
  7. ^ a b "Miss Jordan now a teacher". The San Francisco Call. August 3, 1901. p. 3. Retrieved June 22, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  8. ^ "Intend to visit Europe". The San Francisco Call. May 11, 1905. p. 6. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  9. ^ "Refuses to discuss the Goebel case". San Francisco Chronicle. September 13, 1905. p. 4. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  10. ^ "Anaheim Men's Trip". The Los Angeles Times. June 8, 1907. p. 23. Retrieved June 22, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  11. ^ "In and About the Public Schools". The Los Angeles Times. February 13, 1910. p. 46. Retrieved June 3, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  12. ^ a b "Fiance of Miss Jordan is found dead in room". Los Angeles Herald. February 6, 1909. p. 1. Retrieved June 22, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  13. ^ "Back From England". The Los Angeles Times. September 12, 1909. p. 8. Retrieved June 22, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  14. ^ "Los Angeles and Pasadena Students Appear in "Twelfth Night" at Stanford University". The Los Angeles Times. September 28, 1909. p. 23. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  15. ^ "Dr. Jordan hurries to Daughter's aid". Los Angeles Herald. February 7, 1909. p. 7. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  16. ^ a b "Among the public schools". The Los Angeles Times. May 15, 1910. p. 56. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  17. ^ Text copied from John H. Francis Polytechnic High School, see that page for attribution
  18. ^ "Closing Session of State Teachers' Association". San Francisco Chronicle. January 4, 1902. p. 3. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  19. ^ "Teachers return to their school, Interesting closing sessions of the Association". The Los Angeles Times. January 4, 1902. p. 3. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  20. ^ "Discuss Education". The Los Angeles Times. April 26, 1914. p. 82. Retrieved June 22, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  21. ^ Annual Report of the American Historical Association. American Historical Association. 1917. p. 103. Retrieved June 27, 2018 – via Google Books.
  22. ^ "Women's Work, Women's Clubs". The Los Angeles Times. May 16, 1914. p. 17. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  23. ^ "Olney Arnold Succeeds P.A. Jayber in Egypt". Oakland Tribune. November 16, 1913. p. 48. Retrieved June 22, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  24. ^ "Young American Forever Loyal". The Los Angeles Times. February 23, 1914. p. 18. Retrieved June 22, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  25. ^ "Render Homage to Washington". The Los Angeles Times. February 24, 1914. p. 17. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  26. ^ "Belgium's Need Vividly Told". The Los Angeles Times. November 15, 1914. p. 10. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  27. ^ "Berkeley Society". Oakland Tribune. March 2, 1910. p. 14. Retrieved June 22, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  28. ^ "French couple left two monuments on Dwight Way". berkeleyheritage. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
  29. ^ Southern Sierrans [II]. Sierra Club History Committee. 1976. p. 23. Retrieved June 27, 2018 – via Google Books.
  30. ^ "Sierra Club". Oakland Tribune. August 5, 1906. p. 7. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  31. ^ "Take Lessons From Nature". The Los Angeles Times. April 7, 1907. p. 28. Retrieved June 22, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  32. ^ "14 Dec 1911, Thu • Page 9". The San Francisco Call. December 11, 1911. p. 9. Retrieved June 22, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  33. ^ "Large reception - 10 Dec 1912, Tue • Page 20". The Los Angeles Times. December 10, 1912. p. 20. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  34. ^ "College Woman's Club". Los Angeles Herald. June 7, 1908. p. 13. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  35. ^ "Stanford Club Elects". Oakland Tribune. March 19, 1933. p. 19. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  36. ^ "New Club Leader". Oakland Tribune. April 19, 1931. p. 74. Retrieved June 22, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  37. ^ "31 Mar 1910, Thu • First Edition • Page 4". Los Angeles Herald. March 31, 1910. p. 4. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  38. ^ "03 May 1920, Mon • Page 2". Oakland Tribune. May 3, 1920. p. 2. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  39. ^ The Stanford Illustrated Review, Volume 33, Issue 7. 33. 1932. p. 305. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
  40. ^ "Arrowhead Woman's Club Meets at Inn". The San Bernardino County Sun. June 7, 1940. p. 9. Retrieved June 22, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  41. ^ Davis, Margo; Nilan, Roxanne (November 1, 1989). The Stanford Album: A Photographic History, 1885-1945. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0804716390.
  42. ^ Kofalk, Harriet (1989). No woman tenderfoot: Florence Merriam Bailey, pioneer naturalist. Texas A&M University Press. p. 213. Retrieved June 27, 2018 – via Google Books.
  43. ^ "Books". San Mateo Times. January 19, 1963. p. 30. Retrieved June 22, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  44. ^ "Miss Edith Jordan Engaged to Wed". Oakland Tribune. January 20, 1909. p. 13. Retrieved June 3, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  45. ^ "Ed Berwick Jr. is Found Dead Upon His Bed". San Francisco Call. 105 (68). February 6, 1909. p. 1 – via California Digital Newspaper Collection.
  46. ^ "The Sudden Death Of Edward Berwick Jr". Santa Rosa Press Democrat (32) – via California Digital Newspaper Collection.
  47. ^ "Events in Local Society". The Los Angeles Times. January 21, 1909. p. 20. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  48. ^ "Fiancee Learns of Death". The San Francisco Call. February 7, 1909. p. 19. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  49. ^ "Sad Ending of Romance". Santa Cruz Evening News. February 6, 1909. p. 1. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  50. ^ "Berwick Funeral is Largely Attended". The San Francisco Call. February 9, 1909. p. 5. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  51. ^ "Dr. Jordan and Daughter Stormbound". Stanford Daily. 34 (26). February 9, 1909. p. 3.
  52. ^ "20 Jul 1911, Thu • Page 12". Oakland Tribune. July 20, 1911. p. 12. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  53. ^ "Dr. Gardner of U. of C. Passes". San Mateo Times. August 17, 1937. p. 3. Retrieved October 5, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
  54. ^ a b "Retired Botanist of U. of C. Dies". Oakland Tribune. August 16, 1937. p. 13. Retrieved June 28, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  55. ^ "Professor to Wed Jordan's Daughter". Oakland Tribune. April 15, 1915. p. 10. Retrieved June 23, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  56. ^ "Miss Jordan Weds Today". The San Bernardino County Sun. May 8, 1915. p. 8. Retrieved June 23, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
  57. ^ "Miss Edith Jordan to Wed Tomorrow". Oakland Tribune. May 7, 1915. p. 17. Retrieved June 23, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.