Edmond Jean-Baptiste Paulin
|Born||10 September 1848|
|Died||27 November 1915 (aged 67)|
|Known for||Reconstruction of the Baths of Diocletian|
Edmond Jean-Baptiste Paulin (10 September 1848 - 27 November 1915) was a French architect. As a young man, he became known for his reconstruction of the Baths of Diocletian. Later he taught at the National School of Fine Arts, and designed pavilions for two world expositions.
Edmond Jean-Baptiste Paulin was born in Paris on 10 September 1848. He entered the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts (National School of Fine Arts), where he studied under Louis-Hippolyte Lebas and Léon Ginain. He made eight successive attempts to win the Prix de Rome for architecture. He won the second of two second prizes awarded in 1874 for the Grand Prix de Rome. He won the first prize in 1875 for a design for "a courthouse for Paris." His teachers were listed as Paccard, Léon Vaudoyer and Ginain.
Paulin lived in Rome at the Villa Medici from 28 January 1876 to 31 December 1879. He completed the reconstruction of the Baths of Diocletian in Rome that had been initiated by Emmanuel Brown. His drawings and plans of the ancient ruins of Rome were meticulous, particularly those of the Baths of Diocletian complex, large parts of which were being destroyed by urban renewal projects. His drawings showed the baths as they had been around 300 AD. His drawing of a cross-section of the baths illustrated the way in which the Romans used passive solar design. His work, published in 1890, influenced contemporary projects such as the design of Grand Central Station in New York.
On his return to France, Paulin was appointed inspector of civil buildings. He was government architect responsible for the Ministry of Interior, the Ministry of Public Works and Les Invalides. He was also the architect of the city of Paris. In 1891 Paulin was appointed to the General Council of Civil Buildings. In 1894 he became head of a studio at the School of Fine Arts. He succeeded Julien Gaudet. In 1912 he was elected to the Academy of Fine Arts in chair 2 of the architecture department, succeeding Honoré Daumet. Paulin died on 27 November 1915 in Paris.
Paulin designed the Pavilion of Venezuela for the Exposition Universelle (1889). The pavilion was in a Spanish Renaissance revival style, with ornate sculptural decorations. It also illustrated elements of the Louis XV style that the Spanish and Jesuits introduced in many parts of South America.
Paulin was co-designer of the Palace of Electricity, Chateau of Water and Palace of Mechanical and Chemical Industries at the Exposition Universelle (1900), in collaboration with Eugène Hénard. Hénard designed the Palace of Electricity, which provided power to the other pavilions. Paulin created the huge water tower that served as its facade. It was an extraordinary structure, including a huge waterfall and crowned by a statue of the Genius of Electricity over 6 metres (20 ft) high.
Other works included:
- 1895: School groups at 101 rue de Saussure and 20 rue Jouffroy-d'Abbans in the 17th arrondissement of Paris
- 1915-1916: Commercial shop, rue d'Enghien in the 10th arrondissement of Paris
- 1915-1916: Hôtel du peintre Agage, rue Weber in the 16th arrondissement of Paris
- Cassanelli, Roberto; David, Massimiliano (2002). Ruins of Ancient Rome: The Drawings of French Architects Who Won the Prix De Rome 1796-1924. Getty Publications. p. 177. ISBN 978-0-89236-680-4. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- "Eugène Hénard et Edmond Paulin Exposition universelle de 1900". Musée d'Orsay. Retrieved 2009-12-05.
- "hôtel du peintre Agage". Ministry of Culture. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- Institut de France (1875). Journal des Savants. Éditions Klincksieck. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- Laurent, Pascal (1996). "Un modèle pour l'architecture américaine de 1893 à 1939. Les thermes romains". Les Cahiers du Centre de recherches historiques (17). Retrieved 5 December 2009.
- Levy, Francois (2011-11-16). BIM in Small-Scale Sustainable Design. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-1-118-10682-2. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- Marín, Orlando (2007). "Construyendo "alteridades": La imagen de Latinoamérica en las exposiciones internacionales del siglo XIX". Montalban 39. Universidad Catolica Andres. GGKEY:3704T96ELDJ. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- Moore, Charles Williams; Allen, Gerald; Lyndon, Donlyn (1974). The place of houses. University of California Press. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-520-22357-8. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- "Paulin, Edmond (1848-1915)". BnF. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- "Pavilion of Venezuela (Exposition Universelle de 1889)". National Gallery of Art. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- Sargent, René (1874). Le Moniteur des architectes. A. Levy. p. 132. Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- David de Pénanrun, Roux et Delaire, Les architectes élèves de l'école des beaux-arts (1793-1907), Librairie de la construction moderne, 2nd éd., 1907, pages 125, 366
- Funérailles de M. Edmond Paulin le mardi 30 novembre 1915, Paris, Institut de France, 1915
- "Paulin, Elie Edmond Jean Baptiste". Leonore. Retrieved 2013-05-24.