Edmonton Hundred

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The parishes and major newer settlements in the Hundred which extended from Tottenham (inclusive) northwards then westwards.
1820 map of the Edmonton Hundred by Greenwood based on the boundaries stated in the Doomsday Book of 1086.[1]
Edmonton
Edmonton Hundred in Middlesex.svg
Area
 • 183131,410 acres (127.1 km2)[2]
Population
 • 183126,930
 • 188194,185
History
 • Createdin antiquity
 • Abolishedno administrative or legal role after 1886, but never formally abolished.
 • Succeeded byEdmonton Urban District
Enfield Urban District
East Barnet Urban District
South Mimms Rural District
Tottenham Urban District
Statushundred
 • HQsee text

Edmonton is one of six hundreds (obsolete subdivisions) of the historic county of Middlesex, England. A rotated L-shape, its area has been in the south and east firmly part of the urban growth of London. Since the 1965 formation of London boroughs (see Greater London) it mainly corresponds to the London Boroughs of Enfield, a negligible portion of Barnet and a narrow majority of Haringey. Its ancient parish of South Mimms (including the later civil parish of Potters Bar) has since 1965 been part of the Hertsmere district in Hertfordshire.

History[edit]

The hundred was listed in the Domesday Book in 1086, after which there were only very minor boundary changes. It was sometimes known as the Half Hundred of Mimms.[3]

It contained the parishes and settlements of Edmonton, Enfield, Monken Hadley, South Mimms and Tottenham. It bordered Ossulstone hundred to the south west, and had a boundary with Essex to the east. To the north then west it projected into Hertfordshire (containing South Mimms and Monken Hadley) which county had long borders with all of the parishes except for Tottenham. The eastern successors to the three easterly ecclesiastical parishes continue to adjoin Essex across the (River Lea) but due to urbanisation the three simple parishes have more Church of England parishes today.

The Hundred Moot appears to have originally been held near Potters Bar. By the seventeenth century the "mote plane" was in an open area of Enfield Chase. The court for the hundred eventually moved to a public house in Enfield prior to its abolition in 1846.[3]

In 1889, under the Local Government Act 1888, the area forming the small civil parish of Monken Hadley was transferred to Hertfordshire reflecting the growth of Barnet as a town.

Area and population change[edit]

The following is the population of the parishes in Edmonton Hundred as given at each ten-yearly census from 1801 - 1881:[4]

Parish Area 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881
Edmonton 7,483 acres (30.3 km2) 5,093 6,824 7,900 8,192 9,027 9,708 10,930 13,860 23,463
Enfield 12,653 acres (51.2 km2) 5,881 6,636 8,227 8,812 9,367 9,453 12,424 16,054 19,104
Monken Hadley 641 acres (2.6 km2) 584 718 926 979 945 1,003 1,053 978 1,160
South Mimms 6,386 acres (25.8 km2) 1,698 1,628 1,906 2,010 2,760 2,825 3,238 3,571 4,002
Tottenham 4,642 acres (18.8 km2) 3,629 4,771 5,812 6,937 8,584 9,120 13,240 22,869 46,456
Total 31,805 acres (128.7 km2) 16,885 20,577 24,771 26,930 30,683 32,109 40,885 57,332 94,185

Replacement[edit]

The hundreds of England declined in administrative use because of the rise of various ad-hoc boards and the gradual takeover of all types of jurisdiction by the King's courts, the courts of England and Wales. In the sixteenth century many of the powers of the manorial lords who would convene at the Hundred Court was stripped by placing their taxation powers and responsibilities in the board of each parish, the vestry. By 1894 whatever residual significance they had was replaced by a system of uniform local government districts, which were consolidated over time. Hundreds had been used in the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 to define many constituencies but not by the Reform Act 1867 which preferred the Poor Law Unions. As to Edmonton Hundred its constituent parts split in 1965 four ways: three parts contributed to London boroughs and one part already constituting Potters Bar Urban District moved to Hertfordshire as its senior local government body which in 1974 united into a wider non-metropolitan district ranking beneath Hertfordshire County Council named Hertsmere.

Ancient Parish District Today Extent of contribution
Edmonton (included Southgate as a chapelry) Edmonton Urban District London Borough of Enfield all
Enfield Enfield Urban District
Monken Hadley East Barnet Urban District London Borough of Barnet minor contrib.
South Mimms (included Potters Bar as a chapelry) South Mimms Rural District Hertsmere District in Hertfordshire minor contrib.
Tottenham Tottenham Urban District London Borough of Haringey major contrib.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About Us". N21.net. Retrieved 2016-10-26.
  2. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Middlesex hundreds 1831 census population. Retrieved 2008-02-20.
  3. ^ a b "Edmonton Hundred". Victoria County County of Middlesex: Volume 5. 1976. Retrieved 2008-01-07.
  4. ^ "Table of population, 1801-1901". Victoria County History of Middlesex: Volume 2. 1911. Retrieved 2008-01-06.

Coordinates: 51°38′42″N 0°03′36″W / 51.645°N 0.060°W / 51.645; -0.060