Edmund Boyle, 8th Earl of Cork

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

General Edmund Boyle, 8th Earl of Cork and Orrery KP (21 October 1767 – 29 June 1856), styled Viscount Dungarvan from 1768 to 1798, was an Irish soldier and peer.

Early life[edit]

Boyle was the eldest surviving son of Edmund Boyle, 7th Earl of Cork and his first wife Anne, daughter of Kelland Courtenay.[1]

Career[edit]

Commissioned an ensign in the 22nd Regiment of Foot on 16 April 1785,[2] he was promoted to lieutenant in the 100th Regiment of Foot on 10 December 1785.[3]

On 27 May 1787, he was commissioned a lieutenant in the Somersetshire Regiment of Militia,[4] and was promoted from captain-lieutenant to captain on 22 April 1789.[5]

On 27 January 1791, he was promoted captain in an independent company, from a lieutenancy in the 34th Regiment of Foot,[6] and shortly thereafter exchanged into the 14th Regiment of Foot. On 5 April 1794, he was promoted to major in the recently-raised 87th Regiment of Foot,[7] and was promoted to lieutenant-colonel in the regiment on 19 July.[8] On 20 January 1795, he exchanged into the 11th Regiment of Foot.[9] Dungarvan exchanged into the captaincy of a company in the Coldstream Guards on 21 May 1796,[10] and was appointed an aide-de-camp to George III on 9 January 1798.[11]

On July 1803, he exchanged from the half-pay of the 4th Regiment of Foot to become colonel of a reserve battalion of infantry, the 16th Garrison Battalion.[12] On 27 May 1825, he was breveted general.[13] The Earl was appointed a Knight of the Order of St Patrick on 22 July 1835.[14]

Personal life[edit]

On 9 October 1795, he married his first cousin Isabella Henrietta Poyntz (d. 29 November 1843), daughter of William Poyntz (1734–1809) and his wife Isabella, daughter of Kelland Courtenay. (His younger brother, Sir Courtenay Boyle, married Isabella Henrietta's sister Carolina Amelia in 1799; the sisters' brother was William Stephen Poyntz.) Edmund and Isabella had nine children, :[1] [15]

  • Lady Isabella-Elizabeth Boyle (4 February 1797 - 27 December 1829)
  • Edmund William Boyle, Viscount Dungarvan (2 April 1798 – 1 January 1826)
  • Hon. George Richard Boyle (22 September 1799 - 8 September 1810)
  • Charles Boyle, Viscount Dungarvan (6 December 1800 – 25 August 1834), married on 18 March 1828 Lady Catherine St Lawrence, daughter of William St Lawrence, 2nd Earl of Howth, and had issue, including Richard Boyle, 9th Earl of Cork and William George Boyle.
  • Hon. John Boyle (13 March 1803 – 6 December 1874), married on 10 December 1835 Hon. Cecilia de Ros, daughter of Lord Henry FitzGerald, and had issue
  • Lady Lucy Georgina Boyle (19 March 1804 - 31 August 1827)
  • Lady Louisa Boyle (16 September 1806 - 30 May 1826)
  • Lt-Col Hon. Robert Edward Boyle (1809–1854)
  • Rev. Hon. Richard Cavendish Boyle (28 February 1812 – 30 March 1886), chaplain to Queen Victoria, married Eleanor Vere Gordon, daughter of Alexander Gordon and had issue.

In Somerset he lived at Marston House within the grounds of Marston Bigot Park. He employed Jeffry Wyattville in 1817 to embellish the central block with four Ionic columns. Wyattville was known locally for his work at Longleat and then at the Church of St John the Baptist, Frome in the same decade.

In 1821, on the corner of the then named Hill Street and the Market Place in Frome, the Earl was persuaded by Thomas Bunn to build an Assembly Room above a covered market, in the style of the Greek revival;[16] in 1822, the street was renamed Cork Street.[17] He had been shown by Bunn an image of the Roman Forum as 'a good design for a modern market-place'; he had demurred and 'thought of economy and said it would not pay'. Bunn's persuasion paid off; it remains one of Frome's notable buildings, now a bank with the ground floor enclosed.[18] They worked together on various other projects, including the National and Christ Church Schools, with the Earl as the chair of committee.[19] The Earl contributed to local charities such as the Blanket Fund and the Coal Fund, both for the relief of the poor, and chaired meetings of the Frome Savings Bank.[20]

Thomas Bunn thought highly of him as 'a kind friend to the inhabitants of Frome'. In November 1838 he recorded an incident in the Magistrate's Court when, finding the room very crowded, the Earl took up his own coat from the bench beside him and offered Bunn a seat: 'not as a mark of attention to me but of gentlemanly conduct'.[21]

He died on 29 June 1856 and was succeeded by his grandson Richard.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Burke, Sir Bernard; Burke, Ashworth P. (1914). Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. London: Harrison & Sons. pp. 502–503.
  2. ^ "No. 12638". The London Gazette. 12 April 1785. p. 182.
  3. ^ "No. 12706". The London Gazette. 6 December 1785. p. 561.
  4. ^ "No. 12949". The London Gazette. 22 December 1787. p. 602.
  5. ^ "No. 13114". The London Gazette. 14 July 1789. p. 493.
  6. ^ "No. 13278". The London Gazette. 29 January 1791. p. 63.
  7. ^ "No. 13637". The London Gazette. 1 April 1794. p. 288.
  8. ^ "No. 13686". The London Gazette. 19 July 1794. p. 748.
  9. ^ "No. 13745". The London Gazette. 20 January 1795. p. 72.
  10. ^ "No. 13894". The London Gazette. 21 May 1796. p. 493.
  11. ^ "No. 14080". The London Gazette. 6 January 1798. p. 23.
  12. ^ "No. 15602". The London Gazette. 16 July 1803. p. 873.
  13. ^ "No. 18141". The London Gazette. 28 May 1825. p. 924.
  14. ^ "No. 19291". The London Gazette. 24 July 1835. p. 1421.
  15. ^ Lodge, Edmund (1877). "The Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire as at Present Existing".
  16. ^ Historic England. "NATIONAL WESTMINSTER BANK, Frome (1057771)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  17. ^ McGarvie, Michael (2017). Frome Street and Place-Names. Frome: Frome Society for Local Study. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-9930605-4-0.
  18. ^ Gill, Derek J, ed. (2003). Experiences of a 19th Century Gentleman: The diary of Thomas Bunn of Frome. Frome: Frome Society for Local Study. p. 114.
  19. ^ Gill, Derek J, ed. (2003). op.cit. pp. 94–101.
  20. ^ Gill, Derek J, ed. (2003). op.cit. pp. 122–137.
  21. ^ McGarvie, Michael (2013). op.cit (5th ed.). p. 50.

External links[edit]

Military offices
New regiment Colonel of the 16th Garrison Battalion
1803–1805
Regiment disbanded
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Edmund Boyle
Earl of Cork and Orrery
1798–1856
Succeeded by
Richard Boyle