Self portrait, 1848
23 April 1822
|Died||2 January 1882 (aged 59)|
|Awards||Legion of Honour|
Alfred Dehodencq (born as Edmé-Alexis-Alfred Dehodencq; French pronunciation: [ɛdme.alɛksis.alfʁɛ dəɔdɑ̃k]; 23 April 1822 – 2 January 1882) was a mid-19th-century French Orientalist painter born in Paris. He was known for his vivid oil paintings, especially of Andalusian and North African scenes.
Dehodencq was born in Paris on 23 April 1822. During his early years, Dehodencq studied in Paris at the Ecole des Beaux Arts under the tutelage of French artist Leon Cogniet. During the French Revolution of 1848 he was wounded in the arm and was sent to convalesce in the Pyrenees before moving to Madrid. He spent five years in Spain where he became acquainted with the works of Spanish painters Diego Velázquez and Francisco Goya which had a strong influence on his approach to painting.
In 1853 he travelled to Morocco, where for the following ten years he produced many of his most famous paintings depicting scenes of the world he encountered. Dehodencq was the first foreign artist known to have lived in Morocco for an extended number of years.
Dehodencq married Maria Amelia Calderon in 1857 in Cadiz, Spain, and they had three children. Their son, painter Edmond Dehodencq, was born in Cadiz in 1860 (and died in Paris in 1887). Dehodencq returned to Paris in 1863 with his wife, and was decorated with the Legion of Honour in 1870. He committed suicide on 2 January 1882 having been sick for a long time and is buried in the Montmartre Cemetery.
Inspired by the life and death of Sol Hachuel, Dehodencq painted Execution of a Moroccan Jewess (1860), which is among his better-known paintings. This painting along with his studio was destroyed by an angry mob. His painting A Jewish Woman with her Negro Maid (1867) as well as over 30 of his drawings are in the collection of the Israel Museum, Jerusalem.
- Jewish concert at the palace of the Moroccan Qaid, 1854, special collection
- The Execution of the Jewess (Sol Hachuel), ca. 1860, Musée d'Art et d'Histoire du Judaïsme, Marais district of Paris
- The justice of the Pasha, 1866, Musée Salies, Bagnères-de-Bigorre
- Jewish bride in Morocco, 1867, Musée Saint-Denis, Reims
- Farewell of Boabdil in Granada, 1869, Musée d'Orsay, Paris
- Jewish celebration in Tanger, 1870, Musée de Poitiers
- Portrait of Mrs. Dehodencq, Musée Magnin, Dijon
- Prince Piscicelli, 1850, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Bordeaux
- Portrait de Marie au nœud rouge, 1872, special collection
- A Confraternity in Procession along Calle Génova, Carmen Thyssen Museum, Málaga
- A Gypsy Dance in the Gardens of the Alcázar, in front of Charles V Pavilion 1851, Carmen Thyssen Museum, Málaga
- Gypsies on the road, Musée d'Orsay, Paris
- Jewish bride, Palais des Beaux-Arts de Lille
- Danse of negroes in Tanger, 1874, Musée d'Orsay, Paris
- Jesus raises the daughter of Jairus, Musée Magnin, Dijon
- Paris cafe scene, National Gallery, Washington, D.C.
- Little gypsy, Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore
- The arrest of Charlotte Corday after the murder of Marat, July 13, 1793, Musée de la Révolution française, Vizille
- "Edmé-Alexis-Alfred Dehodencq (French, 1822-1882), Christopher Columbus at the Monastery of Rabida". Christie's. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
- "Edmond Dehodencq". Musées Midi-Pyrénées (in French). Occitanie Musées – Association des Conservateurs et Personnels Scientifiques des Musées d’Occitanie. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
- Lemaire, Gérard-Georges (2000). Orientalismus. Das Bild des Morgenlandes in der Malerei. Könemann, Köln: H. F. Ullmann. p. 338. ISBN 3-8331-1433-9.
- Séailles, Gabriel (1910). Alfred Dehodencq : l'homme & l'artiste. Société de Propagation des Livres d'Art. p. 114–115.
- Françoise Cachin, Charles S. Moffett, Juliet Wilson Bareau, « Manet 1832–1883 », Réunion des Musées Nationaux, Paris,1983. ISBN 2-7118-0230-2. p.237.
- Website of the Musée d'Art et d'Histoire du Judaïsme
- Exhibited at Salon de Paris in 1870
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- Media related to Alfred Dehodencq at Wikimedia Commons