Edmond Jouhaud

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Edmond Jouhaud
Edmond Jouhaud 1961.jpg
Edmond Jouhaud in 1961
Born 2 April 1905 (1905-04-02)
Aïn Boucefar, French Algeria
Died 4 September 1995 (1995-09-05) (aged 90)
Royan, France
Allegiance France
Service/branch French Air Force
Years of service 1926–1961
Rank Général d'Armée Aérienne
Battles/wars

Edmond Jouhaud (French pronunciation: ​[ɛdmɔ̃ ʒuo]; 2 April 1905 – 4 September 1995) was one of four French generals who briefly staged a putsch in Algeria in April 1961.

Early life[edit]

Edmond Jouhaud was born on 2 April 1905 in French Algeria.[1] He was a descendant of early Algerian pioneers of Corsican descent.

Military career[edit]

As Army General he had been the Inspector General of the Air Force in French North Africa. After the failure of the putsch, he became the deputy of Raoul Salan in the Organisation de l'Armée Secrète. While Salan fled to Spain, Jouhaud remained out of loyalty to his birthplace.[2]

Jouhaud was captured in March 1962 and rapidly sentenced to death by a military court.[2] However, after his OAS superior Salan was given only a prison sentence in a civilian court, opinion turned against executing him.[3] He called for the remaining activists of OAS to end their militant campaign, and after a harrowing five-month period of uncertainty his sentence was commuted by de Gaulle.[2] He was released in 1967.[4] He was rehabilitated by a law passed in 1982 under the presidency of François Mitterrand.

Jouhaud was one of the most decorated officers in the French military prior to participating in the putsch.

Death[edit]

Jouhaud died on 4 September 1995.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "E. Jouhaud, 90, General Who Tried To Oust de Gaulle". The New York Times. September 6, 1995. Retrieved June 5, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c Johnson, Douglas (6 September 1995) Obituary: General Edmond Jouhaud. independent.co.uk
  3. ^ Sympathy for Salan at the Wayback Machine (archived 27 May 2009) TIME Magazine, 1 June 1962
  4. ^ Milestones TIME Magazine, 18 September 1995
Military offices
Preceded by
Max Gelée
Chief of Staff of the French Air Force
1 October 1958 – 14 March 1960
Succeeded by
Paul Stehlin