Edmund C. Weeks

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Edmund C. Weeks
Edmund Cottle Weeks.jpg
3rd Lieutenant Governor of Florida
In office
January 24, 1870 – December 27, 1870
Governor Harrison Reed
Preceded by William Henry Gleason
Succeeded by Samuel T. Day
Personal details
Born (1829-03-10)March 10, 1829
Tisbury, Massachusetts
Died April 12, 1907(1907-04-12) (aged 78)
Tallahassee, Florida
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Mary Jones
Elizabeth Hunt Crafts
Religion Presbyterian

Edmund Cottle Weeks (March 10, 1829 – April 12, 1907) was an American politician who served as the third Lieutenant Governor of Florida.

Early life[edit]

A Massachusetts native, Weeks was born in the town of Tisbury, on Martha's Vineyard, to Captain Hiram Weeks and Margaret D. Cottle, a relative of New York Senator Thomas C. Platt. After accompanying his father on a voyage to South America, Weeks studied medicine for three years at the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City. However, his love for the sea compelled him to become a sailor and later a partner in a boat operating firm. During the American Civil War, he volunteered for the Union Navy in the Battle of New Orleans.[1] He then headed the Union Army's 2nd Florida Cavalry with the rank of major.[2][3] After the war, he settled in Tallahassee, Florida.[4]

Lieutenant governorship[edit]

Weeks was appointed to the office of Lieutenant Governor of Florida by Governor Harrison Reed on January 24, 1870, to fill the vacancy left after the dismissal of William H. Gleason.[5][6][7] He took the oath of office that same day.[8] However, his appointment was controversial. State Comptroller Robert H. Gamble, claiming that the Governor could not make an appointment to an elected position, refused to pay Weeks his salary until Weeks took the case to the Florida Supreme Court.[7] On his first day presiding over the Senate, a majority of the senators walked out on the session. At the next day's meeting, another senator occupied his seat. After a motion was proposed to arrest him, he left early.[6]

As Weeks's term was intended to be temporary, Governor Reed called for an election to be held on November 8.[8] Samuel T. Day was elected Lieutenant Governor, and when the legislature met on January 3, 1871, Day took office as prescribed by the state constitution.[9][10] On January 12,[11] Weeks again appealed to the Supreme Court, accusing Day of "usurping" his office, which he believed should last for two additional years, the remainder of his predecessor's term.[8] However, the court ruled that Governor Reed had the power to call the election and that Weeks's appointment had expired on December 27, 1870, when the election results were certified.[11][12]

Later life[edit]

Weeks later represented Leon County in the Florida Legislature, in the Florida House of Representatives.[13] and served as the Leon County sheriff.[1] A Republican, he ran unsuccessfully for the House of Representatives against incumbent Robert H. M. Davidson in 1878.[14] In 1890, President Benjamin Harrison appointed him U.S. Marshal for the Northern District of Florida.[1]

Weeks married twice: first to Mary Jones in London, and then to Elizabeth Hunt Crafts in Tallahassee on June 6, 1890.[1] He died in Tallahassee in 1907 at the age of 78.[4][15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Rerick, Rowland H.; Fleming, Francis Philip (1902), Memoirs of Florida, 2, Atlanta: Southern Historical Association, pp. 714–715, retrieved 2008-05-27 
  2. ^ Heitman, Francis B. (1903), Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army, 2, Washington: Government Printing Office, p. 159, retrieved 2008-05-27 
  3. ^ "Florida Cavalry Regiments of the Union Army muster rolls, 1863–1865.". State Library and Archives of Florida. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  4. ^ a b "Selected Highlights from the Florida Furniture Collection". Museum of Florida History. Archived from the original on May 11, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 
  5. ^ "Current Notes", New York Times, 1870-02-01, retrieved 2008-05-27 
  6. ^ a b The American Annual Cyclopædia and Register of Important Events, 10, New York: D. Appleton, 1872, pp. 299–300, retrieved 2008-05-26 
  7. ^ a b Drew, James B. C. (1871), Cases Argued and Adjudged in the Supreme Court of Florida, 13, Tallahassee, FL: Charles H. Walton, pp. 9–10, retrieved 2008-05-26 
  8. ^ a b c Cocke, William Archer (1848), Cases Argued and Adjudged in the Supreme Court of Florida, 14, Tallahassee, FL: Printed at the Floridian Book and Job Office (published 1874), pp. 14–15, retrieved 2008-05-26 
  9. ^ The American Annual Cyclopædia and Register of Important Events, 11, New York: D. Appleton, 1872, p. 308, retrieved 2008-05-27 
  10. ^ Florida Constitution of 1868, Article XVI, Section 21.
  11. ^ a b Cyclopædia, vol. 10, p. 303.
  12. ^ Cocke, 19.
  13. ^ 'Members of the Florida House of Representatives by County, 1845-2012, Florida House of Representatives: 2011, pg. 162
  14. ^ Congress, United States; Joint Committee On Printing, United States. Congress (1879), Official Congressional Directory, U.S. G.P.O., p. 11, retrieved 2008-05-27 
  15. ^ "Edmund Cottle Weeks". Find a Grave. 2004-12-16. Retrieved 2008-05-27. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
William Henry Gleason
Lieutenant Governor of Florida
1870
Succeeded by
Samuel T. Day