Edith Rogers (Manitoba politician)

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Edith Rogers (April 26, 1876[1]—April 19, 1947[2]) was a politician in Manitoba, Canada. She served in the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba from 1920 to 1932, as a member of the Manitoba Liberal Party. She was the first woman ever elected to the legislature.[3]

Rogers, who was born Edith MacTavish, had strong family connections to Manitoba's past. Her maternal great-grandfather, Alexander Christie, served as Governor of Assiniboia[1] on two occasions, and supervised the construction of Fort Garry. His son, William J. Christie, worked for the Hudson's Bay Company in Manitoba from 1843 to 1873, and was named Inspecting Chief Factor in 1868. Rogers herself was born in the tiny outpost of Norway House, six hundred kilometres north of Winnipeg,[4] the daughter of Donald MacTavish,[5] a chief factor for the Hudson's Bay Company.[6] At age two, she moved with her family to Rupert House, on the shore of James Bay.

She was educated in Montreal. After graduation, she moved to Winnipeg[4] and, in 1898, married the businessman Robert Arthur Rogers.[7] She became prominent as a philanthropist in the 1910s, and particularly after the outbreak of World War I in 1914.[4] Rogers worked for the Patriotic Fund, which distributed money to the families of soldiers fighting overseas, and became known for devoting several hours to personal consultations with family members. She also worked with the Salvation Army, the Red Cross, the Land Settlement Board and other groups.

In 1916, Manitoba's Liberal government of Tobias Norris passed a law extending voting rights to women.[8] In 1920, Rogers was asked to become a "star candidate" for the Liberal Party in the Winnipeg constituency, which elected ten members by a single transferable ballot. She accepted, contested the 1920 provincial election,[3] finished eighth on the first count, and was declared elected for the ninth position on the thirty-seventh count.[9]

For the next two years, Rogers served as a backbench supporter of Norris's administration. Because of her work with Winnipeg's returned soldiers and unemployed men, she was more sympathetic to labour issues than were most others in the Liberal caucus. She played a significant role in steering Manitoba's Child Welfare Act through committee and into law. She also supported the prohibition of alcohol.

The Liberals were defeated by the United Farmers of Manitoba in the 1922 provincial election. Rogers, who was re-elected in Winnipeg,[3] served with seven other Liberals on the opposition benches. She frequently criticised social service cuts enacted by John Bracken's administration.

Rogers was re-elected for a final time in the 1927 election,[3] which the Liberals again lost. In 1928, she represented Canada at the Geneva Conference for the abolition of import and export prohibitions and restrictions. Her husband died in 1929, and she did not seek re-election in 1932.[3]

She resumed her philanthropic career in World War II, serving as chair of the Provincial War Council of the Red Cross. She retired in 1942, and died in Colborne, Ontario five years later.[4]

Rogers's daughter, Margaret Konantz, served as a Liberal member of the Canadian House of Commons from 1963 to 1965, and was the first woman ever elected as a federal MP from Manitoba.[5]

Gail Konantz wrote a biography of Rogers in 1981.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Edith MacTavish Rogers (1876-1947)". Memorable Manitobans. Manitoba Historical Society. Retrieved 2012-12-25. 
  2. ^ "Mrs. Edith Rogers Passes In Colborne". Ottawa Citizen. April 21, 1947. p. 90. Retrieved 2012-12-25. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "MLA Biographies - Deceased". Legislative Assembly of Manitoba. Archived from the original on 2014-03-30. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Edith MacTavish Rogers". Themes - Government. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 2012-12-25. 
  5. ^ a b "Margaret Konantz". Archives & Special Collections. University of Manitoba. Retrieved 2012-12-25. 
  6. ^ McCrea, Walter Jackson (1925). Pioneers and prominent people in Manitoba. pp. 93–4. Retrieved 2012-12-25. 
  7. ^ "On Dit.". Daily Mail and Empire. June 2, 1898. p. 7. Retrieved 2012-12-25. 
  8. ^ "Women's Right to Vote in Canada". Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  9. ^ Chambers, Ernest J (1921). Canadian Parliamentary Guide.