Edmonton City Council

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Edmonton City Council
Type
Type
History
FoundedOctober 8, 1904; 118 years ago (1904-10-08) (City)
February 10, 1892; 130 years ago (1892-02-10) (Town)
New session started
November 2021
Leadership
Amarjeet Sohi
since October 26, 2021
Structure
Seats13 (12 Councillors+Mayor)
CommitteesBoards, Commissions and Committees
Elections
FPTP
Last election
October 18, 2021
Next election
Fall 2025
Meeting place
Edmonton City Hall
Website
www.edmonton.ca
Council chambers at the Edmonton City Hall

The Edmonton City Council is the governing body of the City of Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Edmonton currently has one mayor and twelve city councillors. Elections are held every four years. The most recent was held in 2021, and the next is in 2025. The mayor is elected across the whole city, through the First Past the Post plurality voting system. Councillors are elected one per ward, a division of the city, through the First Past the Post plurality voting system.

On July 22, 2009, City Council voted to change the electoral system of six wards to a system of 12 wards; each represented by a single councillor. The changes took effect in the 2010 election. In the 2010 election, Edmonton was divided into 12 wards each electing one councillor. Before that system was adopted in 1980, the city at different times used a variety of different electoral systems for the election of its councillors: two different systems of wards, one using FPTP, the other Block Voting systems; at-large elections with Block Voting; and at-large elections using Single Transferable Voting (when Alternative Voting was used to elect mayors).

In May 2019, Edmonton's Ward Boundary Commission began reviewing the city's current geographical boundaries.[1][2] The final report was delivered on May 25, 2020.[3] On December 7, 2020, Bylaw 19366[4] was passed which included the new geographical boundaries and new Indigenous ward names.[5] The Indigenous ward names were determined by the Committee of Indigenous Matriarchs[6][7] and came into effect on October 18, 2021, the date of the 2021 municipal election. The Committee of Indigenous Matriarchs, also referred to as the naming committee, was composed of 17 women representing communities from treaty territories 6, 7 and 8, along with Métis and Inuit representation.[8][6]

Councils[edit]

Since 2021[edit]

In 2021, the twelve ward boundaries were modified and given indigenous names in place of numbers.

Year Elected Mayor Ward Nakota Isga Ward Anirniq Ward tastawiyiniwak (ᑕᐢᑕᐃᐧᔨᓂᐊᐧᐠ) Ward Dene Ward O-day’min Ward papastew Ward sipiwiyiniwak Ward Métis Ward pihêsiwin Ward Ipiihkoohkanipiaohtsi Ward Karhiio Ward Sspomitapi Notes
2021 Amarjeet Sohi Andrew Knack Erin Rutherford Karen Principe Aaron Paquette Anne Stevenson Michael Janz Sarah Hamilton Ashley Salvador Tim Cartmell Jennifer Rice Keren Tang Jo-Anne Wright

From 2010 until 2021[edit]

In 2010, Edmonton adopted a ward system in which one councillor was elected from each of twelve wards. The mayor was elected from the city at-large.

In 2010, council was elected to serve three years. In 2013 and 2017 they were elected to serve for four years.

Year Elected Mayor Ward 1 Ward 2 Ward 3 Ward 4 Ward 5 Ward 6 Ward 7 Ward 8 Ward 9 Ward 10 Ward 11 Ward 12 Notes
2017 Don Iveson Andrew Knack Bev Esslinger Jon Dziadyk Aaron Paquette Sarah Hamilton Scott McKeen Tony Caterina Ben Henderson Tim Cartmell Michael Walters Mike Nickel Mohinder Banga [9]
2013 Dave Loken Ed Gibbons Michael Oshry Bryan Anderson Amarjeet Sohi (2013–15)
Mohinder Banga (2015)
2010 Stephen Mandel Linda Sloan Kim Krushell Karen Leibovici Jane Batty Don Iveson Kerry Diotte Amarjeet Sohi

From 1980 until 2010[edit]

In 1980, Edmonton adopted a ward system in which two councillors (aldermen until 1995) were elected from each of six wards. These wards were more organic[clarification needed] than the previous four-ward system.

The mayor was elected at-large. Those elected served for three years.

Year Elected Mayor Ward 1 Ward 2 Ward 3 Ward 4 Ward 5 Ward 6 Notes
2007 Stephen Mandel Karen Leibovici, Linda Sloan Ron Hayter, Kim Krushell Tony Caterina, Ed Gibbons Jane Batty, Ben Henderson Bryan Anderson, Don Iveson Amarjeet Sohi, Dave Thiele
2004 Karen Leibovici, Linda Sloan Ron Hayter, Kim Krushell Ed Gibbons, Janice Melnychuk Jane Batty, Michael Phair Bryan Anderson, Mike Nickel Terry Cavanagh, Dave Thiele
2001 Bill Smith Karen Leibovici, Stephen Mandel Allan Bolstad, Ron Hayter Ed Gibbons, Janice Melnychuk Jane Batty, Michael Phair Bryan Anderson, Larry Langley Terry Cavanagh, Dave Thiele
1998 Leroy Chahley, Wendy Kinsella Allan Bolstad, Rose Rosenberger Brian Mason, Robert Noce Michael Phair, Jim Taylor Bryan Anderson, Larry Langley Terry Cavanagh, Dave Thiele [10]
1995 Leroy Chahley, Wendy Kinsella Allan Bolstad, Rose Rosenberger Brian Mason, Robert Noce Michael Phair, Jim Taylor Larry Langley, Brent Maitson Terry Cavanagh, Dick Mather [11]
1992 Jan Reimer Bruce Campbell, Leroy Chahley Allan Bolstad, Ron Hayter Judy Bethel, Brian Mason Michael Phair, Tooker Gomberg Patricia MacKenzie, Lillian Staroszik Terry Cavanagh, Sheila McKay [12]
1989 Bruce Campbell, Helen Paull Catherine Chichak, Ron Hayter Judy Bethel, Brian Mason Mel Binder, Lance White Patricia MacKenzie, Lillian Staroszik Ken Kozak, Sheila McKay
1986 Laurence Decore Bruce Campbell, Helen Paull Ron Hayter, Jan Reimer Judy Bethel, Julian Kinisky Mel Binder, Lance White Patricia MacKenzie, Lillian Staroszik Terry Cavanagh, Ken Kozak [13]
1983 Olivia Butti, G. Lyall Roper Ron Hayter, Jan Reimer Ed Ewasiuk, Julian Kinisky Ed Leger, Lance White Lillian Staroszik, Percy Wickman Terry Cavanagh, Bettie Hewes [14]
1980 Cec Purves Olivia Butti, Kenneth Newman Ron Hayter, Jan Reimer June Cavanagh, Ed Ewasiuk Paul Norris, Gerry Wright Lois Campbell, Percy Wickman Bettie Hewes, Ed Leger

From 1971 until 1980[edit]

In 1971, Edmonton adopted a ward system in which three aldermen would be elected from each of four wards. Each ward was a north–south slice of the city so each contained territories on both sides of the river.

Still the mayor and the councillors were to serve for three years.

Year Elected Mayor Ward 1 Ward 2 Ward 3 Ward 4 Notes
1977 Cec Purves Lois Campbell, Kenneth Newman, Paul Norris Olivia Butti, Gene Dub, Percy Wickman Ron Hayter, Edward Kennedy, Ed Leger William Chmiliar, Bettie Hewes, Buck Olsen
1974 William Hawrelak Robert Matheson, Kenneth Newman, Ches Tanner Olivia Butti, Laurence Decore, David Leadbeater Ron Hayter, Edward Kennedy, Ed Leger Terry Cavanagh, Bettie Hewes, Buck Olsen [15]
1971 Ivor Dent Dudley Menzies, Kenneth Newman, Ches Tanner Alex Fallow, Cec Purves, David Ward Ron Hayter, Ed Leger, William McLean Terry Cavanagh, Una Evans, Buck Olsen

1968[edit]

The 1968 Edmonton city election was different from the one before and the one after. Like the 1966 election the mayor and all the city councillors were up for election, councillors elected at large through Block Voting. But unlike 1968 they were to serve for three years.

In 1968 Alberta's legislation had been changed to require elections every three years in all of the province's municipalities.

Year Elected Mayor Aldermen Notes
1968 Ivor Dent James Bateman, Neil Crawford, Una Evans, Julia Kiniski, Ed Leger, Kathleen McCallum, Kenneth Newman, Terry Nugent, Cec Purves, Ches Tanner, David Ward, Morris Weinlos [16]

From 1964 until 1966[edit]

In 1964 two new aldermanic positions were added, bringing the total to twelve. As well Edmonton unstaggered its terms for city officials, meaning that all the council seats would be up for election each election, held every two years. In preparation for this, in 1964 the mayor and all aldermanic positions up for re-election were elected to one-year terms. All alderman continued to be elected at-large through block voting.

Year Elected Mayor Aldermen Notes
1966 Vincent M. Dantzer James Bateman, John Leslie Bodie, Neil Crawford, Ivor Dent, Reginald Easton, Frank Edwards, Una Evans, Julia Kiniski, Ed Leger, Angus McGugan, Cec Purves, Morris Weinlos [17][18]
1964 William Hawrelak John Leslie Bodie, Vincent M. Dantzer, [vor Dent, Frank Edwards, Julia Kiniski, Robert Franklin Lambert, Ed Leger, Kathleen McCallum, Angus McGugan, Kenneth Newman, Morris Weinlos, Ethel Wilson [19]

From 1948 until 1963[edit]

In 1948, the mayor began to be elected for a two-year term, with annual elections still used to elect half the council each year through Block Voting. The council continued to be elected at-large to staggered two-year terms until 1963, when the council seats up for election were filled just for one year (to prepare for the change in 1964 to all seats being up for election each election.

From 1912 to 1960, seats were guaranteed to southsiders. The guaranteed representation for the southside was cancelled after a 1960 referendum. (But in 1971 with the introduction of wards altogether south of the river, southside representation was re-established.)

Year Elected Mayor North side South side Notes
1963 William Hawrelak John Leslie Bodie, Ivor Dent, Julia Kiniski, Ed Leger, Gordon McClary, McKim Ross
1962 Vincent M. Dantzer, Frederick John Mitchell, Morris Weinlos, Ethel Wilson George Prudham
1961 Elmer Ernest Roper John Leslie Bodie, Gordon McClary Angus McGugan, Stanley Milner, McKim Ross
1960 Milton Ezra Lazerte, Frederick John Mitchell, Morris Weinlos, Ethel Wilson George Prudham
1959 Elmer Ernest Roper Ed Leger, Gordon McClary, McKim Ross William Henning, Angus McGugan
1958 Donald Bowen, Laurette Douglas, William Henning, Frederick John Mitchell, Ethel Wilson George Prudham [20]
1957 William Hawrelak William Connelly, Reginald Easton, J F Falconer Hu Harries, Cliffard Roy [21][22]
1956 Donald Bowen, Laurette Douglas, Frederick John Mitchell, Ethel Wilson Giffard Main
1955 William Hawrelak William Connelly, James Falconer, Abe Miller Hu Harries, Cliffard Roy
1954 Edwin Clarke, Laurette Douglas, Frederick John Mitchell, Ethel Wilson Giffard Main
1953 William Hawrelak Rupert Clare, Abe Miller, Charles Simmonds Hu Harries, Cliffard Roy, Harold Tanner [23]
1952 Edwin Clarke, Richmond Francis Hanna, Frederick John Mitchell, Ethel Wilson James MacDonald [24]
1951 William Hawrelak Rupert Clare, Violet Field, Al Larson, Abe Miller Harold Tanner
1950 Athelstan Bissett, Edwin Clarke, Richmond Francis Hanna, Frederick John Mitchell Duncan Innes
1949 Sidney Parsons Rupert Clare, Edwin Clarke, Francis Ford, Kenneth Lawson William Hawrelak, Harold Tanner [25]
1948 Sidney Bowcott, Richmond Francis Hanna, Frederick John Mitchell, Sidney Parsons Athelstan Bissett
1947 Harry Dean Ainlay Francis Ford, Charles Gariepy, George Gleave James McCrie Douglas, Harold Tanner

From 1928 until 1947[edit]

In this period, following a referendum in 1927, the city returned to using block voting to elect councillors at-large (in one city-wide district). Aldermen continued to be elected on staggered two-year terms, but the mayor was elected for a one-year term.

There was still guaranteed minimum representation for the south side of the North Saskatchewan River. This number increased over time. It was two until 1936, and three thereafter.

Year Elected Mayor North side South side Notes
1946 Harry Dean Ainlay Sidney Bowcott, Frederick John Mitchell, James Harwood Ogilvie, Sidney Parsons Athelstan Bissett, Harold Tanner [26]
1945 Harry Dean Ainlay James McCrie Douglas, Charles Gariepy, John Gillies, John Munro Ethel Browne [27]
1944 John Wesley Fry Sidney Bowcott, Frederick John Mitchell, James Harwood Ogilvie, Sidney Parsons Athelstan Bissett
1943 John Wesley Fry Harry Dean Ainlay, Charles Gariepy, R W Hamilton James McCrie Douglas, Melvin Downey
1942 John Wesley Fry Sidney Bowcott, Frederick John Mitchell, James Harwood Ogilvie, Sidney Parsons Athelstan Bissett
1941 John Wesley Fry Gwendolen Clarke, Charles Gariepy, Guy Patterson Harry Dean Ainlay, James McCrie Douglas
1940 John Wesley Fry Sidney Bowcott, Charles Gariepy, Frederick John Mitchell, James Harwood Ogilvie, Sidney Parsons Athelstan Bissett, Blair Paterson [28][29]
1939 John Wesley Fry Edward Brown, Frederick Casselman, Daniel Kennedy Knott George Campbell, Douglas Grout [30][31]
1938 John Wesley Fry Hugh Macdonald (Citizens Committee), Mack McColl (Citizens Committee), James Harwood Ogilvie (Citizens Committee), Sidney Parsons (Citizens Committee) Blair Paterson (Citizens Committee)
1937 John Wesley Fry Edward Brown (Citizens Committee), Frederick Casselman(Citizens Committee), Daniel Kennedy Knott (Citizens Committee) George Campbell (Citizens Committee), Douglas Grout (Citizens Committee), Blair Paterson (Citizens Committee) [32]
1936 Joseph Clarke Hugh Macdonald, John McCreath, James Harwood Ogilvie Athelstan Bissett, John Wesley Fry
1935 Joseph Clarke (Civic Youth Association) Walter Clevely (Civic Youth Association), Elisha East (Social Credit), Guy Patterson (Social Credit) Margaret Crang (Labour), Charles Gould (Social Credit)
1934 Joseph Clarke James East (Labour), Dick Foote, John Wesley Fry, Hugh Macdonald, John McCreath Athelstand Bissett [33]
1933 Daniel Kennedy Knott (Labour) Ralph Bellamy, James Findlay (Labour) Harry Dean Ainlay (Labour), Margaret Crang (Labour), Rice Sheppard (Labour) [34]
1932 Daniel Kennedy Knott (Labour) James East (Labour), John Wesley Fry, Charles Gibbs (Labour), John McCreath, James Harwood Ogilvie
1931 Daniel Kennedy Knott Herbert Baker, James Findlay Harry Dean Ainlay, Arthur Gainer, Rice Sheppard
1930 James McCrie Douglas James Collisson, Charles Gibbs, Frederick Keillor, Donald Lake, Charles Gerald O'Connor
1929 James McCrie Douglas Herbert Baker, Ralph Bellamy, Daniel Kennedy Knott Arthur Gainer, Rice Sheppard
1928 Ambrose Bury James Collisson, Alfred Farmilo, James Findlay, Charles Gibbs Frederick Keillor, Rice Sheppard [35]

From 1923 until 1927[edit]

In this period, following a successful referendum in 1922, the city used Single Transferable Voting, a form of proportional representation, to elect councillors. The effect was that no one party took all the seats up for election. Alternative Voting was used to elect mayors to ensure that the successful candidate had to have a majority of the votes to win (but no transfer took place if only two candidates ran for the post or if one candidate took a majority on the first count).

The southside still had guaranteed representation, of at least two councillors. The mayor continued to be elected annually, and aldermen continued to be elected to staggered two-year terms.

Year Elected Mayor North side South side Notes
1927 Ambrose Bury Ralph Bellamy, John Bowen, James East (Labour), A C Sloane L S C Dineen (Labour)
1926 Ambrose Bury Herbert Baker, Alfred Farmilo (Labour), Charles Gibbs (Labour), Charles Robson L S C Dineen (Labour), George Hazlett [36]
1925 Kenneth Alexander Blatchford James East (Labour), Alfred Farmilo (Labour), James Findlay (Labour), Charles Robson, A C Sloane James McCrie Douglas, Frederick Keillor [37]
1924 Kenneth Alexander Blatchford Joseph Clarke (Labour), James Collisson, Charles Gibbs (Labour), Daniel Kennedy Knott (Labour) Will Werner
1923 Kenneth Alexander Blatchford Ambrose Bury, James McCrie Douglas, James East (Labour), James Findlay (Labour), William Rea Joseph J. Duggan [38]

From 1912 until 1922[edit]

As part of the amalgamation agreement with City of Strathcona south of the river, in 1912 council expanded to ten members and adopted guaranteed representation, of at least two seats, for the south side. (Wards were not established, but at least two southsiders had to be elected.) The mayor continued to be elected annually, and aldermen continued to be elected to staggered two-year terms.

Year Elected Mayor North side South side Notes
1922 David Milwyn Duggan Joseph Adair, Kenneth Alexander Blatchford, James Collisson, Daniel Kennedy Knott Valentine Richards, Rice Sheppard [39]
1921 David Milwyn Duggan Kenneth Alexander Blatchford, Ambrose Bury, James East, Izena Ross, Charles Weaver Thomas Malone, Bickerton Pratt [40]
1920 David Milwyn Duggan Joseph Adair, James Collisson, W C McArthur, Andrew McLennan Samuel McCoppen, Valentine Richards [41]
1919 Joseph Clarke (Labour) Percy Abbott, James East (Labour), J. A. Kinney (Labour) John Bowen, Rice Sheppard (Labour) [42]
1918 Joseph Clarke Charles Hepburn, Henri Martin, Samuel McCoppen (Labour), Andrew McLennan Charles Grant, John J. McKenzie (Labour) [43]
1917 Harry Marshall Erskine Evans Matthew Esdale, J. A. Kinney, Henri Martin, Samuel McCoppen, Charles Wilson Orlando Bush, Warren Prevey [44][45]
1916 William Thomas Henry Thomas Bellamy, J. A. Kinney, James Macfie MacDonald, William Martin, George Pheasey Charles Grant [46]
1915 William Thomas Henry James Macfie MacDonald, W C McArthur, Charles Wilson Orlando Bush, Robert Blyth Douglas
1914 William Thomas Henry Hugh Calder, R N Frith, W C McArthur, Joseph Henri Picard, James Ramsey, Samuel Williamson [47]
1913 William McNamara Alexander Campbell, Joseph Clarke, Robert Blyth Douglas, Rice Sheppard J. A. Kinney [48]
Dec 1912 William Short Joseph Driscoll, James East, Gustave May, Harry Smith Hugh Calder
Feb 1912 George S. Armstrong Joseph Clarke, Henry Douglas, James East, Charles Gowan, John Lundy, Gustave May, Herman McInnes Hugh Calder, John Tipton, Thomas J. Walsh [49][50][51]

From 1904 until 1911[edit]

Edmonton was incorporated as a city in 1904. The size of council was set at eight alderman plus the mayor, with the mayor being elected annually and the aldermen being elected on staggered two-year terms.

Year Elected Mayor Aldermen Notes
1910 George S. Armstrong Charles Gowan, Thomas Grindley, John Lundy, Herman McInnes, James McKinley [52]
1909 Robert Lee George S. Armstrong, James Hyndman, John H. Millar, James Mould
1908 John Alexander McDougall Andrew Agar, Daniel Fraser, Wilfrid Gariépy, John Lundy, Herman McInnes, James McKinley [53]
1907 John Alexander McDougall George S. Armstrong, Thomas Bellamy, Robert Lee, Robert Manson, Herman McInnes [54]
1906 William Antrobus Griesbach Cameron Anderson, Thomas Daly, Wilfrid Gariépy, Morton MacAuley, James Walker [55][56]
1905 Charles May William Antrobus Griesbach, Robert Manson, Joseph Henri Picard, Samuel Smith [57]
1904 Kenneth W. MacKenzie Thomas Bellamy, John Boyle, William Clark, Daniel Fraser, William Antrobus Griesbach, Charles May, Kenneth McLeod, Joseph Henri Picard [58][59]

Edmonton Town Council[edit]

From 1898 until 1904[edit]

The Edmonton Town Council was the governing body of Edmonton, Northwest Territories, from 1892 until 1904, when Edmonton was incorporated as a city and the council became Edmonton City Council. Throughout its history it included a mayor and six aldermen.

The mayor was elected annually throughout the town's history, but beginning in 1898 they were elected to staggered two-year terms, with half of them elected each year.

Year Elected Mayor Aldermen Notes
1903 William Short Edmund Grierson, Charles May, Joseph Henri Picard
1902 William Short Arthur Cushing, Daniel Fraser, James Ross
1901 William Short Cornelius Gallagher, Henry Goodridge, Edmund Grierson, Phillip Heiminck [60]
1900 Kenneth W. MacKenzie James Blowey, Henry Goodridge, William Thomas Henry, Joseph Morris [61]
1899 Kenneth W. MacKenzie Alfred Brown, Henry Goodridge, Robert Lee, Colin Strang [62][63]
1898 William S. Edmiston Alfred Brown, Alfred Jackson, Kenneth W. MacKenzie, Kenneth McLeod, Joseph Henri Picard, Richard Secord [64]

From 1892 until 1898[edit]

The mayor and aldermen were elected annually from 1892 to 1898.

Year Elected Mayor Aldermen Notes
1897 William S. Edmiston Thomas Hourston, William Humberstone, Alfred Jackson, Kenneth McLeod, Joseph Henri Picard, James Ross
Dec 1896 John Alexander McDougall Daniel Fraser, Cornelius Gallagher, Joseph Gariépy, Thomas Hourston, Alfred Jackson, Kenneth McLeod
Jan 1896 Herbert Charles Wilson Thomas Bellamy, Isaac Cowie, William S. Edmiston, John Kelly, Matthew McCauley, Charles Sutter [65][66]
1895 Herbert Charles Wilson Thomas Bellamy, John Cameron, William S. Edmiston, John Kelly, Joseph Henri Picard, Colin Strang
1894 Matthew McCauley Cornelius Gallagher, John Alexander McDougall, Joseph Henri Picard, James Ross, Colin Strang, Charles Sutter
1893 Matthew McCauley Cornelius Gallagher, James Goodridge, John Alexander McDougall, Kenneth McLeod, George Sanderson, Colin Strang
1892 Matthew McCauley John Cameron, Edward Carey, Philip Daly, Daniel Fraser, James Goodridge, Colin Strang

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Ward Boundary Review". Engaged Edmonton. Retrieved 2020-04-16.
  2. ^ Edmonton, City of (2020-04-15). "Ward Boundary Review". www.edmonton.ca. Retrieved 2020-04-16.
  3. ^ Ward Boundaries Commission (May 25, 2020). "Toward More Effective Representation: The Final Report of the Ward Boundary Commission" (PDF). City of Edmonton. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2020-09-28.
  4. ^ "The City of Edmonton Bylaw 19366" (PDF). December 7, 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2020-10-10.
  5. ^ Edmonton, City of (2021-01-20). "Ward Boundary Review". www.edmonton.ca. Retrieved 2021-01-20.
  6. ^ a b Edmonton, City of (2021-01-20). "Indigenous Ward Naming Knowledge Committee". www.edmonton.ca. Retrieved 2021-01-20.
  7. ^ Thompson, Jeremy (2020-09-21). "Council approves Indigenous names for Edmonton's wards". CTV News Edmonton. Archived from the original on 2020-09-22. Retrieved 2021-01-20.
  8. ^ Cook, Dustin (2020-09-18). "'A return to the history': Indigenous names recommended for Edmonton's 12 new wards effective 2021 election". Edmonton Journal. Archived from the original on 2020-09-18. Retrieved 2021-01-23.
  9. ^ "2017 Election - Official Results". www.edmonton.ca. City of Edmonton. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
  10. ^ Brian Mason resigned June 30, 2000 owing to his election to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta. His seat was left vacant until the next election.
  11. ^ Dick Mather died August 13, 1997. His seat was left vacant until the next election.
  12. ^ Bethel was elected to the House of Commons of Canada in the 1993 federal election, and was replaced on Council by Sherry McKibben in a 1994 by-election.
  13. ^ In 1988, Laurence Decore resigned as mayor to become leader of the Alberta Liberal Party. Terry Cavanagh was selected by council to finish his term. Cavanagh's ward 6 seat was left vacant until the next election.
  14. ^ In 1984, Bettie Hewes was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta. A 1984 by-election selected Ken Kozak to replace her.
  15. ^ William Hawrelak died November 7, 1975, and council selected Terry Cavanagh to complete his term. Cavanagh's ward 4 seat was left vacant until the next election.
  16. ^ Julia Kiniski died October 11, 1969. Her son, Julian Kinisky, was elected in a 1970 by-election to replace her.
  17. ^ Though officials elected in 1967 were elected to two-year terms, these terms were truncated by provincial legislation.
  18. ^ Frank Edwards died September 18, 1967. His seat was left vacant until the next election.
  19. ^ William Hawrelak was ousted from office March 11, 1965, and Vincent M. Dantzer was selected to serve out his term. Dantzer's aldermanic seat was left vacant until the next election
  20. ^ William Henning was elected for a one-year term to fill the seat vacated by J F Falconer
  21. ^ J F Falconer was elected to the Alberta Liquor Board and resigned his seat September 23, 1958. It was left vacant until the next election.
  22. ^ William Hawrelak resigned September 9, 1959. Frederick John Mitchell was appointed mayor by council. His aldermanic seat was left vacant until the next election.
  23. ^ Hu Harries was elected for a one-year term to fill the vacancy left by Richmond Francis Hanna's resignation.
  24. ^ Richmond Francis Hanna was elected to the House of Commons of Canada and resigned from council. His seat was left vacant until the next election.
  25. ^ Edwin Clarke was elected to a one-year term to fill the vacancy left by Sidney Parsons' election as mayor.
  26. ^ Harold Tanner was elected to a one-year term to fill the seat left vacant by Ethel Browne's resignation.
  27. ^ Ethel Browne resigned September 23, 1946 owing to ill health. Her seat was left vacant until the next election.
  28. ^ Charles Gariepy was elected to a one-year term to fill the seat left by Frederick Casselman's resignation.
  29. ^ Blair Paterson was elected to a one-year term to fill the seat left by Douglas Grout's resignation.
  30. ^ Frederick Casselman resigned October 23, 1940. His seat was left vacant until the next election.
  31. ^ Douglas Grout resigned October 30, 1940. His seat was left vacant until the next election.
  32. ^ Blair Paterson was elected to a one-year term to fill the seat resulting from John Wesley Fry's election as mayor.
  33. ^ Athelstand Bissett was elected to a one-year term to fill the seat vacated by Rice Sheppard when he resigned to run for mayor.
  34. ^ Charles Gibbs died in September 1934. His seat was left vacant until the next election two months later.
  35. ^ Rice Sheppard was elected to a one-year term to fill the seat left vacant by John Bowen's resignation to run for mayor.
  36. ^ L S C Dineen was elected to a one-year term to fill the vacancy left by James McCrie Douglas's resignation.
  37. ^ Alfred Farmilo and Charles Robson were elected to one-year terms to fill the vacancies left by Joseph Clarke and James Collisson's resignations.
  38. ^ William Rea was elected to a one-year term to fill the vacancy left by Ambrose Bury's election to mayor.
  39. ^ Valentine Richards was elected to a one-year term to fill the vacancy left by Bickerton Pratt's resignation.
  40. ^ Kenneth Alexander Blatchford and Izena Ross were elected to one-year terms to fill the vacancies left by the resignations of W C McArthur and Andrew McLennan
  41. ^ Samuel McCoppen was elected to a one-year term to fill the vacancy left by the resignation of J. A. Kinney
  42. ^ The 1920 council, elected partly in 1918 and partly in 1919, was the first Edmonton council dominated by Labour.
  43. ^ Charles Grant was elected to a one-year term to fill the vacancy left by the resignation of Charles Wilson
  44. ^ Henri Martin was elected to fill the vacancy left by James Macfie MacDonald's resignation.
  45. ^ Samuel McCoppen was elected to a one-year term to fill the vacancy left by Thomas Bellamy's resignation.
  46. ^ J. A. Kinney was elected to a one-year term to fill the vacancy left by the resignation of James Macfie MacDonald
  47. ^ W C McArthur was elected to a one-year term to fill the vacancy left by Alexander Campbell
  48. ^ William McNamara and James East were expelled from office by the Alberta Court of Queen's Bench for voting on a matter in which they had a pecuniary interest. James Macfie MacDonald was appointed to fulfill East's term, while the office of mayor was left vacant until the next election.
  49. ^ Hugh Calder, Joseph Clarke, James East, Gustave May, and Herman McInnes were elected to one-year terms in order to set up the staggered council terms.
  50. ^ Charles Gowan resigned May 14, 1912 and was replaced by Alexander Livingstone, who was elected in a by-election June 7 of that year to serve the remainder of Gowan's two-year term.
  51. ^ Herman McInnes resigned May 7, 1912 and was replaced by James Macfie MacDonald, who was elected in a 1912 by-election to serve the remainder of McInnes's one-year term.
  52. ^ James McKinley was elected to a one-year term to replace George S. Armstrong (who had been elected mayor), but resigned in 1911 to protest the firing of two city commissioners, and was himself replaced in a 1911 by-election by Thomas Bellamy.
  53. ^ Andrew Agar and Daniel Fraser were elected to fill the vacancies left by the resignations of Robert Lee and Thomas Bellamy, who had both resigned to run for mayor.
  54. ^ Herman McInnes was elected to a one-year term to fill the vacancy left by Thomas Fraser, who resigned.
  55. ^ Morton MacAuley was elected to a one-year term to fill the vacancy left by William Antrobus Griesbach when he ran for mayor, but Macauley himself resigned August 6, 1907 and was replaced by George Manuel who was elected in a 1907 by-election.
  56. ^ James Walker resigned and the ensuing vacancy was filled by Daniel Fraser who was appointed by council to fill the remainder of Walker's two-year term.
  57. ^ John Boyle resigned May 7, 1906 and was replaced in a by-election by John Calhoun.
  58. ^ Charles May and Kenneth McLeod resigned and were replaced by David Latta and Robert Mays, who fulfilled the remainder of their two-year terms.
  59. ^ In order to set up the staggered elections, William Clark, Daniel Fraser, William Antrobus Griesbach, and Joseph Henri Picard were elected to one-year terms.
  60. ^ Henry Goodridge was elected to a one-year term to fill the seat vacated by James Blowey.
  61. ^ Henry Goodridge was elected to a one-year term to fill the same seat as he had previously been acclaimed to fill, but resigned February 20, 1901. It remained vacant until the next election.
  62. ^ Henry Goodridge was elected to a one-year term to fill the vacancy resulting from Kenneth W. MacKenzie's election to mayor.
  63. ^ Colin Strang's seat was declared vacant October 9, 1900 and James Blowey was elected by acclamation to fill it until the next election (though not for Strang's full two-year term).
  64. ^ In order to achieve the staggered terms, Alfred Brown, Joseph Henri Picard, and Richard Secord were elected to one-year terms.
  65. ^ Thomas Bellamy and Herbert Charles Wilson resigned October 9, 1896 over a dispute over town funds. Cornelius Gallagher was elected in an October 27 by-election to serve the rest of Wilson's term, while Alfred Brown was appointed by council to fulfill Bellamy's.
  66. ^ Isaac Cowie resigned July 7, 1896. Council appointed George Sanderson to serve the remainder of his term.

External links[edit]