Sir Edmond Stanley SL (1760–1843) was an Anglo-Irish lawyer and politician who served as Serjeant-at-Law of the Parliament of Ireland, Recorder of Prince of Wales Island, now Penang, and subsequently Chief Justice of Madras.
Born in Dublin in 1760, Stanley was baptised at St Werburgh's Church, Dublin, a parish situated next to Dublin Castle attended by the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and members of the court, the son of an attorney and member of a colonial, Protestant Ascendancy family. He entered Trinity College Dublin in 1773, aged thirteen years old, was a scholar 1777 and graduated B.A. in 1778. He entered the King's Inns where he was called to the Irish Bar, and the Inner Temple in London, and became a bencher of the King's Inns in 1789.
He entered the Parliament of Ireland as MP for Augher (1790–97) (together with Sir John Stewart, later Attorney General for Ireland), and for Lanesborough (1797–1800) (together with Richard Martin, known as 'Humanity Dick').
He served as Third Serjeant in 1793 and from 1795 to 1801, and was appointed Prime Serjeant 1801-02. He was Commissioner of Appeals 1795-98, and became Commissioner of Accounts in 1802. He voted with the government against a proposal for an enquiry into the causes of the 1798 Rising, and (again with the Administration) in favour of the Act of Union 1800 in 1799 and 1800 which dissolved and abolished the Parliament of Ireland. In 1798 he was sent under a special commission to Cork to preside at the treason trials held there in the wake of the Rising. He was knighted in 1807.
The court system in Prince of Wales Island became fully developed as a consequence of the 1807 Charter of Justice, whereby the British Crown established the right to a permanent Court of Judicature in the settlement of Penang. This was followed by the appointment of the first Supreme Court judge in 1807, designated as the 'Recorder' and Sir Edmond assumed office in 1808 as the First Recorder of the Supreme Court of Penang, where he is acknowledged as such and honoured to this day by the Penang Bar. At the same time, Sir Stamford Raffles, founder of Singapore, was the first registrar of the Supreme Court. (The designation 'Judge' was subsequently substituted for that of 'Recorder'.) The Supreme Court of Penang, which was first housed at Fort Cornwallis, was opened on 31 May 1808.
Stanley left Penang in December 1816 on being transferred to the Madras Presidency in 1817 as puisne judge. He was subsequently appointed as Chief Justice of the Madras Supreme Court on 17 May 1820 in succession to Sir John Henry Newbolt.
He served until his resignation on 28 January 1825 when he retired to England. He was succeeded as Chief Justice by Sir Ralph Palmer. He died in Richmond, London, (previously Surrey), in 1843. He was buried alongside his wife in the catacombs of Kensal Green Cemetery.
- St Werburgh's parish records, Representative Church Body Library, Braemar Park, Dublin
- Alumni Dubliniensis, Record of Trinity College Dublin
- King's Inns Admission Papers 1607-1867
- History of the Irish Parliament 1692-1800. Vol VI. Edith Mary Johnston-Liik (Ed). Ulster Historical Foundation. 2002.