Edmonton (provincial electoral district)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Edmonton provincial electoral district existed in two incarnations from 1905 - 1909 and again from 1921 - 1955, with the city (small as it was in former times) broken up into multiple constituencies in the other time-periods. The district was created when Alberta became a province, to encompass residents of the city of Edmonton on the northside of the North Saskatchewan River For a time, it was one of three multi-member constituencies in the province's history, the others being Calgary and Medicine Hat.

Three methods of electing representatives were used over the years. First past the post election of a single member was used in 1905 and subsequent by-elections to 1921.

Block voting (voters able to cast as many votes as there were seats, that is 2) was used in 1909 and 1913.

The constituency was divided into two single-member constituencies for the provincial election of 1917: Edmonton East and Edmonton West. The adjacent constituency of Edmonton South had been renamed from the old constituency of Strathcona.

These three districts merged to form the Edmonton constituency in 1921, and block voting was established in 1921, to elect five members in the single constituency.

As a semblance of proportional representation, the UFA government brought in the single transferable vote for all constituencies, and made Edmonton, Calgary and Medicine Hat (for 1926 only) multi-member constituencies, with votes apportioned as per the Hare system, starting in 1924. STV, and the Hare system, where applicable, was also used in provincial by-elections during this period.

In 1959 the Social Credit government broke up the Calgary and Edmonton constituencies and replaced the transferable balloting with first-past-the-post system across the province. Nine constituencies were created in Edmonton: Edmonton Centre, Edmonton North, Edmonton Norwood, Edmonton North East, Edmonton North West, Jasper West, Strathcona Centre, Strathcona East and Strathcona West.

Expansion of seats and districts in Edmonton[edit]

The first table shows at a glance, the number of seats available by general election year for the Edmonton riding. The second table shows the number of districts in Edmonton, when the Edmonton riding was broken up.

Seats[edit]

Year 1905 1909 1913 1921 1926 1930 1935 1940 1944 1948 1952 1955
Seats 1 2 2 5 5 6 6 5 5 5 7 7

Districts[edit]

Year 1913 1917 1959 1963 1967 1971 1975 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1997 2001 2004
Districts 1 3 9 10 11 16 16 18 18 17 17 18 19 19 18

For the 1913 election, Edmonton South Provincial electoral district was created from the old Strathcona constituency to elect one MLA. The Edmonton constituency elected two members by the block vote system.

Edmonton party composition at a glance[edit]

Affiliation 1905 1909 1913 1921 1926 1930 1935 1940 1942 1944 1948 1948 1952 1955
     Liberal 1 2 2 5 1 1 3 1 2 3
     Conservative 2 3 1 3 1 1
     Social Credit 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3
     Cooperative Commonwealth 1 1 1 1 1
     Labour 1 1
United Farmers 1 1
     Veteran's & Active Force 1
     Independent Citizen's 1
     Independent 3 2 1 1
 Total
1 2 2 5 5 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 7 7

(Note: Independents in the 1940s were members of the Unity League, an anti-SC coalition of Liberal and Conservatives.)

Election results[edit]

1905 general election[edit]

1905 Alberta general election results[1] Turnout Unknown
Affiliation Candidate Votes %
     Liberal Charles Wilson Cross 1,209 70.50%
     Conservative William Griesbach 516 29.50%
Total 1,715 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined Unknown

1909 and 1913 general elections[edit]

Year Candidate Party Votes Year Candidate Party Votes
1913 Charles Wilson Cross Liberal 5,407 1909 Charles Wilson Cross Liberal 3,282
Albert Ewing Conservative 5,107 John McDougall Liberal 2,977
1913 Alexander Grant MacKay Liberal 4,913 1909 Albert Ewing Conservative 1,595
William Antrobus Griesbach Conservative 4,499 John Gailbraith Independent 348
J.D. Blayney Independent 643

In 1913 Charles Cross was elected in Edmonton and Edson.

1921 general election[edit]

Alberta general election, 1921
Party Candidate Votes % Elected
Liberal Andrew Robert McLennan 6,498 36.20% Green tickY
Liberal John Campbell Bowen 5,803 32.33% Green tickY
Liberal Nellie McClung 5,388 30.02% Green tickY
Liberal John Robert Boyle 5,361 29.86% Green tickY
Liberal Jeremiah Wilfred Heffernan 5,289 29.46% Green tickY
United Farmers William Jackman 4,978 27.73%
Conservative Albert Freeman Ewing 4,777 26.61%
Labour A. A. Campbell 3,736 20.81%
Conservative Herbert Howard Crawford 3,553 19.79%
Conservative Elizabeth Ferris 3,188 17.76%
Labour Robert McCreath 2,931 16.33%
Independent Joseph Woods Adair 2,571 14.32%
Labour Elmer Ernest Roper 2,515 14.01%
Conservative Ambrose Upton Gledstanes Bury 2,509 13.98%
Conservative William A. Wells 2,329 12.97%
Independent James Kennedy Cornwall 2,082 11.60%
Independent A. L. Marks 1,744 9.72%
Independent Liberal Gerald Pelton 1,467 8.17%
Independent William Short 1,447 8.06%
Independent Labour William R. Ball 1,409 7.85%
Independent A. Boileau 1,226 6.83%
Independent Labour Mary Cantin 1,133 6.31%
Independent Labour Ernest Brown 1,073 5.98%
Independent Labour James Bailey 941 5.24%
Independent Labour Joe E. White 927 5.16%
Labour Socialist Marie Millard 883 4.92%
Total votes cast 17,951
Source: "Election results for Edmonton, 1921". Alberta Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2010-07-06. 

1924 Edmonton by-Election[edit]

W.T. Henry elected on third count. Communist Party candidate H.M. Bartholomew showed strong third place showing, almost exceeding Conservative candidate on the second count.

1926 general election[edit]

Alberta general election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes
1st count
% Votes
final count
% Elected
United Farmers John Lymburn 3,046 16.27% 3,026 21.19% Green tickY
Conservative Charles Weaver 2,202 11.76% 3,026 21.19% Green tickY
Liberal Warren Prevey 1,517 8.10% 2,940 20.58% Green tickY
Independent Liberal Joseph Clarke 1,179 6.30%
Liberal John C. Bowen 1,147 6.13%
Independent Samuel Barnes 1,060 5.66%
Labour Alfred Farmilo 973 5.20%
Conservative F. J. Follinsbee 881 4.71%
Labour Charles Gibbs 879 4.70% 3,026 21.19% Green tickY
Liberal William Thomas Henry 858 4.58%
Conservative David Duggan 857 4.58% 2,265 15.86% Green tickY
Conservative Herbert Crawford 782 4.18%
Labour James Findlay 628 3.35%
Labour Jan Lakeman 605 3.23%
Liberal William Rea 561 3.00%
Labour Elmer Roper 478 2.55%
Conservative M. W. Robertson 361 1.93%
Independent J. W. Leedy 140 0.75%
Votes cast 18,721
Eligible electors / Turnout 33,741 55.5%
Source: "Election results for Edmonton, 1926". Alberta Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 

1930 general election[edit]

Alberta general election, 1930
Party Candidate Votes
1st count
% Votes
final count
% Elected
United Farmers John Lymburn 3,230 14.76% 3,028 17.54% Green tickY
Conservative David Duggan 2,665 12.18% 3,028 17.54% Green tickY
Labour Charles Gibbs 2,262 10.34% 3,028 17.54% Green tickY
Conservative Charles Weaver 2,013 9.20% 2,903 16.82% Green tickY
Liberal William R. Howson 1,835 8.39% 2,915 16.89% Green tickY
Conservative William Atkinson 1,786 8.16% 2,360 13.67% Green tickY
Liberal Warren Prevey 1,331 6.08%
Liberal James Collisson 1,040 4.75%
Labour Alfred Farmilo 832 3.80%
Labour Samuel Barnes 818 3.74%
Independent Jan Lakeman 752 3.44%
Labour K. Knott 745 3.41%
Conservative N. C. Willson 451 2.06%
Liberal G. V. Pelton 442 2.02%
Conservative J. A. Buchannan 424 1.94%
Independent Joseph Clarke 374 1.71%
Conservative R. D. Tighe 189 0.86%
Turnout 55.8%
Source: "Election results for Edmonton, 1930". Alberta Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 

1935 general election[edit]

Alberta general election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes
1st count
Votes
final count
Elected
Liberal William Howson 9,139 5,324 Green tickY
Social Credit Samuel Barnes 4,476 5,324 Green tickY
Social Credit W.S. Hall 2,818
Social Credit D.B. Mullen 2,500 4,932 Green tickY
United Farmers J.F. Lymburn 2,092
Social Credit Orvis A. Kennedy 1,781
Conservative D.M. Duggan 1,466 5,078 Green tickY
Liberal G.H. Van Allen 1,255 5,324 Green tickY
Social Credit M.W. Robertson 1,243
Liberal Marion Conroy 1,238
Conservative William Atkinson 1,220
Liberal Gerald O'Connor 1,116 4,922 Green tickY
Communist Jan Lakeman 1,096
Conservative Frederick Jamieson 1,029
Social Credit G.L. King 843
Liberal J.C.M. Marshall 673
Conservative J.E. Basarab 671
Liberal Walter Morrish 612
Labour James East 505
Conservative Emily Fitzsimon 363
Labour J.W. Findlay 331
Economic Reconstruction Elsie Wright 192
Labour Carl Berg 192
Labour S.S. Bowcott 166
Labour A. Farmilo 127
Conservative D.M. Ramsay 71
Labour Sidney Parsons 52
Total votes cast 38,052 38,052
Elegible electors / Turnout 49,212 77.3%
Source: "Election results for Edmonton, 1935". Alberta Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 

1940 general election[edit]

Year Count Candidate Party Votes
1940 2nd Ernest Manning Social Credit 7,291
2nd John P. Page Independent 7,291
2nd Norman James Social Credit 7,133
2nd D.M. Duggan Independent 6,731
2nd Hugh John MacDonald Independent 6,649
1940 1st Ernest Manning Social Credit 10,066
1st John P. Page Independent 5,607
1st Hugh John MacDonald Independent 4,128
1st Gerald O'Connor Independent 3,392
1st D.M. Duggan Independent 3,878
1st L.Y. Cairns Independent 3,316
1st Elmer Roper Cooperative Commonwealth 1,984
1st H.D. Ainlay Cooperative Commonwealth 1,840
1st E.C. Fisher Independent 1,607
1st C. Gould Social Credit 1,192
1st E. East Social Credit 1,117
1st James A. MacPherson Communist 1,067
1st N.B. James Social Credit 967
1st C.B. Wills Social Credit 948
1st Marjorie Pardee Independent 822
1st W.H. Miller Cooperative Commonwealth 442
1st G.F. Hustler Independent 400
1st Samuel Barnes Independent Progressive 282
1st J.H. Green Independent Progressive 108

It should be noted that many of the candidates listed as Independents, such as sitting MLA D.M. Duggan, were candidates for the Unity League, an anti-SC alliance of Conservatives and Liberals.

1942 by-election[edit]

September 22, 1942 by-election[2] Turnout 32.71%
Affiliation Candidate 1st % Votes % Count
     Cooperative Commonwealth Elmer Roper 4,834 24.76% 8,432 53.98% 4th
     Independent John Lymburn 4,032 20.65% 7,188 46.02% 4th
     Social Credit G.B. Giles 4,432 22.70% Eliminated prior to 4th count
     Soldier Representative W. Griffin 3,389 17.36% Eliminated prior to 3rd count
     Liberal N.V. Buchanan 2,838 14.53% Eliminated prior to 2nd count
Valid Ballots 19,525 100% 15,620 100%
Exhausted Ballots 3,905 4 Counts

1944 and 1948 general elections[edit]

Year Count Candidate Party Votes Year Count Candidate Party Votes
1948 2nd Elmer Roper Cooperative Commonwealth 8,684 1944 2nd Elmer Roper Cooperative Commonwealth 6,345
2nd Lou Heard Social Credit 7,746 2nd John P. Page Independent 6,333
2nd Ernest Manning Social Credit 7,692 2nd Ernest Manning Social Credit 6,306
2nd James Harper Prowse Liberal 7,692 2nd William J. Williams Veterans' and Active Force 5,535
2nd Clayton Adams Social Credit 7,559 2nd Norman James Social Credit 3,532
1948 1st Ernest Manning Social Credit 22,014 1944 1st Ernest Manning Social Credit 14,271
1st Elmer Roper Cooperative Commonwealth 6,511 1st Elmer Roper Cooperative Commonwealth 5,253
1st James Harper Prowse Liberal 6,302 1st John P. Page Independent 4,603
1st John P. Page Independent Citizen's 2,723 1st William J. Williams Veterans' and Active Force 2,818
1st Peter Lazarowich Liberal 1,234 1st Johnnie Caine Independent 1,400
1st Jack Hampson Cooperative Commonwealth 1,046 1st Henry Carrigan Social Credit 1,188
1st Clayton Adams Social Credit 946 1st Orvis A. Kennedy Social Credit 876
1st Mary Scullion Liberal 942 1st Clifford Lee Cooperative Commonwealth 854
1st Lou Heard Social Credit 890 1st Norman James Social Credit 781
1st John Gillies Social Credit 772 1st John Gillies Social Credit 755
1st Mary Crawford Cooperative Commonwealth 618 1st James A. MacPherson Labor–Progressive 742
1st Francis Ford Liberal 565 1st James Enright Cooperative Commonwealth 649
1st Walter Crockett Social Credit 523 1st M.E. Butterworth Cooperative Commonwealth 549
1st Arthur Thornton Cooperative Commonwealth 498 1st Joseph Dowler Cooperative Commonwealth 545
1st J.H. Dowler Cooperative Commonwealth 370 1st William Halina Labor–Progressive 496
1st William Brownlee Liberal 442 1st Cecil Chapman Independent 476
1st Clarence Richards Independent 422
1st Jan Lakeman Labor–Progressive 251
1st Alex Herd Labor–Progressive 119
1st G.V. Murdoch Labor–Progressive 72

1952 and 1955 general elections[edit]

Year Count Candidate Party Votes Year Count Candidate Party Votes
1955 2nd Ernest Manning Social Credit 9,568 1952 2nd Ernest Manning Social Credit 6,505
2nd James Harper Prowse Liberal 9,569 2nd James Harper Prowse Liberal 6,505
2nd Abe Miller Liberal 9,569 2nd Elmer Roper Cooperative Commonwealth 6,505
2nd Harold Tanner Liberal 9,569 2nd Joseph Donovan Ross Social Credit 6,505
2nd Joseph Donovan Ross Social Credit 9,483 2nd Edgar Gerhart Social Credit 5,895
2nd John P. Page Conservative 9,224 2nd John P. Page Conservative 5,504
2nd Edgar Gerhart Social Credit 9,121 2nd Harold Tanner Liberal 4,921
1955 1st Ernest Manning Social Credit 23,216 1952 1st Ernest Manning Social Credit 17,022
1st James Harper Prowse Liberal 18,755 1st James Harper Prowse Liberal 7,264
1st Elmer Roper Cooperative Commonwealth 4,444 1st Elmer Roper Cooperative Commonwealth 6,632
1st John P. Page Conservative 4,086 1st John P. Page Conservative 2,212
1st Edgar Bailey Liberal 2,971 1st Joseph Donovan Ross Social Credit 1,757
1st Andre Dechene Liberal 2,877 1st Ambrose A. Holowach Social Credit 1,381
1st Abe Miller Liberal 2,787 1st Andre Milville Dechene Liberal 1,340
1st Anthony Hylnka Social Credit 1,896 1st Peter Lazarowich Liberal 1,136
1st J.L. Payment Liberal 1,640 1st Harry Carrigan Social Credit 1,135
1st Harold Tanner Liberal 1,604 1st Stella Baker Social Credit 1,126
1st Joseph Donovan Ross Social Credit 1,575 1st Marshall Manning Conservative 1,060
1st Edgar Gerhart Social Credit 1,320 1st Harold Tanner Liberal 875
1st Giffard Main Conservative 1,064 1st Williston Haszard Social Credit 834
1st William Harasym Labor–Progressive 947 1st Bernard Swankey Labor–Progressive 824
1st Robert Atkin Cooperative Commonwealth 940 1st Cora Casselman Liberal 819
1st W.J.M. Henning Social Credit 785 1st Edger Gerhart Social Credit 769
1st Gerard Amerongen Conservative 692 1st Robert Atkin Cooperative Commonwealth 658
1st Cyril Harvard Social Credit 602 1st Laurette Douglas Liberal 632
1st C.M. Hattersley Social Credit 555 1st Roy Jamha Cooperative Commonwealth 619
1st Lois Grant Liberal 552 1st Arthur Thronton Cooperative Commonwealth 612
1st R.F. Lambert Conservative 548 1st Duncan Innes Liberal 608
1st Floyd Albin Johnson Cooperative Commonwealth 458 1st Floyd Albin Johnson Cooperative Commonwealth 500
1st F.J. Mitchell Conservative 405 1st Marcel Lambert Conservative 432
1st Mary Crawford Cooperative Commonwealth 383 1st Frederick Mitchell Conservative 430
1st Ivor Dent Cooperative Commonwealth 328 1st Norman Finnemore Cooperative Commonwealth 413
1st J.A.L. Smith Conservative 299 1st Winnifred Scott Cooperative Commonwealth 383
1st Art Thompson Cooperative Commonwealth 290 1st Arnold Taylor Conservative 272
1st Robert Brower Conservative 221 1st John A.L. Smith Conservative 189
1st H.M. Smith Cooperative Commonwealth 221 1st Edward Sturrock Conservative 105
1st C.E. Payne Independent 127

By-Elections[edit]

Party 1937 1936 1931 1924 1912
Liberal Edward Leslie Gray
17,788
W. Morrish
9,863
John C. Bowen
2,934
William Thomas Henry
4,640
Charles Wilson Cross
1,802
Conservative Frederick Jamieson
8,026
Albert Ewing
4,238
Albert Ewing
1,733
Labour Elmer Roper
5,583
H.M. Bartholomew
4,118
People's Candidate Joseph Clarke
10,000
Socialist Joseph R. Knight
183
Soldier Representative W. Griffen
3,389
Communist Jan Lakeman
1,779
Jan Lakeman
813
Unity Margaret Crang
6,129
Cooperative Commonwealth Harry Dean Ainlay
2,056
Progressive Labour Margaret Crang
1,275
Independent Rice Sheppard
257
G.V. Pelton
1,131

Plebiscite results[edit]

1948 Electrification Plebiscite[edit]

District results from the first province wide plebiscite on electricity regulation.

Option A Option B
Are you in favour of the generation and distribution of electricity being continued by the Power Companies? Are you in favour of the generation and distribution of electricity being made a publicly owned utility administered by the Alberta Government Power Commission?
22,351     50.99% 21,478     49.01%
Province wide result: Option A passed.

1957 liquor plebiscite[edit]

1957 Alberta liquor plebiscite results: Edmonton[3]
Question A: Do you approve additional types of outlets for the
sale of beer, wine and spirituous liquor subject to a local vote?
Ballot Choice Votes %
Yes 46,219 71.98%
No 17,994 28.02%
Total Votes 64,213 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 75
127,279 Eligible Electors, Turnout 50.94%
Question B2: Should mixed drinking be allowed
in beer parlours in Edmonton and the surrounding areas?
Ballot Choice Votes %
Yes 48,645 75.85%
No 15,485 24.15%
Total Votes 64,134 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 622
127,279 Eligible Electors, Turnout 50.88%

On October 30, 1957 a stand-alone plebiscite was held province wide in all 50 of the then current provincial electoral districts in Alberta. The government decided to consult Alberta voters to decide on liquor sales and mixed drinking after a divisive debate in the Legislature. The plebiscite was intended to deal with the growing demand for reforming antiquated liquor control laws.[4]

The plebiscite was conducted in two parts. Question A asked in all districts, asked the voters if the sale of liquor should be expanded in Alberta, while Question B asked in a handful of districts within the corporate limits of Calgary and Edmonton asked if men and woman were allowed to drink together in establishments.[3] Question B was slightly modified depending on which city the voters were in.[3]

Province wide Question A of the plebiscite passed in 33 of the 50 districts while Question B passed in all five districts. Edmonton voted overwhelmingly in favor of the plebiscite. The district recorded slightly above average voter turnout almost just over the province wide 46% average with over half of eligible voters casting a ballot.[3]

Edmonton also voted on Question B2. Residents voted for mixed drinking with a super majority. Turnout for question B. Turnout for Question B was slightly lower and than Question A.[3]

Official district returns were released to the public on December 31, 1957.[3] The Social Credit government in power at the time did not considered the results binding.[5] However the results of the vote led the government to repeal all existing liquor legislation and introduce an entirely new Liquor Act.[6]

Municipal districts lying inside electoral districts that voted against the Plebiscite were designated Local Option Zones by the Alberta Liquor Control Board and considered effective dry zones, business owners that wanted a license had to petition for a binding municipal plebiscite in order to be granted a license.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Edmonton Official Results 1905 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Foundation. Archived from the original on 2011-06-12. Retrieved 2008-08-10. 
  2. ^ "C.C.F. Candidate Wins By-Election at Edmonton Tuesday". Red Deer Advocate. September 23, 1942. p. 1. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Alberta Gazette. 53 (December 31 ed.). Government of Alberta. 1957. pp. 2,247–2,249. 
  4. ^ "Albertans Vote 2 to 1 For More Liquor Outlets". Vol L No 273. The Lethbridge Herald. October 31, 1957. pp. 1–2. 
  5. ^ "No Sudden Change In Alberta Drinking Habits Is Seen". Vol L No 267. The Lethbridge Herald. October 24, 1957. p. 1. 
  6. ^ "Entirely New Act On Liquor". Vol LI No 72. The Lethbridge Herald. March 5, 1968. p. 1. 
  7. ^ "Bill 81". Alberta Bills 12th Legislature 1st Session. Government of Alberta. 1958. p. 40. 

External links[edit]