Edith Marguerite Harrington
Edith Marguerite Tippet (née Harrington, previously Shand; 14 June 1893 – 3 January 1981), sometimes known as Margot, was the first wife of the English journalist Philip Morton Shand and through her only child Bruce, was the paternal grandmother of Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall.
Edith Marguerite Harrington was born at 32 Linver Road, Fulham, London on 14 June 1893, the second of the six children born to George Woods Harrington (1865-1920), an accounts clerk, and his wife Alice Edith Harrington, née Stillman (1865-1935). The son of a butler, her father changed employers many times during his working life but his modest income meant that he always had difficulty accommodating his growing family, moving first to Putney, then to Acton and eventually to Isleworth. As was common practice in large Victorian families, the elder children lodged with their grandparents due to space constraints; by 1901 Edith’s elder brother Cyril was living with his grandfather and by 1911 Edith was living there too.
First marriage and issue
On leaving school, Edith found work as a milliner but by the outbreak of the First World War she had moved on to become a secretary and was living in a small apartment in Hammersmith. Around this time she met her first husband, Philip Morton Shand, known as Morton, then working as a clerk at the War Office and living at the Shand family home in nearby Kensington. Shand was an English journalist, architecture critic (an early proponent of modernism), wine and food writer, entrepreneur and pomologist. They married at St. Peter's Church, Hammersmith, London on 22 April 1916 and set up home together in a splendid mansion block overlooking Battersea Park where her only child, Bruce Middleton Hope Shand, was born on 22 January 1917.
Unfortunately, the marriage was to be a short-lived and unhappy one, ending in divorce after just four years. Shand was to prove a serial womanizer who cared little for his child and Edith divorced him on grounds of his adultery on 4 July 1920. Thereafter, he failed to acknowledge or provide for his son, marrying three more times and fathering more children.
Bruce Middleton Hope Shand,(22 January 1917 – 11 June 2006) subsequently married the Rosalind Maud Cubitt, daughter of the 3rd Baron Ashcombe and the former Sonia Rosemary Keppel. They had three children:
- Camilla Rosemary Shand (b. 17 July 1947), later, the Duchess of Cornwall
- Sonia Annabel Shand (b. 2 February 1949)
- Mark Roland Shand (b. 28 June 1951 - 23 April 2014)
Divorce carried a huge stigma in the 1920s, even for the injured party, and with so many men dead after the war, Edith did well to find a suitable step-father for her child. Her second husband, though lacking the wealth and background of Shand, was to prove a far better husband. In 1921 she married former reservist army officer Herbert Charles Coningsby Tippet, known as Charles, (1892-1947) at St. Martin-in-the-Fields, London. Tippet had been invalided out of the army suffering from shell-shock after serving with distinction on the western front and had begun a new career as a golf club secretary and golf course designer, an occupation which required him to move wherever contracts took him. In 1921 that meant moving to the United States, which was undergoing a post-war boom in golf course construction. Tippet left for New York in November 1921 and Edith followed him a month later accompanied by her four-year-old son and the boy’s nanny.
After visiting England in June 1923, Edith and her son returned to the US in September 1923 with the stated intent (according to US immigration records) of residing permanently in the United States and taking US citizenship, although this subsequently did not happen.
During the six years from 1921 to 1927, Edith enjoyed a comfortable life-style with all that America’s Jazz Age had to offer. Her husband acquired a circle of wealthy and influential associates from the world of golf and Edith Tippet moved around the east coast of the USA from Park Avenue, New York to Long Island to Florida, abandoning the name Edith and adopting the more fashionable name of Margot along the way. But when the design contracts came to an end, she and her husband moved back to England in 1927 where he took a succession of appointments as secretary to various prestigious golf clubs. Bruce Shand returned with them to England to begin his education as a boarder at Rugby School. Thereafter, he was to spend more time in the company of his wealthy grandparents than the Tippets.
The Tippets lived in London for ten years while he worked at Royal Wimbledon Golf Club and in 1937 they moved to Walton Heath, occupying a house on the course. A brief spell in Ireland followed in 1938 when Tippet accepted a design contract at Tramore, Waterford.
By 1945, Charles Tippet had been given the job of reviving Rye Golf Club in East Sussex, but it proved too much; on 26 November 1947, after showing his friend the Bishop of Ely around the place, he collapsed and was found on the floor of his office. Edith was called, but two days later Major Tippet, as he had by then become, was dead at the age of 56.
Charles Tippet had not been a wealthy man, he left no will and just £666 in cash at his death and Edith Tippet was to see out her days in reduced circumstances. After her husband's death she moved to Kent. She stationed herself in a small cottage at Wittersham, Kent, more than 50 miles away from her son Bruce's country house at Plumpton, East Sussex. As the years advanced, Edith moved to Cooden Beach in Sussex where she died almost unremarked, on 3 January 1981. She was survived by her son Bruce and her three grandchildren.
In 2005 and 2006 the British Newspaper, The Daily Mail, ran a series of articles alleging that Edith had been an unfit mother; claiming that she had abandoned her son, having herself been abandoned as a child. The following year, another newspaper, the Daily Mirror, ran the same story. No evidence was provided by either newspaper to substantiate the accusations against her, which were untrue. (As a child, Mrs. Tippet had lived with her grandparents) Contrary to these newspaper reports, young Bruce Shand was not abandoned by his mother and stepfather but was taken to live with them in the USA from 1921 until 1927, a passage of his life that he chose to omit from his autobiography giving rise to the frequently quoted misconception that Edith Tippet had abandoned him.
- 1901 Census of England and Wales
- 1911 Census of England and Wales
- Information from marriage certificate
- Information from Bruce Shand's birth certificate
- Charles and Camilla: Portrait of a Love Affair, Gyles Brandreth, Century Publishing, London 2005, ISBN 1-8441-3845-3, pp. 77-82
- White Star Liner "Cedric" out of Liverpool for New York 10 December 1921, UK Board of Trade, Outward Passenger Lists 1890-1960
- US Department of Immigration records via Ellis Island Foundation
- UK Board of Trade, Incoming Passenger Lists 1878-1960
- Supplement to the London Gazette, 4 January 1944, p.80
- England and Wales National Probate Calendar 1858-1966, 8 April 1949
- Major Bruce Shand
- "The Real Skeleton in Camilla's Cupboard", Daily Mail 2 April 2005 and http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-391079/Camilla-tears-family-secret.html Daily Mail 17 June 2006
- The Mirror 17 July 2007 https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/camillas-an-essex-girl-491236
- 1901 and 1911 Censuses of England and Wales
- Previous Engagements, Bruce Shand, published by Michael Russell, Norwich 1990. ISBN 0-85955-169-5
- Brandreth, Gyles (2007). Charles and Camilla: Portrait of a Love Affair. Random House. ISBN 0-09-949087-0.